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2019年人教新课标高考一轮复习必修二Unit4课件

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词句基础过关

   课文经典回顾

     重点词汇讲练

         写作句型仿写
           写作微技能
词句基础过关
 写作词汇
1. go _________hunting 去打猎
2. May you _________!succeed 祝你成功!
3. Beer _________contains  alcohol. 啤酒含有酒精。
4. Smoking ________affects  health. 吸烟影响健康。
5. I __________appreciate your help. 我感谢你的帮助。
6. Getting up early won’t _______harm  you!早起
    对你无害。
7. He __________employed  thousands of people. 他雇
    用了数千人。
8. That dog ___bit  me in the leg. 那条狗咬了我的腿。
9. Police __________inspected the scene. 警察检查了现场。
10. ____rub  her shoes with a cloth用一块布擦她的鞋
11. catch/attract sb’s ______________attention/eye 吸引某人的
      注意
12. suffer heavy _______losses 遭受重大损失
13. increase their _________incomes 增加他们的收入
14. a road __________accident 交通事故
15. a border __________incident 边境事件
16. a flock of _____wild  ducks一群野鸭
阅读词汇

1. insect       n. 蚊子
2. mosquito     n. 野生动植物
3. dinosaur     n. 毛皮;毛;软毛
4. wildlife     n. 昆虫
5. fur          n. 恐龙
6. reserve      n. 地毯
7. zone         n. 保护区
8. carpet       vt. 治愈  n. 治愈,治疗
9. cure         n. 地域;地带;地区 
10. secure          adj. 安全的;可靠的
11. coincident      adj. 没料到的;意外的
12. fierce          adv. 忠诚地;忠实地
13. unexpected      adj. 一致的, 巧合的
14. faithfully      adj. 凶猛的;猛烈的
15. disappearance   n. 种类;物种
16. species         v. 恐吓;威胁
17. threaten        v. 减少;(使)变小
18. decrease        n. 消失 
词汇转换

1. A healthy diet should provide __________protection  
(protect) against disease.

作动词provide的宾语用名词,意为“保护”。
在动词后加ion变成名词的还有 
act→ action(行动, 动作),
affect(影响, 使感动) →affection(喜爱),
attract→ attraction(吸引, 吸引人的东西),
collect→ collection(收藏品),
connect (连接)→ connection(联系, 连接物),
correct→ correction(改正),
direct→ direction(方向,指导),
construct→ construction(建造,建筑物),
edit→ edition (版,版本),exhibit→ exhibition(展览),
instruct(指示,通知)→ instruction(命令,指示,操作指南)
,invent→ invention(发明,创造),
restrict→ restriction(限制,约束),
suggest→ suggestion(建议)等。
2. The foreign visitors came from a ________distant  
(distance) country. 

在名词country前作定语用形容词,表示“遥远的
”。
以-ance或-ence结尾的名词,将ce改为t变成形容词
,又如importance→ important(重要的), 
significance→ significant(意义重大的,意味深长的),
absence→ absent (缺席的,心不在焉的),
convenience→ convenient(便利的,方便的),
silence→ silent(寂静的,沉默的),
difference→ different(不同的,有差异的)等。
3. The English teacher stressed the__________importance 
(important) of reading aloud. 
在冠词后用名词,表示“重要性”。

4. She burst into __________(laugh).laughter  
作介词的宾语用名词。句意:她突然大笑起来
。
5. The athlete has broad shoulders and 
__________powerful  (power) arms. 
在名词前作定语用形容词,表示“强有力的”
。
                         merciful
6. We can only hope the court is __________ 
(mercy). 
作表语用形容词,表示“宽恕的”。句意:我
们唯有寄希望法庭宽大处理。
7. We drove along the _______dusty  (dust) road. 
在名词前作定语用形容词,表示“尘土飞扬的”。

8. This is a story with a happy _______ending  (end).
在“冠词+形容词”后用名词,表示故事的“结局,
结尾”,指故事﹑      电影﹑  戏剧或词语的结局或结
尾是ending。
词组搭配

