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新疆巴州且末县中学 人教版 必修一Unit 1 Friendship 学案测试

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第一部分   基础模块夯实      Module 1   Unit 1 Friendship 
一、核心单词
1. upset [ʌp'set] adj. 心烦意乱的,不安的;不适的 
       vt. (upset, upset) 使人心烦;使不安
小练:用    upset 的适当形式填空
(1) Is it _________ you, dear? 
(2) She felt rather ______ on hearing the news. 
(3)You’s not still _______ with me, are you?
(4)She was really_________ about the way her father treated her .
归纳:be upset by…被……打乱 
 be upset with sb. 与某人感到心烦意乱
2. concern [kən'sə:n] v. 担忧;涉及;关系到          n. 担心,关注;(利害)关系
小练:用    concern 的适当形式填空
(1) There is an article that _______ the rise of the prices. 
(2) The children are rather _________ about their mother’s health. 
(3) Officials should ______ themselves _______ public affairs. 
归纳:concern for/about/over sth.  对某事的担心或忧虑
be concerned about/for…担心……;关心……
be concerned in/with 与……有关;涉及
as/so far as…be concerned 就……而言;依……之见
3. suffer ['sʌfə] v. 遭受;忍受;经历
归纳:suffer   常跟  pain/defeat/loss/poverty/hardship 以及表示疾
病的词     suffer from/with/for sth. 感到疼痛、不适、悲伤等;受苦
小练:中英互译
(1) We suffered huge losses in the financial crisis.
______________________________________________
(2) 他的脚痛得不得了。
___________________________________________
4. disagree [’disə'ɡri:] vt. 不同意
归纳:disagree to   对……有异议
disagree with 不同意;不改;不适合
disagree on 对……持有不同看法
小练:根据中文,补充下列句子
(1) 罗马的报道与米兰的不符。
The reports from Rome __________ those from Milan.
(2) 他不同意让我早些回家。He __________ let me go home early. 
二、重点词组二、重点词组
1. add up 加起来
短语归纳:add up sth./add sth. up    把……加起来
add up to (=come to, total)总共有      
add to 增加
add A to B 把 A 加到(进)B     上
小练:用    add 的适当形式或构成的词组填空
(1) Will you _____ some more students to this project? 
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 (2) Small numbers __________ a large one. 
 (3) 50 _______ 50 equals 100. 
 2. go through 经历;经受;通过;经过
 短语归纳:go after    追求,追赶 
 go ahead 前进;请说(做)吧
 go by 走过,(时间)过去
 go along with 向前,(与……)一起去
 go in for 爱好,从事 
 go out 外出;(灯、火)熄灭
 go over 越过;复习  
 go up 爬上,(价格等)上升

 小练:用    go 构成的词组填空
 (1) Despite the bad weather the party will________.
 (2) Prices ______ a little now. People are happy.
 (3) As time______ my memory seems to get worse .
 (4) She ________ a lot of sport.
 3.on purpose 故意,有目的地
 小练:用     purpose 的相关词汇填空
 (1) He went to town  ________  to sell one of his paintings. 
 (2) 这些实验毫无用处。The experiments serve no_________________ . 
 短语归纳:do sth. on purpose     故意做某事           
 on purpose 表示故意地、有企图、有目的地
 4. get along with 与……相处;进展
 短语归纳:
 get away from 离开,逃离
 get down 下来;写下,取下
 get over 克服,摆脱       get through 通过,做完  
 get together 聚集  get down to (doing)开始认真干……
 小练:用    get 的相关词汇填空
 (1) How can we ____________ poverty?
 (2) Can we __________ this difficulty?
 (3) If you want it, just __________ me first.
 三、课文回顾
        Ann Frank’s family were Jewish so they had to hide away or they 
1         (catch) by the German Nazis. During that time she made her 
diary her best friend because she wouldn’t be afraid that it would laugh 
at her, 2          would not understand 3             she was going 
through. In her diary, she said she had grown 4         (crazily) about 
everything to do 5              nature. 
     She remembered that there was a time 6            a deep blue sky, 
the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept her 7                     
(spellbind). One evening, Ann stayed awake on purpose 8             half 
past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by herself. But she failed 
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 to do it because the window was shut. However, one day she happened to be 
 upstairs at dusk when the window was open and 9               was the 
 first time in a year and a half that she 10          (see) the night face to 
face.
 四、句子精析与仿写
 1. You want to see a very interesting film with your friend, but your 
 friend can’t go until he or she finishes cleaning the bicycle. 你想和你朋
 友一起看一场很有意思的电影,但是只有当他/她清洗了单车以后才可以去。 
      not …until/till 直到……才……。如果在否定句中,前面的动词一般使用
 短暂性动词;如果用于肯定句,前面的动词应该使用延续性动词。It was/is 
 not until +被强调部分    that …
 仿写:(1)   直到得了重病,他才放弃抽烟。
 ____________________________________________________ 
 (2) 直到看到母亲眼中的泪花,我才意识到母亲是多么难过。
 ____________________________________________________
 (3) 直到昨天我才收到你的来信
 ____________________________________________________ 
 2. When he borrowed it last time, he broke it and you had to pay to get it 
 repaired. 他上一次借它的时候,把它给弄坏了,而你就不得不找人修理了。
     get /have sth. done 让某人做某事
     get +adj. 表示状态。
 仿写:    (1) 这是不是你想送去修理的收音机?
 ___________________________________________________ 
 (2) 今晚我不得不把鞋子洗了,因为实在太脏了。
 ___________________________________________________ 
 (3) 当我在国外迷路不得不向当地人问路时,他们却听不懂我说的话。
 ___________________________________________________
 ______________________
 3. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit 
 by a car. 你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了,接着它被一辆小车撞着了。
 状从省略:

