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浙江省杭州市2019届高三英语上学期周末自测卷五2018121301126

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中国现代教育网
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          浙江省杭州市           2019 届高三英语上学期周末自测卷五

第一部分听力(共两节,满分            30 分)

第一节(共     5 小题;每小题      1.5 分,满分    7.5 分)

听下面    5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的                   A、B、C   三个选项中选出最佳选项,

并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有                      10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下

一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.  What is the woman going to do?

A. having a holiday   B. asking for sick-leave   C. working in Miami

2. What does the man ask the woman about?

A. what sports to play   B. where to do sports   C. how to meet people

3. Where are the speakers?

A. in a hotel      B. in a restaurant   C. at home

4. What does the woman think off being an actor?

A. interesting   B. satisfying   C. difficult

5. What kind of room does the man get in the end?

第二节

听下面    5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的                         A、B、C  三个选项中

选出最佳答案,并标在试卷相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每

小题   5 秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出            5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第六段材料,回答第          6—7  题。

6. What does the boy say about programs for teenagers?

A. they’re dull.   B. they’re enjoyable    C. they’re old.

7. What will the boy do this evening?

A. watch TV    B. listen to music    C. read a book

听第七段材料,回答第          8—9  题

8. What are the speakers mainly discussing?

A. when to pay the rent    B. whether to move or not   C. how to do the repairs

9. What does the man suggest doing?

A. having  a talk with the owner    B. moving as soon as possible    C. cutting 
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down the costs

听第   8 段材料,回答第      10-12 题

10. Why won’t the company allow the woman to hire Frank?

A. he is a member of the man’s family.  

B. he sent his application too late.   

C. he doesn’t have experience.

11. What does the man ask the woman to do?

A. interview a candidate    

B. help Frank with another job   

C. recommend him for a promotion

12. What information does the woman need?

A. the company’s policy

B. the candidate’s qualification

C. the address for the recommendation letter.

听第   9 段材料,回答第      13-16 题

13. Who could the man most probably be?

A. a driver   B. a policeman    C. a passer-by

14. What was the woman doing when she saw the red car?

A. waiting for a bus    B. having lunch    C. walking to a shop

15. When did the accident probably happen?

A. at 1:00   B. at 1:10    C. at 1:15

16. What do we know about the car?

A. it went too fast.   B. a teenager drove it.   C. there were four people in it.

听第   10 段材料,回答第      17-20 题

17. What change has been made to Monday?

A. the visiting order    B. the returning time    C. the leaving time

18. When will the tourists return on Wednesday?

A. at 17:30    B. at 17:45   C. at 18:30

19. On which day will the tourists visit Edinburgh?

A. Sunday and Thursday   B. Sunday and Monday   C. Wednesday and Thursday 
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20. Where will the tourists go on Friday?

A. to Galashiels and Borders   

B. to Glasgow and River Clyde  

C. to the Inverness and Loch Ness


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分               35 分)

第一节(共     10 小题;每小题      2.5 分,满分    25 分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的             A、B、C  和  D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上

将该项涂黑。

                                         A

  China became the first country to clone a monkey using non-reproductive cells, 

reducing the  need to breed lab  monkeys and paving the way  for more accurate, 

effective,  and  affordable animal  tests  for new  drugs,  scientists said  on 

Thursday.

  By December, the Institute of Neuroscience of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 

had created two clone macaques named "Zhong Zhong" and "Hua Hua" by nuclear 

transferring of somatic cells (体细胞) — any cell in the organism other than 

reproductive cells. This was the similar technology used to create the famous 

clone sheep Dolly in 1996.

  Tetra, a rhesus monkey born in 1999, is the world's first ever-cloned monkey, 

but it was done using a simpler method called embryo splitting, but it could 

only generate four cloned offspring at a time and cannot be genetically modified 

to suit experimental needs, said Pu Muming, an academician at the Chinese 

Academy of Sciences and the director of Institute of Neuroscience, CAS.

  "Cloning a monkey using somatic cells has been a world-class challenge because 

it is a primate that shares its genetic makeup, therefore all of its complexity, 

with humans," he said.

  "For drug and other lab tests, scientists have to purchase monkeys from all 

over the world, which is costly, bad for the environment and produces inaccurate 

results because each monkey might have different genes," Pu said.
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  "By cloning monkey using somatic cells, we can mass cultivate large number of 

genetically identical offspring in a short amount of time, and we can even 

change their genes to suit our needs," he added. "This can save time, cut down 

experiment costs, and produce more accurate results, leading to more effective 

medicine."

  Sun Qiang, director of the non-human primate research facility at the 

institute, said most of the drug trials are currently done on lab mice. However, 

drugs that work on mice might not work or even have severe side effects on 

humans because the two species are so different.

"Monkeys and  Humans are  both primates, so they  are much  closely related and 

testing on Monkeys is supposed to be as effective as testing on humans," he said. 

This  is  especially  useful in  testing  drugs  for  neural diseases  such  as 

Parkinson's disease, metabolic and immune system disease, and tumor, he added.

21. Which is not the significance of cloning monkeys using somatic cells?

A. making China famous in the field of cloning in the world

B. saving time for experiments

C. cutting down experiments costs

D. producing more accurate test results for medicine

22. From the passage, we can learn that ______.

A. China is the first country to clone a monkey in the world

B. the technology used to create Dolly was similar to that of cloning Tetra

C. tests for drugs on monkeys are more effective than on mice

D. cloning a monkey using somatic cells is not challenging at all

23. The passage most probably appears in ______.

A. A newspaper     B. a science report    C. a textbook     D. a poster

                                       B

  Aamir Khan  was in China  last week to  promote his latest  Hindi film Secret 

Superstar. During his weeklong stay, first in Shanghai and then in Beijing, the 

Indian actor also  found out that he has become a  major celebrity in a country 

where Bollywood’s reach has been traditionally limited.
                  中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  Some local analysts compare his  stardom in China to that of Hollywood actors 

Tom  Hanks, Tom  Cruise  and Leonardo  DiCaprio. Others  wonder if  Khan is  an 

activist actor. Still others describe him as a feminist. The Chinese media seem 

to have settled for Mishu, or Uncle Aamir.

