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2018-2019 高考英语改错专题练习之介词

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                         高考改错专题练习之介词

                                     教学内容


                                       介词

重点诠释

   介词属于虚词,但是英语中用法非常灵活的词性之一,因此在高考试题中经常以不同的形
式出现。其考点主要集中在:表示时间的介词的用法;介词与名词、形容词、动词的习惯搭配;
介词的省略等。

   重点一:介词误用

   由于介词用法灵活,所以介词误用的场合相对较多,主要有以下情况:

   1.介词固定搭配错误

  【典例1】For example, you can find such information like how to kill people.

   解析:like→as。介词固定搭配错误。such…as              是固定搭配,表示“诸如像……”。

   2.介词习惯用法错误

  【典例   2】At hearing the good news, they jumped with joy.

   解析:At→On/Upon。介词习惯用法错误。On/Upon                后接名词或动词-ing       形式表示
“一……就”。该句意为:一听到这则好消息,他们高兴地跳了起来。

   3.易混介词误用
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  【典例3】His father will be back from London after a few days.

   解析:after→in。易混介词误用。after          和 in 都可以表示“在……之后”,区别有两点:若后
接时间点,只能用        after,如 after five o’clock;若后接时间段,起点又是现在,则应用               in,起点
是过去,则应用       after。本句中谓语是一般将来时,起点是现在,故用                    in a few days。再如:

   The doctor will be with us in six minutes.

   医生六分钟后将会和我们在一起。

   She graduated in 1981,and eight years later she became the manager of the factory.

   她  1981 年毕业,八年后成为公司经理。

   He received her letter after four weeks.

   他四周后收到她的来信。

   He received her letter after four o’clock.

   他四点钟后收到她的来信。

   表示时间的相关介词用法如下:

    ⑴in 表示在某一较长时间内,如世纪、年、月、季、周等一般用介词                            in。如:

    in the 1990s, in the year, in January, in(the) winter / summer / fall / spring, in the first week of 
May。

    还可以用时段名词组成固定短语或词组。如:

    in a while, in no time, in the daytime, in a short while, in time, in the morning (afternoon, 
evening)。

    ⑵在具体的某一天或某天上午、晚上、前夕,常用                      on。如:

    on Sunday, on Tuesday morning

    on Christmas Day (但 at Christmas), on Christmas Eve, on Children’s Day
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    on March 8, on the morning (afternoon, evening)of Oct.1

    early on the morning of Oct.1  

    on a rainy night, on warm winter days

    ⑶表示某一时刻或某一点时间用              at,如小时、分钟等。如:

    at breakfast(supper, lunch),at six

    at noon (sunrise, sunset, midday, night, midnight, dawn)

    at the age of 15, at the time of war,但 in time of danger/ trouble。

    【典例   4】Except John, three students also wento to see the film yesterday.

    解析:Except→Besides。结合句子意思,“除了约翰,另外三个学生昨天也去看电影了。”
except, besides 等易混介词(短语)的区别如下:

    ⑴besides 除……以外,(还有)。注意             besides 作副词时意思是“而且,更何况”。如:

    Well all went to the cinema besides Shaw. 

    除了肖外,我们都去了电影院。

    It was too late to see a film, and besides, I was tired.

    太晚了不能去看电影。另外,我也感到累了。

    ⑵except 除去,除……之外(不再有)。如:

    We all went except John.

    我们都去了,约翰没有。

    注意:在否定句中,两词可以换用,如:

    He has no other hats except / besides this one.

    除了这顶帽子,他没有其它的了。
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    ⑶except    for 除了……(对句子主题进行细节校正或附加说明)后接名词、代词或动词-

ing 形式,此时与     except that + 句子意思相同。如:

    He was very clever except for carelessness

    他很聪明,除了粗心这一点。

    ⑷except that … 除了……一点以外,后接从句。如:

    He has not changed except that he is wearing dark glasses.

    除了带着墨镜以外,他没有改变。

    ⑸except what …除了……以外,后接从句,what            充当从句的主语或宾语。如:

    I know nothing about the accident except what I read in the newspaper.

    除了从报纸上读到的以外,我对这个事故一无所知。

    ⑹except when …除了……时候以外,后接从句,when               充当从句的时间状语。如:

    She never goes to work by bus except when it rains. 

