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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修5 3 Unit3

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    (2018·宁波高三调研)For the growing number of Chinese heading west to work and study, 
there’s plenty they find surprising. Upon arrival in the West, many Chinese find they have to 
firstly put on the brakes. Li Feng, raised in northern China and now based in England, 
agrees.“The only thing Chinese people would be shocked by in Britain is how long it takes to do 
things,”he says.“For instance, in China if you want to open a bank account, you don’t wait 
and you just do it at the counter.” Out­of­hours and weekend work is standard in China, but in 
Britain, the weekend is for family and friends.
    Chen Lei, who left his homeland 12 years ago and is now a lawyer in Belgium says office 
politics are simpler in Europe, partly because the hierarchy(等级制度) is less rigid than in China, 
where the boss really is the boss and social class in the office is very obvious and important.As a 
result, staff in a Chinese company think very carefully about how to present their views and ideas. 
Employees in the West can share their opinions more freely. In China you should have the 
wisdom to say something in an appropriate way. But in Europe you can just say what you want.
    The newest Chinese arrivals have a very different view to previous generations, according to 
Sharon Jin, who moved to the U.S. 20 years ago and is now an American citizen. “Almost 100% 
of people of my generation who came to the States want to get a green card,” she says. “But 
today younger Chinese plan to work for 10 years here and then return to China to buy a house or 
look after their parents.” While a record number of 523,700 students left China to study 
elsewhere in 2015, roughly 70%-80% of students abroad have been returning in recent years 
because of the attractive job market at home, according to the Chinese Ministry of Education 
(CME).

    【解题导语】 以前,中国人去国外都想获得绿卡,而现在他们计划在国外工作十年

以后,再回来买房或照顾父母。

    1.What do many Chinese find surprising while in Britain?
    A.That they drive faster than the drivers in Britain.
    B.That they can open a bank account at any time.
    C.That working extra hours in Britain is very common.
    D.That working pace in Britain is less fast than at home.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第一段中的“Upon                  arrival in the West, many Chinese find 
they have to firstly put on the brakes.”以及下面的例子可知,put on the brakes 本意为“刹车”
,用在这里表示“放慢速度”,故选                D。
    2.It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that ________.
    A.Chen Lei has been a lawyer in Belgium for 12 years
    B.employees in the West show less respect for their boss
    C.Chinese employees are cautious when presenting ideas
    D.people in Europe express themselves in a modest way
    C 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中的“In                 China you should have the wisdom to say 
something in an appropriate way.”可知,在中国员工发表意见时要谨慎。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    3.How does the writer organize the text?
    A.By interviewing students abroad.
    B.By comparing the differences.
    C.By discussing some facts.
    D.By listing some figures.
    B 解析:推理判断题。根据每个段落对比的一些差异可知,应选                           B。
                                        B
    (2018·杭州一中模拟)“Stop all the rushing and screaming: too much 
excitement is bad for families. Kids are missing out on an essential life—
relaxed down time,” says Dr. Charlotte Reznick.
    “Parents work, and kids do scheduled activities—there’s little 
family time without pressure,” says Reznick. “One parent is taking the 
son to a soccer game, and the other parent is taking the daughter to her 
swim meet. Then there’s the art class, baseball practice, extra tutoring, and more! By the time 
the family meet up for dinner, everyone is exhausted.”
    All the rushing makes for a short temper. “When parents are reduced to shouting at their 
children to get them to listen, they lower their own self­esteem as well as losing the respect of 
their children,” says Dr. Carl Pickhardt. “While parents think it shows they’re serious about 
what they’re saying, they are really just showing helpless desperation at not getting their way.”
    These days what kids are learning at school and from the outside is a lot greater than it used 
to be even just a generation ago.
    “The  problem is that stress relieving activities—reading, taking walks or hot baths,  
watching the sunset and other activities are not even part of most kids’ experience any more,” 
says Reznick.
    “There are so many more social interaction opportunities in our computer age, but not all of 
them promote meaningful connections, which is another potential outlet for stress,” she says.
    One way to relieve stress is a simple technique called “the balloon breath”. It’s a great 
way for everyone to become calm so that they can respond thoughtfully rather than just react.
    Here’s how to do it. Imagine a deflated(未充气的) balloon in your stomach—about two to 
three inches below your  navel(肚脐). Slowly breathe in to a count of 1...2...3... and feel the 
lower belly expand, and flatten as you slowly breathe out to a count of 1...2...3...