  The surprising rise in  popularity of the 52-year-old Bollywood star is owing 

to his  cinema of social relevance that Chinese moviegoers don’t  get enough of 

from their  own industry as well as his  savvy marketing and China outreach. At 

more than  1 million, Khan has the most followers for  an Indian on Sina Weibo, 

the country’s Twitter-like platform.

  Secret Superstar  had made more  than 400 million yuan  ($63 million) earlier 

this  week.  The   story  of  a  teenage  Muslim  girl’s   fight  against  ugly 

patriarchy(父权制) to realize her dreams was released in China on Jan 19.

  Last year, his film Dangal, inspired by the real journey of an Indian wrestler 

through a conservative landscape to turn his daughters into world-class athletes, 

had made nearly 1.3 billion yuan.

  In 2011, Khan’s   work first got major attention from Chinese moviegoers with 

Three Idiots, which was released in India much earlier. A statement on India’s 

orthodox education system, with parallels in China, the Hindi film resonated(共

鸣) with the local audience. 

  Some  film  critics  say the  education  systems,  gender  discrimination and 

domestic violence (that Secret Superstar shows) are among perceived similarities 

of social issues in India and China.

  The audience is also getting a bit bored with Hollywood films shown in China, 

according to Tan Fei, a filmmaker and film critic, who also lives in Beijing.

  While it’s  still early  to estimate if Hollywood’s  influence on the Chinese 

market  is on the  wane, the local  audience’s  appetite for diverse  cinema is 

definitely on show and is helping Khan.

24. We can infer from the passage that _____

A. Bollywood is as famous as Hollywood in China.

B. Bollywood’s films are popular in China.
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C. Dangal was a great success in China.

D.  Tom Hanks, Tom  Cruise and Leonardo  DiCaprio are very  familiar to Chinese 

audience.

25. What does the underlined phrase “on the wane” in the last paragraph mean?

A. less important   B. on the increase   C. more popular  D. completely over

26.   Aamir  Khan becomes  popular in  China for  the following  reasons except 

that____.

A. His movies focus on social problems that appeal to Chinese audience.

B. He knows marketing well and promotes his films actively in China.

C. He is a feminist as well as an activist actor.

D. Audience in China desire for diverse films.

27. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Bollywood’s influence is greater than that of Hollywood in China now.

B. Dangal, Three Idiots, and Secret Superstar focus on different themes.

C. India and China have the same social issues.

D. Aamir Khan has the most followers on Sina Weibo.

                                   C

  It’s been said that men are better at math and science than women. And taking 

a look at the figures from college departments, it could be difficult to argue 

with that. However, one famous British university is trying to put an end to 

this theory.

  At Oxford University, math and computer science are two subjects that have big 

gaps in terms of grades between men and women. For example, just 21.2 percent of 

women taking math graduated with first-class degrees in 2017, compared to 45.5 

percent of men, reported The Times.

  The university believes that female students are more likely to be affected by 

“time pressure”. So to solve this problem, female students at Oxford were 

given 15 minutes more than male students to finish their math and computer 

science exams in the summer of 2017.

  The decision came not long after the university’s history department allowed 
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its female students to take exams at home in 2017, reported The Independent. The 

aim of that plan was also to close the gap between men and women in the 

subject’s exam results.

  These changes were welcomed by some people, who saw them as a positive sign.

  “I am happy when people see gaps between groups of people who should not 

reasonably have such gaps – such as between genders, races or classes – and 

take that as a starting point ” Antonia Siu, a representative from Oxford Women 

in Computer Science, told The Telegraph.

  However, others criticized the decisions, saying they suggest that females are 

the weaker sex.

  “You are saying that the girls can’t take the stress of sitting in the exam 

room, which does raise one’s anxiety levels,” Amanda Foreman, a research 

fellow at the University of Liverpool, UK, told The Telegraph. “I don’t think 

women are the weaker sex.” 

    Indeed, research from the US Department of Education suggested that girls 

are as good at math-based subjects as boys are, reported news website Quartz in 

January. However, they’re prevented from cultivating an interest in math and 

science because of the bias(偏见) that women aren’t good at those subjects, a 

2012 report by Forbes said.

  But according to Quartz, there are better ways to equalize education between 

the sexes, such as giving more resources to girls to help them fall in love with 

math and science.

  And for girls who think they’re bad at these subjects, it could all just be 

in their imagination. “The truth is, you probably are a math person, and by 

thinking otherwise, you are possibly hamstringing your own career,” wrote The 

Atlantic.

The figures in Paragraph 2 are given to illustrate______.

A. men are better than women at math and computer science in Oxford University.

B. women are not suitable to major in math and computer science in Oxford 

University.
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C. women are not encouraged to take math and computer science in Oxford 

University.

D. math and computer science are difficult subjects for women in Oxford 

University.

28. We can learn from the passage that ______.

A. in Oxford University, females students can have 15 minutes more when taking 

history exams.

B. all research suggests that men are better than women at math and computer 

science.

C. most people are in favor of the decisions that Oxford University has made.

D. the bias that women aren’t good at math and computer science can stop women 

from developing an interest in these subjects..

