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高三英语一轮复习---提纲高考英语作文特训

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                                    第七讲    提纲作文特训(下)

【高分作文的三个特征】

1、内容要简单;

2、结构要清晰;

3、语言要精彩。

【“亮点提纲”法】
方法:脑子里想着要写的内容,提纲中列出能用的“语言亮点”。
作用:(1)内容能写全(2)结构很清晰(3)语言不重复


[2014·湖南卷] 

    Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below.

    学校正在组织科技创新大赛,你想为日常生活中某件物品(如钢笔、书包、鞋子……)设计添加新功能来参赛。

请以“My magic________”为题写一篇英语短文,介绍你的创意。

    内容:

    1.说明设计理由;

    2.介绍新功能。

    注意:1.   词数不少于      120;2.  不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

【亮点提纲】

                                         My magic desk

1、Today, I would like to…, which will be…

2、From my perspective, there are two main reasons why…

(1)For one thing, so common is a desk that… 

(2)For another, its functions…

3、To   make  the desk  better, a screen will be added to the desk. As  for its functions, first and 
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

foremost,… Additionally,.. Last but not least,…

4、Hopefully,… I have the confidence that…

【范文】

    Today, I would like to design a new kind of desk for our everyday use, which will be not only 

useful but also entertaining. 

    From  my  perspective, there are two main reasons  why  I want to design a new  desk. For one 

thing, so common    is a desk that we  must  use it every day. For another, no  one  can deny  its 

functions are too simple; as a result, I want to add some new functions to it, so that we can use it 

(as a better tool) (for our life and study).

    To make a desk more convenient, a screen will be added to it. As for its functions, firstly, it can 

show the teachers’ PPT, in order that we can see it more clearly. Besides, we can directly do our 

homework on the screen and send it to the teacher so as to save paper. 

    Hopefully, my design would be realized soon. I have the confidence that it will make our life 

better.


万能利

(1)既有意义又有趣         It is not only meaningful but also entertaining.

(2)培养兴趣开阔视野丰富课余生活                It can cultivate our interests, broaden our horizons and  enrich 

our after school life.

(3)有助于身心健康/健康快乐的成长

It can contribute to our physical and mental health.

It can contribute to our happy and healthy growth.

万能弊
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(1)浪费时间,浪费金钱,浪费精力

It is a great waste of time, money and energy.

(2)影响身心健康        It may have bad/negative influence on our health.

(3)影响学习       It may have negative effect on our study.


英语段落的基本结构:主题句+解释句+总结句

                   (每个解释句前面要加过渡词)

                                         T+E1+E2+E3+C

各种常用过渡词:

主题句. For one thing, E1. For another, E2.

主题句.On the one hand, E1. On the other hand, E2.

主题句. First and foremost, E1. Additionally,E2. Last but not least, E3.

主题句. To begin with, E1. Besides,E2. What’s more,E3.Finally,E4.


[2014·新课标全国卷Ⅱ] 

一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“十年后的我”。请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。

1. 家庭;

2. 工作;

3. 业余生活。

注意:1.    词数  100 左右;2.   可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好。

【提纲】

1、As for my family, I will … , which…. 
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2、When it comes to my job, I will be a famous singer.

3、In my spare time, I will


    I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. As for my family, I will live with my family in a 

big house facing the sea. Every morning, we will do morning exercise on the beach together, breathing 

the clean air, feeling the warm sunlight, watching sea birds dancing above us. After lunch, we will go 

swimming or go boating in the sea, in order to catch some fish for dinner. Every evening, a BBQ party 

will always be held on the beach, when we will laugh and sing, enjoying ourselves. How happy my life 

will be!

    When it comes to my job, I will be a famous writer. So popular are my books that I can make a lot 

of money  to support my  family. I prefer to write at night, accompanied by the light of the twinkling 

stars and the sound of the naughty wave, when everything else goes dark and silent.

    In my spare time, I will play computer games with my high school classmates, who are all successful 

and wealthy. Hopefully, my dreams would come true!


    I want (to go) (to school).

    这里的   to go 是个动词不定式,to        叫做“小品词”;

    to school 是个介词短语,这里的         to 是“介词”


天下所有的谓语动词=助动词部分+实意动词部分

其中,助动词表示该谓语动词的“时态”、“被动”、“虚拟”、“情态”等含义;

实意动词表示该谓语动词的核心“动作”。

I will not go to Beijing.
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

I am happily teaching English.

I was unfortunately beaten by my father.

I do love you. 

I have already been teaching English for 9 years.

助动词部分中的第一个助动词,称为“活跃助动词”,当我们需要加副词、加否定、变疑问、变倒装时,折腾的,

都是这个活跃助动词!

