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2019版高考模拟二轮专题攻略 英语(课标版)冲刺提分作业本模拟组合练(二)

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                                模拟组合练(二)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                      A
(2018 吉林三调,D)

    Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has. There is 
nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

    We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue(疲惫)and performance 

fatigue. In the former case, we keep putting off a task because it is either too boring or 
too difficult.And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel.
    Such start-up fatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in our 
muscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply: always 
handle the most difficult job first.
    Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of some famous 

authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them in alphabetical order(按字母

顺序), never letting myself leave out a tough idea. And I always started the day’s work 
with the difficult task of essay-writing.Experience proved that the rule works.
    Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to get started, we 
cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so great that, however hard we 

work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, I work as hard as I can—then let the 

unconscious take over.

    When planning Encyclopaedia Britannica(《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table 
of contents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever been done 
before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none of them worked. My 
fatigue became almost unbearable.
    One day, mentally exhausted, I wrote down all the reasons why this problem could 
not be solved. I tried to convince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not 
with me. Relieved, I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.
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    An hour later, I woke up suddenly with the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks 
that followed, the solution which had come up in my unconscious mind proved correct at 
every step. Though I worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as 
exciting as failure had been depressing.
    Human beings, I believe, must try to succeed. Success, then, means never feeling 
tired.

1.People with start-up fatigue are most likely to   . 
  A.delay tasks  B.work hard
  C.seek help        D.accept failure
2.What does the author recommend doing to prevent start-up fatigue?
  A.Writing essays in strict order.
  B.Building up physical strength.
  C.Leaving out the toughest ideas.
  D.Dealing with the hardest task first.
3.On what occasion does a person probably suffer from performance fatigue?

  A.Before starting a difficult task.   B.When all the solutions fail.
  C.If the job is rather boring.   D.After finding a way out.
4.According to the author, the unconscious mind may help us   . 
  A.ignore mental problems     B.get some nice sleep
  C.gain complete relief       D.find the right solution
                                      B
(2017 山东临沂三模)

    Sometimes the toughest thing about feelings is sharing them with others.Sharing your 
feelings helps you whether your feelings are wonderful or terrible.Sharing also helps you 
to get closer to people you care about and who care about you.But how?
    You can’t tell your friends what’s inside your backpack if you don’t know what’s in 
there yourself.Feelings are the same way.Before you can share them with anyone,you have 
to figure out what feelings you have.
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    Making a list of your feelings can help.You can do this in your mind or by writing 
them out or even by drawing pictures.Is something bothering you?Does it make you 
frustrated or terrified?Do you feel this emotion only once in a while or most of the time?
    The way a person feels inside is important.If you keep feelings locked inside,it can 
even make you feel sick!But if you talk with someone who cares for you,you will almost 
always start to feel better.It doesn’t mean your problems and worries magically 
disappear,but at least someone else knows what’s bothering you and can help you find 
solutions.
    Your mom and dad want to know if you have problems and what’s happening in 
your life.But what if a kid doesn’t want to talk with parents?Then find another adult you 
trust,like a relative or a teacher at school.Maybe this person can help you talk with your 
parents about your problem or concern.
    Once you know who you can talk with,you’ll want to pick a time and place to 
talk.You can talk publicly in your family.But some kids are more private than others and 
they will feel shy about sharing their feelings.Then find a quiet place or write it down 
on a piece of paper.A kid doesn’t have to share every feeling he or she has.
5.What does the passage mainly tell us?
 A.The importance of feelings.
 B.How to figure out your feelings.
 C.How to share your feelings.
 D.The people sharing your feelings.
6.What can we learn from Paragraph 2?
 A.Kids can’t tell their friends about their backpacks.
 B.Kids should know about themselves first before sharing.
 C.Kids need to find out what others think of them first.
 D.Kids’ feelings are the same in a way.
7.What might happen after sharing your feelings with others?
 A.You’ll recover from your illness.
 B.You will feel relieved.
 C.Your worries will magically disappear.
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 D.You’ll like more private talks.
8.Where is this passage probably taken from?
 A.A science fiction. 
 B.A parents’ brochure.
 C.A children’s magazine.
 D.A notice board.