 仿写:    (1) 在日本时,我拍了许多漂亮的照片。
 ______________________________________________________ 
 (2) 尽管她精疲力竭,但仍继续工作。
 ______________________________________________________
 4. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long 
time that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知
道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都
无比狂热。
     句子分析:I wonder+宾语从句是由           if 引导一个宾语从句,而在宾语从句
 中用了强调句型       it’s+被强调部分+that      来强调原因状语从句          because I 
 haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long time。
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 仿写:    (1) 他想知道是否是因为没有按时完成工作就被公司解雇了。
 _______________________________________________________
 (2) 我想知道是否要接受这个工作。
 _______________________________________________________
 (3) 我想知道你是怎样做这件事的。
 _______________________________________________________
 5. …I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in 
 order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. 为了能亲自好
 好地观看月亮一次,有一天晚上直到                11 点半我还特意不上床睡觉。
     句子分析:stay+adj. 1    保持   2.作实义动词表示“停留或者逗留”。
 in order to do. . .为了,
 so as to do 不能放在句首,只能放在句中。
 仿写:    (1) 这扇窗子整夜开着。
 ______________________________________________
 (2) 那晚他留下来在办公室里干了些活。
 ______________________________________________
 (3) 为了实现他的梦想,他经历了许多艰辛。(in order to, suffer)
 ______________________________________________ 
 (4) 为了不丢掉工作,她一直女扮男装。
 ______________________________________________
 6. …it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the 
 night face to face………这是我一年半以来第一次欣赏夜景……
 It /this/that/ is the +序数词+ time(that) +主语+have/has done。是某人第几
 次做某事”
 It /this/that/ was the +序数词+ time(that) +主语+had done。是某人第几次做
 某事”
 (1) 这是他第二次来中国旅游。
 ______________________________________________
 (2) 我相信那是我第四次获得该奖。
 ______________________________________________ 