    除非天下雨,她从来没有乘公交车去上班。

    【典例   5】He survived the accident, but his car was damaged without repair.

    解析:without→beyond。beyond repair  是习惯搭配,意为“无法维修”。

    beyond 的主要用法如下:

    ⑴介词,表示位置,“在……的那边,               在……之外”。如:

    What lies beyond the mountains?

     山的那一边有什么?

    ⑵介词,表示时间,“迟于,到……以后”。如:
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    Don't stay there beyond midnight. 

    不要过了午夜还留在那儿。

    ⑶介词,表示范围,“为…所不能及;多于;超出”。如:

    The fruit is beyond my reach. 

    那个果子我够不着。

    ⑷介词,常用于否定句和疑问句,“除...以外”。如:

    I know nothing of it beyond what he told me. 

    除了他告诉我的以外,         别的我什么都不知道。

    ⑸副词,表示“较远处;再往前去;越过”。如:

    Men can travel to the moon and beyond. 

    人们能到月球或更远处去旅行。

   重点二:介词漏用

   介词漏用主要见于以下情况:

   1. 固定搭配不完整

   【典例    1】It is not surprising that the Silver Ghost was regarded “the best car in the world”.

   解析:regarded   后加  as。固定搭配不完整。regard…as…意为“把……看作”,as                  后接名词、
代词、形容词等。

   【典例2】You can find all kinds information in just a few minutes on the Internet.

   解析:kinds   后加   of。固定搭配不完整。all kinds of      意为“各种各样的”,后接复数名词。

   2. 根据特定语境需要适当的介词但被忽略了

   【典例    3】After she considered the problem, she got a tall box to stand. 
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   解析:stand   后加   on。语境特殊用法错误。这里不定式短语                 to stand 作定语,应与前边的宾
语构成动宾关系,所以动词后边需要加上适当的介词。

   【典例    4】The girl cried just because what you said at the meeting. 

   解析:because   后加   of。这里   what you said at the meeting 引导宾语从句,相当于一个名词,
因此应用    because of。

   表示原因的介词(短语)用法如下:

   ⑴because of 表示引起结果的直接原因,意义与连词                 because 相同。如:

   He retired last month because of illness.

   上个月他因病退休了。

   ⑵for 表示内在的、心理上的原因,常与表示喜、怒、哀、乐等情感名词连用;还可表示某

种动作或结果的起因。而连词             for 则表示某种结果的补充理由或显而易见的原因。如:

    Thank you for your help.

    谢谢你的帮助。    

    When he was still a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.

    他还是青年时就因为政治原因离开了他的祖国。

   ⑶by  表示外部的,尤其是暴力的或无意中造成某种结果的原因。如:

   She took your umbrella by mistake.

   她错拿了你的雨伞。

   ⑷at 表示某种情绪或动作的起因,多与“喜,怒,哀,乐”等义的词连用,常译作“听

到……”。如:

   The whole nation was in deep sorrow at the news. 
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   听到这个消息,全国人民极为悲痛。

   ⑸with 指生理上或情感上的外界到内心的原因,意为“随着……。”如:

   Gessler turned red with anger.

   盖斯勒气得脸都红了。

   ⑹owing to,相当于   because of,多表示引起某种不良后果的原因。如:

   Owing to his lacking of experience, John failed this time.

   因为经验不足,这次约翰又失败了。

   ⑺thanks to 表示引起某种幸运结果的原因,常译为“幸亏……,多亏……”。如:

   Thanks to the timely rain, the farmer had a good harvest.

   多亏那场及时雨,农民才有了个好收成。

   ⑻out of 表示动机的起因,常译为“出于……”。如:

   He asked the question out of curiosity.

   出于好奇,他提了这个问题。

   重点三:多余使用介词

   多余使用介词情况在短文改错中屡屡出现,考点相对集中在:

   1. 不符合固定搭配

  【典例   1】In  the experiment we kept a watchful eye on at the developments and recorded every 
detail.

   解析:去掉      at。固定搭配多余使用介词。keep an eye on          是固定搭配,意为“注视着”、“紧密
盯着”。所以后边的        at 是多余的。
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   2. 部分易混短语中有无介词不一样

  【典例   2】Will you join in the tourist group organized by our school?