1. ____________respond to  my emails回复我的邮件
2. _________hunt for  work/the lost child
   找工作/丢失的孩子
3. _____________according to  the weather report
    根据天气预报所说
4. __________________________________burst into laughter/burst out laughing
   突然笑起来;大声笑了出来
5. ________________protect her from  mosquitoes
   保护她不受蚊虫叮咬
6. _______________pay attention to  surrounding traffic
    注意周围的交通
7. _____________in danger of  extinction
   处于濒临灭绝的危险中
8. be in danger of __________dying out  处于灭绝的危险中
9. live _________in peace  and harmony和平与和谐相处
10. long before humans _________________came into being 
     早在人类形成之前
11. He smiled _________.in relief  他如释重负地笑了。
12. It is __________________________________certain (在形式主语或形式宾语it后不能
_____________用sure替代)  that he will agree. 他肯定会同意。
13. She succeeded ___in  losing weight. 她成功减肥。
14. Smoking does harm ____to  health. 
      吸烟有损健康。
15. employ him ________to look  after the baby
      聘请他照料婴儿
16. Everyone lent a hand, __________________ 
                     so that (引导结果状
________ the work was finished ahead of 
 语从句)
schedule. 每个人都帮了忙, 结果工作提前完成了
。
                    so that (引导目的状语
17. He works very hard ____________________
 从句)
_______ he can pass the exams. 他非常努力以便
通过考试。
美句必背

1. When scientists inspected the bones, they 
were surprised __________(find)to find  that these 
dinosaurs could  not only run like the others 
but also climb trees. 科学家们观察它们的骨头
时,惊奇地发现它们不仅跟其他恐龙一样能跑
,而且还可以爬树。
2. There Daisy saw an antelope ________looking  (look) 
sad.在那里,黛西看到一只羚羊面显哀伤。

3. Some scientists think… others think the earth 
got too hot for the dinosaurs ________(live)to live  on 
any more. 一些科学家认为……另外一些科学家
则认为,地球变得太热,因此恐龙无法在地球
上生活了。
4. That’s good news. It shows the importance 
of wildlife protection,but I’d like to help ____as  
the WWF suggests.这是个好消息,它表明了野
生动植物保护的重要性,不过我想按照世界野
生生物基金会的建议帮助你们。

5. They learned this _______from  the way the bones 
were joined together. 他们是根据恐龙骨骼的连
接方式得知这些的。
课文经典回顾
语法填空
Not long ago there was a girl  1 ________(call)called  
Daisy, who went to see the animals that gave fur 
to make her sweater  2 ______thewith  help of a flying 
carpet. In Tibet, she saw an antelope with a sad 
face looking at her,  3 _____who  told her that they 
were killed for the wool that was taken from 
under their 4 __________stomachs (stomach). Every year 
over 29,000 of them were killed, with only 72,000 
left. In Zimbabwe, the elephant Daisy saw said 
they 5 ______were  (be) endangered there. 
Farmers used to hunt them because they were 
considered 6 __________________to have destroyed  (destroy) the 
farms. Later, the government tried to help the 
farmers by asking the tour companies to bring 
7 _______more  (many) tourists to the area and setting  
the  number  of  animals to be hunted, which 
brought the farmers a lot of incomes. As 8 ___a  
result, farmers started to protect them. In the thick 
rainforest, Daisy saw a monkey 9 ________rubbing (rub) 
an insect over his body to protect itself against 
mosquitoes. With all 10 _____ (she)her experience, 
Daisy had learned how to work with WWF to 
protect wildlife. 
 短文改错
      The flown carpet travelled so fast that next 
      flying
 minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned 
 down and found that she was being watched by 
around / round
 an elephant. “Have you come to take your photo?”
                             my
 it asked. In a relief Daisy burst into laughing. 
                            laughter
 “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be 
 an endangered species. 
Farmers hunted us with mercy. They said we 
              without
destroied their farms, and money from tourists 
destroyed
only went to the large tour companies. So the 
government decided help. They allowed tourists 
              to
to hunt only the certain number of animals 
          a
whether they paid the farmers. Now the farmers 
  if
are happy and our numbers are increasing.”
1. flown→ flying   表示“正在飞行的”。
2. turned down→ turned around / round   意
为“转过身来”。
3. your→ my   意思是:你来给“我”拍照?
4. 删除In a relief 中的a   因in relief是固定词
组,意为“如释重负”。
5. laughing→ laughter   习惯上说burst into 
laughter或burst out laughing。因此,也可不
改laughing,而将into改为out。
6. with→ without   without mercy意为“毫不
留情”。
7. destroied→ destroyed   拼写错误。
8. 在decided后加to   由decide to do sth可知
。
9. the certain number of→ a certain number 
of   意为“一定数量的”。
10. whether→ if   引出条件状语从句,意为
“如果”。
重点词汇讲练
1. appreciate   vt. 欣赏;感激;意识到

 用 法
appreciate 一般用名词、代词或动名词充当
宾语,但不能接不定式作宾语。appreciate后
也常接代词it(形式宾语),再接if引导的从句
。
 注  意
 appreciate和thank都可表示“感激,感谢”,
 但appreciate的宾语一般是sth,而thank的宾
 语一般是sb。
运  用

⑴ The sound quality was poor so we couldn’t 
fully ____________________(appreciate the music 欣赏音乐). 

