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【优秀市级联考Word】辽宁省沈阳市重点高中2016-2017学年高一下学期期末联考英语试题(有答案)

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                                 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共         70 分)
第一部分     阅读理解(共两节,满分           40 分)
第一节(共      15 小题;每小题     2 分,满分    30 分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项)(A、B、C                      和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
                                             A
    The world itself is becoming much smaller by using modern traffic and modern communication means. Life 
today is much easier than it was hundreds of years ago, but it has brought new problems. One of the biggest 
problems is pollution. To pollute means to make things dirty. Pollution comes in many ways. We see it, smell it, 
drink it and even hear it.
    Man has been polluting the earth. The more people, the more pollution. Many years ago, the problem was not 
so serious because there were not so many people. When the land was used up or the river was dirty in one place, 
man moved to another place. But this is no longer true.
    Man is now slowly polluting the whole world.
    Air pollution is still the most serious. It’s bad for all living things in the world, but it is not the only one kind 
of pollution. Water pollution kills our fish and pollutes our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us angry more 
easily.
    Many countries are making rules to fight pollution. They stop people from burning coal in houses and factories 

in the city, and from putting dirty smoke into the air. Pollution by SO2 is now the most dangerous kind of air 
pollution. It is caused by heavy traffic. We are sure that if there are fewer people driving, there will be less air 
pollution.
    The earth is our home. We must take care of it. That means keeping the land, water and air clean. And we 
must take care of the rise in pollution at the same time.
1.    , our world is becoming much smaller.
    A. Because of the rise in pollution
    B. Because the earth is being polluted day and night
    C. Thanks to science development
    D. Because the earth is blown away by the wind every year
2.Air pollution is still the most serious kind of pollution because     .
    A. it makes much noise
    B. it makes us angry more easily
    C. it’s had for all living things in the world
    D. it makes our rivers and lakes dirty
3.Which of the following is NOT true?
    A. Many countries are making rules to fight pollution
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    B. The pollution of the earth grows as fast as the world population does
    C. If people could go to work by bus or bike instead of car or motorbike, it would be helpful in fighting against 

the problem of SO2
    D. The problem of pollution is not so serious because there are not so many people on the earth
                                             B
    Four days after Dad’s 67th birthday, he had a heart attack. Luckily, he survived. But something inside him had 
died. His enthusiasm for life was gone. He refused to follow doctor’s orders, and his sour attitude made everyone 
upset when they visit him. Dad was left alone.
    So I asked Dad to come to live with me on my small farm, hoping the fresh air would help him adjust. Within 
a week after he moved in, I regretted the invitation. He criticized everything I did. I became frustrated. Something 
had to be done.
    One day I read an article which said when given dogs, depressed patients would be better off. So I drove to the 
animal shelter that afternoon. As soon as I got there, a pointer’s eyes caught my attention. They watched me calmly.
    A staff member said: “He got here two weeks ago and we’ve heard nothing. His time is up tomorrow.”
    I turned to the man in horror. “You mean you’re going to kill him?”
    “Ma’am,” he said gently. “We don’t have room for every unclaimed dog.”
    The staff member’s calm brown eyes awaited my decision. “I’ll take him,” I said.
    I drove home with the dog on the front seat beside me. I was helping it out of the car when Dad walked onto 
the front porch. “Look what I got you!” I said excitedly.
    Dad wrinkled his face. “I don’t want it,” he muttered, turning back towards the house. Then, suddenly, the dog 
pulled free from my grasp. He sat down in front of my Dad.
    Dad’s anger melted, and soon he was hugging the dog.
    This was the beginning of a warm friendship. Dad named the dog Cheyenne. Together they spent long hours 
walking down dusty lanes and relaxing on the banks of streams.
    Dad’s bitterness faded, and he and Cheyenne went on to make many friends. Then, late one night two years 
later, I felt Cheyenne’s cold nose burrowing(搜寻) through my bed covers. He had never before come into my 
bedroom at night. I ran into my father’s room and found that he had passed away.
    Two days later, my shock and grief deepened when I discovered Cheyenne lying dead beside Dad’s bed. As I 
buried him near their favorite stream, I silently thanked the dog for restoring Dad’s peace of mind.
4.After the author’s father survived the heart attack, he      .