   解析:去掉      in。易混短语介词使用错误。join            in 表示“参加(活动)”,而         join 表示“参加”
(组织)并成为其中一员,用法不同。这里                   the tourist group 相当于一个组织,因此应去掉         in。

   试比较:

      shoot sb.射中某人   

      shoot at sb.朝某人射击

    Peter shot several birds last week.

    彼得上星期用枪射死了几只鸟。

    He shot at the bird but it flew away.

    他朝那只鸟放了一枪,可是它飞去了。

      tear sth. 撕开某物   

      tear at sth.撕扯某物

    A nail tore a hole in his shirt.

    钉子把他的衬衣撕破一个洞。

   3. 某些特定结构中需要省略介词

  【典例3】I went through the test for many times but I could only answer three out from the twenty 
questions

   解析:去掉      for。特定场合介词没有省略。这里              many   times 直接作状语,因此前边应省略
介词。

    省略介词的几种场合:

    ⑴表示时间的名词前有          this, that, next, last 等限定词时,前边常省略介词。如:
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 Where are you going this afternoon?

 你今天下午去哪里?

 Do be careful next time.

 下次一定要小心。

 Last Sunday we dropped in on Professor Smith.

 上周日我们顺便走访了史密斯教授。

 ⑵time 前被  some, every, each 等词修饰时,前边往往省略介词。如:

 Every time I see him he seems to be very busy.

 每次我遇见他,他看起来都很忙。

 They go swimming three or four times a week.

 他们每周游泳三、四次。

 ⑶一些短语中的介词常被省略掉。如:

  spend …(in) doing 花费(时间/金钱)做某事 

  waste…(in) doing 浪费(时间/金钱)做某事

  be busy (in) doing 忙于做某事

  have trouble/difficulty (in) doing 做……有困难

  have a hard time (in) doing 艰难地做某事

  prevent…(from) doing…阻止某人做某事

The government spent a lot of money helping make this land better.

政府花了大量资金帮助改良这片土地。

He is busy getting ready for his journey.
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    他忙着准备去旅行。

    I once asked him if he had any difficulty in keeping five children in school.

    有一次我问他供五个孩子上学是否有什么困难。

    She closed the gate to prevent the dog from going out of the garden.

    她关上大门,免得小狗从花园里跑掉。

 【好题调研】

 1. The professor divided his spare time into walking and writing.

 2. Holiday and birthday postcards can all provide you for stamps from all over the world.

 3. The building was named a hero who laid down his life for the cause of the people.

 4. The TV set was repaired but not quite with the owner’s satisfaction.

 5. Except his wife, his daughter also went to see him.

 6. What he said just now had little to do with the question in discussion.

 7. Although Tom agreed with her on most points, here was one for which he was unwilling to give in.

 8. As production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year.

 9. But for the most wonderful thing about Jack were his musical ability.

 10. Luckily, the bullet narrowly missed the captain for an inch.

 答案与解析:

1.  into→between。介词搭配错误。此句的意思是:教授把业余时间在散步和写作之间分配,并
  非把时间分成散步和写作,故不用                into。

2. for→with。介词搭配错误。provide sb. with sth.意为“给某人提供某物”。

3. named 后加  after。固定搭配错误。name…after       表示“以……给……命名”。
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4. with→to。介词搭配错误。to         one’s satisfaction 表示“令某人满意的是”。该句意为:电视修理
  了,但不是很令主人满意。

5. Except→Besides。易混介词用法错误。besides          表示“除了……之外还”,后边的             also 是关键信
  息。

6. in→under。介词搭配错误。介词          under 后接名词表示“正在进行”,under discussion         意为“正在
  讨论”。

7. for→to。动词固定搭配错误。give          in 意为“屈服;投降”,接宾语时,后加介词                 to。本题中    to 
  which he was unwilling to give in 是“介词+关系代词”结构引起的定语从句。

8. As→With。固定句型介词误用。这是“with+名词/代词+介词短语(up by 60%)”构成的复合宾
  语结构

9. 去掉   for。易混介词用法错误。but for        意为“要不是”,往往与虚拟语气连用,而本句表示转折
  关系,因此应去掉         for。

10. for→by。介词用法错误。介词后接数词,表示“相差”。该句意为:幸运的是,子弹差一英寸
  偏过上尉。

 【强化闯关】

 1. By 1929, Mickey Mouse was as popular by children as Coca-Cola.

 2. There were fifty people on the board when the accident happens.

 3. We hadn’t planned to meet. We met by a chance.

 4. September 18, 1931 is the day on which we’ll never forget.

 5. We show great respect Mr. Anderson, our new English teacher.

 6. Have you been to the place where your father worked there?

 7. The better use you can make up time, the greater contributions you will make to society.

 8. Cancer is second only with heart disease as a cause of death.
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 9. The doctor told her not to eat anything among the three meals.