Ⅱ.七选五

(2018 安徽江南十校      3 月联考)

    It is said that most people have no more than 30 friends at any given time, and 400 
over the course of their lives. However, on social networking sites, most users have about 
150 friends.

 1  
     2 There are no instructions about how to make friends, how to keep friendships 
going, and how to end friendships if we want to move on. People have very different 
opinions about this. Some people would die for their friends and value them more than 
their family. Others say that friends are temporary, only there to help each other until 

they are no longer needed. 3  
    Because of these different definitions of friendship, it is easy to be unhappy about 
our friendships. We may want them to be deeper and closer, or we may want to have 
more friends in our lives. Sometimes we simply do not have the time to develop our 
friendships, or we fear we have left it too late in life to start. If we move to another 
country or city, we have to find ways to make new friends again.

     4 We should not think that it could be too late to build friendships. We also 
need to understand that the need to be around other people is one that is shared by 
many. Therefore, we should not be too frightened of starting to talk to people who in 

the future may become our friends. 5 Remember what people say:strangers are friends 
we have not met yet. 
A.It is likely that they would like to get closer to us too.
B.If people with such different views become friends, this can lead to problems. 
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C.Also, there are no rules about friendship.
D.Rules about friendship vary from culture to culture and from person to person.
E.This dissatisfaction shows us how important friendships are to most of us.
F.Everyone needs to get help from friends.
G.If these numbers are correct, then friendship means different things in different 
situations.

1.    2.    3.    4.    5.    

Ⅲ.语法填空

(2018 四川乐山高三二调)

    People have long believed that the smartphones in our pockets are 1 
(actual)making us less intelligent;and now there is evidence for it. The lasting presence of 

a mobile phone reduces people’s intelligence and attention, 2 study has found. 
    Researchers at the University of Texas discovered that people are worse at doing 

tasks and remembering 3 (inform)if they have a smartphone 4 sight. In their 
experiments they found phones 5 (sit)on a desk or even in a pocket or a handbag 

would distract(使分心)users and lead to worse test 6 (score). The effect was noticeable 

even 7 the phones were turned off, and was worse for those who were more dependent 
on their mobiles. They tested 520 university students on their memory and intelligence in 

the presence of a smartphone to see how 8 affected them. 
    The study also found response speeds to be affected, with students who had their 

phone on the desk 9 (respond)more slowly in high-pace tests. It even found that 
phones could distract users even when they 10 (turn)off and placed face down. Those 
with phones outside the room outperformed those with phones turned off. 

1.    2.    3.    4.    5.    
6.    7.    8.    9.    10.    


          阅读理解    A 1.put off  推迟;延误 2.leave out     遗漏;省略 3.come up 
  词汇
          with 提出;想出
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        阅读理解   B 1.tough adj.困难的 2.frustrated adj.懊恼的,沮丧的
        七选五 1.over the course 在……期间 2.social networking sites 社交
        网站
        语法填空 intelligence n.智力
        阅读理解   B But what if a kid doesn’t want to talk with 
  句型    parents?(What if...要是……会怎样?)
        但是要是孩子不想和父母谈话会怎样呢?
        词汇:
你的收获
        句型:

                           答案全解全析

Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                A

[语篇解读] 本文是一篇说明文。题材为社会生活类。我们都在努力追求成功,想

一下在你追求成功的路上遇到的最大障碍是什么。本文就我们在成功路上遇

到的两种情况的疲惫做了说明。

1.A 细节理解题。       根据第二段中的描述可知,第一种情况的疲惫(start-up 

fatigue)会使得人们不停地把工作任务往后推(keep putting off a task)。由此可知

答案为   A 项。

2.D 细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句话的                 always handle the most difficult 

job first 可知防止出现这种疲惫情况的方法就是总是先处理最困难的任务,所以

答案为   D 项。

3.B 细节理解题。根据第五段中的              however hard we work, we fail again and 

again 可知这种疲惫是在我们一次次努力去解决问题,但是一次次失败了的情况

下发生的。所以答案为          B 项:当所有的解决办法都行不通的时候。
                 中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

