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2019年高考英语二轮复习 夹叙夹议文(二)

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夹叙夹议文(二)

                         Passage 1
    (2018·甘肃省重点中学第一次联考)From an early age, Parker 
always said that he would be an astronaut when he grew up. But no 
matter how much he studied and took tests, he was never __1__ to 
fly in space. __2__, he grew over the maximum age for taking the 
selection tests. In other words, he would never be able to fulfill his 
__3__.
    Thinking about all the time and __4__ Parker had put into 
trying to be an astronaut, people felt __5__ for him. Despite what he 
was told about having to __6__ his ambition, Parker continued 
training and studying, __7__ he was going to have the tests the next 
month.
    He __8__ as he got older, and when he was a very old man he 
heard that they were doing some very important __9__ experiments. 
For those experiments they needed a very __10__ astronaut. Parker, 
who walked with a __11__, was the only old man in the whole 
world who was __12__ to fly in a rocket. Therefore, Parker found 
himself flying in __13__, all with the help of science. It was clear 
that the __14__ gained during those missions helped to cure one of 
the worst sicknesses for old people, and Parker was __15__ as a hero.
    Photos of the astronaut with a walking stick and no teeth 
__16__ all over the world, and became a __17__ of how you can 
never train or learn too much. It showed that __18__ effort always 
brings __19__ even though it may not be in the form we had first 
__20__.
    【解题导语】 Parker     从小立志做一名宇航员,却一直未实
现自己的梦想。但他从未放弃希望,一如既往地进行飞行训练。
终于在年老时实现了自己的愿望。
    1.A.noticed        B.selected
    C.invited  D.permitted
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“he grew over the maximum 
age for taking the  selection tests”可知,此处指他从来没有被选
(selected)去太空飞行。
    2.A.Secretly  B.Suddenly
    C.Luckily  D.Finally
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    答案与解析:D 最后,Parker         已经超过了选拔考试的最大
年龄。finally“最终,终于”。
    3.A.dream  B.task
    C.need   D.belief
    答案与解析:A 文章开头谈及            Parker 的梦想,因为他已经
超过了选拔考试的最大年龄,所以他永远也无法实现他的梦想
(dream)。
    4.A.reputation  B.power
    C.effort  D.practice
    答案与解析:C 根据第一段中的“But no matter how much 
he studied and took tests”可知,Parker 付出了很多时间和努力
(effort)。人们一想到    Parker 为成为宇航员所付出的时间和努力
就为他感到遗憾(sorry)。
    5.A.happy  B.sorry
    C.nervous  D.calm
    答案与解析:B 参见上题解析。
    6.A.ignore  B.forget
    C.develop  D.abandon
    答案与解析:D 尽管有人告诉            Parker,他不得不放弃
(abandon)他的目标,但他还是继续训练和学习,好像(as                 if)下个
月他要参加测试似的。
    7.A.so that  B.now that
    C.as if  D.even though
    答案与解析:C 参见上题解析。
    8.A.carried on  B.took on
    C.turned off  D.got off
    答案与解析:A Parker      继续(学习和训练)。carry       on“继续
做,坚持干”,符合语境。
    9.A.electrical  B.physical
    C.medical  D.political 
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“during               those  missions 
helped to cure one of the worst sicknesses for old people”可知,
Parker 得知他们在太空做医学实验。medical“医疗的”,符合
语境。electrical“用电的”;              physical“物理学的”;
political“政治的”。
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    10.A.sick  B.experienced
    C.active  D.old
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,他们需要一位年纪大的
(old)宇航员。
    11.A.map   B.stick
    C.guide  D.candle
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“Photos of the astronaut with 
a walking stick”可知,当时     Parker 走路需要拐杖。a      walking 
stick“拐杖”。
    12.A.planned  B.trained
    C.forced  D.allowed
    答案与解析:B 根据上文内容可知,Parker              参加训练就是
为了能够在太空飞行。故           B 项符合语境。
    13.A.silence  B.danger
    C.action  D.space
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,此处指                Parker 参加实验后,
发现自己在太空(space)飞行。
    14.A.knowledge  B.experience
    C.money   D.opportunity
    答案与解析:A 在那些任务中所获得的知识(knowledge)有
助于治愈老人们最严重的疾病之一。
    15.A.replaced  B.educated
    C.praised  D.affected
    答案与解析:C Parker      被人们称赞(praised)为一位英雄。
replace“代替”;educate“教育”;affect“影响”。
    16.A.moved   B.flew
    C.spread  D.took
    答案与解析:C 这位拄着拐杖且没有牙齿的宇航员的照片
在全世界传播(spread)开来。
    17.A.symbol  B.mark
    C.case  D.doubt
    答案与解析:A Parker      的照片成了一种象征(symbol)——
你再怎么多得去学习和训练都不为过。
    18.A.desperate  B.persistent
    C.cautious  D.apparent
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    答案与解析:B 这表明坚持不懈的(persistent)努力总会带
来回报(reward)。desperate“绝望的”;cautious“小心的”;
apparent“显而易见的”。
    19.A.award  B.prize
    C.result  D.reward
    答案与解析:D 参见上题解析。
    20.A.expected  B.guessed
    C.suggested  D.proved
    答案与解析:A 坚持不懈的努力总会带来回报,尽管它不
是我们最初所期待(expected)的那种形式。
                         Passage 2
    (2018·福州市质量检查)I was once in an unusual sociology (社
会学)    class  at Brandeis. Each week we studied the __1__ we 
interacted with one another,and how we __2__ to anger, envy, 
attention. We were human lab rats. More often, someone __3__ 
crying. I referred to it as the “touchy­feely” course. Mr.Brown 
said I should be more __4__.
