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2018-2019学年度高二英语人教版必修5 课时提升作业 Unit 5 Learning about Language

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                         课时提升作业 

                      Unit 5 Learning about Language

Ⅰ. 单句改错

1. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street , but his mother told him 

not.  (        )

2. I don’t like the way which you laugh at her. 

3. I’m looking forward as much to her return as she herself to see 

me.   (        )

4. She has finished the work earlier than expects. (        )

5. I would rather stay at home than to go to see a film. 

6. You’d better make some changes where is possible when you are reading my 

paper. (        )

7. The boy is running impatiently here and there as if search for something 

lost. (        )

8. You spent more money than intended to spend. (        )

答案:1. not  后加  to

2. which 前加 in 或删掉  which

3. see 改为 seeing

4. expects 改为 expected

5.去掉第一个     to

6.去掉  is
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7. search 前加 to

8.去掉  spend

Ⅱ. 语法填空

  阅读下面短文,        在空白处填入       1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

                                                                   

   Hua Mulan was a brave girl in the Northern Wei dynasty. She disguised (假扮)1. 

_________ as a man, and joined the army in place of her father. Mulan’s father, once 

2. _________ soldier, taught his daughter military (军事的) skills, 3. _________ 

(include)horse riding and how to fight. Hua Mulan also read her father’s books on 

military science.

   4. _________ (drive) away the Rouran nomads (游牧民族), the 5. _________ 

(rule) of Northern Wei ordered that every family should send a man off to war against 

them. Mulan’s old father, as well as her young brother, was not able to go and fight. 

So Mulan 6. _________ (decide) to join the army instead of her father. Mulan fought 

for 12 years 7. _________ (successful) without her true identity being discovered. 

Mulan became a hero, 8. _________ bravery moved people greatly, and she 

9. _________ (offer) a high position, but she refused it.

   Even though her story might be no more than a legend, Hua Mulan 10. _________ 

(respect) as a filial (孝顺的) daughter by Chinese people for hundreds of years.

【文章大意】文章讲述了花木兰替父从军的典故及其千百年来对中国人的深远

影响。
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1. 【解析】herself。考查代词。句中主语和宾语一致都指花木兰,                     用反身代词, 

指她把自己女扮男装,         故填   herself。

2. 【解析】a。考查冠词。句中           soldier 是单数可数名词,     此处表示一名士兵,        故

填  a。

3. 【解析】including。考查介词。指父亲教给女儿军事技能,                  包括骑马和打仗。

此处作状语,      故填介词    including。

4. 【解析】To drive。考查不定式。此处不定式表示目的,                 指为了驱逐柔然游牧

民族,   故填  To drive。

5. 【解析】ruler。考查名词。此处指北魏的统治者,                表示人用名词,       故填

ruler。

6. 【解析】decided。考查动词时态。全文讲述的是过去发生的事,                     用的是一般

过去时,    此处与全文一致也用过去时,           故填   decided。

7. 【解析】successfully。考查副词。此处修饰动词            fought 用副词,  故填

successfully。

8. 【解析】whose。考查关系代词。句中包含定语从句,                   先行词是    hero 指人, 在

定语从句中作       bravery 的定语, 指花木兰的勇敢感动了人们,            故填关系代词

whose。

9. 【解析】was offered。考查时态语态。句中主语             she 和动词  offer 是被动关系, 

结合全文时态,       此处用一般过去时的被动语态,            指她被授予高官,       故填   was 

offered。

10. 【解析】has been respected。考查时态和语态。根据时间状语              for hundreds of 

years 可知应用现在完成时,        花木兰应是被尊重,        故填  has been respected。
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Ⅲ.  完形填空           

      It was a beautiful morning, though every morning was 

beautiful. And I think that morning was  1  . As usual I  2  

myself for office, locked my room and stepped outside from my 

hostel(宿舍). Suddenly, I saw two poor kids  3  under a tree, 

shivering(颤抖) and  4  people as they were passing by.

      I could see the light in their eyes, smile on their faces, as they were  5  

watching people. I went to them and asked  6  they were sitting over there and 

where their house was. They  7  in their childish voice that their  8  was 

nearby, and that they were sitting there because sometimes people gave them  9  

or gave them money.

      It was  10  , but I could feel their  11  of getting something was still 

alive.

