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中国现代教育网
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EnglishEnglish  
LearningLearning

 TheThe  lecturer:lecturer:  LiLi  you-xianyou-xian
      Oct 
      12,2004
 Unit 2

English around
the world
• Warming Up
• Pre-reading
• Reading
• Homework
         Warming Up

Questions:
1. What is our first/native language?
   key words: native language, native 
 speaker

2. Do all Chinese people speak Chinese 
 in the same way?
   Look at these pictures and answer questions 
 Tony Blair                                       George Bush 
                                                  President of 
 Prime Minister 
                                                  the US
 of the UK

 John Howard 
 Prime Minister 
 of  Australia

• Who are these people?
                                  Paul Martin
    Where are they from?new Prime Minister of Canada
•Suppose(假设)these four men are having 
a secret interview with nobody else 
around, do you think they can understand 
what each  says? Why?

•Do you think they speak the same kind 
of English ?
         Pre-reading

Discuss the following questions in 
 groups of four:
1. How many people speak English in 
 the world?
Tips: English-speaking countries; 
           countries where English is spoken as 
 a      second or foreign language
2. Why do so many people speak 
 English?

English-speaking countries: the UK, the US, Ireland(爱尔兰),
Canada,Australia,New Zealand etc
Countries where English is the second language: India, Singapore, 
Malaysia, the Philippines(菲律宾), South Africa etc.
Why do so many people speak English?
Reasons: 
• historical(历史的) reasons --- British rule in the past
• the working language in UN and the Olympic Games
• the development(发展) of world trade(贸易), tourism(旅游) etc. 
• the  use of computers, the Internet
• satellite TV&radio programme, Hollywood films
Reading

     • How did different 
      kinds of  English 
      come about?
Task 1   Read the text quickly and  
tell True or False :

( F  )1.English  began to be spoken in many 
  other countries in the 16th century.
( F   )2.Native English speakers found it difficult 
  to understand each other because they 
  speak different kinds of English.
( T   )3. The American Dictionary of the English 
  language  gave American English its own 
  identity .
( T   )4. English was the official language in 
  India from 1765 to 1947.
Task 2  Listen to the tape and 
 do Comprehending on Page 
         10 SB


Singapore    Malaysia印度名胜:泰姬陵


Hongkong   the Great Wall
                Difficult sentences in the text:

1.  The English spoken between about AD450 and 1150 was 
    very different from the English spoken today.( 这里的两个过
    去分词短语都作定语,分别修饰其前面的名词,相当于 定语从句
    which was/is spoken… .)
2.  One big change in English happened when Noah Webster 
    wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language, giving 
    American English its identity(= the dictionary made 
    American English known to the world ).
3.  Actually, it was based more on German than present day 
    English. 
        base(v.) base sth on sth 以某事物为另一事物的基础,根据,证
    据等 
        He based his reports on the facts he collected.
        The film is based on the 9 ·11 Event.
4.     Only time will tell.(= The answer can only be known in    the 
    future)
Task 3   Read the text again and tell the       
main idea of each paragraph:

1. Which of the following best describes the  
main idea of Paragraph 1?

A. How English began to be spoken in other        
countries outside England.

B. China has the largest number of English   
speakers.

C. More and more people speak English in  the 
world.
  2. Tell the main idea of Paragraphs 2-4 
  by filling in a key word in each blank: 

• Paragraph 2:_________Native     English speakers can 
                understand each other but everything
                not__________.
• Paragraph 3:Why and _____how  English  has ________inchanged  
                English-speaking countries

• Paragraph 4:   English is also spoken as a _______second   or 
                 _______foreign   language in many countries
      Task 4. Fill in the correct information 
              according to the text:

Para-       Main idea                Facts
grap
h
    1  How English began to be England---________coun-other
       spoken_________Englaoutside tries--- more speakers 
       nd                   than ever before

    2  Native English speakers Examples of  ________British             
       can____________understand  each &American English
       other but not________everything
Para-             
graph          Main idea  Facts

                      AD450-1150:
     Why and how English      Based on German
     has________ in   1150-1500:
    3   changed              More like French
     English-speaking 1600’s: Wider vocabulary by
     countries              Shakespeare
                      ___________English American
                      ___________EnglishAustralian
     English is also  *Asia:_____  
                            India Singapore
   4 spoken as a ______ _______
         second foreign
     or _____ language        Malaysia
     in many countries *South Africa
                      *Others: China
 Conclusion:
 How did different kinds of  English 
 come about?

Key words: At first, only in England, later, moved, other 
countries, today, more and more  English speakers; native 
English speakers, understand, not everything; change,
cultures, communicate with, British /American/Australian 
English, identity, also, second/foreign language, many 
other countries…
  Task 5 : Retell the text by finishing the passage below: 
              The Road to Modern English
   At first, only people in ______England spoke English. Later, peo-
 ple from England _____moved  to other parts, so English began 
  to        ______________be spoken  in many other countries. Today, 
 more and more people speak English as their first, ______second   
  or foreign    language. __________English Native  speakers can 
                    ____________understand
 each other but not ___________.everything  All languages ________change      
when cultures ____________withcommunicate  one another, so there are 
_________British  English, American English, Australian English   
and so on. They all have their own __________.identity  English is   
also spoken as a second or foreign language in many 
other   countries. Maybe Chinese English will become one 
of the _______Englishesworld  in the future.
                Homework:

1. Retell the text in about ten 
  sentences
2.   Go over the new words of the unit 
  and do Part 1-3 of Learning about 
  Language on Page 11
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