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高考英语专题之直接引语变间接引语同步练习

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         高考英语专题之直接引语变间接引语同步练习

I. 填空:(每题     2 分,共   10 分)

  1. He said, “My sister was here for three days.”

    He said that________ sister ______ _______ _______ ________ three days.

  2. She said, “I’ll go there tomorrow.”

    She said that ______ __________ go there __________ _________ __________.

  3. She said, “Did you see him last night?”

    She ________ me __________ _____ ______ _______him ______ _________ _________.

  4. “When did you go to bed last night?” Father said to Peter.

    Father _____ Peter ________ ______ _______ _______ ______ the night ______.

  5. “Have you seen our plane yourself?” he asked the boy.

    He asked the boy ______ _________ __________ ________ ________ plane __________. 


II. 将下列直接引语变为间接引语。(每题               2 分,共   10 分)

  1. Mr. Stone said, “May I have a cup of tea?”

    Mr. Stone ______________________.

  2. The nurse said, “Let the children wash their hands themselves.”

    The nurse ______________________.

  3. My uncle said, “Do not open the window.”

    My uncle _______________________.

  4. John asked Mary, “ What do you know about the sea?”

    John asked Mary ________________.

  5. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.”

    The teacher said that _____________.


III. 改错:(每题    2 分,共   10 分)
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  1. He asked me why he has not received the letter.

  2. Peter asked his mother where she was going next day.

  3. She told me that she had sent an e-mail about ten minutes ago.

  4. He asked how did you went there the day before yesterday.

  5. Mr. Liu told us don’t be late again.


IV. 从 A、B、C、D   四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(每题                        2 分,共  40 分)


  1. He asked me ________ I would go to Beijing by air the next day.

    A. that if          B. if           C. that whether        D. how

  2. —Joyce, please don’t open the window.

    —Pardon?

    —I ______ open the window.

    A. tell you don’t    B. tell you not to    C. told you didn’t    D. told you not to

  *3. He _____ they didn’t start ea rly they wouldn’t catch the first bus.

    A. said that if    B. asked if    C. asked whether   D. said that whether

  4. He asked _______ for the violin.       

    A. did I pay how much         B. paid how much

    C. how much I paid           D. how much did I pay

  5. He asked the boy where _______. 

    A. his mother was                 B. was his mother

    C. his mother is                   D. is his mother

  6. They said at last that they _______ better start out at once.

    A. had had         B. had        C. had been        D. was 

  *7. The actor said he _______ born in 1984. 

    A. was         B. is         C. be           D. had been

  8. He asked me ______________.
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  A. how am I getting along          B. how are you getting along

  C. how I was getting along         D. how was I getting along

**9.  He asked me ________ with me.

  A. what the matter is       B. what the mater was

  C. what’s the matter        D. what was the matter

10. He _____ me _______ that again.

  A. said to; not to do         B. said to; don’t do

  C. told; don’t do            D. told; not to do

11. Can you make sure ___________?

  A. that he will come here today             B. when he will come here today

  C. will he come here today                 D. whether will he come here today

12. He asked me ______________.

  A. am I in Class One or in Class Three

  B. was I in Class One or in Class Three

  C. if I was in Class One or in Class Three

  D. whether was I in Class One or in Class Three

13. Excuse me, but can you tell me ___________?

  A. where can I get to the library             B. where I can get to the library

  C. how can I get to the library               D. how I can get to the library

14. John asked me _______ to visit his uncle’s farm with him.

  A. how would I like                      B. if or not would I like

  C. whether I would like                   D. whi ch I would like

15. I’d like to know ________ Chinese.

  A. when he began to learn                 B. when did he begin to learn

  C. when did he begin learning              D. for how long he began to learn 

16. The workers asked ________ going to be held. 

  A. when is the meeting            B. when the meeting is
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    C. if was the meeting              D. if the meeting was

  17. Jack asked her where ________________ holidays.      

    A. she spent her      B. did she spend      C. she spends her      D. does she spend

  18. Black asked me why _______________ yet. 

    A. I hadn’t left there              B. I haven’t left there 

    C. hadn’t I left there              D. haven’t I left there  

  *19. The teacher asked her _________ the sun _________ in the east. 

    A. if does…rise       B. if…rises     C. whether…rose    D. whether did …rise

  **20. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ___________.

    A. not to      B. not to do     C. not do it     D. do not to


**V. 翻译下列句子:(每题        3 分,共   15 分)

  1. 他建议我带上雨伞。

  2. 老师告诉我们上课时不要吃东西。

  3. 她妈妈说下周六要带她去博物馆。

  4. 他问我什么时候能完成工作。

  5. 医生对我说如果我能听从他的建议,我就能很快恢复健康。


**VI. 根据下列图画用直接引语完成英语短文。(每空                   3 分,共   15 分)


                                         
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Mr. Li is a football fan.

    One day, his wife wanted to go shopping and asked _______________1_________________. 
Mr. Li said __________2_____________. After his wife left, he began to watch TV, a football 
match. It was so exciting that Mr. Li lost himself in the match at once, forgetting the meal 
completely. An hour later, when his wife came home, she felt something smelling terrible. She 
rushed into the kitchen and found ___________3__________. She was very angry, and asked Mr. 
Li _____________4_______________. Only at that moment did Mr. Li realize his task. Hurriedly 
he said ____________________5_________________.


I. 

  1. his; had been there for

  2. she would; the next day 

  3. asked; if/ whether I had seen ; the night before  

  4. asked; when he went to bed; before

  5. if/ whether he had seen their; himself


II. 

  1. Mr. Stone asked if / whether he might have a cup of tea.

  2. The nurse suggested (that) the children (should) wash their hands themselves.

  3. My uncle told us not to open the window.
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  4. John asked Mary what she knew about the sea.

  5. The teacher said that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.


III. 

  1. has → had 

  2. 在 next 前加 the

  3. ago → before 

  4. 去掉  did 

  5. don’t → not to


IV. 

  1—5 BDACA           6—10 BA C D D

  11—15 A C D C A      16—20 DA A B A

解析:

  3. 根据句意:他说如果他们不早出发就不能赶上早班车。在                        said 后的宾语从句中还有一
个条件状语从句,所以要用            that if. 故选 A。

  7. 本题中虽然主句的时态是过去时,但间接引语中有明确的表过去的时间,是过去的一
个事实,所以动词时态不用变为过去完成时,仍用过去时,故选                           A。

  9. 本句考查的是在       What’s the matter with you? 这个句子中,主语是     what,故在变为间
接引语时不用改变句式,只把时态变为过去时即可。

  19.  根据句意:老师问她太阳是否从东方升起,这是一个客观事实,不管主句时态是什
么,从句时态都要用一般现在时,故选                 B。

  20. 根据句意“妈妈不让他在街上骑车”,应是                  tell sb. not to do sth.,不定式的省略到
to 为止,故选     A。如果选    B,应为   not to do it.


V. 

  1. He advised me to take an umbrella with me. 

  2. The teacher told us not to eat in class.

  3. Her mother said that she would take her to the museum the next Saturday.
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  4. He asked me when I could finish the job.

  5. The doctor told me that if I followed his advice, I would recover very soon.


VI. 

  1. his husband to keep an eye on the meal being cooked in the kitchen

  2. there was no problem and he would do it

  3. the dish had been burnt black

  4. what was the matter

  5. he was terribly sorry and it was his fault.
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