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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修1 2 Unit2

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
Dear Parents,
    I’m  delighted that you are considering The British International School for your child’s 
education. Our school offers first-class international education delivered by experienced and 
professional staff.
    We aim to provide a high quality British-style education characterized by:
    The arrangement of the English national curriculum to meet the needs of international and 
local students and offering an insight into the local culture.
    High quality teaching provided by international and local staff.
    A broad personal development plan for students that encourages independence, confidence, 
tolerance, good manners and respect.
    A recognition of the school-parent partnership in the successful education of the children.
    An acknowledgement that all students are individuals who deserve an environment to help 
them realize their academic and other potential, thereby preparing them for their chosen 
continuing education and career.
    A safe, caring, happy and stimulating environment benefiting from high quality facilities.
    Our school provides an effective framework for education through a broad, balanced and 
monitored curriculum. As students advance through the schooling, we make sure that their needs 
are met through progressive teaching and learning. Although our curriculum is based upon the 
national curriculum for England, it is adapted where appropriate, to ensure suitability for our 
diverse student body. Thus,we strive for the development of transferable skills through the years 
of schooling, as well as the acquisition(获得) of a broad body of knowledge.
    Students are given opportunities to develop many skills, which include skills in language, 
science, technology and mathematics, in the aesthetic(审美的) and creative fields of music, drama 
and art, and in physical education.
    We insist that students act in a responsible manner toward all members of the community. 
Throughout the school years, students are taught to distinguish between right and wrong and show 
consideration for others. The qualities of honesty, kindness and good manners are always 
encouraged. Our friendly atmosphere provides a secure and happy environment in which children 
can grow as individuals and valued members of the school family.

    【解题导语】 该文是一封学校校长致家长的信。

    1.What do you think the author is?

    A.A school principal.

    B.An exchange student.

    C.An assistant professor.

    D.An experienced lecturer.
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    A 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段第二句“Our                   school offers first-class international 
education delivered by experienced and professional staff.”可推知,本文的作者是文中所提到
的学校的校长,故选         A。
    2.Why does the school change its curriculum when necessary?
    A.To develop some good students’ skills.
    B.To meet the needs of different students.
    C.To offer an insight into the local culture.
    D.To help students realize their potential.
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据倒数第三段的“Although                 our curriculum is based upon the 
national curriculum for England, it is adapted where appropriate, to ensure suitability for our 
diverse student body.”可知,课程的调整是为了适应学生需求的多样性。
    3.What is the purpose of the passage?
    A.The author thinks schools and parents play an important role in teaching.
    B.The author is stressing that responsibility is the most important thing for a student.
    C.The author is encouraging more parents to send their children to this school.
    D.The author implies students become valued people with a friendly atmosphere.
    C 解析:写作意图题。根据全文的整体内容可推知,本文是一封校长致家长的信,
介绍了学校的特色和优势,目的在于向家长推广这所学校,鼓励更多家长把自己的孩子送
到这所学校来学习,故选           C。
                                        B
    (2018·浙江宁波模拟)With     Halloween just around the corner, today we will explore the 
world of ghosts in this program!
    The Merriam­Webster online dictionary says the word “ghost” goes back a thousand years to 
the “earliest recorded evidence of the language”. The first meaning of “ghost” was “the seat of life 
or intelligence”. And it still has that meaning in some expressions.
    However, today, the word “ghost” usually means the soul of a dead person. This meaning 
is based on the idea that a person’s spirit and body are separate. The spirit can continue existing 
long after the body has died. 
    During Halloween, kids dressed as ghosts are common sights. The costume is very simple:
just throw on a white cloth that covers you from head to foot. But do not expect to win any 
costume competitions! You would not have a ghost of a chance. People use this expression to 
mean that something is very unlikely to happen.
    The sight might even make you turn pale as a ghost. This is used when people lose color in 
their face. Sometimes this happens when a person is scared. But a bad cold or flu can also turn you 
as pale as a ghost.
    “Ghost” can also be a verb. In the 1880s the term “ghost” meant a person who works in 
secret for another person. Ghostwriters produce speeches for politicians. They also produce books 
for authors who want to tell their life stories but are not professional writers.
    And sometimes ghostwriters are involved in a series of books, like the children’s stories 
based on the teenage detective Nancy Drew. The series began in 1930. The author given credit 
was Carolyn Keene. But she was not even real! Ghostwriters did all the work.
    Another expression using “ghost” as a verb is simply to ghost. This does not mean to die. It 
means to leave a place or event without saying “goodbye” to anyone. You can ghost from your job. 
You can ghost from a party. Yon can even ghost from a relationship. This is when you stop 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