 10. The child was lost in the forest, where he was with the mercy of wild beasts.

 11. The library from that we borrow books will be rebuilt next year.

 12. We offered him our congratulations for his passing the college entrance exams.

 13. My uncle lives in116 Changhe Street. His room is on the sixth floor.

 14. We know nothing about him except his son joined in the army.

 15. It’s so nice to go out for a walk in a cool nice summer evening. 

 答案与解析:

1. by→with。介词搭配错误。be popular with      意为“受到……欢迎”。

2. 去掉第一个     the。介词搭配错误。on board       意为“在(车、船、飞机)上”。

3. 去掉  a。介词搭配错误。by chance        意为“偶然地;意外地”。

4. 去掉   on。定语从句关系词准确运用错误。这里定语从句谓语                       spend 是及物动词,后边缺少宾
  语,因此介词       on 是多余的。

5. respect 后加 for。动词固定搭配错误。show respect for      意为“对……表示尊敬”。

6. 去掉  there。定语从句关联词造成的重复。定语从句中关系词代替部分不能重复出现,本句中
  where 作地点状语,因此        there 是多余的。

7. up→of。动词固定搭配错误。make            use of 意为“利用”,这里是特殊句型造成固定结构变形,
  增大了理解的难度。

8. with→to。介词搭配错误。second to…表示“仅次于”,是固定搭配。如:second to none                   最佳的,
  首屈一指的。

9.  among→between。易混介词用法错误。among            和  between 都表示“在……之间”,但前者表示
  三者以上,后者用于两者之间。若表示“三者以上中两两之间”,应用                              among。
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10. with→at。介词搭配错误。at the mercy of     意为“任……处置;无能为力”。

11.       that→which。定语从句关系代词错误。这是“介词+关系代词”结构,关系代词只能用
  which 来指物,whom     指人。

12. for→on。动词固定搭配错误。congratulations on…对……的祝贺语。

13. in→at。介词习惯用法。涉及居住地街道编号等小地点,应用                        at。

14.  except 后加 that。易混介词用法错误。except         是介词,后接名词、代词、动词-ing              形式等,
  而  except that 后接从句,但    that 不作句子成分。

15. in→on。介词习惯用法。一般来说,在上午、下午、晚上应用介词                           in,但表示具体一天的上
  午、下午、晚上等应用           on。

 小结:


     词语固定搭配是重点

    词语搭配涉及的知识点也比较多,最为重要的有介词和名词的固定搭配,动词与介词或副
 词的搭配,动词与非谓语动词的搭配,以及某些句型的固定搭配等都会成为短文改错的考查点。


    热点一:介词和名词的固定搭配错误

    介词和名词的固定搭配错误在高考短文改错中所占比值最大,主要表现在:

    1.介词和名词搭配中冠词误用

   【典例   1】Though the young couple got to know each other quite by a chance, they had a 
 lot in common.
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   解析:去掉第一个         a。by chance  是固定搭配,意为“碰巧;偶然地”。

   请注意以下“介词+名词”搭配中均省略冠词:

   “by+名词”类:by airplane    乘飞机    by birth 生来 by comparison 比较起来    by day 在白天  by 
design 故意地   by force 强迫地  by turns 轮流 by weight 按重量计算

   “in+名词”类:in     general 大体上;一般而言      in store 贮藏着;保存着;准备着          in detail 详细
地 in particular 特别地 in charge 负责;主管    in case 一旦;万一    in brief 简而言之   in cash 用现
金(支付)in      conclusion 总之  in control 控制中  in  danger(处境)危险         in debt 负债  in 
place 在原来位置;在适当位置          in reality 事实上 in return 作为回报  in short 简而言之   in total 总
共;总计