      I told them to stay there and I  12  to hostel’s canteen, packed some food 

and gave it to those children. Their faces were covered completely with  13  and 

they started eating  14  . I also gave them few packets of biscuits and told them to 

go home,  15  them with their family. They  16  me with smile and said 

goodbye to me. I was feeling extremely happy that I could at  17  give them some 

food that of course wouldn’t fill their stomach or  18  their needs, but could give 

them a little strength. I  19  wanted to give the two little hearts some  20  on a 

cold morning.
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【文章大意】本文讲述作者在寒冷的冬天给两个小孩一些食物的故事,                             给人帮

助和得到帮助一样让人开心。

1. A. special     B. snowy      C. cold     D. usual

【解析】选      A。考查形容词辨析以及对语境的理解。根据上句,                    那是一个美丽

的早晨,    尽管每个早晨都很美丽,          可知这里作者认为那天早晨很特别。故选

A。

2. A. ordered     B. advised

C. prepared       D. arranged

【解析】选      C。考查词语辨析。order       订购,  命令; advise 建议; prepare 准备; 

arrange 安排。句意:    像往常一样,     我准备去上班,      把门锁好,    走出宿舍。根据句

意可知    C。

3. A. playing     B. sitting    C. reading  D. crying

【解析】选      B。考查词语辨析。联系下文            they were sitting over there and where 

their house was 我问他们为什么坐在那儿以及他们的家在哪里,                可知这里“我看

到两个贫困的小孩坐在树下”。故选               B。

4. A. looking at     B. laughing at

C. glaring at        D. staring at

【解析】选      D。考查词语辨析。look at      看; laugh at 嘲笑; glare at 怒视; stare at 盯

着,  凝视。联系下文两个男孩希望人们可以给他们一些食物或者钱,                          可知“他们

盯着来往经过的人们”。故选            D。

5. A. fortunately    B. silently

C. patiently         D. calmly
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【解析】选      B。考查短语辨析。fortunately     幸运地; silently 无声地,   安静地; 

patiently 耐心地; calmly 冷静地。句意:    当他们安静地看着人们时,           我能看到他

们眼中的光,      脸上的微笑。根据语境可知选            B。

6. A. how  B. whether      C. when    D. why

【解析】选      D。考查词语辨析。我走过去问他们为什么坐在那里,                     以及他们的

家在哪里。根据语境可知选            D。

7. A. replied     B. apologized 

C. agreed         D. promised

【解析】选      A。考查词语辨析。reply       回复; apologize 道歉; agree 同意; 

promise 承诺, 答应。根据上句我问他们的问题,              可知这里他们用童稚的声音回

答。故选     A。

8. A. school         B. home 

C. parents           D. kindergarten

【解析】选      B。考查名词辨析以及对语境的理解。根据上文我问他们的问题

“why they were sitting over there and where their house was”可知这里他们的回答

是“他们的家在附近,        他们坐在那里是因为有时人们会给他们一些食物或者一些

钱”。故选     B。

9. A. books    B. fruit    C. food    D. toys

【解析】选      C。考查名词辨析以及对语境的理解。对于贫困的孩子来说,                        需要

的是食物。故选       C。

10. A. terrible B. sad 

C. hopeless       D. freezing
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【解析】选      B。考查词语辨析。听到上面的事情,               作者应该是觉得很难过。故

选  B。

11. A. need       B. chance     C. honor       D. hope

【解析】选      D。考查词语辨析。句意:          那真的让人伤心,       但是我能感觉他们想

得到东西的希望仍然是存在的。根据语境可知选                     D。

12. A. pointed  B. decided  C. escaped D. returned

【解析】选      D。考查词语辨析。point       指出; decide 决定; escape 逃脱; return 返回。

句意:   我让他们待在那儿,        我返回宿舍的餐厅,        打包了一些事物,       把食物给了那

些孩子。根据句意可知选           D。

13. A. joy     B. surprise  C. sadness   D. worry

【解析】选      A。考查词语辨析。我给他们食物,              很显然,   他们非常快乐。故选

A。

14. A. finally    B. timely 

C. hurriedly      D. gradually

【解析】选      C。考查词语辨析。finally      最后; timely 及时地; hurriedly 匆忙地;  

gradually 逐渐地。对于饥饿的孩子们来说,            拿到食物,    应该会匆忙地吃。故选

C。

15. A. discussing B. sharing 

C. keeping        D. collecting

【解析】选      B。考查词语辨析。句意:          我也给他们几包饼干,         让他们带回家,      和

家人一起分享。这里考查           share sth.with sb. 的结构, 故选 B。

16. A. responded     B. praised
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C. answered          D. thanked

【解析】选      D。考查词语辨析。孩子们得到我给的食物,                 所以这里他们微笑着

感谢我,    并和我说再见。故选         D。

17. A. last    B. first    C. least   D. most

【解析】选      C。考查词语辨析。句意:          我感觉非常开心,       我至少能给他们一些

食物,   那当然不能填满他们的胃或者满足他们的需要,                   但是能够给他们一点力

量。本题考查固定短语          at least 至少, 故选 C。

18. A. improve    B. discover   C. satisfy  D. keep

【解析】选      C。考查词语辨析。improve       改进,   提高; discover 发现; satisfy 使满

意,  使满足; keep  保持。satisfy their needs 满足他们的需要。故选        C。

19. A. really     B. totally

C. completely     D. partly

【解析】选      A。考查词语辨析。really      真实地;     totally 完全地;  completely 完

全地,   整个地; partly 部分地,   不完全地。句意:       我确实想在寒冷的早晨给两颗心

灵一些温暖。根据语境可知选             A。

20. A. support B. praise

C. warmth         D. information

【解析】选      C。考查名词辨析以及对语境的理解。联系上文我在寒冷的早晨给

两个贫困的孩子一些食物,           希望给他们一些力量,         可知在寒冷的早晨给孩子们

温暖符合语境。故选         C。

Ⅰ. 完成句子

1. Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day,___________.
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迈克说他第二天要来学校看我,             但是他并没有来。