communicating with someone because you are simply no longer interested in them. 
    But I will not ghost from Words and Their Stories. 

    【解题导语】 本文主要对“ghost”一词进行了深入探索。

    4.The basic meaning of the word “ghost” nowadays is ________.
    A.the secret of another person
    B.the spirit of a dead person
    C.the color of one’s face
    D.the origin of intelligence
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据文章第三段的第一句“However,today,the 
word‘ghost’usually means the soul of a dead person.”可知,ghost 现在的基本含义是“一个
死人的灵魂”。
    5.If someone says “you don’t have a ghost of a chance to win the match”, he 
means________.
    A.without doubt you won’t lose the match 
    B.the match is unlikely to happen 
    C.it’s impossible for you to win the match 
    D.you are too scared to win the match 
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段的最后一句“People                   use this expression to mean that 
something is very unlikely to happen.”可知,题干中引号内的意思是“你不可能赢得比赛”,
故选   C。
    6.What can be inferred about the word “ghost” according to the passage?
    A.Kids dressed in a white cloth like ghosts can win a costume competition.
    B.A bad cold can turn people as pale as a ghost because they fear illness.
    C.It was Carolyn Keene who ghostwrote the children’s stories.
    D.A person devoted to his job is unlikely to ghost from his job.
    D 解析:推理判断题。根据倒数第二段的第三句“It                     means to leave a place or event 
without saying ‘goodbye’ to anyone.”并结合选项可知,一个热爱自己工作的人是不可能轻
易离开自己的工作的,ghost         的含义和引用的句子呼应,故选              D。
    7.This passage is likely to appear in________.
    A.a radio program
    B.a Halloween poster
    C.a fashion magazine
    D.a newspaper advertisement
    A 解析:文章出处题。根据第一段“With                Halloween just around the corner,today we 
will explore the world of ghosts in this program!”可推知,本文选自一个电台的节目,故选
A。
    Ⅱ 七选五
    (2018·浙江五校高三联考)More       and more people are working remotely.Here are some tips 
to keep in mind to stay focused on your work when working at home:
Set and keep regular office hours.
    1.________Then try your best to leave work at the“office” and turn your phone on silent 
and enjoy the rest of your day.Give yourself some time to recharge so you can be as productive as 
possible.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

Plan and structure your workdays.
    Structure your workdays to maximize(使最大化) efficiency.Take advantage of your body’s 
natural rhythms.2.________ If you  know you focus best in the morning,resist the temptation to 
check email until 10 a.m.or later.
Set aside a designated(指定的) work area.
    Try to work at the same spot every day.3.________And make it a place you enjoy going to 
each day,an area where you can focus and do your best work.
Take breaks.
    Schedule time for frequent breaks throughout the day.Rise from your desk,stretch or walk 
around the house or down the street.4.________If you need social activities,go out to lunch with 
friends or clients.
Avoid distractions(使人分心的事).
    One challenge of working at home is distraction.With no colleagues or partners nearby,
it’s easy to become distracted.Stay focused on work throughout the day to maintain consistent 
productivity.5.________
    A.It could be a spare bedroom that you’ve turned into a home office.
    B.Plan your work around your most productive hours.
    C.Do your best to set work hours and stick to them.
    D.Take a lunch break and enjoy a midday meal.
    E.It is more comfortable to stay at home.
    F.Some interruptions can’t be avoided.
    G.Avoid online distractions as well.

