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2018-2019学年度高二英语人教版必修5 课时提升作业 五 Unit 2 Learning about Language

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                      课时提升作业 五

                      Unit 2 Learning about Language

Ⅰ.  用所给词的适当形式填空

1. I want him ________ (finish)the homework in time.

2. My father had had the house ________ (paint)before we moved in. 

3. The end of the story left me ________ (puzzle). 

4. I turned around because I heard someone ________ (speak)my hometown dialect. 

5. Hard work made him ________ (exhaust). 

6. He noticed a little dog badly ________ (treat) by some naughty boys. 

7. With the store ________ (close),he began to walk towards home. 

8. I’m sorry to have you ________ (wait)for me for a long time. 

答案:1. to finish   2. painted   3. puzzled   4. speaking 

5. exhausted   6. treated   7. closed   8. waiting 

Ⅱ.  完成句子

1. ________________,I feel very relaxed now. 

所有的工作都做完了,         我现在感到很放松。

2. He didn’t ________________.

他没有注意到他的钱包被偷了。

3. When we got to school,we ________________. 

当我们到达学校时,        我们看见门锁着。 

4. Be careful,or you’ll ________________.

小心,   否则你会弄伤手的。
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5. He spoke slowly to ________________.

他说得很慢以便于让人明白。

6. When he woke up,he ________________ by a group of children.

当他醒来时,      他发现自己被一群孩子围着。

7. Lucy has a great sense of humour and always ________________ with her stories. 

露西很有幽默感,       总是讲故事让她的同事消遣。

答案:1. With all the work done

2. notice his wallet stolen

3. saw the door locked 

4. have your hands hurt

5. make himself understood

6. found himself surrounded。

7. keeps her colleagues amused 

Ⅲ.  语法填空

  Nobody wants to be aged, but 1. ___________ it comes to 

visiting cities, most of us want to visit the world’s oldest cities. 

Luoyang is one of the oldest and most 2. ___________ (attract) 

cities in the world that I’d like to recommend to you.

  Luoyang stands out 3. _________ the oldest continually inhabited city in Asia. 

The city is considered to be 4. _________ birthplace of Chinese culture and history as 

well as being one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China. There 5. ___________(be) 

no other city in China that has seen so many 6. ___________(dynasty) like Luoyang.
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  With such a long and exciting history, Luoyang has really a lot 7. _________

(offer). The Longmen Grottoes, which 8. ___________(include) on the World 

Heritage List in 2000, and many historic Buddhist temples 9. ___________(constant) 

attract tourists from all over the world. Luoyang is also famous for the White Horse 

Temple, the earliest Buddhist temple 10. ___________(establish) in China. Are you 

anxious to visit the city? 

【文章大意】本文是说明文,            介绍了古都洛阳。

1. 【解析】when。考查连词。when it comes to . . .    为固定结构,     意为“当提

到……时”。

2. 【解析】attractive。考查词性转换。空格处在句中作定语修饰                   cities, 故用形

容词   attractive “吸引人的”。

3. 【解析】as。考查固定搭配。as          在句中意为“作为”。stand out as“作为……而

出类拔萃”。

4. 【解析】the。考查冠词。此处用定冠词,              特指中国文化和历史的发源地。

5. 【解析】is。考查时态及主谓一致。文中客观介绍了洛阳的相关事实,                          用一般

现在时。空格处所在句为           there be 句型, 句中主语为    no other city in China, 所以

be 动词用第三人称单数。

6. 【解析】dynasties。考查名词复数形式。根据空前的“so many”可知,                 此处用

dynasty 的复数形式。

7. 【解析】to offer。考查非谓语动词。have          意为“有”时,   后面一般用带       to 的不

定式作定语。
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8. 【解析】were included。考查时态语态。句中的时间状语“in 2000”表明空格

处用一般过去时,       且  which(指代  The Longmen Grottoes)与 include 之间是被动关

系,  故用被动语态。

9. 【解析】constantly。考查副词。空格处修饰谓语动词,                故用副词。

10. 【解析】established。考查非谓语动词。establish        与所修饰的名词之间为逻

辑上的被动关系,       且表示一个完成的动作,          所以用过去分词作定语。注意:             句中

the earliest Buddhist temple 为同位语, 其后为过去分词作定语,       不能误认为空处

是谓语动词而用       was established。

Ⅳ.  完形填空世纪金榜导学号           47004088

      A few days ago,my sister Liz and I talked about Dad,and we decided to get 

him a little something for Father’s Day. We talked about the times when we were  1  

up and how Mom and Dad used to play the ‘good cop,bad cop’ thing on us. Dad has 

been a person of few words since we were  2 . He raised us more by  3  than 

anything else. When he spoke,though we listened,he was always mysterious and 

difficult to understand. There was always a(n) 4  meaning that I never got,but Liz 

always  5  to decipher (破解)him. By the time I got to high school,I had wanted a 

skateboard and I  6  I was too old to ask money from my parents,so I worked at a 

burger joint(美式汉堡店). One day,I was really angry about annoying burgers. I 

came home huffing and puffing(气喘吁吁). Dad saw me and asked me what was the  

7 . I told him that I was fed up with annoying burgers. He said that we all have to 

start somewhere,that we may not know it now,but the skills we learn even in a burger 

joint might come in handy  8  in life,“Who knows,you might end up having to run 
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a  9  or even own one when you grow up, ” said Dad. He  10  me down and I 

kept what he said in mind,even though I really didn’t agree with it.

