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广东省廉江市实验学校人教版高一英语必修4Unit 3 Grammar

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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 Look at the examples below, paying 
 attention to the underlined parts. Here 
 the –ing form is used as the object 
 complement, predicative or attribute. 
Examples:
his subtle acting made everything 
entertaining. (subject; object complement)
What is so interesting about them? 
(predicative)
a walking stick   his charming character 
(attribute)
-ing形式作定语, 宾语补足语和表语的用法
 一、-ing形式作定语
 1. 单个动词的-ing形式作定语位于被修
 饰名词的前面,既可以表示被修饰者的
 作用或功能,也可以表示被修饰者的动
 作或状态。如:
    building materials 
 = materials for building 建筑材料
drinking water 
= water for drinking   饮用水
a walking stick 
= a stick for walking   手杖
a reading room 
= a room for reading   阅览室
a writing desk 
= a desk for writing   写字台
        tiring music 
        = music that is tiring  烦人的音乐
        a surprising result 
        = a result that is surprising 
         一个惊人的结果
2. -ing形式短语作定语时, 放在所修饰的
名词之后, 并且在意思上相当于一个定语
从句。如:
   They lived in a room facing the street. 
= They lived in a room that faces the  
    street. 
    他们住在一间面朝街的房子。
    The man standing there is Peter’s 
    father. 
 = The man who is standing there is 
    Peter’s father. 
    站在那儿的那个人是彼得的父亲。
Translation.
在这条河里游泳的任何一个人都会被罚
款。
Anybody swimming in this river will be 
fined. 
= Anybody who is swimming in this river 
will be fined. 
3. -ing形式短语也可以用作非限制定语,
相当于一个非限制性定语从句,这时,
它与句子其他部分用逗号分开。如:
   His brother, working as a teacher, lives  
in Beijing. 
    = His brother, who is working as a 
teacher, lives in Beijing. 
   他那个当教师的哥哥住在北京。
Translation.
那棵苹果树硕果累累,在微风中轻轻摇
曳。
The apple tree, swaying gently in the 
breeze, had a good crop of fruit. 
= The apple tree, which was swaying 
gently in the breeze, had a good crop of 
fruit. 
二、-ing形式作宾语补足语
   1. 1) 动词-ing形式作宾语补足语常放在宾
   语后面,表示一个正在进行的主动性
   的动作,强调一个过程或一种状态。
   如:
       When we returned to the school, we 
   found a stranger standing at the 
   entrance. 
       当我们回到学校时, 发现一个陌生人站
   在大门口。
Complete the sentences.
We found the snake eating_____ the eggs. 
我们发现蛇正在吃鸡蛋。
I found a bag _____lying  on the ground. 
我发现地板上放着一个包。
The boss kept the workers _______working
the whole night. 
那老板让工人整夜地工作。
2) 当主句转换为被动结构时, 原来作宾语
  补足语的动词-ing形式便转换为主语
  补足语。如:
     They found the result very satisfying. 
     = The result is found very satisfying.
     这个结果令人很满意。
Complete the sentences.
They heard him singing in the next  
room. 
= He was heard ______singing in the next room. 
有人听到他在隔壁房间唱歌。
We mustn’t keep them waiting.
= They mustn’t be kept ______.waiting  
千万不能让他们等。
2. 能用-ing形式作宾语补足语的几类动词:
    1)表示感觉和心理状态的动词,常见的
   有see, hear, feel, smell, find, notice, 
   observe, look at, listen to等。如:
       We saw a light burning in the 
   window. 
       I felt somebody patting me on the 
   shoulder. 
Translation.    
你能闻到有东西烧着了吗?
Can you smell anything burning?
听,小鸟在歌唱。
Listen to the birds singing. 
我没有注意到他在等。
I didn’t notice him waiting. 
2) 表示指使意义的动词,常见的有have, 
  set, keep, get, catch, leave等。如:
    I won’t have you doing that. 
    This set me thinking.
    I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. 
    I can’t get the clock going again.
    You won’t catch me doing that again.
3. see, hear, feel, watch等动词之后用-ing
形式和动词不定式作宾语补足语的区别:
 ① 前者表示动作正在进行,而后者表示
(或强调)动作从开始到结束的全过程。如:
We passed by the classroom and saw 
the teacher making the experiment.
我们走过教室,看见老师在做实验。
(只在走过教室的刹那间,看见老师  
    正在做实验)
We sat an hour and watched the teacher 
make the experiment. 