    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了五种在家工作时如何保持注意力集中的方法。
    1.C 解析:根据本段的小标题“Set and keep regular office hours.”可知,此处与工作
时间的设定有关,所以选           C 项。
    2.B 解析:根据本段的小标题“Plan             and structure your workdays.”可推知,此处与
工作计划有关,并与本段第一句“Structure               your   workdays  to  maximize(使最大化) 
efficiency.”呼应,所以选     B 项。
    3.A 解析:根据本段小标题“Set aside            a designated(指定的) work area.”可知,此
处表示家庭办公区的设定和安排,所以选                  A 项。
    4.D 解析:根据本段第一句“Schedule           time for frequent breaks throughout the day.”并
结合小标题“Take         breaks.”可推知,工作期间适当休息一下有助于集中注意力,所以选
D 项。
    5.G 解析:根据本段小标题“Avoid               distractions(使人分心的事).”可推知,网上
使人分心的内容也是集中注意力所需要避免的,所以选                       G 项。
    Ⅲ  语法填空
    One day in 1998,I went to visit my 90­year­old grandma in a nursing home.She had lived 
there for 15 years.But it was becoming a little bit sad,partly because the place was full of people 
who 1.____________(be) at the last stage of their life.What’s 2.____________(bad),it was 
taking her longer and longer 3.____________(recognize) me.
    She was really excited that day because they were having a dance party.I was not a big fan of 
dancing, 4.____________I  was  a   big  fan  of  Grandma,so   I  accepted  her 
5.____________(invite).During the party,an old lady 6.____________(sit) next to me chatted 
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with me,saying how much she loved music and dancing.Not knowing 7.____________ to say,I 
stood up and invited her for a dance.
    I danced with all the ladies, 8.____________(particular) with Grandma,which was 
awesome.However,I felt discomfort throughout 9.____________party.I didn’t know the reason 
at that moment.But now,I realize it was my fear of watching Grandma grow older,my 
powerlessness to do anything about it and the thought of losing 10.____________(she) that made 
me uncomfortable.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者去养老院看望                          90 岁的奶奶。在那里的

一次舞会中,作者与养老院所有的老奶奶都跳了舞。
    1.were 解析:考查动词时态。分析句子结构可知,此处为                       who 引导的定语从句,
修饰先行词     people;结合句意可知,从句的时态应与主句的时态保持一致。所以填                          were。
    2.worse 解析:考查形容词比较级。What’s               worse 意思是“更糟糕的是”,相当于
副词短语    Even worse/Worse still。所以填 worse。
    3.to recognize 解析:考查非谓语动词。句型             It takes(took) sb.some time (money) to 
do sth.意为“做某事需要花费某人一定的时间或金钱”。所以填                      to recognize。
    4.but/yet 解析:考查连词。根据空处前后句子结构可知空处应该填一连词;结合空
前的“not a big fan of dancing”和空后的“a big fan of Grandma”可知,空处前后有转折含义。
所以填   but/yet。
    5.invitation 解析:考查名词。根据空前的“accepted her”可知,空处应该是名词作宾
语,意思是“接受她的邀请”。所以填                 invitation。
    6.sitting 解析:考查非谓语动词。从句子结构可知,空处是非谓语动词作后置定语,
且主语   an old lady 与动词 sit 是逻辑上的主谓关系。所以填           sitting。
    7.what 解析:考查疑问代词。根据“疑问代词+不定式”结构及空前的
knowing 可知,空处应该填疑问代词,意思为“不知道说什么”。所以填                          what。
    8.particularly 解析:考查副词。空后是介词短语               with Grandma,介词短语只能用
副词修饰。所以填        particularly。
    9.the 解析:考查冠词。根据句意可知,此处的                   party 特指上文中的“a            dance 
party”。所以填   the。
    10.her 解析:考查人称代词。根据空前的                losing 同时结合句意可知,空处应该填人
称代词   she 的宾格   her。
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