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                  人教版必修一       reading 语法填空
                  Unit 1, Book1   Anne’s best friend
   Do you want a friend to ___1__ you could tell everything , like your deepest 
feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh _2__ you, or 
would not understand __3___ you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first 
kind, so she made her diary her best friend. Annie ___4__(live) in Amsterdam in the 
Netherlands during World War II. Her family ___5__ Jewish so they had to hide or 
 they ___6___(catch) by the German Nazis. She and her family hid away for nearly 
twenty-five months __7___ they were discovered. During that time the only true 
friend was __8___diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary 
__9__ most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my best friend, and I shall call 
my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after ___10___ (be) in the hiding place since 
July 1942.

                  Unit 1, Book1 Anne’s best friend 
 Dear kitty,
   I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long __1__ I’ve 
 grown crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a 
time ___2__ a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could 
never have kept me spellbound. That____3___(change) since I was here.
   For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed ___4___(wake) on 
purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by __5__(me). 
But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time 
five months ago, I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I 
didn’t go downstairs ___6___ the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the 
wind, the thundering clouds held me __7___(entire) in their power; it was the first 
time in a year and a half that I___8____(see) the night face to face…
   …Sadly…  I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before 
 very dusty windows. It’s no ___9___(please) looking through these any longer 
 because nature is one thing that really must __10____(experience).
                                                    Yours,
                                                    Anne

                Unit 2, Book1 The road to modern English
 At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people speak English. 
__1___(near) all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from 
England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and ___2___ of that, 
 English began ____3____(speak) in many other countries. Today, more people speak 
 English as their first, second, or a foreign language __4____ ever before.
   Native English __5___(speak) can understand each other __6____ they don’t speak 
the same kind of English. Look at this example:
   British Betty: Would you like __7___(see) my flat?
   American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up to your apartment.
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   So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop 
 when cultures meet and communicate __8__ each other. At first the English 
 __9____(speak) in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very _10__(differ) 
 from the English we spoke today. 

 Unit 2, Book1 The road to modern English
     English was based __1__(much) on German than the English we speak at present. 
 Then ___2___(gradual) between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like 
 German because those __3__ rules England spoke first Danish and later French. 
 These new __4___(settle) enriched the English language and especially _5__ 
 vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider 
 vocabulary __6__ ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later 
 in the 18th century some British people __7__(take) to Australia too. English began to 
 be spoken  in both countries.
   Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes 
in English __8__(spell) happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later 
Noah  Webster wrote the American Dictionary of _9___ English language. The 
_10___(late) gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

 Unit 3, Book1 Journey down the Mekong
     My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I 
 ___1__(dream) about taking a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought _2__ 
 expensive mountain bike then she persuaded me __3___( buy) one. Last year, she 
visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai 
and grew up in ___4____(west) Yunnan Province near Lancang River, the Chinese 
part of the river that ___5___(call) the Mekong River in other countries. Wang Wei 
soon got them ___6____(interest) in cycling too. After graduating __7__ college, 
we___8__ (final) got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, “Where are we 
going?” It was my sister ___9__ first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong 
River from __10____ it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for 
the trip.

 Unit 3, Book1 Journey down the Mekong

 I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be___1___ (real) 
stubborn. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that 
she __2___(organize) the trip properly. Now I know that the proper way is always her 
way. I kept __3___(ask) her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?” I 
asked her __4__ she had looked at a map yet. Of course she hadn’t; my sister doesn’t 
care about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. 
She gave me a __5_____(determine) look- the kind that said she would not change 
___6__ mind. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more 
than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. When I told her the air would be 
hard ____7___ (breathe) and it would be very cold, she said it would be an 
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 ___8_____(interest) experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her 
 mind, ___9___(something) can change it. Finally, I had to give ___10___.

 Unit 4, Book1 A night the earth didn’t sleep
 Strange things were happening in __1__ countryside of northeast Hebei. For three 
 days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. __2__(farm) noticed 
 that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A __3___(smell) gas came out of the 
 cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous _4__(eat). 
 Mice ran out of the fields __5___(look) for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their 
 bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am __6_ July 28, 1976, some people saw bright lights 
 in the sky. The sounds of planes can__7____( hear) outside the city of Tangshan even 
 __8__ no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings 
 cracked and burst. But the one million people of the city, ___9__ thought little of 
 these events, were asleep as __10___ that night.