 SectionSectionⅢⅢ..  单元配套单元配套
 一、重点词词形变换 
 1. All of us are _________ about the earthquake-hit area. As far as I am 
__________, lack of enough food, water and clothes _______ the health of 
the people there. (concern)
 2. I can forgive your ________but I won’t forgive your rudeness. 
 You can ________me, but you mustn’t ignore the rules.
 He is just ________. He isn’t stupid. (ignore)
 3. My teacher gave me some useful ________, which _______ me on how to 
learn English effectively. (advice)
 4. After the president came to _______, all the polls said he was a ______ 
 leader, but now he felt so _________ that he couldn’t control the rioting. 
 (powerful)
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 5. My father _______ from high blood pressure .There is so much _______ 
that he is a ________ at home. (suffer)
 6. In the 17th century, the British crowded into America and many ________ 
were set up for the________ to ________down. (settle)
 7. The door won’t close. The screws(螺钉)are _______. (loose)
 The farmers _______ the soil before sowing the seeds.
 8. He is so fond of _______ activities that he sometimes even sleep ______. 
 (outdoors)
 9. The _______village was under the water. The crops 
 were_______destroyed. (entire)
 10. _________ the big block of store, he __________a very big snake, which 
 terrified him. It took quite a while for him to _______from the terror. (recover)
 二、活用本单元的短语
 1. The burglar turned around the corner and found himself________ with a 
 policeman.
 2. She’s been _________________a bad patch recently.
 3. She seems to do these things _________ .
 4. He was too proud to ________ our fun.
 5. People use more than words when they ________________ each other.
 6. We are all _____________________ her safety.
 7. We only moved house last week and we haven’t _________ yet.
 8. The new government will _____________     next month.
 9. _________    , there is nothing to worry about.
 10. I __________ with her at first sight.
 三、完形填空
     The other day I was talking to a stranger on the bus; he told me that he 
 had a good friend in Chicago and he wondered if, by any chance, I happened 
to know him. For a moment, I thought he might be   1   , but I could tell 
 from the expression on his face that he was not. He was  2  . I felt like 
 saying that it was ridiculous (可笑的) to   3   that out of all the millions of 
 people in Chicago I could possibly have ever bumped into his friend. But,   4  , 
 I just smiled and reminded him that Chicago was a very big city. He nodded, 
 and I thought he was going to be content to drop the   5  and talk about 
something else. But I was  6  . He was silent for a few minutes, and then he   
7    to tell me all about his friend.
      His friend’s main   8   in life seemed to be tennis. He was an excellent 
tennis player, and he even had his own tennis court. There were a lot of 
people with swimming pools, yet there were only two people with private 
tennis courts; his friend in Chicago was one of them. I told him that I knew 
several people like that, including my brother, who was a doctor in California. 
He    9   that maybe there were more private courts in the country, than he  
10    but he did not know of any others. Then he asked me where my brother 
lived in 
     California. When I said Sacramento, he said that was a coincidence (巧合) 
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 because his Chicago friend spent the summer in Sacramento last year and he 
 lived next door to a   11   who had a tennis court in his backyard. I said I 
felt that  12  was a coincidence because my next-door neighbor had gone to 
Sacramento last summer and had    13   the house next to my brother’s 
house. For a moment, we stared at each other, but we did not say anything.
      “Would your friend’s name happen to be Roland Kirkwood?” I asked 
finally. He  14  and said, “Yes. Would your brother’s name happen to be Dr. 
Rey Hunter?” It was my  15  to laugh. “Yes,” I replied.
 1.A. expecting B. lying   C. joking    D. talking
 2.A. funny    B. serious    C. careful    D. disappointed 
 3.A. think    B. find       C. realize   D. see
 4.A. indeed   B. actually C. instead    D. exactly
  5.A. information  B. communication C. conversation D. subject
 6.A. wrong    B. happy      C. right    D. worded
 7.A. began B. stopped   C. refused D. failed
 8.A. problem  B. interest   C. choice D. work
 9.A. advised     B. argued     C. admitted   D. announced