副词的位置:be       后,实前,助实间

                                    第八讲    书信作文特训(上)

常见作文类型:(十种类型)

申请信,建议信,感谢信,道歉信,告知信

邀请信,求助信,咨询信,祝贺信,投诉信

书信基本套路:(三种段落)

开头段:问候+自我介绍+写信背景+写信目的

中间段:具体问题+具体分析

结尾段:补充说明+客套话

书信常用套话:

开头段:

(1)问候:How are you doing?

(2)自我介绍:I     am  LiHua, a 17-year-old  boy currently studying  in XXX high  school, who  is crazy 

about XXX.

(3)写信背景:Recently, I heard…/learn…/received your last letter saying….

(4)写信目的:So, I am writing to do sth.

申请:to apply for the position/opportunity.
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

建议:to give you some suggestions.

感谢:to express my heartfelt gratitude to you.

道歉:to express my heartfelt apology to you.

告知:to tell/inform you some relevant details.

邀请:to invite you to our party/activity to be our guest/judge.

求助:to turn to you for help.

咨询:to ask you some relevant questions.

祝贺:to express my heartfelt congratulations to you.

投诉:to express my complaint and give you some suggestions.

结尾段:

(1)我希望:Hopefully, sb would do sth.

(2)我相信:I have the confidence that…

(3)感谢你:Thanks for reading my letter in such a hot summer.

(4)请回信:I am looking forward to your earliest reply.


[2014·新课标全国卷Ⅰ]

    假定你是李华,计划暑假期间去英国学习英语,为期六周。下面的广告引起了你的注意,请给该校写封信,

询问有关情况(箭头所指内容)。
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


注意:

1.词数  100 左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:住宿        accommodation

Dear Sir or Madam,

      How are you doing? I am LiHua, a 17-year-old teenager currently studying in China, who is 

crazy about travelling. Recently, I learnt in your advertisement that a relaxing study break will be 

held in England, which attracts me a lot. So, I am writing to ask you some relevant questions.

      To begin  with, I plan to enjoy a 6-week trip, so I am wondering  (when  the trip will start). 

Besides, I would be grateful if you tell me (how many students would study in one class) and (how 

many   hours we  would  study per  week). What’s   more,  since you  said (that the fee would  be 

reasonable), would you be so kind as to tell me the exact cost of the trip? Finally, will we live on 

campus or live off campus? 

      Hopefully, your kind and  timely help would  be offered to me. I have the confidence  that I 

will enjoy myself this summer. I am looking forward to your earliest reply.

      Best wishes!
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                                                                           Yours,

                                                                                           LiHua

[2014·四川卷] 

假设你是李夏,你的美国笔友             Sam 来信关心你参加高考的情况,请根据以下要点回信告知:

1. 考试日期与科目;         2. 考试准备情况;

3. 考试时的状态;              4. 对试题的感受; 

5. 可能的考试结果。

注意:1.    词数  120 左右;    2. 开头语和结尾语已为你写好; 

3. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 

4. 文中不能出现考生真实姓名和学校名称。 

参考词汇:高考       college entrance examination

Dear Sam, 

       How are you doing? Recently, I received your last letter asking me about my college 

entrance examination. So, I am writing to tell you some relevant details about it.

       To begin with, the exams were held on June 7th and 8th including Chinese, Math, Science 

and English. Fortunately, I had done a lot of preparation for them; as a result, I was very excited 

and relaxed during these exams. From my perspective, the questions were rather simple. We could 

do a good job if we were careful enough. As for the result, I have the confidence that I can get as 

many as 700 points as a whole.

       Hopefully, I would be admitted to Tsinghua University in the near future, which has always 

been my dream. 

       Best wishes!

                                                                                           Yours,
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                                                                            LiXia 

Recently, I received your last letter (asking about my exams).

中文:图方便

英语:求精确(反思你写出来的这句话有没有“表达清楚”你的意思)英语靠“语法的变形”来表达精确含义!


By now, Dad is 65. And mom would have been 63.


Handsome Chou is a 18-year-old man (currently teaching math in Koolearn), who, (born in 1997), 

(having graduating) (from Peking University), is crazy about cartoons.  


I was born in 1987.


                                    第九讲   书信作文特训(下)

开头段:问候+自我介绍+写信背景+写信目的

中间段:具体问题+具体分析(自己造句表达,用圣衣、裤衩升级)

结尾段:我希望+我相信+感谢你+请回信

最容易考的书信类型:告知信、邀请信、询问信

[2014·天津卷] 

假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津,                 得知美国学生      Chris 作为交换生,下学期将到你班学习。                请你根据以

下提示,     给他写封邮件:
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    1. 表示欢迎;

    2. 介绍与本地生活相关的信息(如气候、                饮食等);

    3. 介绍本班情况;

    4. 希望  Chris 做哪些事情,      以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊。

    注意:

    1. 请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息;

    2. 可适当加入细节,        使内容充实、行文连贯;

    3. 词数不少于     100; 开头已给出,      不计入总词数。

    参考词汇:交换生          exchange student

Dear Chris, 

    I'm Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven.___________ _____________________

                                                                                          Yours,

                                                                                            Li Jin

【亮点提纲】

一、Now, I am writing to express my heartfelt welcome to you.