2. What we can’t get seems better than ___________. 

我们得不到的似乎要比我们已经得到的要好。

3. I asked him to see the film, ______________________.

我请他去看电影,       但他不想去。

4. He opened his lips as if _________________________________. 

他张开嘴唇,      好像要说什么话似的。

5. We shall start at eight, ______________________. 

如果方便的话,       我们八点钟出发。

6. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences, ___________. 

如果下面句子中有错,         请加以改正。

7. English words are easily forgotten _________________________________. 

英语单词不经常重复是很容易忘记的。

【补偿训练】

①Once _______(see),it can never be forgotten.

②If properly _________ (treat),waste will do no harm to the environment. 

8. They haven’t completed the project,but they______________________.

他们还没有完成这项工程,           但是他们本应该完成的。

9. The exhibition is more interesting ______________________. 这次展览比预期

的更有趣。 

10. ____________________________________________, the construction work 

would have been faster.
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要不是有雨,      建设工作的速度会更快。

答案:1. but he didn’t

2. what we have

3. but he didn’t want to (see the film)

4. (he were going) to say something

5. if (it is) convenient

6. if (there are) any

7. unless (they are) constantly repeated

【补偿训练】

①seen

②treated 

8. ought to have(completed it) 

9. than (it was) expected 

10. Had it not been for the rain/If it had not been for the rain

Ⅱ. 语法填空

                                                (2017·秦皇岛高二检测)

      In much of Asia,especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of 

China,Japan,Korea,1. ___________Vietnam,food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

    Chopsticks are usually two long,thin pieces of wood or bamboo.They can also be 

made of plastic,animal bone or metal.Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic and 

truly elegant when 2. _______(make)of gold and silver with Chinese characters.

Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 3. _________(create)
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special designs.

    The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years.People probably 

cooked their food in large pots, 4. ___________(use) twigs(树枝) to remove it.Over 

time, 5. ___________the population grew,people began cutting food into small pieces 

so it would cook more quickly.Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs 

which 6. ___________(gradual)turned into chopsticks.

    Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 7. __________lived 

from roughly 551 to 479 B. C. ,influenced the 8. _________(develop) of chopsticks.

Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 9. ___________(be) 

too violent for use at the table.

    Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia.In India,for example,most people 

traditionally eat 10. ___________their hands.

1. 【解析】and。考查并列连词。根据句意此处意为“和”,                   表并列关系,     故填

and。

2. 【解析】made。考查非谓语动词。本题是状语从句的省略,                      句子主语

chopsticks 和 make 之间是被动关系,     故应用过去分词。

3. 【解析】to create。考查非谓语动词。根据句意“为了创造特别的图案,                      技艺

高超的工人充分把木头和金属结合起来”。不定式作目的状语。

4. 【解析】using。考查非谓语动词。分析句式可知,                 本题是非谓语动词作状语。

people 和 use 之间是主动关系,      故用现在分词。

【方法技巧】语法填空——非谓语动词
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①确定非谓语动词(先分析句子结构,               若句子已有谓语动词且不是并列谓语时, 

所给的动词就是非谓语动词);  

②确定用哪种非谓语动词(在句子中作什么句子成分,                      结合固定搭配和习惯用法)

; 

③确定语态(结合与逻辑主语的关系,               确定填哪种语态); 

④确定用哪种时态(         非谓语动词所表示的动作与句中谓语动词的动作生的先后

关系确定时态)。

5. 【解析】as/when。    考查状语从句的连词。根据句意“随着,                当”可知此处应填

as/when, 引导时间状语从句。

6. 【解析】gradually。考查副词。修饰动词           turn 应用副词,   故填   gradually。

7. 【解析】who。考查定语从句。分析句子可知此处是定语从句,                        先行词是

Confucius, 关系代词在本从句中作主语,           故用  who。

8. 【解析】development。考查名词。分析可知此处应用名词, develop                是动词, 

其名词是     development。

9. 【解析】were。考查时态。句意:           孔子相信刀让人们想起杀戮,            在餐桌上使

用太暴力。根据       and, 再根据句意可知,       此处  would 和 be 并列,  故用一般过去时。


10. 【解析】with。考查介词。此处是用手,             故用   with。

                                                                   
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