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2019高考英语专题之 名词性从句课件

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名词性从句
名词性从句:     用从句充当名词 / 
           这个从句具有名词的特点
     名词性从句 = 名词
名词在句子中的作用:
名词在句子中的作用:

1. Good books are good friends.  
        主语                          表语   

7.What we need is good friends. 
  名词性从句 = 名词
     主语从句
8.Good books are what we need. 
                  名词性从句 = 名词
                    表语从句
名词在句子中的作用: 

2.  A bad workman always blames 
  his tools.  
  动词后的宾语

9. A bad workman always blames 
    what he uses.  
  名词性从句 = 名词
  动词后的宾语从句
名词在句子中的作用:
3.  A healthy diet is very important. 
             主语
  
10. How people eat vegetables is very
          名词性从句 = 名词
          主语从句
important. 
名词在句子中的作用:

4. We can’t judge a person 

by his appearance.   
   介词后的宾语

11.We can’t judge a person 

by what we see. 
    名词性从句 = 名词
    介词后的宾语从句
5. We should discuss the problem 
carefully. 
6. The problem should be discussed.
                         抽象名词
12.We should carefully discuss the 
problem what we can do with rubbish. 

13.The problem how we can deal with 
rubbish properly should be discussed. 
     名词性从句 = 名词
     抽象名词后的同位语从句
归纳:名词性从句可以充当    
 
               名词
即名词性从句 = ________         
       1. 主语从句
       2. 表语从句
       3. 宾语从句:动词后
                             介词后
       4. 同位语从句:抽象名词后
三.名词性从句的判断方式与引导词的选择:

一)用标志判断从句类型:

(1) __    主语从句            ___      +   谓语 + 其它成分

(2) 主语 + 连系V +   __   表语从句         ___   
(3) ① 主语 + 谓语(Vt.)+  __    宾语从句            ___         

    ② 主语 + 谓语 (+ … ) + 介词 +  宾语从句               

(4) ① 主语(抽象名词)+ 同位语从句                + 谓语+ 
其它成分

   ② 主语 + 谓语 + 宾语(抽象名词)+                  
                             同位语从句 

回忆:必修一P87:直接引语 → 间接引语

      陈述句陈述句
      一般疑问句一般疑问句       时态,人称,
      特殊疑问句特殊疑问句       时间,地点等
      祈使句

哪些间接引语属于宾语从句?
直接引语变成间接引语时要注意什么?
三)把下列直接引语变成间接引语:
先辨别:陈述句?一般疑问句?特殊疑问句?
14. “I don’t want to set down a series 
of facts in a diary,” said Anne. 陈述句 
  Anne said that she didn’t want to set
   down a series of facts in a diary.
还有哪一句是这种类型?
23. I think, “Women can also reach very high 
achievements in many fields of science.”
23. I think that women can also reach very 
high achievements in many fields of science.
15.The boy said, “Are you interested in 
English?”          一般疑问句 
 15.The boy asked whether I was interested 
 in English.
还有哪一句是这种类型?
 16.My mother said, “Did you finish your 
 homework last night?”
 16.My mother asked whether I had finished 
 my homework the night before. 
17.“What do you call your diary?” 
Anne’s sister asked her.  特殊疑问句 
 Anne’s sister asked her what she called 
 her diary.
18.“How did they overcome their 
weakness?” Father asked Anne. 
Father asked Anne how they had overcome
 their weakness.
         
19.“When did he win the Nobel Prize?” 
The student asked the teacher. 
 The student asked the teacher when he 
 had won the Nobel Prize.
20.“Whose novels do you like best?” 
The teacher asked the students. 
 The teacher asked the students 
 whose novels they liked best.
21.“Why did he drop out of school?” 
Everyone wants to know. 