29. The author’s attitude to the measures Oxford University takes is ________.

A. positive      B. negative       C. neutral        D. indifferent


第二节(共     5 小题;每小题      2 分,满分    10 分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

  When Oprah Winfrey spoke at the Golden Globes last Sunday night, her speech 

lit up social media within 9 minutes. It was powerful, memorable and somehow 

exactly what the world wanted to hear.  

  What made this short talk so impactful? When we sat down and looked at 

Oprah’s talk, we saw a lot of commonality with great TED Talks. 

A strong opening that transports us. Oprah got on stage to give a “thank you” 

speech for a lifetime achievement award. But she chose not to start with the 

“thank you.” __31__. “In 1964, I was a little girl sitting on the linoleum 

floor of my mother’s house in Milwaukee.” Just like a great story should, this 

first sentence transports us to a different time and place, and introduces the 

protagonist. 
                  中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

__32__. A great TED Talk illustrates an idea. And, just like Oprah does in her 

talk, the idea is illustrated through a mix of stories, examples and facts. 

Oprah tells a few anecdotes, none longer than a minute. But they are masterfully 

crafted, to give us, the audience, just enough detail to invite us to imagine it. 


___33___. At TED, we all know it’s called a TED talk — not “speech,” not 

“lecture.” A speaker looks at the audience and waits for their reaction. But 

it’s mostly not in the words. It’s in the tone, in the fact that the 

speaker’s attention is on the audience, focusing on one person at a time, and 

having a mini conversation with us. Oprah is no different. ____34____.

 ____35____. Oprah’s ending is a big invitation to the audience to act. And 

it’s done not by telling us what to do, but by offering an optimistic vision of 

the future and inviting us all to be part of it. 

A. Instead she starts with a story.

B. A real conversation with the audience.

C. It’s Oprah’s talk — and only Oprah’s.

D. Inviting the audience to think and to feel.

E. Alternating between ideas and anecdotes.

F.  She  speaks  to  the  people in  the  room,  and  this  intimacy translates 

beautifully on camera.

G. Along her speech she brings her own career as an example, and her own way of 

delivering her message.


第三部分  语言运用(共两节,满分               45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共         20 小题;每小题      1.5 分,满分   30 分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的                A、B、C  和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的

最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

  The small white envelope has peeked through our Christmas tree for the past 10 

years or so. It all began because my husband Mike ___36___ Christmas. He didn't 

hate  the true meaning  of Christmas, but  the commercial aspects  of it.  So I 
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decided to reach for something _37_ just for Mike. 

  Our son Kevin,  who was 12 then, was __38_ at  the junior level at the school 

and shortly __39__ Christmas, there was a non-league match against a team __40__ 

by an inner-city church, mostly black. These youngsters, dressed in sneakers so 

__41__  that shoestrings seemed  to be  the only  thing holding  them together, 

presented  a  sharp ___42__  to  our  boys in  their  beautiful   uniforms  and 

sparkling(闪亮的) new wrestling shoes.

  As the match began, I was alarmed to see the other team was wrestling ___43___ 

headgear, a light helmet designed to protect a wrestler's ears. It was a luxury 

the team  obviously could not __44___. Well, we ended up  __45___ them. We took 

every weight  class. Mike said __46___,  "They have a lot  of potential, __47__ 

losing like  this could take the heart right out  of them." __48_ little league 

football, baseball  and lacrosse, Mike  loved kids all  kids and he  knew them. 

That's __49__ the idea for his present came. That afternoon, I bought wrestling 

headgear and shoes and sent them anonymously to the inner-city___50__.

  On Christmas  Eve, I placed the  __51__ on the tree,  the note inside telling 

Mike what  I had done and that  this was his__52___ from me. His  smile was the 

brightest thing about Christmas that year and in succeeding years.

  For  each Christmas,  I __53_  the  tradition, one  year sending  a group  of 

mentally disabled youngsters to a hockey game, another year a check to a pair of 

elderly brothers badly in need, and on and on.

  The children grew, but the  story doesn't end there.You see, we lost Mike due 

to cancer. But  Christmas Eve found me placing an envelope on  the tree, and in 

the morning, three more___54___ it. Each of  our children, unbeknownst(不为人知

的) to the others, had placed an envelope on the tree for their __55__. Mike's 

spirit, like the Christmas spirit, will always be with us.

  (文章来自普特英语网美文欣赏。)

36. A. liked           B. hated          C. lacked            D. ignored

37. A. special         B. usual           C. ordinary          D. beautiful

38. A. swimming      B. cycling         C. running           D.wrestling
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39. A. after          B.on              C. before            D. during

40. A. led           B.organized         C. sponsored         D. coached

41. A. ragged        B. tidy             C. neat             D. dirty

42. A. contrary       B. contrast          C. contact           D. control

43. A. with          B. in               C. without           D. by

44. A. afford        B. pay              C.give              D. support

45. A. helping       B. winning          C. laughing          D. beating

46. A. happily       B. excitedly         C. angrily           D. sadly

47. A. and          B. otherwise         C. therefore         D. but

48. A. Having coached B. To coach         C. Coaching         D. Coached

49. A. why          B. when            C. where            D. what

50. A. youngster     B. church            C. boy             D. league

51. A. envelope      B. present           C. headgear         D. shoes

52. A. idea          B. Christmas        C. gift              D. envelope

53. A. followed      B. held             C. concerned        D. passed

54. A. laid          B. joined            C. covered          D. replaced

55. A. mom         B. peers             C. dad             D. children


                                  非选择题部分

第三部分  语言运用(共两节,满分               45 分)

第二节(共     10 小题:每小题      1.5 分,满分    15 分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1                   个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Paper cutting is a traditional art in China and has been for thousands of 

years. The paper cutting is for celebrations, festivals and home decoration, 

often with red color,___56___ is the lucky color in China.

