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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修2 2 Unit2

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    Isabel has turned down two job offers in the past year. The first job 
she considered was the director of HR for a company in Utah. After the 
initial interviews, she felt the job fit her except for the location. Still, she 
flew west to meet the hiring manager. The hiring manager explained that 
Isabel was the top candidate for the job but that, before she continued with 
the process, she should better understand the firm’s culture. She directed Isabel to several videos 
of the company’s CEO, who regularly appeared in front of the company in costume as part of 
morale­building exercises and expected his senior leaders to do the same.“Even though I was 
desperate for a job, I knew I couldn’t do that,” Isabel says. She called the company to turn 
down the job and explained that she didn’t feel there was a cultural fit.
    A few months later, she had an interview for another job:a director of employee relations at 
a local university. After several interviews, the hiring manager told her the job was hers if she 
wanted it. The job had many positives:it provided a low­stress environment, it offered great 
benefits, and the university was an employee­friendly place. But the job was relatively junior 
despite the title and Isabel worried it wouldn’t be challenging enough. Finally, she turned it 
down.“  It would be great to have a paycheck and great benefits but I would definitely have 
trouble sleeping at night,” she says.
    In both cases, she was frank with the hiring managers about why she wasn’t taking the 
jobs.“In the past, it felt like dating, and I was worried about hurting people’s feelings,” she 
says. However, they appreciated her frankness and thanked her for her honesty. She says it was 
hard to turn down the jobs and it was a risk for her financially but she felt she had to.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了                    Isabel 拒绝两份工作的经历和感想。

    1.Which factor made Isabel turn down the first job finally?
    A.The company’s location.
    B.The initial interviews.
    C.The firm’s culture.
    D.The hiring manager.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句可知,Isabel                    认为这种企业文化不适合自
己,所以拒绝了这份工作,故             C 项正确。
    2.What does the underlined word “junior” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
    A.Challenging.                             B.Easy.
    C.Beneficial.                              D.Stressful.
    B 解析:词义猜测题。根据画线词所在句可知,尽管这份工作的头衔不错,但是
Isabel 担心这份工作没有足够的挑战性,即这份工作相对容易;据此可以判断,画线词意
为“容易的”,故        B 项正确。
    3.What is the most important thing for Isabel in job hunting?
    A.Being truthful to others.
    B.A job with a stable income.
    C.A relaxing working atmosphere.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    D.Avoiding hurting people’s feelings.
    A 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段倒数第二句可知,虽然                         Isabel 拒绝了这两份工作,
但是人事部经理仍然欣赏她的坦率,并感谢她的诚实;据此可知,Isabel                           在寻找工作时诚
实待人是她最重要的品质,故             A 项正确。
    4.The above text is most likely intended for the________.
    A.director of HR                           B.librarian
    C.doctor                                   D.artist
    A 解析:推理判断题。通读全文可知,本文主要讲述了                        Isabel 拒绝人力资源总监和
大学员工关系主管两份工作的经历和感想;据此可以判断,人力资源总监会从她的经历中
得到启示,故      A 项正确。
                                        B
    (2018·杭州模拟)A European gym and fitness provider is offering customers a delicious deal 
at their new café: work out and get a free meal.
    At the Run for Your Bun Café in London, David Lloyd Clubs is advertising its new activity 
as the first of its kind in the world. According to its advertisement, potential customers just need to 
book a lunch reservation, then complete a six-minute workout consisting of intervals on the 
rowing machine and spin bike. After exercising, people can order one of four tasty, healthy 
options on the café’s menu for free.
    The gym chain explained that the motivation behind the activity is to get sedentary(久坐不动
的) office workers away from their desks during the workday. “According to our research British 
office workers spend almost 90 percent of the working day sitting, being inactive and eating lunch 
at their desks—a problem worsened by the huge popularity and convenience of food and shopping 
delivery apps,” Elaine Denton, a health and fitness expert from David Lloyd Clubs, said in a 
statement. “We want to remind workers of the importance of being active at work and moving 
around more.”
    She added, “Importantly, the café isn’t in any way about encouraging people to ‘cancel 
out’  calories through exercise. Indeed, the micro workout at Run for Your Bun Café only 
represents a part of the calories contained in any of the lunch foods.”
    Though the deal is only open to Londoners from Jan. 11 to Jan. 13, the model is one that is 
likely to inspire lots of copycats(模仿者) around the globe. Interested parties can head to 3 
Slingsby Place, London from 12 p.m.to 3 p.m.until Friday.

    【解题导语】 该文主要介绍了欧洲一家健身服务提供商发起的一项活动。

    5.Where does the uniqueness of the activity lie?

    A.In its excellence of service.

    B.In its widespread advertising.

    C.In its special way of payment.

    D.In its abundance of food choices.

    C 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段的整体内容可知,顾客只要锻炼                            6 分钟就可以得
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