    One day, Mr.Brown said he had an __5__ for us to try. We 
were to stand,facing away from our classmates and __6__ 
backward, relying on another student to __7__ us.Most of us were 
__8__ with this, and we couldn't let go for more than a few inches 
__9__ stopping ourselves. We laughed in __10__.
    Finally,a thin, quiet girl,whom I noticed almost always wear 
the same clothes, crossed her arms over her chest, __11__ her eyes 
and leaned back, just like one of those Lipton tea ads __12__ the 
model dived into the pool.
    For a moment, I was __13__ she was going to fall on the floor. 
At the __14__ moment,her partner held her head and __15__ and 
pulled her up.
    “Whoa!” several students yelled. Some __16__.
    Mr. Brown finally smiled.
    “You  see,”  he said to the girl, “you closed your eyes. 
That was the __17__. Sometimes you cannot believe what you see,  
you have to believe what you __18__. And if you're ever going to 
have other people __19__ you, you must feel that you can trust them, 
__20__,   even where you're in the dark, even when you're 
falling.”
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    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,讲述了                   Brown 老
师通过一堂练习课让作者及其同学体会到了信任的力量的故事。

    【核心词汇】 interact    互动;交流,交往 refer 
to...as...把……称为…… touchy­feely 过分多愁善感的 let       go 放
手,放开 lean back(使)向后仰 pull up...把……向上拉
    1.A.behaviour  B.ways
    C.courses  D.relationship
    答案与解析:B 每周我们都学习与他人互动的方式
(ways)。behaviour“行为”;     course“课程”;relationship“关
系”。
    2.A.responded  B.objected
    C.stuck  D.referred
    答案与解析:A 根据语境及上文中的“we                 interacted with 
one  another”可知,此处表示我们如何对愤怒、妒忌和关注做
出反应。respond    to“对……做出反应”;object         to“反对”;
stick to“坚持”;refer to“查阅,参考”。
    3.A.went on  B.gave up
    C.put off  D.ended up
    答案与解析:D 该句后面的句子表示我把它称作“情绪化”
的课程,该句与该句后一句构成因果关系,作者之所以称之为
情绪化课程,是因为有人在互动中对上面提到的感情的反应常
常是哭泣,故      end up“最后处于”符合文义。go           on“继续”;
give up“放弃”;put off“推迟”。
    4.A.skillful  B. honest
    C.open­minded  D.energetic
    答案与解析:C 此处是         Brown 老师给作者提的建议——作
者的思想应该更加开明(open­minded)。skillful“熟练的”;
honest“诚实的”;energetic“精力充沛的”。
    5.A.arrangement  B.order
    C.introduction  D.exercise
    答案与解析:D 根据后面的内容可知,Brown                老师要我们
练习身体往后仰这个动作。exercise“练习”符合语境。
arrangement“安排”;order“命令”;introduction“序言,导
论”。
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    6.A.jumped  B.moved
    C.fell  D.ran
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“leaned             back”和“she  was 
going to fall on the floor”可知选 C。
    7.A.catch  B.pull
    C.control  D.support
    答案与解析:A 根据下文中的“her               partner held  her 
head...up”可知选  A。catch“接住”。
    8.A.dissatisfied  B.uncomfortable
    C.pleased  D.familiar
    答案与解析:B 根据“we couldn't let go for more than a few 
inches ____ stopping ourselves”可知,此处表示我们大部分因为
这感到不舒适(uncomfortable)。dissatisfied“不满意的”;
pleased“高兴的”;familiar“熟悉的”。
    9.A.before  B.after
    C.while  D.until
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,此处指停下做向后倾的动
作之前,故选      A。
    10.A.surprise  B.excitement
    C.delight  D.embarrassment
    答案与解析:D 根据上下文可知,在做这个练习时,身体
稍稍往后倾斜,同学们就不敢做了,这时他们会感到尴尬
(embarrassment)。
    11.A.fixed  B.opened
    C.closed  D.touched
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“you              closed your eyes”可
知选  C。fix“固定”;open“打开”;touch“触摸”。
    12.A.every time  B.as though
    C.when   D.where
    答案与解析:D 分析句子结构可知,ads               后面的部分为定
语从句,修饰先行词         Lipton tea ads,ads 表示“广告”,空处在