    【解题导语】 本文主要讲述了如何缓解孩子们的压力。

    4.What can we infer from the second paragraph?
    A.Kids can hardly enjoy family time due to heavy burdens.
    B.Saturday is the only leisurely day of the week for kids.
    C.The life of kids is becoming rich due to extra classes.
    D.Parents have no time on weekends to care for their kids.
    A 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中的“By                  the time the family meet up for dinner, 
everyone is exhausted.”和本段的整体内容可推知,如今孩子们的负担沉重,几乎无法享受
家庭时间,故选       A。
    5.What does Dr. Carl Pickhardt think of parents when they yell?
    A.They have no self­confidence.
    B.They take what they say seriously.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    C.They are always behaving like children.
    D.They are less respected and seem desperate.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段中的“losing the respect of their children”和最后一句
可知,Dr.Carl   Pickhardt 认为,父母在大吼大叫时,孩子们对他们的尊重会减少,也显示出
父母无助的绝望,故选          D。
    6.What is the function of “the balloon breath” according to the seventh paragraph?
    A.To make one cool down.
    B.To test one’s patience.
    C.To raise one’s awareness.
    D.To fill a balloon with air.
    A 解析:细节理解题。根据第七段中的第二句“It’s                      a great way for everyone to 
become calm so that they can respond thoughtfully rather than just react.”可知,这种方法的作
用是使人们冷静下来,故选            A。
    7.What is the purpose of the author writing this passage?
    A.To tell educators to be patient.
    B.To advise parents not to make life too stressful for kids.
    C.To encourage kids to pursue creativity.
    D.To show that kids need patience and love from their parents.
    B 解析:写作意图题。通读全文可知,本文主要讲的是如何缓解孩子们的重压,这
是给父母提出的建议,故选            B。
    Ⅱ 完形填空
    I spent last summer volunteering at a hospital. It was a gift to __1__ so many amazing people 
and I’d like to share one of these moments. One day, I was called to a room where a(n) __2__ 
woman was staying. Usually I helped with __3__ who were ready to leave. Instead, she __4__ to 
go to the gift shop. I got a __5__, helped her into it, and headed down to the entrance.
    When we got there, it wasn’t open yet. After a 30­minute __6__, we entered the gift 
shop. As I pushed her around, I could see the __7__ in her face as she looked at everything, happy 
to  be out of her room. She __8__ some window decorations, and then saw chocolates. She asked 
me  to push her in that __9__, and then I helped her __10__ all the different chocolate 
arrangements.__11__she decided on three different boxes.
    She told me to write the numbers 1,2 and 3 on the boxes. She __12__ that the nurses were 
taking such good care of her, so she __13__ chocolates for each of the three shifts of nurses. As 
we gave the current shift of nurses their box of chocolates, they __14__ offered some to me before 
taking some themselves.
    There were __15__ all around. Witnessing the old lady’s __16____ and getting the 
opportunity to spend time with someone who got so much joy from life were a __17__ in itself. I 
have so many more stories, and each person made an impact on my life. I’ve __18__ that health 
has a way of bringing people together. __19__ is  a blessing, and being in a place where health is 
so __20__ and appreciated is unlike anything else.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了作者在医院做义工的经历,老人的善

