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外研版 必修二 module2 不定式作状语

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外研版高中1年级
   (第2 册)
  Module 2
  Grammar 
           
不定式作状语 
1)不定式作目的状语:
  
 He broke into the house to steal 
 Something. 
 Many drug addicts are now in 
 treatment centers to stop taking 
 drugs. 
 He’s saving up to buy a new car. 
 He uses a computer to send emails. 
2) 有时候在不定式前面加上in order to
    或 so as to, 否定式为 in order not 
    to 和so as not to:  
  Let’s hurry so as to go to school 
  in time. 
  Let’s hurry so as not to be late for
   school. 
 She studied very hard in order to catch 
 up with others.  
  She studied very hard in order not to 
  lag behind. 
3) 不定式表示目的时,通常它的逻辑主
 语就是句子的主语, 但如果不是的话,
 就要用for… 结构表示逻辑主语, 如: 
Mom opened the door for Jane and Betty
to come in. 
 We are now using the series “ New 
 Standard English” for students to make 
 great progress.
 请注意以下结构:
 It is so kind of you to come and helps us. 
(这时, you 既是to come and help us 又是
kind的逻辑主语) 
 e.g. It’s rude of him to say so. 
不定式还可以作结果或原因状语:
表结果:

 What have I done to get all this?
 She went abroad never to return. 
 He was so late ad to miss half of the 
 lecture. 
 She is such a good student as to be 
 respected by all her classmates. 
The house is large enough to hold two 
hundred by all her classmates. 
The house is large enough to hold two
 hundred people. 
 He is too young to do the job.  
表原因: 
She was surprised to see us in the street. 
He laughed to hear the news. 
The old lady rejoiced to learn that her 
son was the champion of the match. 

  2. so… that… 和such (a, an) … that …
   引导的结果状语从句
  1)so…that… 和such (a, an)…that…都
  引导结果状语从句,例如
   Some of them behave so badly that
   people call the police.
It was such a dangerous drug that he 
nearly died. 
 It was such loud music that we 
 couldn't hear ourselves speak. 
2) so 的后面跟形容词或副词: 
The night scene of the night was so 
beautiful that we didn’t want to come
back at all.  
 They played so happy that they forgot 
 the time. 
 3) such (a,an) 后面跟名词 
They were such dangerous drug dealers
that people had to ask the police for 
help. 
It is such an interesting story that all of 
them like it. 
Summary:  
 such+a+adj.+n.(可数)+that 从句
 such+adj.+n.(不可数)+that从句
 so+adj+a+n.(可数)+that从句
 so+many/few+n. (可数) +that从句
 so+much/little+ n.(不可数) +that从句
 4) 不定式做状语和结果状语的转换
He was so late as to miss half of the 
lecture. 
   He was so late that  he missed 
   half of the lecture. 
 She is such a good student as to be
 respected by all her classmate. 
      She is such a good student that she 
  is respected by all her classmate. 
The house is large enough to hold two 
hundred people. 

 The house is so large that it can hold 
 two hundred people. 
 He  is too young to do the job. 

 He is so young that he can’t do the job. 
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