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广东省廉江市实验学校人教版高一英语必修4Unit 4 Grammar

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                      动词 -ing 形式作定语和状语

一、动词-ing    形式作定语
★单个的动词-ing      形式作定语常位于被修饰名词的前面,既可以表示被修饰成分的性
质或用途,也可以表示被修饰成分的动作或状态。如:

The experiment was an amazing success.
You can find Vivien in the reading room.
There were growing doubts about the victory statement.


★动词-ing   形式作后置定语,其作用相当于一个定语从句。如:[来源:学+科+网]
A little child learning to walk (= who / that is learning to walk) often falls.
A young man writing novels (= who / that writes novels) came to speak to me yesterday.
Her sons, both working abroad (= who both work / are both working abroad), ring her every 
week.
★动词-ing   形式的被动式(being done)也可作定语,表示正在发生的被动动作。如:
The house being built is a big project.
二、动词-ing    形式作状语
★动词-ing   形式作状语可表示时间、条件、原因、结果、方式、让步或伴随情况等,
其逻辑主语通常与句子的主语一致,动词-ing                  形式所表示的动作与主语之间构成逻辑


上的主谓关系。如:[来源:学§科§网]

Hearing the news, students all jumped with joy.
Working hard, you’ll certainly make your dream come true.
Seeing nobody in the office, I decided to leave them a note.
The child fell, striking his head against the door.
Please fill in the blanks using the proper words below.
Knowing all this, they still made me pay for the damage.
She went out of the room, taking the flowers with her.
★动词-ing   形式的完成式所表示的动作发生在主句谓语动作之前。如:
Having  finished his homework, David went to bed.
Having lived there for ten years, I knew the place very well.
★动词-ing   形式的否定形式常在其前面加              not。如:
                   中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

Not seeing Susan, I asked where she was.
Not having done it right, he tried again.
★动词-ing   形式作状语,其前往往可以加              when, while, if, unless, once, though, as if 等连
词,构成“连词+动词-ing        形式”结构。如:


John hurt his leg while playing football.[来源:学科网 ZXXK]
The woman stopped for a while as if waiting for a reply.


【即学即练】 用括号内动词的正确形式完成下面短文。[来源:Zxxk.Com]
    My ideal (理想的) reading room is really fantastic. It will be near the school library. 1. 
________ (study) the whole day, the students can come here 2. ________ (read) books. Inside 
the reading room against the walls will stand two bookshelves full of 3. ________ (interest) 
books or magazines. There will be a vending machine (自动售货机) placed in the corner, 4. 
________ (serve) different kinds of drinks. 5. ________ (sit) in the comfortable chairs, we 
can enjoy the stories or news while 6. ________ (drink) some coffee or chocolate. In my 
design, an area intended for discussions will be needed. 7. ________ (make) up of sound-
proof materials, this section will cause no trouble to other students 8. ________ (concentrate) 
on reading. When 9. ________ (feel) tired from reading, students can relax in the sofa area 
equipped with two comfortable sofas and a TV with headsets (耳机).
                                                                            
答案
【即学即练】

1. Having studied         2. to read        3. interesting
4. serving                     5. Sitting          6. drinking
7. Made                       8. concentrating    


9. feeling[来源:Zxxk.Com]
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