⑵ I would much appreciate ___it  if you could 
come to my party.

⑶ We _______________________________appreciate your helping us/ thank
_____________________________________you for helping us /are grateful to you for
___________helping us  (感谢你帮助我们).  
2. succeed  vi.成功  vt. 接替;继任

派  生  success  n.成功;成功的事
      successful____________ adj.成功的
      unsuccessful____________  adj.不成功的;失败的

搭  配

 succeed in doing sth 成功做某事
 be successful in doing sth 成功做某事
 运  用
⑴ The astronauts ____________________succeeded in returning
(成功返回) from the moon to the earth 
according to the plan. 

⑵ He ___________________succeeded his father (接替他父亲) as 
president of the company.

⑶ One of the keys to ____________successful  (success) 
business is careful planning.
3. employ   vt. 雇用;利用(时间、精力等)

 派  生  写出下列词语的汉语意思。
 ⑴ employee n.  ____________雇员,雇工
 ⑵ employer n. _______雇主
 ⑶ employment n. ___________雇用; 受雇
 ⑷ unemployment n. _______失业
 ⑸ the unemployed __________失业的人
 运 用

⑴ He was employed ____as  a bus driver. 

⑵ They employed her ________to look  (look) after 
     the baby.

⑶ She employs her free time ___in  sewing. 

⑷ He was employed ____in  watering the garden. 
4. harm  n.& vt. 损害;危害

 搭 配

 do harm to sb=do sb harm 对某人有害处
 There is no harm in doing… 做……是无害的

 派  生   harmful   adj.有害的 
        harmless   adj.无害的
谚  语   Harm set,harm get. 害人反害己。


运  用

⑴ There is no harm __________in trying  (不妨一试).
 
⑵ Such books ________________________do great harm to young
__________________________________people /do young people great harm  (对年
轻人危害很大). 
5. die out(指物种)灭绝;慢慢熄灭;渐渐消亡

联  想

die away 减弱(以至觉察不到);淡化
die of 死于(饥饿、疾病)
die from 死于(外界的因素)
be dying for/to do sth 渴望
 运 用

⑴ Nowadays, many old customs are dying 
_____out  because of the influences of foreign 
festivals.
 
⑵ A great number of people died _______the from  
earthquake which broke out at midnight years 
ago. 

⑶ The young man’s grandfather died ____of  
a heart attack. 
 6. in danger (of) 在危险中;垂危

 运  用

The man _____________________________will be in danger of losing his life ( 有
丧命的危险) if he doesn’t accept any operation. 
联  想

in need of 需要
in honor of 纪念 (=in memory of)
in search of 寻找 (=searching/looking for)
in charge of 掌管;负责
7. burst into tears=burst out crying 突然哭起来

    burst into song=burst out singing 突然唱起来

    burst into laughter=burst out laughing 突然笑
    起来
运  用

⑴ Hearing the news that her father died from 
an accident,the girl ______________________burst into tears/out crying 
 (突然哭起来). 

⑵ All the audience _______________________burst into laughter/out
 _________laughing  (突然笑起来) when they saw the 
famous comic star’s performance. 
8. protect…from/against… 保护……不
受(危害)

区  别

prevent/stop/keep sb from doing sth 阻
止某人做某事
运  用

⑴ People are becoming aware of the necessity 
________________________________________to protect the environment from pollution
(保护环境免受污染). 

⑵ I tried many times to __________________prevent/keep/stop
___________________(him from smoking 阻止他吸烟),but I 
failed at last. 
9. pay attention to 注意

联  想

catch sb’s  attention 吸引某人的注意力
draw sb’s attention to sth 吸引某人注意某事
give one’s attention to 注意……
 运 用

⑴ The famous film star’s performance _____ 
caught___________________________( all people’s attention 吸引了所有人
的注意力). 

⑵ As teachers, we should ______________pay more  
____________________________(attention to students’ reaction 更加注意学
生的反应) in classes. 
10. come into being 形成;产生

 联 想

 come into effect 实施
 come into use 投入使用
 come into power 上台执政
 运 用

⑴ The new law ___________________will come into effect  (开始实
施) next week. 

⑵ The new machines bought last month _____will  
______________(come into use 投入使用) tomorrow. 

⑶ The president of America ______________came into power (
上台执政) in 2010. 

⑷When did the universe _____________come into being
(形成)?
11. long to do sth 渴望做某事

 同 义

 long/desire/starve to do sth
 long/desire/starve for sth 
 be dying/thirsty/eager/anxious/hungry 
 to do sth 
运  用

⑴ A great number of young people in the 
country _____________________________long for/are anxious for city life
(渴望城市生活). 

⑵ The students in our class _______________long to have  
_______________________________________English classes/are anxious to have English
_______classes (渴望上英语课). 