   “on+名词”类:on duty     在值班    on business 在出差  on guard 在站岗   on end 连续;竖立     on 
fire 着火 on show 在展示   on holiday 在度假   on time 准时  on average 平均  on board 在(车、
船)上   on earth 根本;地球上     on foot 步行  on sale 出售

   “at+名词”类:at     dawn 在黎明    at ease 自由自在    at hand 在手边,   在附近    at large 未被捕, 
详尽  at length 最后, 详细地   at peace 处于和平状态      at sea 在大海上,    迷茫  at sunrise 日出时  at 
table 在餐桌边吃饭     at war 交战

   “under+名词”类:under      arrest 被捕 under discussion 在讨论   under control 控制住 under 
way 进行中

    2.一些固定搭配中介词误用

    【典例   2】The car went to the direction of the post office.

    解析:to→in。in the direction of 是固定搭配,意为“朝……方向”。

    请注意以下常用且易混淆的短语:

    with one’s help 在……的帮助下

    under the leadership of 在……的领导下

    to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是
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in surprise 惊讶地

take…by surprise 使……大吃一惊;突然袭击

thanks for 感谢……

thanks to 多亏……

in the sunshine 在阳光下

under the bridge 在桥下

at a time 每次;同时

at the time 当时;目前

at times 有时,不是

at all times 总是;一直

at that time 那时侯

at one time 过去;曾经有段时间

at no time 从不,从来没有

The town was taken by surprise.

城市被突然攻陷。

I stopped the car very quickly thanks to the good brakes.

由于闸好,我很快煞住了汽车。

Thanks for your help.

谢谢您的帮助。

She spoke half an hour at a time.

她一次讲了半个小时。
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    In 1969 the first men landed on the moon--I was twelve at the time.

    一九六九年人类第一次登上月球——那时我十二岁。

   3.固定搭配中可数名词与不可数名词混用等。

   【典例    3】Parents  often have  troubles in finding restaurants that welcome young 
children.

   解析:troubles→trouble。have trouble in doing sth.是固定搭配,意为“在……方面有困难”
,trouble 是不可数名词,前边用          much, little, a little, no 等修饰。

   请注意以下常见短语中名词的用法:

   on a visit to 对……的访问

   with pleasure 乐意地 

   for fun 为了乐趣

   in comfort 舒适地

   of value 有价值的 

   热点二:动词与介词或副词的搭配

   动词与介词或副词的搭配在短文改错中所占比重比较大,主要围绕常见动词如                                   look, keep, 
take, get, hand, turn 等所构成的短语动词中。考生平时应加强基本训练,牢记常见短语的基本
含义和延伸意义,做到既要知其一,还要知其二。

   请注意以下常见“动词+介词/副词“搭配的含义:

   “add  +介词/副词”短语:add        to(在原来基础上)增加,          加到;add…to     把…添加到;add 
up 加起来;add up to    总计(不能用于被动结构)

    “break +介词/副词”短语:break away from        突然逃掉;脱离       break down(谈判)破裂;
(机器、车辆)抛锚;(身体)累跨;分解                   break       in 突然进来;打岔(不接宾语)break 
into 破门而入;勉强动用        break off 中断(谈判);解除(婚约);突然停止                 break out 突然发
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生(争吵、疾病);突然(大声)break through              突破;取得重大成果          break up 驱散(人群);
(中小学)学期结束;分开

   “call +介词/副词”短语:call       up 召唤;回忆;应征入伍;使想起              call for 需要;要求;值
得 call off 取消 call on 拜访;呼吁;邀请       call at (a place)访问(某地);停泊      call back 召回;
收回;回忆;回电话         call in 叫来;召集    call out 大声喊叫

   “die+介词/副词”短语:die away        意思是“渐弱”,多指声音、光线、风等               die down(火、风
暴、兴奋)渐渐平静下来           die for 为……而牺牲     die from 意为“死于(吸烟、事故)”,侧重外部
原因  die of 意为“死于(饥饿、悲伤)”,侧重内部原因 die                 off 相继死去   die out 通常指“(动植
物及风俗习惯)灭绝;消失”