    A. no longer wanted to live
    B. was left alone to get full rest
    C. ignored everyone who visited him
    D. became unpleasant toward other people
5.Why did the author take the pointer home?
    A. It was a type that is known for its friendliness
    B. Its eyes made her think it was the best dog available
    C. It caught her attention right away and she didn’t want it to be killed
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    D. It was good at getting people’s attention and entertaining them
6.From the last two paragraphs we can conclude that      .
    A. more attention should be given to old people
    B. dogs are so loyal that they usually die for their friends
    C. the author’s father and Cheyenne formed a real connection
    D. friendship and care is much more efficient than the medicine
7.Which section of a newspaper is the source of the passage?
    A. Health           B. Entertainment       C. Education           D. Friends
                                             C
    Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about 
attitudes to dirt.
    In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical 
opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was 
thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king 
of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. 
Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered 
that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.
    Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever 
since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand 
washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond 
science since World War II. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths 
ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?
    Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children off 
touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American 
immunologist (免疫学家),  encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the 
latter position is gaining some ground.
8.The kings of France and England in the 16th century closed bath houses because      .
    A. they lived healthily in a dirty environment
    B. they believed disease could be spread in public baths 
    C. they thought bath houses were to dirty to stay in
    D. they considered bathing as the cause of skin disease
9.Which of the following best describes Henry IV’s attitude to bathing?
    A. Approving            B. Afraid              C. Curious             D. Uninterested
10.How does the passage mainly develop?
    A. By providing examples                       B. By making comparisons
    C. By following the order of importance        D. By following the order of time
11.What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
    A. To stress the role of dirt                  B. To present the change of views on dirt
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    C.To introduce the history of dirt             D. To call attention to the danger of dirt
                                             D
    When was the last time you relied on an old-fashioned map to figure out the route to an unfamiliar place? For 
many, the GPS has revolutionized navigation, making a paper map almost obsolete? So how has this piece of 
technology developed over its 26 years of existence? On February 14,1989,the first satellite in the US Global 
Positioning System was sent into space from Cape Canaveral, beginning the start of one of the wonders of the 
modern world.
    GPS  stands for Global Positioning System, which is made of a network of around 30 satellites that move 
around the earth. The system uses a process called trilateration to find out one’s position. By measuring the time it 
takes for the signal to reach one satellite, the GPS can determine your distance from the satellite, creating a 
sphere(范围) of possible locations. Measuring your distance from at least three satellites will narrow your location 
to the place where the three spheres cross one another, to the accuracy(精确) of about less than 1 meter!
    The GPS was first invented during the Cold War by the United States Department of Defense. In 1960, the 
first system, which was made of just five satellites, was put into place. It was initially created for strictly 
military(军事的)  use; however, in 1983, as a result of faulty navigation technology, a Korean passenger plane 
mistakenly flew into USSR territory(苏联领土) and was shot down. In order to prevent such bad events, American 
President Ronald Reagan allowed civilian(民用的) use of the GPS.
    Over the next ten years, the system’s accuracy improved as the network was increased to 24 satellites. And 
during the first Persian Gulf War, the new GPS was finally used by the military. Now scientists use the technology 
to track animals to better understand their movement and behavior. Parents who may be worried about their 
children can also use GPS technology to track them.
12.The underlined word “obsolete” in Paragraph 1 can best be replaced by “     ”.
    A. priceless            B. unusual             C. perfect             D. useless
13.The second paragraph is mainly about      .
    A. how the GPS works                           B. the history of the GPS
    C. the applications of the GPS                 D. some problems with the GPS
14.According to the text, the GPS     .
    A. has a history of over 100 years
    B. became popular during the Cold War
    C. relies on the satellites circling the earth
    D. was available first during space exploration
15.What does the author think of the GPS?
    A. It is not always reliable                   B. It has a lot of uses in many fields
    C. It makes our life more peaceful             D. It will soon go out of fashion
第二节(共      5 小题;每小题     2 分,满分    10 分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
    Why is setting goals important?   16  Instead of just letting life happen to you, goals allow you to make 
your life happen.
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    Successful people imagine how their life should be and set lots of goals.  17  It’s like having a map to show 
you where you want to go. Think of in this way. There are two drivers. One has a destination in mind which can be 
found in a map. She can drive straight there without any wasted time or wrong turns. The other driver has no goal, 
or destination or map. She starts off at the same time from the same place as the first driver, but she drivers 
aimlessly around. Never getting anywhere, just using up gas. Which driver do you want to be?