 Key:  1. the   2. Farmers   3. smelly   4. to eat   5. to look
       6. on   7.  be heard  8. when    9. who   10. usual

 Unit 4, Book1 A night the earth didn’t sleep
 At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed ___1_____the world was at an end! 
Eleven kilometers directly below the city one of __2___(great) earthquakes of the 20th 
century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, __3___ is more than two hundred kilometers 
away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and 
thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the 
ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city 
lay _4__ ruins. The ___5___(suffer) of the people was extreme. Two-third of them 
died or were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and 
many  children were left without parents. The number of people who were killed 
or___6___(serious) injured reached more than 400.000. All hope was not lost. Soon 
after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue 
workers. __7_____(hundred) of thousands of people were helped. The army 
organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and __8__(bury) the dead. To the 
north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. 
 Workers built shelters for ___9____(survive) whose homes ____10____ (destroy). 
 Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to 
 breathe again.

 Unit 5, Book1 Elias’ story
 My name is Elias. I am __1__ poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I 
first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years 
old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to __2__ I went  for advice. 
He  offered __3__(guide) to poor black people on their legal problems. He was 
 generous with his time, ___4___ which I was grateful. I needed his help ___5__ I had 
 very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two 
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 years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because _6__ family could not 
 continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After 
 ___7___(try) hard, I got a job in a gold mine. ___8____, this was a time when one 
 had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. __9___(sad) I did not have it 
 because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I __10__ (become) out of 
 work.

 Unit 5, Book1 Elias’ story
 The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told me _1__ 
to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more __2__(hope) 
about my future. I never forgot how kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC 
 Youth League, I joined __3_ as soon as I could. He said:“The last thirty years 
 _4___(see) the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today 
 we have reached a stage _5___ we have almost no rights at all.”It was the truth. Black 
 people could not vote or choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs they wanted. 
 The parts of town in which they had to live __6__(decide) by white people. The 
places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South 
Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said: “…we were 
 put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, _7__ fight 
 the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way which 
 was peaceful; when this was not allowed…only then _8__ we decide to answer 
 violence with violence.” As _9__ matter of fact, I do not like violence…but in 1963 I 
 helped him blow up some government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I 
 was caught I could be put __10__ prison. But I was happy to help because I knew it 
 would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.
                1. Unit 1, Book1   Anne’s best friend

 Key: 1. whom          2. at   3. what   4. lived   5. was 
     6. would be caught 7. before    8. her     9. as     10. being 

 解析:1.whom。介词+关系代词引导的定语从句,当先行词人时,介词之后的关系代词使
 用 whom。
 2. laugh at 嘲笑
 3. what 引导的宾语从句,what   在从句中充当     go through 的宾语。
 4. lived。during World War II 是一般过去式的标志
 5.was。主语   family 指家庭或家族而言,谓语动词使用单数。
 6.would be caught。他们必须躲藏起来,否则会被抓住。过去没有发生的动作,
而且执行者由       by 短语连接,使用过去将来时的被动语态。
 7.before.before 引导的时间状语从句,当主句是肯定式时,before            译为”才”;当主句
是否定式时,before     译为”就”.
 8.her.Anne 是 girl,充当定语修饰     diary,使用形容词性物主代词。
 9.as。as 引导的方式状语从句,按照大多数人所做的那样。
 10.being。介词  after 之后使用名词、代词或动词的            ing 形式充当宾语。
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                 2. Unit 1, Book1 Anne’s best friend 

Key: 1. that  2. when   3. has changed 4. awake   5. myself 
      6. until  7. entirely 8. had seen   9. pleasure 10. be experienced
解析:
1. that。so…that 引导的结果状语从句,译为“如此…以至于…”。
2. when。先行词是      a time,在定语从句中充当时间状语,关系副词使用                  when。
3. has changed。since 引导的时间状语从句主从句时态呼应的特点,从句使用一般过去式,
   主句使用现在完成时;当主句表示时间长短时,主句还可以使用一般现在时。
4. awake。stay 是连系动词,译为“保持某种状态”,接形容词充当表语。
5. myself。by oneself 表示“单独地,独自地,自行”。
6. until。not…until…引导时间状语从句,表示“一…就…”。
7. entirely。修饰动词、形容词、副词及整个句子时,使用副词充当状语。本句中,修饰
   了动词    held。
8. had  seen。固定句型     It is the first time that…在应用中,如果主句谓语是现在式           is,
   that 从句使用现在完成时;如果主句谓语是过去式                   was,从句中使用过去完成时。
9. pleasure。no  修饰名词或代词。
10. be experienced。带有情态动词的被动语态的构成:情态动词+be+动词的过去分词。