    A couple of years later,when I got to college,I worked in a restaurant. During 

one of the really  11  days that we had,we were short on kitchen staff. Our 

customers were getting impatient and the  12  were getting delayed. We were sure 

any minute something terrible would  13  out. I couldn’t stand the  14  any 

more,so I rolled up my sleeves,got myself a hair net and helped out in the hot kitchen. 

We caught up with the orders  15 . The owner saw what I did and called me over 

around  16  time. He said that he was very  17 . He raised my salary and made 

me the assistant manager even though I could only go part-time. That was  18  I 

realized that what my dad said to me all those years before was absolutely true.

    I’ve never forgotten what my dad said that day. And whenever I have to do 

something that requires new skills,no matter how insignificant or  19  it seems,I 

have a new perspective (看法) that it might really help me later on or even right now 

and I just don’t know it. Experience is everything and it  20  a lot when you take 

lessons from it. That’s my life’s philosophy.

【文章大意】在父亲的教育下,             作者认识到了生活中的经历不管多么渺小、多

么微不足道,      从中学到的技能在今后的工作中都有可能用到。

1. A. getting   B. going   C. growing    D. coming

【解析】选      C。词语辨析题。这里作者是在回忆在成长过程中父亲给他们的教

育,  因此选择    growing, grow up“长大”。 

2. A. schoolboys     B. kids
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C. adults            D. graduates

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。从文章开头“my sister Liz and I”可知选择

schoolboys 不对, 因此选择    kids 最妥当。

3. A. instruction    B. example

C. order             D. inspiration

【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。instruction“指导”; example“例子,      榜样”; order“顺

序”; inspiration“激励”。爸爸是通过榜样的作用养育我们不是因为别的。

4. A. obvious        B. clear

C. reasonable        D. hidden

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。从前面的句子“he was always mysterious and 

difficult to understand”可知爸爸的话里面总是有一些隐藏的东西是我不能理解的。


5. A. failed   B. refused     C. tried   D. managed

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据         but 前面的内容可知我不懂但是           Liz 总是能

够弄懂他的意思。manage to decipher him“设法弄懂他讲的话的含义”。 

6. A. imagined    B. promised 

 C. believed      D. suggested

【解析】选      C。词语辨析题。作者认为自己已经长大了不好再向父母要钱。

7. A. experience     B. matter

C. event             D. accident

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。       这里表示父亲看到作者气喘吁吁地回来询问出了

什么事。what was the matter 表示“怎么了,     出了什么事”。 
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8. A. later    B. sooner      C. latter     D. late

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。由于作者对自己刚刚从事的兼职工作不满意因此

父亲开导他说每个人都要从某个地方起步从事某一项工作,                        可能现在还不知道

是什么工作,      不过工作中所获得的技能在日后(later)的生活中也可能派上用场。

9. A. restaurant  B. hospital

C. school         D. plant

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。        你可能以后会经营一家饭店,           甚至可能会拥有一

个。

10. A. calmed     B. wrote      C. let      D. put

【解析】选      A。固定搭配题。因为作者本来很生气,                这里爸爸让其冷静下来: 

calm sb. down“使某人冷静下来”。

11. A. exciting   B. worrying

C. busy           D. happy

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下面的            we were short on kitchen staff 可知厨

房的员工短缺说明那些天餐馆里很忙厨师不够用了。

12. A. meetings   B. parties    C. menus       D. orders

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。顾客有些不耐烦了,               根据下文“We caught up with 

the orders”可知选择  orders 表示顾客点的菜也被推迟。

13. A. break      B. show       C. go       D. set

【解析】选      A。固定搭配题。我们都确信糟糕的事情会爆发出来。break out                    指

不好的事情的突然爆发,          符合语境。

14. A. quarrel    B. laziness
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C. relaxation     D. tension

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。作者无法忍受那种紧张的气氛,                   因此选择

tension。

15. A. eventually    B. regularly

C. obviously         D. thankfully

【解析】选      A。词语辨析题。eventually“最终”; regularly“定期地”; obviously“明

显地”; thankfully“感激地”。由于作者出手相助他们终于赶上了客人们订菜单的

速度。

16. A. breakfast     B. lunch

C. opening           D. closing

【解析】选      D。固定搭配题。closing time     在英语中是固定短语意思是餐馆或酒

馆打烊的时间。

17. A. influenced    B. interested

C. inspired          D. impressed

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。从后面的句子“He raised my salary and made me 

the assistant manager even though I could only go part-time. ”可知店主说他印象很

深刻。

18. A. when       B. why      C. whether    D. where

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。就是那个时候,             我意识到爸爸那些年对我说的话

是完全正确的。

19. A. important     B. impressive

C. interesting       D. small
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【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。与        insignificant 词义相近的应该是    small, 表示无

论事情看起来是多么的渺小或不重要,                做好了、学到的技能都可能对今后的生

活有帮助。

20. A. works      B. counts     C. shows       D. studies

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。根据上文可知学到的经验对今后的生活可能很重

要。count“重要,    有关系”。 

Ⅴ.  阅读理解                         世纪金榜导学号       47004089

                                                  (2017·新余高二检测)

    Liverpool,my hometown,is a special city.It is so unique that in 2004 it became a 

World Heritage(遗产)Site. 