      18  They decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and setting goals. Unsuccessful 
people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and they aren’t difficult to reach.  19  You are 
the one who must decide what to achieve and in what direction to aim your life.
      20  Written goals can be reviewed regularly, and have more power. Like a contract with yourself, they are 
harder to neglect or forget. Also when you write your goals in a particular way you are able to make yourself 
continuously aware of situations that will bring you nearer to your goal.
    A. Winners in life set goals and follow through
    B..It’s up to you to find out what your goals really are
    C. By setting goals you are taking control of your life
    D. Because everybody should have a goal in his mind
    E. It’s difficult for a driver to reach his destination without a map
    F. Because goals can help you do, be and experience everything you want in life
    G. Research tells us that when we write a goal down, we are more likely to achieve it
第二部分     语言知识运用(共两节,满分             45 分)
第一节    完形填空(共      20 小题;每小题      1.5 分,满分   30 分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C                        和 D)中,选取可以填入空白处的最佳选项
。
    I was eight years old then. Looking  21  I remember the time in a baseball field passing the team that we had 
just  22  . We shook their hands and said, ”Good game!”
    It is  23  to do that when you win! When you lose, you have a tendency(倾向) to slap (拍) the hand-instead 
of shaking it-and  24  the ground instead of the eyes. This is not only true for an eight-year-old; it is true for 
adults, too.
    A few years ago, in a softball league, we lost 15 games! And we thought it was  25  . But during the “Good 
game” handshake after each  26  , I looked each player in the eyes and shook their hands. I couldn’t look my 
opponents (对手) in the eyes and congratulate them on a good  27  when I was eight. Somehow I took the loss as 
a  28  on my self-worth and felt my self-confidence had been slapped;  29  -I did what most eight-year-olds do 
and I slapped the opponents’ hands, not giving them the satisfaction of a shake. I was wrong to do this. I’m happy 
today as a(n)  30   that I have learned this  31  : There is something to be said for losing well.
      32  it is a baseball game or an important examination, you can  33  a lot about a person by now they deal 
with defeat. The person who deals with defeat as an  34  blow is not allowing the event to define (定义) him, 
while someone who cannot  35  defeat is allowing the event to  36  his self-worth. In my opinion, when you  
37   in something-though it may be  38  -look at your opponents in the eyes, and shake their hands in a  39  
way as you say, “Good game!”  40  to allow the event to define your life. You might find yourself winning the 
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next game.
21.A. round                 B. before              C. about               D. back
22.A. taught                B. met                 C. defeated            D. caught
23.A. difficult             B. easy                C. proper              D. bad
24.A. laugh at              B. shout at            C. knock at            D. look at
25.A. unbelievable          B. reasonable          C. embarrassing        D. challenging
26.A. loss                  B. sadness             C. disappointing       D. failure
27.A. game                  B. time                C. team                D. day
28.A. text                  B. limit               C. hit                 D. cost
29.A. otherwise             B. therefore           C. besides             D. finally
30.A. child                 B. player              C. adult               D. parent
31.A. course                B. rule                C. opinion             D. lesson
32.A. As                    B. Although            C. Whether             D. Once
33.A. tell                  B. get                 C. argue               D. disagree
34.A. unimportant           B. unfortunate         C. unnecessary         D. unacceptable
35.A. carry out             B. care about          C. deal with           D. take up
36.A. disturb               B. affect              C. order               D. remark
37.A. begin                 B. end                 C. lose                D. stop
38.A. certain               B. hard                C. impossible          D. funny
39.A. immediate             B. cold                C. friendly            D. slow
40.A. Try                   B. Fear                C. Refuse              D. Prepare
                                 第  II 卷(主观题,共      50 分)
第二部分     语言知识运用(共两节,满分             45 分)
第二节(共      10 小题;每小题     1.5 分,满分   15 分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1                   个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Every year, the ancient Town of Fenghuang,  41  of China’s most well-known ancient towns, is visited by a 
large number of people from all over the world.  42  (fortunate), it was under water as heavy rain hit the centre of 
the country,  43  tens of thousands of people leaving from the area. Heavy rain and floods lasted for the past few 
days. Waters in the nearby river called the Tuojiang River rose by almost one meter above warning level,  44   
(cause) heavy rainstorms. More than 120,000 local people and tourists have been helped to leave there because of 
the terrible disaster. And more than 4,000 shops in the town  45  (shut). Several bridges on the Tuojiang River 
have been damaged or destroyed. Water has flowed into many bars, restaurants and hotels in its ancient town, and 
electricity in the ancient town has been cut off.  46  the heavy rains have stopped, the popular tourist spot 
remains closed for local people’s   47  (safe).