   “get   +介词/副词”短语:get        across 讲清楚;被理解       get  ahead 比人强;得到成功         get 
along with 在……方面有进展;与……相处             get away from 走开;避开     get down to 开始认真干
(某事)get in touch with  与……取得联系       get in 进站;收(庄稼)get off      下车;脱下;使不受
惩罚;使入睡      get over 克服;摆脱(情绪)get         on 上车;取得进展        get round 传播;蔓延     get 
through 做完;通过(考试);接通电话             get together 欢聚  get up 起床;举办;化装

   “give  +介词/副词”短语:give        away 泄露(秘密);赠送       give back 归还;报复;后退        give 
off 发出,放出(蒸汽、气味等)          give out 分发;公布(及物动词短语);(力气、食物)用完,
用尽(不接宾语)give in       屈服;投降;退让(接宾语时后加              to) give up 放弃;停止

   “go  +介词/副词”短语:go        about 到处走动    go against 违背  go ahead 继续(说、做)go 
at 冲向;努力去做      go by 遵照;凭…判断;经过          go down 下降;下跌;被接受          go far 够分配;
成功  go for 冲向;责备;想获得         go in for 参加(考试);酷爱       go off(爆竹、铃等)响;失去
知觉  go  on 发生;前进;继续        go out 出走;熄灭     go over 视察;复习;(表演)很受欢迎              go 
through 经历;经受;批准       go up 涨价;爆炸     go with 同意;调和     go without 没有……也忍受过
去

   “hand +介词/副词”短语:hand down          传给后代     hand in 上缴  hand out 交出;   分发  hand 
over 移交;让与

   “leave +介词/副词”短语:leave        about 把东西丢下不管;        乱丢  leave…alone 不理会    leave 
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aside(把某事)搁置一边      leave  behind 留下;遗留;超过        leave out 遗漏;   省略;忽略       leave 
over 把...留待以后处理

   “make +介词/副词”短语:make for         移向;走向;攻击        make off 匆匆逃走    make out 理解;
写(支票、账目等);把…说成              make  up 和解;化妆;化装;虚构;组成               make  up for 补偿
make out of 用……制造出     make over 修改;移交

   “put+介词/副词”短语:put          about    散布(消息);宣称         put   across 解释;表达     put 
aside 节省(钱、时间);储蓄;撇开;put               away 储存(钱);储存…备用;put             back 拨回;
向后移;放回原处        put  down  写下;击败;平定        put  forward 提出(意见、建议);推荐            put 
off 延期;使…气馁      put on 假装;上演(戏剧);穿戴            put out 熄灭;出产    put through 接通电
话 put together 商量;累加    put up 举起;公布;为…提供食宿           put up with 忍受

   “set +介词/副词”短语:set about(doing) sth.开始做,着手处理             set aside 留出;拔出;废
止 set back 使受挫折;拨回(钟表的针)           set down 放下;记载     set free 释放 set off 出发;使爆
炸;使引起(情绪变化)set out          出发;开始做;阐明          set up 建立(事业)

   “take +介词/副词”短语:take off      成功;脱掉(衣服);(飞机)起飞                take after 相似 take 
for 当作;误认为     take in 收留;理解;欺骗       take on 雇用;开始显现       take over 接任;接管    take 
up 开始从事;继续;占(地方);          费(时间)

   “turn +介词/副词”短语:turn       against(使)和……敌对      turn away 把……打发走;转过脸去
turn down 减弱,降低(力量、声音等);拒绝                turn in 拐进去;上缴     turn off 关(自来水、灯、
收音机等)     ;岔开(话题)     turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、灯等);以……为转移                   turn out 生产;
出产;结果是(后接形容词、to                be 或 that 从句)turn     over 翻阅(书刊);营业额达到         turn 
to 向…求助   turn up 发现;被找到;露面;把声音开大

   【典例4】When I walked into the classroom, the teacher was handing in the tests.

   解析:in→out。hand in     表示“上缴”,而      hand out 表示“分发”,符合语境逻辑要求。

   【典例    5】The  final examination is coming up soon. It’s time for us to get down our 
studies.

   解析:down     后加  to。get down to 意为“着手干某事”,to       是介词。
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   【典例    6】I'm sure they will laugh to me and see me as a fool.