  Paper cutting became one of art ____57___(form) since the invention of paper 

in Han Dynasty. It was popular in the royal palaces and houses of nobility as a 

favorite pastime among court ladies. Later, during 7th and13th centuries, paper 

cutting ____58___ (spread) in folk festivals and celebrations. The themes of 

their works usually include everything in ___59___(they) daily life.
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The main tools for paper cutting are scissors ____60___ engraving knives. They 

depend on different methods to cut paper but both can make nice paper cutting. 

For the scissor, several pieces of paper ---- up__61___ eight ----- are fastened 

together. The motif(装饰图形) is then cut. For the knife, several layers of 

paper are put on a soft foundation ___62___(consist) of a mixture of tallow and 

ashes. Following a pattern, the motif into the paper will be cut out. Skilled 

crafters can even cut out different drawings ___63___(free) without stopping.

  Arts come from life and serve life, ___64___ does the Paper cutting. The 

bright red, green or light blue paper cuttings are often used ____65___(add) 

merry atmosphere to the festivals or celebrations.  In Chinese culture, paper 

cutting can reflect many aspects of life, such as, prosperity, health, or 

harvest. 

  (文章来自:https://wenku.baidu.com/view/ab9c1cc8bceb19e8b8f6ba9d.html, )


第四部分  写作(共两节,满分             40 分)

第一节  应用文写作(满分           15 分)

    假如你是李华,你所在的学校要举办古诗词朗诵大赛。你的留学生朋友                              Tom 对古诗词很

感兴趣,请你用英文写封邮件请他参加。内容包括:

    1. 比赛的具体情况;

    2. 报名方式及截至日期。

注意:1.词数     80 左右;

      2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

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第  2 节 读后续写(满分       25 分)

    阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

        I hit the back window of a new car with a hammer. In a flash I was in. I 
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    started the car, just like my older brother had taught me. I was 12 then. It 

    seems crazy now. Today, everyone knows me as Donald Driver, a famous football 

    player. I’ve  devoted my  life after football to helping disadvantaged kids 

    around the country.

        Mom would have killed me  if she’s  known what I was up  to. My dad had 

    gone to prison while she was pregnant with me. Mom wanted a better life for 

    me, my two brothers and two sisters. She worked long hours to support us. But 

    she often fall  behind on rent and then we’d   have to move. Trouble really 

    started when we moved next door to a man named J.R. Mom trusted him to care 

    us while she was at work, and he did. What Mom didn’t know was that J.R. and 

    his friends were dealing drugs.

        My older brother Moses and I served as lookouts(放哨人,望风者)。 We knew 

    it was  wrong, but the money was  too good--$100 a night. We  broke it into 

    smaller bills,  and regularly  slipped some into  Mom’s  purse.  Them Moses 

    discovered we could bring in even  more cash by stealing cars. We practiced 

    giving the same smile, hug and kiss for  my mom when I came home, no matter 

    what we’d done on the streets.

        Now, though, I was about to get caught. The police got closer. I turned 

    into a back alley(小巷). Suddenly, up ahead, a car backed out of a driveway. 

    I saw a little old lady sitting in the driver’s seat. But it was too late. 

    I stopped  and jumped out  to see if the  old lady was  damaged. The woman, 

    Evelyn Johnson, looked angry, but unhurt. “Go sit in my house right now,” 

    she said. It  was a tone voice that no  kid can disobey. The police arrived 

    and began to question the old  lady. “The  man who did this ran that way.” 

    She said, pointing down the alley.

Para1:

    When the police drove off,……

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
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Para2:

    I    spent   more    time   studying    and   football    kept   me    busy 

too.____________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


注意:

       1. 所续写短文的词数应为          150 左右;

       2. 应使用    5 个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

       3. 续写部分分为两段,每段开头语已为你写好;

       4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
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                                 参考答案及解析

听力:1-5 ACBCC  6-10 ABBAA  11-15 BCBCC  16-20 AACAB


                                    阅读理解

                                      A 篇

篇章导读:

    本篇文章讲的是中科院神经科学研究所团队宣布完成世界首例体细胞克隆猴,分别叫

“中中”和“华华”。这意味着中国科学家成功突破了现有技术无法克隆灵长类动物的世界

难题,具有重大意义。

答案解析:

21. A.细节理解题,根据第一段和第六段,可知                  BCD 表述正确。

22.   C,推理判断题,根据第七、八两段,老鼠的基因与人类差别大,而猴子与人类都属于

灵长类动物,基因接近,可知             C 正确;第一段第一句话,中国是第一个用体细胞克隆猴子的

国家,A    选项与原文有出入;根据第二段,克隆                Dolly 的技术与克隆“中中”“华华”的技

术相似,但克隆       Tetra 的技术是另一种更简单的技术,可知               B 错误;根据第四段第一句用体

细胞克隆猴子一直是世界性难题,可知                 D 选项错误。

23. A,考查文章体裁,根据文章的风格特征,可知这是一篇新闻报道,故选                              A。

重点词汇和句式:

1.China became the first country to clone a monkey using non-reproductive cells, 

reducing the 

                                           Doing 作方式状语               
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need to breed  lab monkeys and paving the way for more accurate, effective, and 

affordable animal 

     Reducing 和 paving  Doing 作结果状语                                       

tests for new drugs, scientists said on Thursday.

Pave the way for...为...铺平道路   

accurate adj.精确的    effective adj   有效的   affordable adj.负担得起的

2. Tetra, a rhesus monkey born in 1999, is the world's first ever-cloned monkey, 

but it was done 

             同位语修饰     Tetra

using a simpler method called embryo splitting, but it could only generate four 

cloned offspring at 

  Doing 作方式状语         done    作后置定语修饰       method

a time and cannot be genetically modified to suit experimental needs, said Pu 

Muming, an 


academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the director of Institute of 

Neuroscience, 

                  同位语修饰     Pu Muming

CAS.