      48    shoe shop owner named Kuang said the flood was the  49  (bad) the town had experienced. They 
could only live in an old factory  50  many homeless people had to stay together.
第三部分     写作(共两节,满分         35 分)
第一节    短文改错(共      10 小题;每小题      1 分,满分    10 分)
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    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有                                      10 处错误,
每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改                     10 处,多者(从第      11 处起)不计分。
    As students, all of us will be faced a problem after passed the college entrance examination. Should we choose 
a good major and a good university first? Here are some differently ideas. Some more prefer to choose a major first 
so that they can learn something what they are interested in. In this way, they can put their hearts into study and got 
their favorite jobs in the future. Other believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and that graduates 
from key universities are more likely to find good jobs. As far as I’m concerned, maybe the choice should be a 
good university if we can’t obtain both.
第二节    书面表达(满分       25 分)
    以下是一则来自某英语报纸的新闻报道,请你结合新闻内容和提示要点写一篇英语短文。
November 24,2001 Thursday
    Wild animals play an important role in our environment. However, many human activities have put them in 
serious danger of extinction. By the year 2025, one fifth of the world’s animal species may be extinct.
提示要点:1.描述动物的现状;
          2.应该采取的措施;
          3.谈谈自己的看法。
注意:1.词数     100 左右;
      2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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 辽宁省沈阳市重点高中                     2016-2017    学年高一下学期期末联考英语试题
                                           答案

                                 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共         70 分)
第一部分     阅读理解(共两节,满分           40 分)
第一节(共      15 小题;每小题     2 分,满分    30 分)
1-3 CCD             4-7 DCCD           8-11 BBDB           12-15 DACB
第二节(共      5 小题;每小题     2 分,满分    10 分)
16-20 FCABG
第二部分     语言知识运用(共两节,满分             45 分)
第一节    完形填空(共      20 小题;每题     1.5 分,满分   30 分)
21-25 DCBDC         26-30 AACBC            31-35 DCAAC         36-40 BCBCC
                                 第  II 卷(主观题,共      50 分)
第二部分     语言知识运用(共两节,满分             45 分)
第二节(共      10 小题;每小题     1.5 分,满分   15 分)
41.one              42.Unfortunately   43.with         44.causing     45.have been shut
46.Although/Though  47.sagety          48.A            49.worst       50.where
第三部分     写作(共两节,满分         35 分)
第一节    短文改错(共      10 小题;每小题      1 分,满分    10 分)
    As students, all of us will be faced ∧ a problem after passed the college entrance examination. Should we 
                               ①with        ②passing
choose a good major and a good university first? Here are some differently ideas. Some more prefer to choose a 
                ③or                               ④different          ⑤
major first so that they can learn something what they are interested in. In this way, they can put their hearts into 
                            ⑥that/which 或 what
study and got their favorite jobs in the future. Other believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and 
       ⑦get                        ⑧Others                                   ⑨development
that graduates from key universities are more likely to find good jobs. As far as I’m concerned, maybe the choice 
                                                                 ⑩concerned
should be a good university if we can’t obtain both.
第二节    书面表达(满分       25 分)
    Nowadays, a great many wild animals have been on the endangered species list. It is human activities that 
have led to such a terrible situation.
    Therefore, what we are supposed to do now is to take measures to help protect the endangered animals as soon 
as possible. To start with, we can volunteer our time to help protect the natural habitats for animals, which is one of 
the best ways to protect the endangered species. Furthermore, we can join a local or national organization that is 
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devoted to working for the protection of the endangered or threatened animals. Last but not least, please lead a 
green life and avoid buying any products that has been made from the endangered animals.
    In a word, each of us can make a difference in protecting the endangered species from extinction. As an old 
saying goes, time waits for no one, so let’s do it in no time!
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