4.D 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的                the solution which had come up in my 

unconscious mind proved correct at every step 可知,在我无意识的情况下想出来

的解决办法在解决问题中每一步都证明是正确的,所以答案为                         D 项。

                                B

[语篇解读] 本文是一篇说明文,主要论述了孩子们应该如何与别人分享自己

的情感。

5.C 主旨大意题。根据全文并结合文章第一段可知本文主要论述如何与别人

分享自己的情感。

6.B 推理判断题。根据文章第二段中              Before you can share them with 

anyone,you have to figure out what feelings you have.可知孩子们在分享前应该先

了解自己的情感。

7.B 推理判断题。根据文章第四段中              But if you talk with someone who cares 

for you,you will almost always start to feel better.It doesn’t mean your problems 

and worries magically disappear,but at least someone else knows what’s bothering 

you and can help you find solutions.可知当你和关心你的人谈论情感后,尽管你

的问题和忧虑不能立刻消失,但是你会感觉心情好多了。

8.C 推理判断题。根据文章第五段中              Your mom and dad want to know if you 

have problems and what’s happening in your life.But what if a kid doesn’t want to 

talk with parents?Then find another adult you trust,like a relative or a teacher at 

school.可知本文是写给孩子们的,因此文章很可能摘自儿童杂志。

Ⅱ.七选五
                 中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

[语篇解读] 本文为说明文。不同的人对友谊有不同的理解,但是友谊对每个

人都非常重要,我们要善于建立和经营友谊。

1.G 细节句。设空处前的“30 friends” “and 400 over the course of their lives” 

“150 friends”与 G 项中的“these numbers” 相对应,故答案为     G 项。

2.C 主题句。设空处在段首,属于本段主题句,下文对主题句展开说明。根据

下文   “There are no instructions about how to make friends, how to keep 

friendships going, and how to end friendships if we want to move on.”可推出 C 项

(对于友谊也没有规则可循。)为本题答案。

3.B 细节句。设空处前两句介绍了人们对友谊不同的观点,本句承接上句:如

果这些持不同观点的人成了朋友,就会出现一些问题。上文的“very different 

opinions”与 B 项中的“such different views”相对应。故答案为     B 项。

4.E 细节句。本句起承上启下的作用。第三段主题句(即第三段首句)中的“to 

be unhappy”与 E 项中的  dissatisfaction 相对应,故答案为   E 项。

5.A 细节句。上句意为:因此,我们不应该太害怕与将来可能会成为我们的朋

友的人们去交谈。本句对上句进一步解释:他们可能也愿意接近我们。综上所

述,答案为    A 项。

Ⅲ.语法填空

[语篇解读] 本文主要介绍了一项研究结果:智能手机会降低人们的智力和注

意力。

1.actually 考查副词。设空处在句中修饰动词,故用副词                 actually。

2.a 考查冠词。此处泛指“一项研究”,故使用不定冠词                   a。
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3.information 考查名词。设空处在句中作          remembering 的宾语,应使用动词

inform 的名词形式    information。

4.in/within 考查固定短语。此处表示“如果有一部智能手机在他们的视线中”

,in/within sight 看得见,故填 in/within。

5.sitting 考查非谓语动词。sit     与其逻辑主语      phones 之间构成主动关系,故用

现在分词作定语。

6.scores 考查名词的数。此处表示“并且导致更差的测试分数”,表示复数意义,

故填  scores。

7.when/while 考查连词。即使当手机关机的时候,影响也是显而易见的。设空

处引导时间状语从句,表示“当……时”,故填               when/while。

8.it 考查代词。此处用        it 指代前面提到的     a smartphone,故用代词  it。

9.responding 考查 with 的复合结构。students    与 respond 之间是主动关系,故

用现在分词     responding 作宾语补足语。

10.were turned 考查动词的时态和语态。“它们”和“关掉”之间是被动关系,结

合本段使用的时态,可确定答案为             were turned。
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