Suit experimental needs 满足实验需求

3. 词汇积累:   purchase n/v  购买  facility n. 设备    

     have severe side effects on ...对...有很严重的副作用

     cultivate vt. 培养,陶冶(超纲词汇,但是阅读中比较高频)

     be closely related (to sth)紧密相关

                                      B 篇

篇章导读:

    本文讲的是印度知名演员及导演阿米尔汗在中国大受欢迎,他的电影《三傻大闹宝莱坞》

、《摔跤吧,爸爸》、《神秘巨星》深受中国观众喜欢。本文探讨了他成功的原因:熟谙市

场推销、电影关注社会问题引起观众共鸣、中国电影观众对好莱坞电影审美疲劳等。

答案解析:
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24. D.  推理判断题,根据第二段,一些人把阿米尔汗在中国的知名度和好莱坞知名演员                                 Tom 

Hanks, Tom  Cruise and Leonardo DiCaprio 相提并论,可知      D 正确;根据文章第九段,电

影  Dangal 在中国获得了     13 亿票房,可知      C 选项正确;根据第一段最后一句“宝莱坞在中国

的影响还有限’以及最后一段               “现在说好莱坞电影在中国市场的影响在衰退还为时过早”

,可知    A,B 错误。

25.  A.  词义猜测题,根据前一段,中国观众对好莱坞的电影有点腻了,但现在说好莱坞电

影在中国的影响在衰退还为时过早,因此选                   A,B 项意为增加,C      更受欢迎,D     完全结束。

26.  C.  细节理解题。根据第三段及第六至八段,他受欢迎是因为他的电影关注社会问题,

这些问题与中国的一些社会问题相似,引起中国观众的共鸣,以及他熟知市场营销,主动在

中国宣传,还有中国的关注对好莱坞电影有点腻了,想看到更多样化的电影,可知                                   ABD 都是

他在中国受欢迎的原因。

27.  B,推理判断题,根据第          4 和 7 段,Secret   Superstar 是关于女性反抗父权社会抵制家

暴的,第     5 段,Dangal 是关于一位父亲反抗世俗对女性的歧视把女儿培养成世界一流运动员

的,第    6 段,Three   Idiots 是抨击不合理的教育体制的,可知              B 正确;A  选项根据第一段最

后一句及最后一段可排除,C            选项错误,原文第        6、7 两段指阿米尔汗的电影所反映的一些社

会问题如教育体制、性别歧视、家暴等与中国的一些社会问题有相似性,但并不是指印度和

中国的社会问题完全一样;根据第三段最后一句可知                      D 选项表述有误。

重点词汇及句式:

1. During his  weeklong stay, first in Shanghai and then in Beijing, the Indian 

actor also found out 

that he has  become a major celebrity in a country where Bollywood’s  reach has 

been 

That 引导宾语从句                     宾语从句中,where           引导定语从句修饰        country

traditionally limited.

2. It’s   still early to estimate if  ....预估..是否...还为时过早。It          is +adj+to 

do sth 结构

3.难句翻译:Some      film critics  say the education systems, gender discrimination 

and  domestic  violence  (that  Secret  Superstar shows)  are  among  perceived 

similarities of social issues  in India and China.一些影评人表示,教育体制、性别

歧视以及家庭暴力(在影片《神秘巨星》中有所体现)都是中印存在的相似的社会问题。
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3. 词汇积累:  celebrity n. 名人,社会名流         owing to 由于,因为

   Social issue 社会问题      industry n. 工业,行业  industrial adj. 工业的

   Film critic 电影评论家   criticize vt, 批评  criticism n.批评

   Education system 教育制度   gender discrimination 性别歧视

   Domestic violence  家庭暴力   definitely adv. 确切得,肯定地 (2017           年新增考纲

词汇)

   Appetite n. 胃口,食欲      diverse adj.多样化的,各种各样的  

                                      C 篇

篇章导读:

    不少人都认为,男生比女生擅长理科。而牛津大学为缩小男女生的差距,为女同学们延

长了数学和计算机科学的考试时间,这一做法也引发了热议,有人支持有人反对。而美国教

育部的调查表明女生在数学方面并不比男生差。

答案解析:

28.   A,目的意图题,第二段的数据是作为例子论证前面提到的观点,女性在数学和计算机

科学方面与男性还有有较大差距,所以选                  A。

29.   D,推理判断题,根据第          9 段最后一句,可知       D 正确;根据第      4 段,牛津大学的女生考

历史时在家考试,并不是增加             15 分钟考试时间,A       错误;根据第      9 段,美国教育部的研究表

明女性在数学方面并不比男生差,排除                 B;根据第5及7两段,可知            C 表述有误。

30.   C,观点态度题,总管纵观全文,作者很客观地陈述了事实以及各方观点,没有表明自

己的立场,所以选        C 中立的。A     意为肯定的,积极的,B          意为否定的,消极的;D          意为冷漠

的。

重点句子及短语:

1. It’s been said that men are better at math and science than women.有些人常说

男生比女生更擅长数学可理科。               句式:It’s      said/reported/estimated/... that+从句 

据说/据报道/据估计....

2. “I  am  happy when people see  gaps between groups of people  who should not 

reasonably have 

                                                     定语从句修饰     people

such gaps  –  such as between genders, races  or classes –  and take  that as a 

starting point. ” Antonia 
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                                 Take 是 when 引导的状语从句里的谓语,和           see 并列

Siu, a representative from Oxford Women in Computer Science, told The Telegraph. 