    I recently returned to my home city and my first stop was at a museum on the 

River Mersey.Blanketed in mist(薄雾),Victorian architecture rose from the banks of 

the river,responded to the sounds of sea-birds,and appeared unbelievably 

charming.When I headed toward the centre,I found myself surrounded by buildings 

that mirror the best palaces of Europe.It is not hard to imagine why,on first seeing the 

city,most visitors would be overpowered by the beauty of the noble buildings,which 

are solid signs of Liverpool’s history. 

    As if to stress its cultural role,Liverpool has more museums and galleries than 

most cities in Britain.At Walker Art Gallery,I was told that it has the best collections 

of Victorian paintings in the world,and is the home of modern art in the north of 

England.However,culture is more than galleries.Liverpool offers many music 

events.As Britain’s No. 1 music city,it has the biggest city music festival in 
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Europe,and its musicians are famous all over the world.Liverpool is also well-known 

for its football and other sports events.Every year,the Mersey River Festival attracts 

thousands of visitors,making the city a place of wonder. 

    As you would expect from such a city,there are restaurants serving food from 

around the world.When my trip was about to complete,I chose to rest my legs in 

Liverpool’s famous Philharmonic pub (酒馆).It is a monument to perfection,and a 

heritage attraction itself. 

    Being a World Heritage Site,my home city is certainly a place of “outstanding 

universal value”.It is a treasure house with plenty of secrets for the world to explore. 

【文章大意】文章主要讲述了利物浦的建筑的美丽高贵和很多世界有名的古迹, 

而且重点讲述了她的独特的博物馆、音乐和运动文化氛围,                        如拥有世界上最好

的维多利亚绘画收藏,         是英国的第一音乐城市以及是著名的足球和其他体育赛

事的举办地。

1. Visitors who see the city for the first time would be deeply impressed by 

_________.

A. its charming banks

B. its famous museums

C. its wonderful palaces

D. its attractive buildings

【解析】选      D。细节理解题。第二段最后一句              It is not hard to imagine why,on 

first seeing the city,most visitors would be overpowered by the beauty of the noble 

buildings,which are solid signs of Liverpool’s history(不难想象, 为什么第一次看
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到这个城市,      大多数游客会被美丽高贵的建筑——利物浦历史的可靠标志所折

服)可知,   人们会被哪些引人注目的建筑吸引,               故选  D。

2. Liverpool has important cultural role because _________.

A. it has the best collections of Victorian paintings

B. it has museums,galleries,music festival and sports events

C. the Mersey River festival attracts thousands of visitors

D. the best palaces of Europe are in Liverpool

【解析】选      B。主旨大意题。从文章中           Blanketed in mist,Victorian architecture 

rose from the banks of the river,responded to the sounds of sea-birds,and appeared 

unbelievably charming(笼罩在薄雾中    , 维多利亚建筑矗立在河岸上,           海鸟的声

音回响,    似乎令人难以置信地迷人)和           As if to stress its cultural role,Liverpool has 

more museums and galleries than most cities in Britain(似乎要强调文化的作用, 利

物浦有比英国大多数城市更多的博物馆和美术馆)可知,                      文章不仅讲述了利物浦

的美丽而且重点讲述了她的独特的文化氛围,                   故选  B。

3. The author uses the Philharmonic pub to prove that _________.

A. Liverpool is a well-known city for its restaurants

B. Liverpool is an impressive place full of attraction

C. a pub is a wonderful place for visitors to relax themselves

D. a pub is a perfect choice for visitors to complete their journey

【解析】选      B。推理判断题。通过第四段中             It is a monument to perfection,and a 

heritage attraction itself(这是一个近乎完美的纪念碑,    一个遗产名胜)可知, 

Liverpool is an impressive place full of attraction, 故选 B。
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4. The third paragraph is developed mainly by _________.

A. providing different examples

B. following the order of space

C. making comparisons

D. analyzing causes

【解析】选      A。主旨大意题。从第三段话中             However,culture is more than 

galleries.Liverpool offers many music events.As Britain’s No. 1 music city,it has the 

biggest city music festival in Europe,and its musicians are famous all over the 

world.Liverpool is also well-known for its football and other sports events(然而, 文

化不仅仅是画廊。利物浦提供许多音乐活动。作为英国的第一                           音乐城市,    它有

欧洲最大的城市音乐节,          有全世界闻名的音乐家。利物浦也因足球和其他体育

赛事而闻名)可知,       作者举了“博物馆、音乐和运动”作为例子,                故选   A。


                                                                   
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