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18-19 人教版 必修一 Unit 4 Section Ⅳ 课时分层作业12

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                   课时分层作业(十二)

                           [语言知识练习固基础]

     Ⅰ.语境填词
     A)根据汉语或首字母提示,写出下列语句中所缺单词的正确形式
     1.The earthquake caused damage(损害)to property estimated at $6 billion.
     2.I'm frightened(害怕)of walking home alone in the dark.
     3.I sincerely hope this program will be successful and people here will benefit 
 from it.
     4.Make an outline(提纲)before you start writing.
     5.A good cyclist can cover distances of over a hundred miles a day.
     B)在空白处填入      1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式
     6.Very  quickly,she learned to appreciate life rather than to judge(judge) 
 everything so harshly(刻薄地).
     7.Having heard the bad news,he left without expression(express).
     8.Abraham Lincoln is known as one of the greatest presidents of the USA.
     9.The girl was pleased to learn(learn) that she got the first place in the English 
 speech contest!
     10.I feel honoured(honour) to attend this meeting and give a speech.

     Ⅱ.用适当的关系词填空
     1.I'd skipped nearby Guilin,a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone 
mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River that/which are pictured by artists in so 
 many Chinese paintings.
     2.The books on the desk,whose covers are shiny,are prizes for us.
     3.China Today attracts a worldwide readership,which shows that more and 
 more people all over the world want to learn about China.
     4.It is a truly delightful place,which looks the same as it must have done 100 
 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages.
     5.Maybe you have a habit that/which is driving your family crazy. 
                                                  【导学号:11132084】
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                         [高考题型练习提能力]

     Ⅰ.阅读理解
                                    A
     Every year there are hundreds of earthquakes in different 
 parts of  the world.In  September,1923,Tokyo    and 
 Yokohama were both destroyed by an earthquake and the fires 
 that followed it.They had to be completely rebuilt.One of the 
most serious earthquakes was in China's Shanxi Province in 1556.It killed almost one 
 million people.
     We measure an earthquake's strength on the Richter Scale.The Richter Scale 
 was introduced in 1935 in Southern California in the USA.It measures earthquakes on 
 a scale of one to ten.Any earthquake measuring five or more is usually serious.
     The Earth's crust(地壳)is made up of rock called plates.As these plates move,
they sometimes crash(撞)against each other,causing the crust to quake.In cities such 
as Tokyo,where  small quakes happen quite often,many modern buildings are 
designed to be flexible so when the Earth moves,they move with it.
     Earthquakes can also break up gas and oil pipes.This can cause fire to break 
out,which  can do as much  damage as the earthquake itself.Another effect of 
 earthquakes is tsunamis(海啸).These are huge waves created by earthquakes 
 beneath the sea.They can be many metres high and cause great damage to coastal 
 towns and cities.China,Japan,Russia and the USA have the highest occurrence(发
 生)of earthquakes in the world.
     【语篇解读】 中国和日本在历史上都曾发生过强烈的大地震,地震会给
 人类带来什么样的危害呢?

     1.The passage is mainly about        .
     A.scientists who study the earthquakes
     B.a usual natural disaster
     C.the way of measuring earthquakes
     D.what people should do in the earthquakes
     B [主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了地震这种自然灾害,在世界各地,其实

 每年都会发生成百上千次地震,故选                B。]
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     2.The earthquake in Shanxi Province         ,which is NOT true?
     A.happened in 1556
     B.killed almost one million people
     C.was the only earthquake in China
     D.caused a lot of damage
     C [细节理解题。从第一段最后两句“One                of the most serious earthquakes 

was in China's Shanxi Province in 1556.It killed almost one million people.”可知
C 项错误。]

     3.Earthquakes        .
     A.happen all over the world
     B.are not serious
     C.most possibly happen in Japan
     D.don't cause much damage
     A [细节理解题。通过全文以及常识可知                 B、C、D    三项错误,由短文第
一句“Every year there are hundreds of earthquakes in different parts of the world.”可
知  A 项正确。]

     4.According to the passage,we know that tsunamis        .
     A.can cause earthquakes
     B.are caused by earthquakes
     C.only happen on land
     D.are a way of measuring earthquakes
     B [细节理解题。从末段第三句“Another                effect of   earthquakes is 
 tsunamis(海啸).”可知    B 项正确。]
                                    B
     Standing in the middle of a yard crowded with soldiers,Luo Ming,a 