       同位语修饰     Siu

译文:我很高兴人们发现了不同人群之间(如性别、种族或是阶层等)并不合理的差距,并

      开始思考哪些人在不知不觉中落在了后面,”牛津大学计算机科学女性学生代表

      Antonia Siu 在接受《电讯报》采访时说。

3.  “The  truth is, you  probably are a math person, and by thinking otherwise, 

you are possibly hamstringing your own career,” wrote The Atlantic.

译文:事实上,你或许十分擅长数学,却因为不自信而阻碍了自己的职业发展。《大西洋月

刊》写到。 otherwise     除了否则这层意思,还有           in a different way, differently 的意思。


4.  词汇积累:  

  department n.部门

  figure n. 数字,人物,体形,图形;v.计算,描绘 

    figure out 解决,计算出,理解

   in terms of 就...而言,从...方面,依照

  be likely to do sth 有可能做...  

句式:It’s likely that +从句/ Sb is likely to do sth.某人很有可能做某事。

  race  (一词多义)n. 赛跑,种族,本文中为种族的意思;v. 和..比赛,快速移动。

  representative n.代表,典型人物;adj. 典型的,有代表性的

  raise one’s anxiety level  增加一个人的焦虑感

  cultivate an interest in math 培养数学兴趣


                                 第  3 节 7选五

篇章导读:

    Oprah    Winfrey 在“金球奖”的颁奖典礼上的获奖感言极其有感染力,本文的作者是

Ted 演讲的教练团队成员,他们分析             Oprah 的演讲如此成功的原因,发现她的演讲和成功的

Ted 演讲有着共同特征。

答案解析:

31.  A。过渡句。本段主旨句是强有力的开头。前一句讲                      Oprah 没有用  Thank  you 开头,紧
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接着肯定是讲她如何开头的,所以选                A。

32.E。主旨句,意为观点和故事的灵活转变。                    根据后面的     detail,可知   Oprah 像 Ted 演讲

一样,用故事、轶事来阐述自己的观点,所以选                     E。

33.B.   主旨句,意为:一次和观众的真正的对话。后面提到,Ted                       演讲不是说教,不仅通过

语言还通过语调、眼神交流等和观众交谈,Oprah                   也不例外,所以主题句选择           B。

34.F。细节句。见上题解析,Oprah            也不例外,所以她也是和听众交谈。

35.D。    主旨句。根据后面描述,Oprah           的演讲描述了美好的未来,在最后号召听众积极行

动参与创建这个美好的未来,所以选择                 D,意为要求观众去思考和感受。此题               Invitation 是

一个线索。

重点句式和词汇:

1. It was powerful, memorable and somehow exactly what the world wanted to hear. 

演讲有感染力,令人难忘,而且正式世人想要听的。What 引导表语从句。

2.  It’s  in  the tone, in  the fact  that the  speaker’s  attention is  on the 

audience, focusing on one person at a time, and having a mini conversation with 

us.  它在于演讲的语调,在于演讲者关注听众这个事实,一次关注一个人,和我们进行小小

的对话。

此句中,that    引导的从句是同位语从句,解释说明                fact,focusing 和  having 是 doing 结构

作伴随状语。

3. 词汇积累: social media 社会媒介    a lifetime achievement award 终身成就奖

  Act v. 表演,行动,充当,起作用 (此词一词多义,本文中意为行动)

  Vision n.美景,视力,景象(2017         年新增考纲词汇)


                                    完形填空

篇章导读:

    本篇为记叙文,讲述了作者家里圣诞树上挂白色信封的来历,信封是作者送给丈夫

Mike 的特殊圣诞礼物,背后是他们一家人的爱心。后来                     Mike 因癌症去世,但他们的爱心故

事并未因此而终止,Mike         的精神与他的家人永存。

答案解析:

36. B  。可根据后面一句反推,Mike          并不讨厌圣诞节的真正含义,他讨厌圣诞节被商业化。

Lack v.缺乏;ignore v. 忽视,不理睬。
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37. A,根据语境,“I”想送特别的礼物给                Mike。ordinary  adj.   普通的,平常的;usual  

adj. 通常的

38. D,此处要根据下文        sparkling new wrestling shoes 来得出答案。

39. C,  根据下文第三段,“I”把头盔和摔跤鞋当圣诞礼物送给孩子们说明比赛是圣诞节前

举行的。

40. C, 资助,赞助。对方队伍由一个内陆城市的教堂赞助。coach                      意为训练。organize      vt. 

组织;lead vt.领导,引导.

41. A,衣衫褴褛的,破烂的,逻辑推理题。根据语意,他们的运动鞋如此破旧似乎鞋带是唯

一让他们能把鞋子穿牢的东西。

42. B,对比,对方队的孩子们穿着破旧,与我方孩子的穿着形成鲜明的对比。contrary 

n.对立;contact n.联系;control n.控制。

43. C,根据语境,作者很惊讶地看到他们比赛的时候没戴头盔。

44. A, 买得起, 这是他们队买不起的奢侈品。

        support vt. 支持,维持. support a large family   养一大家子

45. D,打败,最终我们队击败了他们。Win               用法不对,win the game.

46. D, 根据下文    Mike 说的话,他很同情对方的小孩子,所以很伤心地说。

47. D,此处是转折关系,他们很有天赋,但是像这样完败会打击他们。

48. A,训练,指导。此处         having  done 结构表示与谓语动作有先后关系。Mike              之前带过小

型的联赛橄榄球队,棒球队和长曲棍球队,他了解孩子。

49. B,就在这时我有了一个主意。

50. B,把这些东西匿名捐给了那个资助摔跤队的内陆教堂。这里不是指捐给特定的哪个男

孩。youngster n.年轻人;league n.联盟,社团。

51. A,信封。根据上文,作者送了礼物之后,把写有字条的信封挂到圣诞树上,作为礼物

送给   Mike。headgear n.头盔

52. C,参考上题。

53. A.遵循,遵守,follow the tradition      遵循这个传统。concern v.使关心,担忧;

    pass v. 传递,路过。

54. B, 加入,A    join B.  A 加入 B 的行列。第二天早上另有三个信封也挂到了树上。A                     选项

是  lay 的过去式,lay vt. 放置,产卵,下蛋;cover vt.覆盖;replace vt.代替。

55. C, 根据语境,Mike     已经去世,三个孩子在保密的情况下各放了一封信献给他们的父亲,
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Mike 的精神像圣诞精神一样与我们同在。peer n.同龄人。