 Everyone wants to know why he dropped
  out of school.
22.The students wondered, “Who will 
come to our school to make a 
speech?”
 The students wondered who would come 
 to their school to make a speech.
归纳:直接引语 → 间接引语 ==> 宾语从句:

       陈述句用that连接,如果不是在介词或形
容词后可以省略that

       一般疑问句用whether/ if 连接,表“是否”

       特殊疑问句用特殊疑问词连接,用特殊疑问
词的本义理解
先辨别从句类型,后根据表格填词
24.While in class, you should pay 
attention to __________ the teacher has 
said. 

25.Will you tell me ___________ I can 
keep fit and healthy?
(3) ① 主语 + 谓语(Vt.)+  __    宾语从句            ___         

    ② 主语 + 谓语 (+ … ) + 介词 +  宾语从句               

(4) ① 主语(抽象名词)+ 同位语从句                + 谓语+ 
其它成分

   ② 主语 + 谓语 + 宾语(抽象名词)+                  
                             同位语从句 

先辨别从句类型,后根据表格填词
24.While in class, you should pay 
attention to __________what  the teacher has 
said. 介词to后宾从

         动词tell后宾从
25.Will you tell me ___________how  I can 
keep fit and healthy?
26.Please tell me _________________who  won 
the Nobel Peace Prize. 

27.Please tell me ______________how  / when  he won 
the Nobel Peace Prize.
               how  / why /when /whether
28.Please tell me _____________ he could 
win the Nobel Peace Prize.  
29.Her wish is _________that  she could keep 
fit by going on a diet.  
30.The question is _____________who  can put 
forward(提出) a good way to deal with 
pollution.       

31.The question is ________________________when /whether  we 
can manage(成功) to deal with pollution 
properly with the new technology. 

32.The question is _______________________when /how /whether we 
can deal with pollution properly. 

33.The question is _____________which  company can 
deal with pollution properly.  
                              /where
34.His trouble is whether________________________/how /when  
he can find a new job. 

35.His trouble is ___________who  can offer 
him a new job.  

36.His trouble is ___________what  he can find 
here.  
37.That is ___________why  I am determined 
to learn English well. 
回忆提示:
1. Good books are good friends.
7.What we need is good friends. 
8.Good books are what we need. 

P92
38.___________What  is needed for the space 
trip is careful preparation. 

39.Careful preparation is ___________what  is 
needed for the space trip. 
       /How  /Where
P92 Whether
40.___________ wild life can be well protected 
is of great importance. 

41.___________How  wellwell  wild life can be protected 
is of great importance. 
 请认真观察40与42           Whether/How  /Where
42.It is of great importance ___________ wild 
life can be well protected. 
 为了避免主语显得过长,可以用it 作为句子
 的形式主语,把主语从句移到句子的末尾。
43.It is of great importance ___________how  well 
wild life can be protected. 
44.The energy is ___________what  makes the 
cells able to do their work.

45.Going abroad for further education 
is __________what  he hopes best.
仔细观察每一句多了或少了什么信息:
46.The question ____________who  can go for a 
picnic hasn’t been decided.       
47.The question ______________________________whether /when /where /how  
we can go for a picnic hasn’t been decided. 
48.The question _____________________________whether /when /where /how 
we can go for a picnic hasn’t been decided 
because the weather is changeable these 
days.
49.The question ______________________________whether /where /how  
we can go for a picnic on this coming 
Sunday hasn’t been decided.
50.The question ___________________whether  we can go 
for a picnic by bike to the lake on this 
coming Sunday hasn’t been decided.
P93
51.The fact __________that  women can work 
as well as men is clear. 
52.The fact is clear __________that  women 
can work as well as men. 
53.It is clear ___________that  women can 
work as well as men. 
54.It is well known __________that  
traditional Chinese diet is one of the 
healthiest. 
 为了避免主语显得过长,可以用it 作为句子
 的形式主语,把主语从句移到句子的末尾。
归纳:
确定为名词性从句后,
     缺啥补啥:先考虑必要成分主与宾
    (人用who/whom,物用what),
     后考虑次要成分时地状
     (时when地where方式how原因why);
     什么也不缺用that;
     不缺但含疑问用whether

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