后面的定语从句中作地点状语,故用               where。every time“每当”
;as though“似乎”;when“当……时”。
    13.A.sorry  B.shocked
    C.sure  D.puzzled
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    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“At              the ____ moment, her 
partner held her head and ____ and pulled her up”可推知,空处所
在句表示“我”肯定           (sure)她将要摔倒在地板上了。sorry“遗
憾的”;shocked“震惊的”;puzzled“感到困惑的”,都不符
合语境。
    14.A.unusual  B.crazy
    C.exciting  D.last
    答案与解析:D at       the last moment 表示“在最后一刻”,
故选  D。
    15.A.shoulders  B.attention
    C.legs  D.chance
    答案与解析:A 根据常识可知,要把即将倒地的人拉起来,
应该是抱住人的头和双肩。attention“注意”;leg“腿”;
chance“机会”,都不符合语境。
    16.A.wept  B.clapped
    C.laughed  D.sighed
    答案与解析:B “several students yelled”反映了同学们的
激动情景,因此同学们会为其鼓掌(clapped)。weep“流泪”;
laugh“笑”;sigh“叹息”。
    17.A.success  B.difference
    C.result  D.requirement
    答案与解析:B 根据上下文可知,闭着眼和睁着眼是有区
别(difference)的。
    18.A.feel  B.notice
    C.hold  D.meet
    答案与解析:A 根据上下文可知,Brown              老师之所以认为
闭着眼不一样,是因为他认为人们有时不相信他们所看到的,
但有时却不得不相信他们所感受(feel)到的。
    19.A.stand by  B.rely on
    C.believe in  D.call for
    答案与解析:C 空处照应后面的             trust,故选  C 项。stand 
by“袖手旁观”;rely on“依靠,依赖”;call for“需要,要求”
。
    20.A.however  B.too
    C.though  D.therefore
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    答案与解析:B 如果你要让别人信任你,你必须感觉你也
(too)能够信任他们。
                         Passage 3
    (2018·长春市质量监测一)When        I was just out of college, I 
managed to get my dream job as a trader in New York City on the 
floor of the American Stock (证券) Exchange.
    Though it was a proud __1__, the job was simply too 
physically __2__ — I must stand in a crowd every day, which often 
__3__ me in a mindset(思维模式)that held me back.
    Manhattan is a walking town and it's difficult to __4__ when 
you have a disability. Taxies are expensive and riding the subway 
__5__ dozens of steep steps to get below the __6__. This left me 
only one __7__ — the bus.
    One night, after the __8__ for my job, I was aching with 
self­pity __9__ it started to rain on my walk to the bus stop. I 
became more and more __10__ without an umbrella, thinking I'd 
never __11__ it in this city and telling myself, “this city is just too 
hard”  and “maybe it is just not possible for a guy like me”.
    And then, I __12__ the most beautiful, short moment. A couple 
came rolling by on roller skates, hand __13__ hand as they skated 
what seemed like the tango. They were all wet but they saw the 
__14__ as an opportunity and romance.
    I suddenly became grateful for waiting in the rain because I 
__15__ have missed this beauty __16__ if I had been in a taxi or on 
the subway. This, although __17__, was an important moment on 
my  journey to discover the __18__ of achieving health and 
happiness.When I change my mindset, __19__ for a moment, to 
what is possible and work to get rid of the self­limiting beliefs that 
__20__ my daily actions, I will be on the road to a healthier, happier 
life.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者工作很累,
回家路上遇到下雨,心情沮丧。当看到一对夫妇在雨中溜冰的
画面,作者感觉到改变自己的思维模式会使自己走上一条更健
康、更快乐的生活之路。文章告诉我们改变思维模式的重要性。

    【核心词汇】 go       up 上升 get  around 四处走动 set   off 出
发 show up 出现,到场
    1.A.adjustment  B.achievement
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    C.agreement  D.treatment
    答案与解析:B 根据第一段中的“I               managed to get my 
dream  job”可知,作者毕业后找到了自己理想的工作,这份工
作应是作者引以为傲的成就,故选              B 项,achievement 意为“成
就”。adjustment“调节”;agreement“同意,一致”;