重点词汇和句式:

1. These youngsters, dressed in sneakers so ragged that shoestrings seemed to be 

the only 

                    Done 作后置定语=who were dressed in....         that 引导结果状语

从句

thing holding  them together, presented a  sharp contrast to our  boys in their 

beautiful uniforms 

                          present 为主句的谓语   此处介宾结构作后置定语修饰                 boys

and sparkling new wrestling shoes. 

译文:这些小伙子们穿着破烂不堪的运动鞋,唯一能够绑在脚上的仿佛只有那条鞋带。与之

形成鲜明对比的是我们的身披漂亮制服、脚蹬崭新闪亮的摔跤鞋的孩子们形成了鲜明的对比。


2.  As  the match  began, I  was alarmed to  see the  other team  was wrestling 

without headgear, a 

                                      此句为   see 的宾语从句

light helmet designed to protect a wrestler's ears.

同位语修饰前面的        headgear,   同位语中     designed 短语为  done 结构作后置定语,修饰前面

的  helmet。

译文:比赛开始了,我很惊讶地发现对方小孩子没有戴头盔——                              一种质地轻薄的用来保护

摔跤者耳朵的帽子。

固定句式:sb be alarmed/amazed/pleased/... to do sth.

3. 词汇积累:   commercial adj.商业的,(阅读理解比较高频的词汇)   aspect n.方面   

  present n. 礼物,目前 

        adj. 目前的,在场的 

        vt.介绍,呈递,赠送,颁发,引起

        这个单词是高频词,一词多义,文中意思为引起,导致,注意以下几个搭配:

    at present 目前,现在    be present at the meeting    出席会议

    present sth/sb to sb 把 sth 颁给/递给某人,把某人介绍给某人

   luxury n.奢侈品,豪华;(2017        年新增考纲词汇)  luxurious adj.奢侈的,豪华的
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   potential n.潜力,潜能 adj.有潜力的,潜在的

   obviously  adv.明显地,显然(同义词:evidently,apparently            此词为   2017 年新增考

纲词汇) 

   句式:It is obvious/evident that +从句。


第  2 节 语法填空

篇章导读:

    本文是说明文,简单地介绍了中国的剪纸艺术,涉及剪纸的简单历史、剪纸的方法以及

意义。

答案解析:

56. which, 考查非限制性定语从句,修饰前面的                red.

57. forms, 考查名词单复数,前面有          one of 修饰,所以用复数。

58. was spread, 考查时态和语态,剪纸从宫廷被传播到民间。

59. their,考查人称代词。

60. and,考查连词。

61. to,考查介词,up to,多达,有...之多,固定搭配。

62. consisting,考查非谓语动词,此处作后置定语修饰前面的                    foundation.

63. freely,考查副词,修饰动词用副词,能自由地不停顿地剪出各种图案。

64. so,考查倒装句。艺术来源于生活,剪纸也是。

65. to add,考查非谓语动词,作目的状语。

重点词汇和句子:

1.   Arts  come  from   life  and   serve  life,so  does  the   Paper  cutting. 

So/neither/nor 引导的倒装句,注意助动词的选择要跟前面的句子一致。

2. In Chinese culture, paper cutting can reflect many aspects of life, such as, 

prosperity,  health, or  harvest.在中国文化中,剪纸能反映出生活的各个方面,比如繁

荣,健康或丰收。

 reflect v.反映,反射   reflect on sth 反思... 

 prosperity n.繁荣,成功(超纲词汇,有时会在阅读中出现)

写作  应用文写作

Sample writing:
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Dear Tom,

  How is everything going?

  I’m writing to tell you that our school has decided to hold an Ancient Poetry 

Recitation Contest  in the school  lecture hall on  April 15th. It will include 

reading  and  reciting  ancient Chinese  poems,which  will  be interesting  and 

exciting. Since  you are always interested  in Chinese poetry, I  wonder if you 

want to  join in it. If so,  please sign up for it  on our school website where 

there is a column about the contest before the end of this month.  

  Looking forward to your reply.

                                                                 Yours sincerely,

                                                                  Li Hua

读后续写:

Sample writing:

    When  the police  drove off,  Evelyn Johnson  came into  the house  and sat 

opposite me. She stared at me for a few seconds and then said, “The police have 

gone. So  could you tell me what you  are doing?”  I replied nervously, “Well, 

I…My  family is in  desperate need of money. You know, we want a better life.” 

“So you still do it even if you know it’s wrong?” My face went red and I was 

speechless. She continued, “It’s a chance for you. Remember, there will never 

be a second chance. Now go back home and think over about what you should do.” 

I obeyed  and left her house, knowing that Miss Johnson cared for  me. I had to 

make a change to my life.

    I spent more time studying and football kept me busy too. I never worked for 

J.R.  again.  And  I persuaded  my  brother not  to  do  it  for  him as  well. 

Occasionally, I would go to Miss Johnson’s house and tell her about my progress. 

