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2018 外研版必修一高一短语

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                          高一短语、句型复习

                                梁严军

Module 1

1. be similar to … 与…相似       
2. be different from … 与…不同    
3. the same as … 和…一样
4. be nothing like 一点不像
5. have (great) fun 玩得开心=enjoy oneself
6. introduce sb. to sb. 向某人介绍某人 
7. Please allow me to introduce myself./Please allow me to make myself known to you. 
   请允许我向你们做自我介绍。
8. be tired of 厌倦=be bored with=be fed up with
9. look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事  

   I’m looking forward to hearing from you.

10.  be impressed with sth. 对…印象深刻
11.  leave/make a deep impression on sb. 给某人留下深刻的印象
12.  be enthusiastic about/over sth. 热心于
13.  in other words 换句话说
14.  in a word 总之、简而言之
15.  a method of doing sth. 做某事的方法
16.  a way of doing sth. / a way to do sth. 
17.  an approach to doing sth. 
18.  a means of doing sth. 
19.  the key to the door 门的钥匙
20.  the answers/keys to the questions 问题的答案
21.  have/hold/take a positive attitude to/towards…
22.  used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
23.  be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
24.  be used to do sth. 被用于做某事
25.  mind doing sth. Would mind me/my opening the window?
26.  take part in sth.=participate in 参加各种文体活动 
27.  take an active part in sth.
28.  attend the meeting/party/ceremony/school
29.  go to college/university/school 
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30.  be divided into …被划分成…  (一个整体分成若干部分)


Module 2

1. make sure 确保  Make sure that you will be able to arrive there on time.
2. make mistakes 犯错误  make a mistake
3. make (great) progress 取得进步
4. as a result (of) (作为…的)结果
5. result in 导致=lead to 导致;通向
6. result from 由…引起
7. in fact=as a matter of fact 实际上
8. fall asleep 入睡  feel sleepy 感到困倦的
9. tell a joke/story/the truth 讲笑话/故事/说真相
10.  for the first time 第一次(作状语)
11.  be strict with sb. in sth. 严格要求某人某事
12.  be patient with sb. 对某人耐心
13.  with patience 耐心地=patiently
14.  have the patience to do sth. 有耐心做某事
15.  avoid doing sth. 避免做某事
16.  appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
17.  admit doing sth. 承认做某事
18.  be admitted into/to Beijing University 被北京大学录取
19.  show respect for sb. 尊重某人
20.  respect traffic rules 遵守交通规则
21.  give/send one’s respects to sb. 代某人向…问候
22.  such a lovely girl that … 
23.  so lovely a girl that…
24.  I would appreciate it if you could help me with my English.
25.  It is up to you. 由你决定。
26.  be fit for 适合、胜任=be qualified for 
27.  be true of 符合于、适用于    This is true of France, Germany and Spain.
28.  have difficulty/trouble/problems (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难/麻烦/问题
29.  have some problems with my spoken English 我的口语方面有一些问题
30.  consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
31.  consider … as… 把…看作…
32.  consider sth./sb. to be + adj. 认为某事/某人…
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Module 3

1. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

2. allow doing sth. 允许做某事

3. take off 起飞;脱下、摘掉;成功、成名

4. in the distance 在远处

5. by train/bus 乘火车/公交车      take a train/bus

6. be short for 是…的简称

7. be short of 缺乏

8. for short 简称

9. in short 简而言之

10. refer to 谈到、提及;指的是;参考、查阅; 

   refer to the dictionary 查字典=look up sth. in the dictionary

   refer to sb. as …把…称为

11.  get along/on with sb./sth. 与某人相处/进行、进展

12.  out of work/employment 失业

13.  out of control 失控

14.  up to date 时新的、最新的

15.  out of date 过期的、过时的

16.  by accident 偶然地 = by chance 
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17.  keep sth. in mind 记住某事

18.  at a speed of  以…的速度


Module 4

1. in the suburbs 在郊区(复数)
2. put up 建起、搭建;张贴(通知等);举起;投宿
3. put out the fire 扑灭大火
4. put off 推迟
5. put sth. away 把…收好;存储
6. be made of 由…制成(能看出原制作材料            物理变化)
7. be made from 由…制成(不能看出原制作材料             化学变化)
8. It is/has been +一段时间 since (从句采用一般过去时)

   It is/has been six years since we last saw each other.

9. It will be six years before we meet again. 
10.  It/This is the first time that I have visited your hometown.
11.  It was the first time that I had read such a moving story.
12.  get away from 摆脱
13.  make it 办成功、赶到;约定时间
14.  exchange sth. for sth. 以…换…
15.  in exchange for 交换…
16.  be far from 远非、远远不;远离
17.  In addition 而且、另外= Besides,=What’s more,=Furthermore,=Moreover,
18.  get over 克服=overcome
19.  get through 通过;接通(电话)
20.  afford sth. 买得起   afford to do sth. 负担的起做某事
21.  go up 上涨、上升
22.  go over 复习;仔细检查
23.  keep in contact/touch with sb. 与某人保持联系
24.  get in contact/touch with sb. 与某人取得联系
25.  lose touch/contact with sb. 与某人失去联系
26.  contact sb. 和某人联系
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Module 5

1. find out 查明、弄清楚
2. keep sth. out 把…挡在外面
3. put sth. in order 使…有条理/整齐
4. in order 秩序井然的
5. out of order 混乱的
6. think of 持有对…的看法      What do you think of the film?
7. add to 增加、增添         add…to…把…加到…上
8. add up to 加起来总和是、总计达
9. be mixed with 与…混合
10.  achieve one’s aim/goal 实现目标

11.  come to the conclusion that …=reach/draw the conclusion that…=arrive at the 
   conclusion that 得出…这一结论
12.  in conclusion 最后 (一般用于讲话的结尾)
13.  get it 懂了、明白了   I got it. 我明白了。
14.  It’s your turn. 轮到你了
15.  keep the balance of nature 保持生态平衡
16.  break the balance 打破平衡
17.  keep a balance between work and rest 在学习和休息之间保持平衡
18.  take steps/measures to do sth. 采取措施做某事
19.  take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事=take turns at doing sth.
20.  make/do an experiment 做实验
21.  be proud of sth. 以…为自豪    be proud to do sth. 骄傲做某事
22.  take pride in sth. 以…为自豪 
23.  to one’s astonishment/surprise/shock 令某人感到吃惊的是
24.  in surprise/shock/astonishment 吃惊地、惊讶地

Module 6 

1. be famous as 作为…而闻名   
2. be famous for 因…而闻名
3. work as 以…身份工作
4. be made up of 由…构成=consist of
5. have access to 有权利/机会利用/使用      Students should have access to good books.
6. come up with=put forward 提出、想出
7. come about 发生=happen (具有偶然性)
8. come across (偶然)遇到
                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
9. come out 出版、发行
10.  without permission 未经许可
11.  ask for permission 请求许可
12.  permit/allow doing sth. 允许做某事
13.  permit/allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
14.  be intended for 打算给…
15.  out of question 没问题
16.  out of the question 不可能
17.  point out 指出

18.  concentrate(…) on… 集中于=centre(…) on…= focus(…) on…
19.  agree with sb./one’s idea 同意某人的意见;适合;符合、与…一致
20.  take advantage of 利用=make use of
21.  on average 平均起来、按平均计算

22.  compare … with…把…和…做比较
23.  take out 拿出、取出
24.  take over 接管
25.  take in 吸收、摄取;take sb. in 欺骗某人
26.  take on 呈现、承担
27.  take up 从事;占据时间或空间/百分比;(停顿之后)继续
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