解析:to→at。laugh at    是习惯搭配,意为“嘲笑;取笑”。该句意为:我相信他们会取笑我并把
我当成傻瓜。

实战演练

    My parents live in the country. They keep a dog calling Ah Fu. One day my parent went to work 
in the fields taking my little sister with Ah Fu along. While they working, my sister walked to the river 
nearby. Ah Fu followed her there. She was trying to pick a flower while she fell into the river. Ah Fu 
barked and jumped to the water immediate. When my parents heard Ah Fu barking they ran to the 
river. They saw Ah Fu swimming towards the bank carried my little sister. My parents praised Ah Fu 
warm. It was our brave Ah Fu who had saved my little sister.

1、                             2、                    

3、                             4、                    

5、                             6、                    

7、                             8、                    

9、                             10、                    

    [答案]

    My parents live in the country. They keep a dog calling Ah Fu. One day my 

                                           called

parent went to work in the fields taking my little sister with Ah Fu and along. While 

parents                                     and

they ^ working, my sister walked to the river nearby. Ah Fu followed her there. She 

   were                        a

was trying to pick a flower while she fell into river. Ah Fu barked and jumped to the 

                      when                                   into
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water immediate. When my parents heard Ah Fu barking, they ran to the river. They 

     immediately

saw Ah Fu swimming towards the bank carried my little sister. My parents praised 

                               carrying

Ah Fu warm. It was our brave Ah Fu who had saved my little sister.

    Warmly

       【解析】

        1. 此处是过去分词作短语作定语,因此,将             calling 改为 called。

        2. 根据上下文可知,parent    应是复数,所以将      parent 改为 parents。

        3. 此处 my little sister 和 Ah Fu and along 并列关系,所以将 with 改为 and。

        4. 根据句意,此处应是过去进行时,所以将             they 加 were。

        5. 此处的  river 首次出现泛指,所以将     the 改为 a。

        6. 此句意思是“在他摘花时,意外掉入河中”应用               be doing sth when 句型,所以将   while 改为

    when。

        7. 根据句意,此处“跳入河中”,           所以将  to 改为 into。

        8. 此处应是状语,应是副词,所以将           immediate 改为 immediately。

        9. 此处是现在分词作宾补,所以将          carried 改为 carrying

        10.此处的  warm 是 praised 的状语,所以将   warm 改为 warmly。


    May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement make.

    The Student Union is going to hold a party in Saturday evening, August 15, to welcome my 
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friends from the United States. The party will be hold in the roof garden of the Main Building. It will 
begin at 7:30 p.m. There will have music, dancing, singing, games and exchange of gift. Everybody 
may bring a small gift on this purpose. Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few 
words of good wish.

    Don’t forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. There is sure to be a lot of fun. 
Everybody is welcomed.

1、                             2、                    

3、                             4、                    

5、                             6、                    

7、                             8、                    

9、                             10、                    


   [答案]

    May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement ^ make.

                                                     to

    The Student Union is going to hold a party in Saturday evening, August 15, to 

                                       on

welcome my friends from the United States. The party will be hold in the roof garden 

        our                                        held

of the Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 p.m. There will have music, dancing, singing, 

                                               be

games and exchange of gift. Everybody may bring a small gift on this purpose. 

         exchanging  gifts                           for

Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wish.
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                                                                 wishes

    Don’t forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. There is sure to be a lot of fun. 
Everybody is welcomed.

                         welcome

       【解析】

       1、  该句子用的是      have sth to do 而不是 have sb do, 在 make 前加 to 。

       2、  指某一天的上下午时用介词            on 而不用   in。

       3、  此处的    fiends 应是讲话一方的朋友,是复数概念,将              my 改为   our。

       4、  根据句意,此处是将来被动,应将               hold 改为 held。

       5、  表示从在的有用       there be 不是 there have, 应将 have 改为 be。

       6、  此处的    exchange 与 dancing, singing,是并列关系,应将   exchange 改为 exchanging。

       7、  此处的    gift 是大家交换,是复数,应将         gift 改为 gifts。

       8、  根据句意,此处是为了这一目的,应是                 for this purpose; 而 on purpose“故意”。

       9、  此处的    wish 应是复数概念,所以将         wish 改为 wishes。

10、Welcome 一次即可作动词,又可作形容词,所以,应将                    welcomed 改为  welcome。
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