 10.A. recognized  B. realized    C. visited   D. found
  11.A. doctor    B. friend     C. neighbor   D. player
 12.A. seriously  B. certainly C. directly    D. really
 13.A. hired      B. visited     C. designed   D. sold
 14.A. smiled     B. laughed C. cried       D. shouted
 15.A. chance     B. pleasure   C. time       D. turn
 四、语法填空 
       It was a very cold evening, an old man was waiting for a ride 
across the river. He saw several horsemen pass by but he didn’t ask for 
any help. The wait seemed 1_______ (end). Then came another rider, the 
old man 2_________ (catch) his eye and said, “Sir, would you mind 
doing me a favor?”
      Stopping his horse, he replied, “Of course.” Almost 3____ (freeze), the 
old man could not get 4____ the ground. The horseman helped him onto his 
horse. He took the old man not just across the river, 5____ to his home.
           “Sir, you didn’t even ask the other riders for help, why? What 
 6____ I had said ‘no’ and left you there?” the horseman asked.
    The old man looked at him straight in the eyes and said, “I looked into their 
 eyes, I found they didn’t care, 7____     told me it would be useless, but 
when I looked into 8______, I saw kindness.”
           These words touched the rider deeply. “Thank you for 9____ 
you’ve said, I hope I will never be too busy to help others.” With that, Thomas 
Jefferson, the 10____    (three) president of the US, turned his horse around 
and went away.
 五、阅读理解
        Prisoner Mitchell King had a visitor — his wife. King was serving a six-
 year prison term in Auckland, New Zealand for armed robbery. But his wife 
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 didn’t want to be away from him for that long. So they held hands and they 
stuck. She’s rubbed her palms with super glue.
       Their new-found closeness was short-lived. And their separation is 
 painful. Her technique is not one I’d recommend (introduce) for a closer 
 relationship.
       But if you want more closeness; if you desire relationships that are 
deeper and broader, more meaningful and longer-lasting, then remember the 
word “TRAVEL.”
       T is for TRUST. Trust is the glue that holds people together (not 
Super Glue). A relationship will go nowhere without it.
        R is for RESPECT. “Do not save your loving speeches for your 
friends till they are dead; speak them rather now instead,” writes Anna 
Cummins. It’s about respecting others and letting them know that you 
value them.
       A is for AFFECTION. Sometimes affection means love. Sometimes 
 it means a touch. Always it means kindness.
      V is for VULNERABILITY (harm). Though we may feel afraid to let 
another too close, no relationship will go anywhere without risking 
vulnerability. Entrepreneur Jim Rohn says, “The walls we build around 
us to keep out the sadness also keep out the joy.” and the love.
     E is for EMOTIONAL INTIMACY(亲密). Learn to be open. Learn to 
communicate freely. What kinds of relationships you make are largely 
determined by how openly you have learned to communicate.
     L is for LAUGHTER. Victor Borge got it right when he said, 
“Laughter is the shortest distance between two people.” It’s also the 
most enjoyable.
    For relationships that can really go somewhere, just remember the 
word “TRAVEL”. Then enjoy the trip!
 1. The author intends to _________ by showing us the example in 
 Paragraph 1.
 A. condemn the wife for her silly behavior
 B. introduce new ways for closer relationships
 C. tell us King and his wife would never be separated
 D. encourage us to follow the wife’s technique
 2. The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 4 refers to____ .
 A.Trust B. Glue C. Closeness D. Travel
 3. Which of the following agrees with what Jim Rohn says?
 A. Walls should be built to keep out the sadness.
 B. It’s unnecessary to avoid (弱点) for closer relationships.
 C. Love will be kept out if you let another too close.
 D. We shouldn’t let another too close because of vulnerability.
 4. What does Victor Borge really mean by his word in the Paragraph 9?
 A. Laughter will keep the shortest distance.
 B. Laughter will make a closer relationship.
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C. No relationship will go without laughter.
D. Laughter is necessary to make friends.
5. What would be the best title for this passage?
A. Relationships.                  B. The story of a prisoner.
C. A technique for good relationships. D. Tips on closer relationships.
 