我们坐了一个小时,看老师做实验。
(一个小时之内一直在看老师作实验)
② 如果宾语补足语是短暂性动词,动词不
定式短语表示一次动作, 而-ing形式则表
示反复动作。如:
    We heard the door slam. (一次动作)
    We heard the door slamming. (反复动作)
三、-ing形式作表语
-ing形式作表语时放在系动词之后,用
来泛指某种动作或行为,以说明主语
的身份、性质或情况。
Complete the sentences.
Her hobby is _______painting . 
她的业余爱好是画画。
My job is ___________looking after the children.
我的工作就是照顾这些孩子。
Point out the usage of the –ing form.
1. Do you find it funny to see someone 
  sliding on a banana skin, bumping into 
  someone else round a corner, or falling 
  down a hole in the road?
  Object complement 
2. He became famous for using a 
particular form of acting, including 
mime and farce. 
    using 作介词for的 _____宾语
    including作 _____状语
3. …But he was lived by all who watched 
    the films for his determination in 
    overcoming difficulties and being kind 
    even when people were unkind to him.
    overcoming作 _________介词宾语
4. That was the problem facing Charlie 
     Chaplin in one of his most famous 
     films.
    facing 作____定语
5. He loved it by using nonverbal humor. 
    using 作________介词宾语
6. Their job is “panning for gold”.
    panning 作_____表语
7. Finally he tries cutting and eating the 
    bottom of the shoe.
    cutting, eating 作_____宾语
Explain the following phrases in 
simple English.
a              a 
sleeping A bag sleeping A boy 
bag     for    boy      that is 
        sleeping        sleeping
a              a 
drinking A cup drinking A horse 
cup     for    horse   that is 
        drinking       drinking
a              a 
dancing A hall dancing  A girl 
hall    for    girl     that is 
a       dancing a       dancing
cooking        moving 
                        A story 
pot    A pot for story
       cooking          that is 
                        moving
a               A 
washing A       terrifying A sound 
machine machine sound   that is 
        for             terrifying
an      washing an 
operating A table inspiring A leader 
table   for     leader  who is 
        operating       inspiring
Complete the passage with the 
verbs below in their proper forms.
  direct,       pick out,     make, 
  interest,    join, act,    entertain

Once I was lucky enough to watch 
Charlie Chaplin _______making  one of his 
famous films. I observed him directing_______
as well as ______acting  in it. He had a particular 
method of film-making. He planned the story 
and then performed and filmed each scene 
many times. I saw him making each scene a 
little different. Then I found him picking__________ out 
the scenes he liked best and _______joining  them 
together to make the film more ___________.entertaining
It was an _________interesting experience as it 
was clear that he did not keep to a 
strict budget. 
  Please read the sentences 
carefully, trying to pick out the 
errors and then correct them.
  1. I am looking forward to visit Charlie 
      Chaplin Museum in Switzerland  
      next week.  visiting 
2. Many people still enjoy seeing 
Charlie Chaplin’s silent films.√ 
3. That cartoon picture shows Charlie 
Chaplin watch himself watching in a 
movie.  watching 
4. Charlie’s nonverbal humor often 
makes people bursting with 
laughter.   burst 
5. We are all fond of Charlie’s early 
films, which we think are more 
interested. interesting
6. I missed to see the beginning of the 
film City Lights the other day. seeing
7. I wouldn’t mind to see The Gold Rush 
again with you tonight. seeing
8. Charlie’s job was entertain people, 
wasn’t he?   entertaining
Play a game What did you see/ hear/ 
notice/ observe/ watch yesterday? One 
of you asks a question and the other 
answers it using the –ing form as the 
object complement. Continue this 
activity until you have collected six 
sentences. Then tell them to the class.
EXAMPLE:
S1: What did you see yesterday?
S2: I saw a man sliding on a banana 
skin.    
      I watched a boy picking up a bottle…
1. The next thing he saw was smoke 
  _____ from behind the house. 
    A. rose          B. rising 
    C. to rise          D. risen
2. On receiving a phone call from his 
  wife _____ she had a fall, Mr. Gordon 
  immediately rushed home from his 
  office. 
   A. says          B. said   
   C. saying            D. to say
3. Recently a survey _____ prices of the 
  same goods in two different 
  supermarkets has caused heated 
  debate among citizens.     
   A. compared    B. comparing   
   C. compares    D. being compared
Finish the exercises 3 and 4 on 
page 21.
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