 31­year­old team leader of the Sichuan Emergency Response Volunteer Group,sees 
 a threat(威胁)nearly as big as the earthquake that struck Western China's 
 mountainous area on Saturday:too many volunteers.“The volunteers have created a 
 certain kind of disaster themselves,”he says,obviously tired due to no sleep in 48 

hours.“There are more volunteers than earthquake victims.They have no place to 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 sleep,and nothing to eat,and most of them have no experience or training.”
     Mr.Luo is in charge at the volunteer registration(登记)tent at the town centre of 
 Longmen,where the earthquake has left thousands of people without shelter,food 
 and water for three days.He has registered more than 500 volunteers,but he has 

 turned even more than that away.“For some people,the biggest help that they can 
do for disaster areas is go back where they came from safely,”he says.
     Authorities are trying to make sure that no more volunteers show up.Beijing 
 announced a ban on private volunteers and civil society groups entering the disaster 
area for the time being,and several universities in Sichuan issued notices to their 
students asking them not to travel to the earthquake areas and encouraging them to 
donate blood instead.
     One of the reasons for the government's decision is transportation difficulty:a 
large number of rescue vehicles and heavy car traffic make the roads impassable.On 
 one stretch(一片地域)between Longmen and Taiping,traffic was so bad on Sunday 
 morning that an injured woman was taken out of the ambulance,which was stuck in 
 traffic,and carried by her husband on his back to seek medical attention.
     【语篇解读】 文章介绍了四川地震时志愿者给灾区造成的困扰。

     5.Which of the following is TRUE of Luo Ming according to the passage?
     A.He is a soldier.
     B.He is in his forties.
     C.He is overworking.
     D.He has nothing to eat.
     C [细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的“‘The                   volunteers have created a 

certain kind of disaster themselves,’he says,obviously tired due to no sleep in 48 

hours”可知   C 项正确。]
     6.Why are more volunteers banned from entering the disaster areas?
     A.They cannot give any help at all.
     B.They bring more trouble than help.
     C.They refuse to donate their blood.
     D.They make the earthquake even worse.
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    B [推理判断题。根据文章第二段中的“For                 some people,the biggest help 

that they can do for disaster areas is go back where they came from safely”和最后一
段的叙述可推知       B 项正确。]

    7.The man had to carry his injured wife on his back to find a doctor because        
.

    A.the ambulance she had been in was stuck in traffic
    B.her injury was too serious for her to be carried in any vehicle
    C.a road accident made it impossible for the ambulance to go on
    D.he thought it the best way to help her dear wife
    A [细节理解题。根据文章最后一段中的“...traffic               was so bad on Sunday 

morning that an injured woman was taken out of the ambulance,which was stuck in 
traffic,and carried by her husband on his back to seek medical attention”可知 A 项
正确。]

    8.What's the best title for the news item?
    A.Earthquake Left Thousands Homeless
    B.Earthquake Volunteers Create Challenge
    C.Luo Ming,a Hard­working Team Leader
    D.Transportation Difficulty in Disaster Areas
    B [标题归纳题。根据对整篇文章的理解可知,本文主要讲的是四川地震

灾区的志愿者给灾区造成的困扰,所以                 B 项最适合用作本文标题。]

    Ⅱ.短文改错
    Yesterday,our class win a basketball match against Class 8,but it wasn't 
easy.A match started at 4:00 p.m.At first,we confident that we would win 
because we had two strong player from the school team while they had none.But we 
were so relaxing that they soon got many points than us.
    We became  anxiously.Many times,our players rushed near the basket but 

didn't pass the ball enough.Each time,we were stopped after we could shoot.Then 
we began to work together as a team.We passed to the ball a lot and finally we won.
    Teamwork are key to success.
    【答案】 
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                      win
    Yesterday,our class won a basketball match against Class 8,but it wasn't 
    A
easy.The match started at 4:00 p.m.At first,weeq w∧ere confident that we would 
                          player
win because we had two strong players from the school team while they had none.But 
         relaxing             many
we were so relaxed  that they soon got more points than us.
              anxiously
    We became anxious .Many times,our players rushed near the basket but didn't 
                                            after
pass the ball enough.Each time,we were stopped before we could shoot.Then we 

began to work together as a team.We passed to﹨  the ball a lot and finally we won.
             are
    Teamwork is  key to success. 【导学号:11132085】
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