六、基础写作
【写作内容】
      近来你班上同学关系不太融洽,老师要求你在班会上就“友
谊”发表讲话,鼓励大家要珍惜友谊,包括如下内容:
1. 友谊是人与人的关系,交朋友是人的本性(instinct);
2. 友谊的作用:有困难时友谊如何给予我们帮助;成功时可以和朋友分享幸福;

3. 友谊是我们的最大快乐之一,在人生道路上没有得到友谊,就没有真正地拥
有生活。
4. 号召大家要珍惜友谊。
【写作要求】只能使用          5 个句子表达全部内容。
   
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     一、核心单词      1.upsetting/upset/upset/upset
 2.concerns/concerned /concern with
 3.我们在金融危机中损失惨重。He suffers terribly with his feet.
 4.disagree with/disagreed to
 二、重点词组二、重点词组
 1.add/add up to/added 2.go ahead/go up /goes by/goes in for 
 3.on purpose/no useful purpose 4.get away from/get over/get through
 三、课文回顾      would be caught/or /what /crazy/with/when/spellbound/until /it 
/had seen
 四、句子精析与仿写         1.He didn’t give up smoking until he got a serious 
disease.
 I had not realized how sad my mother was until I saw the tears in her eyes.
 It was not until yesterday that I got your letter. 
 2.Is this radio the one you would like to have repaired?  
 I have to get /have my shoes washed tonight because they are too dirty.
 When I got lost abroad and had to ask a native for direction, I didn’t 
 always make myself understood .
 3.When (I was) in Japan, I took many beautiful pictures. 
 She went on working though (she was) exhausted.
 4.He wondered if it was because he didn’t finish the work on time and was 
fired by the company.
 I wondered if I was to take the job. / I was wondering how you did it. 
 5.The window stayed open all night.
 That evening he stayed in the office to finish some work. In order to realize his 
dream, he suffered great hardship.
 She dressed herself as a man in order not to /so as not to lose the job.
 6.It is the second time that he have taken a trip to China.
 I believe it is the fourth time that I have got the prize.
 一、重点词词形变换 
 1.concerned /concerned /concerns 
 2.ignorance /ignore /ignorant 
 3.advice /advises 4.power /powerful /powerless 5.suffers /suffering /sufferer
 6. settlements /settle /settlers 7.loose /loosen 8.outdoor /outdoors 
 9.entire /entirely 10.discovered /Uncovering /recover 
 二、活用本单元的短语
 1.face to face 2.going through 3.on purpose 4.join in 5.communicate with
 6.concerned for/about 7.settled in 8.come into power 9.Calm down 
 11.fell in love 
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 三、完形填空      1-5.CBACD 6-10A ABCB11-15ADABD
 四、语法填空      endless /caught /frozen/ off /but /if /which /yours / what /third 
 五、阅读理解      1B  意图推断题。作者从一个极端的故事引出了写作内容,即介
 绍如何加深关系。2.A          词义猜测题。从上文看,it          指代的是     trust 这一概念。
 3B  细节理解题。引用        Jim Rohn 的话是为了说明,如果担心因关系太近会造
成伤害,是没有必要的,因为与他人保持距离的同时,也就把朋友间的欢乐及
关爱给隔开了。
 4.B  细节理解题。笑可以拉近两人的距离,可以促进友谊的发展。
 5.D  主旨大意题。从文章内容和文章体裁可以准确判断答案应为                          D。
 六、基础写作      Friendship is a kind of human relations and it is a human 
instinct to make friends. When in trouble, we need friends to offer us help, 
support and encouragement. With success achieved, we also need friends to 
share our joys. Friendship is also one of the greatest pleasures that we can 
enjoy, so no man can say he has a real life without carefully striving to win the 
right kind of friends as he goes along. Knowing how valuable friendship is, we 
should value the friendship we have between us students now. 

 SectionSection  ⅣⅣ..  词汇拓展词汇拓展
 utilize 利用                     courtesy 礼仪   
 comradeship 友谊              pudency 害臊 
 calumniate 诋毁,诽谤            clandestine  私下的
 betray 背叛           pay close attention to  密切关注  
 entire friendship 纯真的友谊
 inseparable 形影不离        alliance 联盟,联合;联姻  
 amiability 和蔼可亲;友善;可爱
 see eye to eye 不同意,意见不同 
 through thick and thin 患难与共
 patch up our difference 消除分歧,平息矛盾
 clear the air 平静解决问题
 amity  友好;亲善关系;友好关系 
 share happiness and sorrow 患难与共
 buddy 做好朋友,交朋友 
 sincere treatment with each other 肝胆相照
 cohort 一群;步兵大队         hostility 不友善 
                          SectionSection  II.II.  读写强化读写强化
   一、根据课文回答下列问题 
 What do you think friends are?
 Friends should be the people you feel safe around when you have
 difficulties or when you are in trouble. A friend is a person whose 
 hand you can hold, or he or she will stick with you and help you 
 to solve some troubles even you never hope he/she could do.
 2. And what can we do for friends?

 3. What can we get from friends?
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 We can help them out of the difficult situation and try our best to comfort them.
 We can get help, support and encouragement from friends.
 4. What will you do or say to your friend if he or she asks you to help do 
 something wrong?
                                                                                
 5. How to explain the proverb “A friend in need is a friend indeed”?
  
 I will explain why it is wrong and give him or her some good advice. 
  That means a friend who helps you when you need is a true friend.
 二、美文欣赏与模仿
        A life without~a friend∕is a life without~a sun. Friendship∕is one 
 of the most↗important things∕in everyone’s life↘. But what~is 
friendship↘?
      Friends∕are who change a part~of your life, make~you believe∕that 
 there~is true love in the world∕and convince~you∕that there really~is 
 an unlocked door∕just waiting for you to open~it. 
      When you’re down, friends lift~you up. When you lose~your way, 
 friends guide~you∕and cheer you on. So cherish~your friends. This is 
 Forever Friendship.
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