treatment“治疗,对待”。
    2.A.tiring  B.boring
    C.relaxing  D.disappointing
    答案与解析:A 根据本句中的“I              must stand in a crowd 
every day”可推知,这份工作是劳累的,故选              A 项,tiring 意为
“累人的,令人疲倦的”。relaxing“令人放松的”;
disappointing“令人失望的”。
    3.A.reminded  B.expected
    C.took  D.left
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知“我每天都必须站在人群中,
这常常让我有想退缩的思维模式”。“leave+sb.+宾补”表示
“让某人……”,故选          D 项。remind“提醒”;expect“预期”
。
    4.A.go up  B.get around
    C.set off  D.show up 
    答案与解析:B 根据上文的“Manhattan             is  a  walking 
town”可知,曼哈顿是一个步行商业区,所以你有残疾的话是
很难四处走动(get      around)的。go  up“上升”;set    off“出发”
;show up“出现,到场”。
    5.A.requests  B.supports
    C.requires  D.surrounds 
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,出租车很贵,乘坐地铁需
要(requires)走下几十个陡峭的台阶才能到达地下。request“请
求”;support“支持”;surround“围绕”。
    6.A.ground  B.street
    C.town   D.city
    答案与解析:A 根据本句中的“the              subway”以及常识可
知,人们在地面(ground)下乘坐地铁,故选             A 项。
    7.A.change  B.chance
    C.idea  D.choice
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    答案与解析:D 句意:这让我只有一种选择——公共汽车。
根据上文提到的交通方式都不适合作者可知,此处表示作者唯
一的选择(choice)。
    8.A.struggle  B.work
    C.experience  D.influence
    答案与解析:A 句意:一天晚上,在为我的工作苦苦奋斗
后,我一直自怨自艾,当我走向公共汽车站的时候又下起了雨。
根据语境可推知,此处是指在为工作奋斗(struggle)了一天之后。
experience“经历”;influence“影响”。
    9.A.before  B.while
    C.when   D.after
    答案与解析:C 参见上题解析。when             在此处表示
“当……的时候”,符合语境。
    10.A.nervous  B.curious
    C.scared  D.upset
    答案与解析:D 根据上文的“it            started to rain”和空后的
“without an umbrella”可知,下雨了,但是作者没有带伞,所
以作者心情越来越沮丧(upset)。
    11.A.get  B.make
    C.put  D.watch
    答案与解析:B 根据上文可知,没有雨伞,作者变得越来
越沮丧,心想自己在这个城市里不会取得成功了。make                      it 是固
定短语,表示“达成目标,获得成功,做成某事”。
    12.A.recalled  B.observed
    C.witnessed  D.realized
    答案与解析:C 句意:然后,我目睹了最美丽、最短暂的
时刻。根据下文介绍的一对夫妇在雨中溜冰的画面可知,这是
作者看到的。recall“召回,            回想起”;observe“观察”;
witness“目睹”;realize“认识到”。
    13.A.on  B.by
    C.to   D.in
    答案与解析:D 句意:一对夫妇穿着溜冰鞋,手拉着手,
他们溜冰的时候像是在跳探戈舞。hand               in hand“手拉手地”,
是固定搭配,故选        D 项。
    14.A.rain  B.tree
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    C.wind   D.cloud
    答案与解析:A 根据上文的“it            started to rain”和“They 
were  all wet”可知,虽然他们身上都被淋湿了,但他们把雨
(rain)当成是一个机会和一种浪漫。
    15.A.shall  B.would
    C.need   D.must
    答案与解析:B 句意:我突然对在雨中等待感到感激,因
为如果我在出租车或地铁上,我会完全错过这美景。根据句子
结构可知,此处是由         if 引导的对过去的虚拟句,结构为“if+
主语+had+过去分词,主语+              should/would/could+have+过
去分词”,所以选        B 项。
    16.A.exactly  B.instantly
    C.entirely  D.suddenly
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,作者觉得如果乘坐其他交
通工具就会完全错过这一幕,故选              C 项。exactly“正是,恰好”
;instantly“立即,马上”;entirely“完全地”;suddenly“突
然”。
    17.A.strange  B.small
    C.normal  D.different
    答案与解析:B 虽然这是生活中的一件小事,但却是作者
在探索健康和幸福的旅途中的一个重要时刻。strange“奇怪的,
陌生的”;small“小的”;           normal“正常的”;different“不
同的”,故选      B 项。
    18.A.humor   B.honesty
    C.power   D.principle
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,作者看到的这一幕给了作
者力量。humor“幽默”;honesty“诚实,正直”;power“力
量”;principle“原则”。
    19.A.still  B.yet
    C.also  D.even
    答案与解析:D 句意:当我改变我的思维模式去做可能的
事情,并努力摆脱那些影响我日常行为的自我限制的信念时,
即使是片刻,我都将会走上一条更健康、更快乐的生活之路。
根据句意可知,此处表示“即使”。                 still“仍然”;yet“还,
然而”;also“也,而且”;even“即使”。
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    20.A.affect  B.follow
    C.forbid  D.harm
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,此处表示“影响(affect)我
日常行为的自我限制的信念”。
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