到免费的午餐,由此可推断,这种活动的独特之处在于午餐独特的付费形式,即以锻炼来
付费,故选     C。
    6.Why did the Run for Your Bun Café hold the activity?
    A.To introduce healthy eating habits to office workers.
    B.To prove the benefits of being physically active.
    C.To help improve office workers’ productivity.
    D.To encourage office workers’ activity level.
    D 解析:推理判断题。根据第三段的“The                  gym chain explained that the motivation 
behind the activity is to get sedentary(久坐不动的) office workers away from their desks during 
the workday.”和“We  want to remind workers of the importance of being active at work and 
moving  around more.”可知,    这一活动的目的在于鼓励上班族多活动,不要久坐,故选
D。
    7.What does the author think of the activity?
    A.It may have far-reaching influence.
    B.It should have attracted more people.
    C.It shouldn’t have been a temporary one.
    D.It could have been made more convenient.
    A 解析:推理判断题。根据最后一段第一句可推知,作者认为活动虽然时间短,但
具有开创性,可能在全球产生深远影响,故选                    A。
    Ⅱ 七选五
    Summer is a time to look forward to because there is no school to get you down.1.________ 
You just need to stay active, occupied, and have an open mind.
    ·Read if you feel bored.
    Subscribe to a magazine or comic if you don’t  like books. Choose whatever 
age­appropriate book that interests you and start reading. 2.________ In your backyard or on your 
balcony, on your bed or out by the lake. Reading doesn’t have to be boring.
    ·Get caught up on schoolwork.
    Not all of us are straight “A” students. Take this time to go to the library and review 
material for the next year in advance.  3.________ No need to rush or stress out. It’s just 
important not to forget anything you learned in the past year over the summer.
    ·Travel.
    If you usually go on vacation in the summer, start packing now!Can’t afford to travel far? 
No problem!4.________ Go on a road trip with your friends and family. Find out what’s on the 
other side of that lake. Be creative!
    · 5.________
    If summers are hot where you live, you can go to the beach with your family or friends. Also, 
some water parks have great discounts at times during the summer. But be careful, if there’s a 
heat wave outside, you’d better stay out of the sun, or even go indoors.
    A.Beat the heat.
    B.You can read anywhere.
    C.Spend a lot of time outside.
    D.Do some exploration in your own city.
    E.Since it’s summer, you can do this at your own pace.
    F.To have a good summer, you don’t have to do anything expensive.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    G.If you have an idea, no matter how ridiculous and crazy it may be, go to do it.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了如何过一个充实而愉快的暑假。
    1.F 解析:根据本空后的“You            just need to stay active, occupied, and have an open 
mind.”可知,这里就怎样度过暑假提建议,F                项中的不定式表示目的,“you            don’t have to 
do anything expensive”中的“don’t have to”与后一句中的“just     need to”相对应,且空后是
对  F 项的具体解释,所以选         F 项。 
    2.B 解析:根据本段的主题句“Read if you feel bored.”可知,本段讲阅读方面的事情,
而选项中只有      B 项与该话题有关,所以选           B 项,且空后的“In      your backyard or on  your 
balcony, on your bed or out by the lake.”是对 B 项中的“read anywhere”的举例说明。
    3.E 解析:根据该空后的“No need to rush or stress out”(不必匆忙、不必紧张)可知,
该空应该讲的是按照自己的节奏去做;E                 项表示“由于是夏天,你可以按照自己的步调去
做”,符合文意,所以选           E 项,且这里的“do this”指代的是空处前一句。
    4.D 解析:根据本段主题“Travel.”和该空后面的“Go on a road trip with your friends 
and family. Find out what’s  on the other side of that lake.”可知,该空应该讲的是在本地走
一走;D    项的意思是“在你自己所在的城市进行一些探索”,符合文意,所以选                              D 项。
    5.A 解析:空处是该段的主题句,根据本段内容可知,作者建议去海滩、水上公园,
因此本段讲的是怎么避暑,A            项“Beat the heat.”的意思就是“避暑”,所以选          A 项。
    Ⅲ  语法填空
    China to Promote Traditional Opera in Schools
    China’s central government has pledged(正式承诺) to promote traditional opera in schools.
    Primary schools, secondary schools,  colleges 1.____________ universities will give 
students the opportunity 2.____________(watch) traditional opera free of charge in 2017, 
according to a guideline jointly 3.____________(issue) by the publicity department of the 
Communist Party of China and the ministries of  culture, education and finance. By 2018, 
students in all schools and colleges nationwide can watch 4.____________opera free of charge 
every year.
    The campaign for traditional opera to reach students 5.____________(be) common in all 
schools in 2020, according to the guideline. The guideline also urges schools to strengthen the 
creation of opera interest groups. 6.____________ called on the joint effort of the government, 
education, society and individuals to support the campaign. The guideline also encourages 
7.____________(invest) from enterprises, social organizations and individuals. There are 
hundreds of forms of local opera in China, 8.____________ Peking Opera the most famous. 
Peking Opera  and Kunqu  Opera 9.____________(list) by UNESCO  as an intangible 
10.____________(culture) heritage.

    【解题导语】 本文告诉我们将来会有更多的学校推广京剧。
    1.and 解析:考查连词。多个名词一起作主语时,应该在最后两个名词之间用
and 连接。文中     Primary schools, secondary schools, colleges, universities 这四个名词作并列的
主语。
    2.to        watch 解析:考查非谓语动词。opportunity          后常接不定式作定语,表示
“做……的机会”。
    3.issued 解析:考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,空处为非谓语动词作定语;
issue 与 a guideline 是被动关系,所以用     issue 的过去分词形式作定语。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    4.an  解析:考查冠词。根据语境可知,此处表示泛指;又因为                          opera 以元音音素开
头,故填    an。
    5.will be 解析:考查时态。根据本句中的时间状语“in                  2020”可知,空处应用一般将
来时。
    6.It 解析:考查代词。此处应用             It 指代 the guideline。
    7.investment 解析:考查名词。分析句子结构可知,此处用名词作                       encourages 的宾
语。
    8.with 解析:考查       with 复合结构。根据语境并分析句子结构可知,此处为                    with 复
合结构,其中      the most famous 作宾语补足语。
    9.are listed 解析:考查动词时态和语态。根据语境可知,京剧和昆剧被联合国教科
文组织列为非物质文化遗产,所以空处用被动语态,又因为此处描述的是客观事实,故用
一般现在时。
    10.cultural 解析:考查形容词。此处应用形容词修饰名词,故填                       cultural。
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