               3. Unit 2, Book1 The road to modern English
Key:    1. nearly   2. because   3. to be spoken   4. than   5. speakers
        6. even if/even though   7. to see   8. with   9. spoken   10. different
解析:
1. nearly。修饰动词、形容词、副词以及整个句子时,使用副词充当状语。本句中,
   nearly 修饰整个句子,充当状语。
2. because。英格兰人征服其他地区与下文中在很多地区开始讲英语构成因果关系。
3. to be spoken。begin to do sth.而且 speak 的动作执行者没有提及到,使用了不定式的被
    动语态。
4. than。前面有    many 的比较级    more,所以使用比较级的连词           than。
5. speakers。即使本国人讲的不是同一种英语,他们能够理解的意思。speakers                       指的是英
   国本土说英语的人。
6. even if/even though。引导让步状语从句,译为“即使、尽管”。
7. to see。would like to do sth.
8. with。communicate with sb.译为“和某人交流”。
9. spoken。没有提及       speak 的动作执行者,故使用过去分词表示被动,充当后
    置定语修饰了       the English。
10. different。be different from 表示“与…不同”。

                  4. Unit 2, Book1 The road to modern English
Key:   1. more   2. gradually   3. who   4. settlers   5. its
       6. than   7. were taken   8. spelling   9. the   10. latter
解析:
1,。more。句尾部分有连词         than,故使用   much 的比较级    more,构成比较状语从句。
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2.gradually。修饰动词、形容词、副词以及整个句子时,使用副词充当状语。本句中,
gradually 修饰整个句子,充当状语。
3.who。those 充当定语从句的先行词,指人时,关系代词常使用                     who 引导定语从句。
4.settlers。丰富英语语言的主语是新来的定居者,故使用                 settlers。
5.its。新来的定居者丰富了英语语言及其词汇,再一次提及英语语言,使用形容词性物主
代词   its。
6.than。莎士比亚比以往更广泛地使用了词汇量,前面有比较级                       wider,故使用连词      than。
7.were taken。十八世纪后期英国人也被送到了澳大利亚,people                 充当主语而且表述“人们”
的含义时,谓语动词使用复数。
8.spelling。介词 in 之后的宾语可以是名词、代词和动词的                ing 形式。
9.the。语言名称与     language 搭配时,和定冠词连用。
10.latter。the latter 译为“后者”,特指韦伯斯特撰写的美国英语语言词典。

                 5. Unit 3, Book1 Journey down the Mekong
Key:1. have dreamed  2. an   3. to buy   4. western   5. is called
     6. interested    7. from   8. finally   9. who/that  10. where
解析:
1. have dreamed。ever since middle school 是现在完成时的标志。
2. an。两年前买了昂贵的山地车,首次提及的单数名词表示泛指时,和不定冠词搭配;
   expensive 第一个因素是元音,故使用           an。
3. to buy。persuade sb. to do sth.译为“劝服某人做某事”,带       to 的不定式充当宾语补足语。

4. western。在  Yunnan Province 之前充当定语,使用       west 的形容词   western。
5. is called。在别的国家称为湄公河,表示经常性、习惯性的行为,故使用一般现在时的
   被动语态。
6. interested。王伟使他们对骑行感兴趣,be interested in       译为“对…感兴趣”。
7. from。graduate from 译为“从…毕业”。
8. finally。我们最终有了骑行的机会。修饰整个句子,使用副词充当状语。
9. who/that.该句是强调句式。It       is/was +被强调部分+who/whom/that+未强调部分,当被强
   调部分是指代人且充当主语时,使用                who 或者  that 引导未强调部分均可。
10. where。和句尾部分的      where it ends 前后呼应。

                6. Unit 3, Book1 Journey down the Mekong
Key:  1. really   2. (should) organize   3. asking   4. whether/if   5. determined
      6. her    7. to breathe   8. interesting   9. nothing   10. in
解析:
1. really。修饰形容词     stubborn,使用副词充当状语。
2. (should)organize.表示坚持、命令、建议、请求类动词后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词使
   用  should+动词原形,should    可以省略。
3. asking。keep doing sth.译为“连续不断做某事”。
4. whether/if。主语谓语是表示询问的         ask,从句主谓宾结构完整,故使用有疑问却不充当
    句子成分的连词       whether 或 if 引导。
5. determined。表示“坚定的”,在名词           look 之前充当定语,故使用过去分词转变过来的
   形容词。
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6. her。和主语    she 在人称和数上保持一致,使用形容词性物主代词充当定语,修饰
   mind。
7. to breathe。easy, difficult, hard, impossible, nice, pleasant, light, heavy, fit, interesting, 
    important, expensive, cheap, dangerous 等形容词充当表语时,之后的不定式使用主动
    态表示被动含义。
8. interesting。一般情况下,修饰事物名称使用现在分词转变而来的形容词,译为“令
   人…的”。
9. nothing。一旦她下定决心,什么也无法改变她。表示否定含义,故使用                           nothing。
10. in。最终我只好做出让步,give in        表示“让步、屈服、投降”之意。
 