⑶ The little boy whose parents are not at home 
______________________________________longs for parents’ love/is anxious for
_____________parents’ love  (渴望父母亲的爱).  
12. be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事

      used to do sth 过去常常做某事

      be used to do sth(=be used for doing sth)
      被用来做某事
运  用

⑴ 他过去常和朋友们一起玩,而现在他已经
习惯于独处了。
He _____________used to play  with his friends,but now 
he _________________is used to staying  alone. 

⑵ 水不仅被用来饮用,还用来灌溉植物。
Water _______________________is not only used to drink,but also 
_____________________.used to irrigate plants  
写作句型仿写
                             to do 主动,将要发生的动作
1.    with+          宾语        +       doing 主动,正在发生的动作
                             done 被动或完成了的动作

 仿 写

 ⑴ 有很多作业要做,我没空陪妈妈去逛街。
 ___________________________With a lot of homework to do ,I have no 
 time to go shopping with my mother. 
⑵ 钥匙丢了,他进不了家门。
_________________With the key lost ,  he couldn’t get into his 
house. 

⑶ 她住在那个亮着灯的房子里。
She lives in the house with____________________. the light burning  
2. 主句+so that… 以至于(结果);结果(目的)

 用 法

引导目的状语从句时,从句的谓语常有can,
could,may,might等情态动词,若从句是
否定结构,则通常用should。引导结果状语
从句时,从句谓语不用情态动词。
仿  写

⑴ 她早上起得早,目的是想成为第一个到
达那儿的人。
She got up early in the morning _________so that /
_____________________________________in order that she could= so as to /in order
________________________.to be the first to get there 
⑵ 他父亲开车时把所有的车窗都关了以免他感
冒。
His father drove with all the windows closed 
_______________________________.so that he should not catch a cold

⑶ 珍妮已经知道这个消息了,因此她一点都不
开心。
Jenny had already known the news, _________so that
_______________________.she was not happy at all  
3. the way (that/in which) ……的方法

 说  明

 way表示“方式;方法”时, 如果先行词way在定
 语从句中作状语, 那么可以用that或in which来
 引导, 也可以省略that或in which。如果way在
 定语从句中作主语或宾语, 则用that或which引
 导, that/which在定语从句中作宾语时也可省
 略。 
仿  写

(1) 学校活动通常被认为是一种不错的交友和培
养新兴趣的方法。
School activities are usually considered ______a good 
__________________________andway of making new friends  developing 
new interests.

(2) 往往是你日常生活中发生的事情会改变你看
待世界和人们的方式。
Much too often, something that happens in your 
daily life will change ______________________the way you look  
_____________at the world  and the people in it.
写作微技能
    基本句型2:主语+系动词+表语  


        该句型中的连系动词(link verb)本身
有词义,但不能单独作谓语,必须跟表语
,构成系表结构,一起作谓语,说明主语
的状况、性质、特征等情况。根据连系动
词的作用,可分为:
状态系动      be
词
表像系动      seem(似乎), appear(好像)
词
终止系动      prove(证明是), turn out(结果是)
词
变化系动      become, turn, get, grow, fall, go, 
词         come, fall, run (变成,进入某种状
          态)
感官系动      look(看起来), feel(摸起来), taste(吃起
词         来), smell(闻起来), sound(听起来)
持续系动      keep, remain, stay, continue, lie
词          stand
翻译下列句子。
1. 我们都是中国人。(be)
We are all Chinese. 

2. 请大家保持安静好吗?(keep)
Will everybody please keep quiet?

3. 票价可能会保持不变。(remain)
Ticket fares may remain unchanged.
4. 你是如何保持健康的?(stay)
How do you stay healthy?

5. 天气继续晴朗。(continue)
The weather continued fine. 

6. 那所房子空了几个月了。(stand)
The house has stood empty for months.
7. 他看起来气色不好。(look)
He doesn’t look well. 

8. 你还觉得饿吗?(feel)
Do you still feel hungry? 

9. 这道菜吃起来味道可口。(taste)
The dish tastes delicious. 
11. 那主意听起来不错。(sound)
That idea sounds nice. 

12. 后来他成了一名医生。(become) 
Later he became a doctor.

13. 声音越来越响了。(grow)
The sound grew louder. 

14. 我母亲的头发开始变白来了。(turn)
My mother’s hair is turning grey. 
15. 他在上课的时候睡着了。(fall)
He fell asleep in class. 

16. 该食物已经变质了。(go)
The food has gone bad. 

17. 我的梦想终于实现了。(come)
My dream has come true at last.

18. 你的猜测证明是对的。(prove)
Your guess proved right.
Thank you !
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