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2019 高考英语专题复习之定语从句——介词+关系代词

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定语从句—介词+关系代词
在定语从句中如何判断介词的使用


 1. 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

                                 believe in 
           in
He is the man ___ whom you can believe.  the man
2. 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配


He gave me some books _____with  which I am not very 
familiar.
         I am not familiar 
         with the books.
 3. 根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词搭配


This is our classroom, ______________in the front of  which there is

a teacher’s desk. in the front of  
               the classroom
which 与 that 的用法区别

 1.We should do all that is useful to the people .


 2.There's nothing that can be said about it .
3. Do you mean the one that was bought yesterday?


先行词为不定代词,如 all, much, something, 
everything, anything, nothing, none, the one 等,
定语从句由 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别

 1.The only thing that we could do was to wait.


 2.That's the very word that is wrongly 
 used.
3.The last place (that) we visited was the chemical 
   works.


先行词被 only, just, very, the last 等词修饰时,定
语从句由 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别

 1.When we talk about Wuxi, the first that comes 
     into mind is Tai Lake.
2.This is the third film that has been shown in our    
    school this term.


先行词是序数词时或被序数词修饰时,定语从
句由 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别


 1.This is the best that can be done now.
2.The most important thing that should be done right
    now is how to stop him from going on.


先行词是最高级或被最高级修饰时,定语从句由
 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别

 1.The writer and his novel that you have just talked 
     about is really well known.
2.The rider and his bike that had run over an old   
    woman were held up by the police.


先行词既有人又有物时,定语从句由 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别


 1. That's a good book that will help you a lot.
2. My hometown is no longer the city that it used 
    to be.


被修饰成分为表语时,或者关系代词本身是定
语从句的表语时,定语从句由 that 引导。 
which 与 that 的用法区别

 1.A zoo is a park in which many kinds of animals 
    are kept for exhibition.
2.More and more people are beginning to learn 
   English, which is becoming very popular in our 
   country. 


当关系代词的前面有介词时及在非限制性定语从
句中 ,定语从句由 which 引导。 
I refuse to accept the blame for something  _____ was 

someone else’s fault.

 A. who                             B. that        
                   √
 C. as                                 D. what
                               feel proud of
The two things __________ they felt very proud are 

Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair.

A.  about which                   B. of which          
                    √
C. in which                          D. for which
Have you asked him the reason _____ may explain
his success? 

A. why      B. for which         C. that        D. /
定语从句中介词的确定:先把先行词放到从句中,
然后再:

    1. 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

    2. 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配

    3. 根据先行词判断所用的介词与先行词搭配
Have a nice day!
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