               7. Unit 4, Book1 A night the earth didn’t sleep
Key:   1. the   2. Farmers/A farmer   3. smelly   4. to eat   5. to look
       6. on   7.  be heard  8. when    9. who   10. usual
解析:
1. the。表示乡村的      country 或 countryside 习惯上和定冠词搭配。
2. Farmers/A farmer.泛指可数名词农民,使用复数名词或者和不定冠词搭配的单数名词。

3. smelly。放在名词     gas 之前充当定语,使用形容词           smelly,译为“难闻的”。
4. to eat。属于“too…to…”结构,译为“太…而不能…”。
5. to look。充当目的状语,表示为了寻求避身之处,老鼠跑出田地。
6. on。带有日的时间状语,如某年某月某日、某月某日、某日,习惯上和                             on 搭配。
7. be heard。带有情态动词的被动语态的构成:情态动词+be+动词的过去分词。
8. when。译为“甚至空中没有飞机的时候,在市外能够听得见飞机的声音”。使用
   when 引导时间状语从句。
9. who。定语从句的先行词是           people,从句中没有主语,故使用           who 引导非限制性定语
   从句。
10. usual。as usual 属于习惯搭配,译为“和以往一样”。
               8. Unit 4, Book1 A night the earth didn’t sleep
Key:  1. as if    2. the greatest   3. which   4. in   5. suffering
    6. seriously   7. Hundreds   8. to bury   9. survivors   10. had been destroyed
解析:
1. as if。属于  It seems as if…句式,该句译为“仿佛世界到了末日”。
2. the greatest。有表示范围的介词短语         of the 20th century,故使用形容词的最高级。
3. which。先行词     Beijing 在非限制性定语从句中充当主语,使用               which。
4. in。in ruins 译为“成为废墟”。
5. suffering。在句中充当主语,而且之前有             the,使用   suffering 表示“受难;苦楚”。
6. seriously。充当状语修饰形容词         injured。
7. Hundreds。hundreds of 泛指“数以千计的、成百上千的”。
8. to bury。and 连接并列的目的状语,和之前的              to dig 前后呼应。
9. survivors。为幸存者搭建避难所,故使用表示人的名词复数。
10. had been destroyed。这些幸存者的家园在此之前已经被毁掉,主句谓语是一般过去式
    built,故使用过去完成时的被动语态。

              9. Unit 5, Book1 Elias’ story
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


Key:  1. a   2. whom   3. guidance   4. for   5. because
      6. my   7. trying   8. However   9. Sadly  10. would become

解析:
1.a。单数可数名词表示类别时,和不定冠词搭配。
2.whom。定语从句的先行词是           lawyer,介词   to 之后的关系代词使用        whom。
3.guidance。offer 属于及物动词,接名词或代词充当宾语,使用                  guidance 表示“指导、引
导”
4.for。be grateful for 表示“对…充满感激”。
5.because。主从句构成因果关系,译为“因为我几乎没有接受过教育,所以我需要她的帮
助”。
6.my。因为我的家人无法继续付我的学费和公交车费,我只好辍学。充当定语修饰了
family,使用形容词性物主代词。
7.trying。介词  after 之后的宾语可以是名词、代词和动词的               ing 形式。
8.However。上文描述作者在金矿有了一份工作,下文描述必须有                       passbook 才能长期居住,
上下文构成转折关系,故使用             however。
9.Sadly。修饰整个句子,使用副词充当状语。
10.would become。主句是一般过去时态,从句表示未发生的事情,使用了过去将来时。
             
                10. Unit 5, Book1 Elias’ story
Key:  1. how   2. hopeful   3. it   4. have seen   5. where
      6. were decided   7. or   8. did   9. a   10. in
解析:
1. how。不定式     to get the correct papers 的结构完整,故使用    how 表示如何修改文件。
2. hopeful。形容词充当表语,表述作者对未来变得更加充满希望。
3. it。it 指代上文提及的      the ANC Youth League。
4. have seen。主语   the last thirty years 是现在完成时的标志。
5. where。先行词     stage 在定语从句中相当于地点状语,表示“在一个几乎没有任何权力
    的阶段”。
6. were  decided。the parts 充当主语,谓语动词使用复数;执行者由                by 短语连接且上下
   文时态呼应,使用一般过去时的被动语态。
7. or。either…or…的搭配,译为“或者…或者…”。
8. did。only 修饰状语且放在句首时,句子构成部分倒装。使用相应的助动词、情态动词
   或系动词放在主语之前。
9. a。as a matter of fact 属于固定短语,译为“事实上、实际上”。
10. in。in prison 译为“坐牢”。
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