She would often encouraged me to keep on fighting. By no means did I know that 

my  turning into the alley  that day would change  my life so  much. Through my 

efforts, I eventually become a famous football player, a person people respect a 

lot. Without Miss  Johnson’s  help and encouragement, I wouldn’t  have achieved 

the success. 
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附:听力材料听力材料

Text 1

W: yesterday I booked a flight for my trip to Miami next week. I’m leaving soon.

M: Great! You haven’t had any time off for almost two years.

Text 2

M: I’m having trouble meeting people heir in the city. Any ideas?

W: The gym is a good place to meet people. Or play in a team sport, baseball or 

volleyball?

M: That sounds fine. I’m good at playing tennis.

Text 3

W: Good evening, sir. Our special this evening is seafood. Would you like to try 

it?

M: Yeah, that sounds great. And a glass of ice water too.

Text 4

W:  I’d   like to  work  in television  industry. Directing  TV  show would  be 

interesting.

M: I  disagree. Working in front of  the camera as an actor  would be much more 

satisfying.

W: But acting can be hard.

Text 5

M: Excuse me, my friend and I booked two single rooms. Why do you only have one 

single room for us?

W: Oh,  I am really sorry for  our mistake, but all the  single rooms are fully 

booked now. What about a double one besides that single one?

M: OK, then.

Text 6

W: there are some programs on TV for teenagers.

M:  I know,  but older people  make them.  They don’t  know  what we  like. The 
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programs are always boring.

W: I like sports shows and movies.

M: I don’t really like watching sports—I like taking part in them. And most of 

the movies on TV are very old. Don’t you think so?

W: Well, I’m not sure. Then what are you going to do this evening? Read a book?

M: Well, I’m not going to watch TV, nor read a book. I’m going to enjoy some 

songs on the radio.

Text 7

W: Tom, we need to make a decision before the end of this month. Are we going to 

continue to rent this place?

M: Of course, I’d like to stay just where we are. The cost of moving is so high.

W: Even if we stay, our costs will still be going up. The owner is raising the 

rent by  15%. And we also need to do  a lot of repairs if we  are going to stay 

here in the long term.

M: Well,  let me set up a  meeting with the owner. Maybe if  we do the repairs, 

he’ll agree not to raise the price.

Text 8

M: I  heard there is a position opening in  your department. I think my nephew, 

Frank, would be  perfect for the job. He has  a lot of experience. You remember 

meeting him, right?

W: Yes,  I agree he would be  an excellent candidate. We’re  always looking for 

good  people. Unfortunately,  the company  has a  strict policy  against hiring 

relatives.

M:  That’s   too  bad.  Well,  could  you  at  least  write  him  a  letter  of 

recommendation for  another job he’s   applying for? I  think it would  be very 

effective coming from someone in your position.

W: Sure, that’s no problem at all. Just let me know the address of the employer.

Text 9

M: Hello madam. I know you saw the accident. Have you got a few minutes to tell 

me what you saw?
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W: Yes,  no problem. I was standing over their, near the bus stop.  I was on my 

way to  get something for lunch and  just happened to be looking at  the a shop 

across the road. That’s when I saw the red car come out from the crossing over 

there.

M: You don’t happen to know what time it happened, do you?

W:  Well, I  left work  for my  lunch break  at  one and  it’s  only  about ten 

minutes’ walk away. So it might have been about ten past one. Although I did go 

into the shop for something, so it was probably closer to one fifteen.

M: Did you get a view of who was in the car?

W: There were three of them, two in the front, the driver, of course, someone in 

the passenger seat,  and there was someone in the  back. They were quite young. 

They might be just a little older than twenty. Anyway, they came speeding out of 

the side road and hit that lady’s bicycle. The driver didn’t bother to stop to 

find out if she was OK. He just drove off along the main road towards the town 

center. Is the woman OK?

M: She seems fine, the bike doesn’t look too good, though. OK. Thanks for your 

time.

Text 10

M: Good  morning, everyone. Sorry to interrupt your breakfast. I’ve  got here a 

few changes to the plan, which I think you’ve all got. Um…I might as well go 

through  them all  and then  you’ll  know  where you  are. In  fact,  they make 

absolutely  no difference to  the tours:  in fact they  improve them,  which is 

basically why we’ve made the changes. Now your Monday 9 o’clock…where you’ve 

got the Braemar Castle…er…Aberdeen: what we’re going to do is we’re going to 

change round there  and we’re  going to Aberdeen first and  then on to Braemar, 

returning  here at 5:30  pm. Now  we move  to Tuesday. Ah…the   only difference 

there…I’m    going to  make  an earlier  start  for Glencoe  and  Fort William: 

ah…7:45 instead of 8:30. Wednesday: yes, the Inverness and Loch Ness, one of my 

personal favorites, instead of returning at 5:30  pm, we’ll  come back a little 

bit later there on  that one…er…6:30  pm…   to give us a bit more time actually 
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at Loch Ness. Thursday: this is our big day in Edinburgh, where we’re doing the 

city  sightseeing.  Um…also  we’re   going  to  do  a  tour  of Edinburgh  this 

afternoon—that’s today, Sunday, because we had nothing planned for today. Now 

unfortunately, on Friday we’ve had to cancel your Galashiels and your Borders. 

But  instead we’re  going to Glasgow, leaving  at seven for Glasgow  and then I 

think a  fitting end to your holiday, one I think you’re   going to go for: the 

River  Clyde  Steamer  Trip.  Returning  at 5:45  pm.  I  hope  those  are  all 

satisfactory. Sorry we’ve  had to  make these changes, but I think you’ll  find 

that they’ll improve the holiday. And make it even better than it already is.

Thanks very much, everyone. Enjoy the rest of your breakfast.


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