二、

(1)mild, in that…sea

(2) special food, such as… Mahua and Baozi.

三、

(1) friendly

(2)hardworking

四、Hopefully, you would…

【范文】
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

Dear Chris, 

    I'm Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven. I am informed (that you are coming) (to our 

class) (to study) (as an exchange student). How glad I am! So, I am writing to express my heartfelt 

welcome to you and tell you some details about your life and study here.

    To begin with, I would like to talk about the local climate. To tell you the truth, it is very mild 

here, in that Tianjin is close to the sea. Besides, you might be interested in the local food. 

Fortunately, we have a lot of traditional food such as Mahua and Baozi, which are very famous in 

China. Accordingly, I am sure you will enjoy your life here.

    By the way, our classmates are all kind, hardworking and friendly. We are looking forward to 

your joining us. Hopefully, you would learn a lot of Chinese culture and share with us your own 

experience in order to improve the understanding and friendship between Chinese and American 

students. 

    Best wishes!

                                                                                          Yours,

                                                                                            Li Jin

【方法】

动词         动名词

love            loving

run             running

you love me     your loving me

you help me         your helping

you come            your coming

I close         my closing
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【例句】

Would you mind my closing the windows?

Thank you for your helping me.

I am looking forward to your coming soon.

I apologize for my coming late.


对于病句太多的同学:

熟练“背诵+默写”新概念英语二册               1~40  课——提升语感!

【感叹句】关键在于看懂所强调的是名词还是形容词副词!

感叹一个牛逼的名词结构:What+名词结构+主语+谓语!

What a clever boy he is!

What a lot of food you have eaten!

What a beautiful park it is! = How beautiful the park is!

It is a beautiful park. ------ The park is beautiful.

感叹一个牛逼的形容词或副词:How +                形容词或副词       +主语+谓语!

How fast he runs!

How glad I am.

How beautiful this park is!

【例题】

1、How fine the weather is!

2、What fine weather it is!

【补充】“What +       名词!”表达强烈的赞美或抱怨之情。
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

What a day!

What a boy!


[2014·浙江卷] 

    学校图书馆需要购置一批新书,现向学生征求意见。假如你是李越,你认为学校图书馆最需要购置科普类图

书(popular science books)和文学类图书(literary books)。请你用英语给图书馆王老师写一封                      100~120  个词

的信,推荐这两类书,并分别说明推荐理由。

    注意:信的抬头与落款已给出(不计入词数)。

    Dear Mr Wang,

    ________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                   Yours sincerely,

                                                                                            Li Yue

Dear Mr Wang,

       How are you doing? I am Li Yue, a 16-year-old teenager currently studying in our school. 

Recently, I learnt that the school library is going to purchase some new books. So, I am writing 

to give you some suggestions.

       On the one hand, no one can deny you may purchase some popular science books, which 

are not only meaningful but also entertaining. On the other hand, you can buy some literary 

books, in that they can cultivate our taste and broaden our horizons. 

       Hopefully, my suggestions would be taken by you. I am confidence that our library will 

become more and more interesting as well as helpful for us. Thanks for reading my letter in such 

a hot summer. I am looking forward to your new books.

       Best wishes.
                             中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                                                                         Yours, 

                                                                                          LiYue

【改错】

csj199611:On the one hand, we want some popular science books, in order to enlarge our 

knowledge and broaden our horizons.

tsstss123:On the one hand, we need some popular science books, which are not only 

meaningful but also entertaining.

梦里落花    w:On the one hand, you can buy some popular science books, which can enrich our 

knowledge.

zhenghua12311:You can purchase some popular science books, which are not only meaningful 

but also entertaining.

烟花雨   ABC:On the one hand, you are supposed to purchase some popular science books, 

because it is not only meaningful but also entertaining. On the other hand, some literary books 

are needed, too, which can broaden our horizons and cultivate our taste.

wawaface:My suggestion is that the popular science books and literary books are needed. On 

the one hand, they are not only mengingful but also interesting. On the other hand, they can 

also broaden our horizons.

杨义:On the one hand, hopefully, you would purchase some popular science books.

paul 小哈:On the one hand, I take the attitude that you can buy some popular science books.

yuan603:I think we should purchase some popular science books, which are helpful for us to 

increase our knowledge.

范文斯:On the one hand,we are supposed to purchase more books about science, which are 

not only meaningful but also entertaining.
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