良和快乐让作者领悟到健康是福的道理。

    1.A.introduce                          B.meet
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    C.attract                              D.describe
    B 解析:上文提到作者在医院做义工,下文提到分享故事,由此可知,此处指“见
到”许多了不起的人。故选            B 项。
    2.A.elderly                            B.strange
    C.important                            D.famous
    A 解析:从下文的“old lady’s”可知,此处指“上了年纪的”。故选                       A 项。
    3.A.nurses                             B.kids
    C.patients                             D.parents
    C 解析:从语境可知,此处指作者作为医院的义工,通常帮助那些准备离开的“病
人”。故选     C 项。
    4.A.pretended                          B.wanted
    C.failed                               D.promised
    B 解析:上文提到作者通常帮助那些准备离开的病人。结合                         Instead “反而”可知,
此处老人并不是准备离开,而是想去礼品店。故选                     B 项。
    5.A.car                                B.shopping cart
    C.wheelchair                           D.bike
    C 解析:从下文的“As I pushed her around”可知,此处指“轮椅”。故选                 C 项。
    6.A.ride                               B.walk
    C.drive                                D.wait
    D 解析:前一句提到“当我们到达礼品店时,商店还没有开门”,可以推断此处指
30 分钟的“等待”。故选          D 项。
    7.A.relief                             B.anxiety
    C.joy                                  D.puzzle
    C 解析:从空后的“happy to be out of her room”可知,此处指“高兴”。故选               C 项。
    8.A.chose                              B.made
    C.used                                 D.received
    A 解析:上文提到“she looked at everything”,接下来应是“选择”。故选                 A 项。
    9.A.manner                             B.case
    C.direction                            D.point
    C 解析:结合语境可知,此处指老人要求作者推着她朝巧克力的方向走去。故选
C 项。
    10.A.prepare for                       B.make up
    C.figure out                           D.look through
    D 解析:根据空后的“all the different chocolate arrangements”可以推出,此处指作者帮
老人“浏览”了所有不同的巧克力的布置。故选                    D 项。
    11.A.Suddenly                          B.Eventually
    C.Fortunately                          D.Actually
    B 解析:在作者帮老人浏览完后,“最终”老人做出了决定。故选                            B 项。
    12.A.explained                         B.declared
    C.expected                             D.imagined
    A 解析:上文提到老人购买了三种不同盒子的巧克力并让作者在上面写上数字。接
下来是老人向作者解释为何这样做。故选                  A 项。
    13.A.exchanged                         B.designed
    C.tasted                               D.bought
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    D 解析:老人解释说护士们如此精心地照顾她,所以她为轮班的护士“买”了巧克
力。故选    D 项。
    14.A.in fact                           B.at a loss
    C.in turn                              D.at ease
    C 解析:当作者他们给当前值班护士巧克力时,值班护士转而给了作者一些。故选
C 项。
    15.A.whispers                          B.smiles
    C.shouts                               D.cheers
    B 解析:从下文的“who got so much joy from life”可知,此处指“微笑”。故选               B 项。

    16.A.kindness                          B.choice
    C.decision                             D.loneliness
    A 解析:结合上文老人的行为不难看出,老人是一个善良的人。故选                             A 项。
    17.A.lesson                            B.chance
    C.gift                                 D.fact
    C 解析:此处指作者的感慨:能和从生活中得到如此多快乐的人在一起本身就是一
个“礼物”,和上文第一段中的“It was a gift to...people”相呼应。故选             C 项。
    18.A.concluded                         B.imagined
    C.predicted                            D.learned
    D 解析:此处指作者从做义工的经历中“学习”到,健康常常把人们聚集在一起。
故选   D 项。
    19.A.Health                            B.Luck
    C.Virtue                               D.Praise
    A 解析:上文中作者提到健康,接下来说,“健康”是福,符合语境。故选                                A 项。
    20.A.tested                            B.valued
    C.maintained                           D.promoted
    B 解析:此处指待在健康被如此“重视”的地方和其他事情不同,空处与空后的
“appreciated”并列。故选   B 项。
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