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人教版高中英语必修4 Book4 Unit 2 Working the land GrammarThe Gerund used as subject

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中国现代教育网
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                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

               Book4       Unit 2      Working the land
                 Grammar:The Gerund used as subject 
Step1. Lead-in : Listen and complete the song.                                                                                                                                                    

                        Love                      By John Lennon

 Love is real, real is love.  Love is               ,               love

Love is              to be loved

Love is touch, touch is love.  Love is             ,                love

Love is               to be loved

Love is you,  You and me

Love is               We can be

Love is free, free is love

Love is            ,               love

Love is               to be loved
Step2.Presentation.

1. 动名词直接位于句首。单个动名词做主语时, 

谓语动词通常用单数。如: 

Eg:a.Walking is a good form of exercise for both young and old.   

b.Watching news on TV has become a routine for me. 

2. 用形式主语      it,把真正的主语       ing 形式移置句尾。但这种句子形式有一定的限制,

作表语的只能是某些形容词或少数名词。

Eg: a.It is useless arguing with Shylock.

    b.It’s worth making the effort.

    c.It is no pleasure working with him.

Some useful patterns:

It +be +a waste of time doing 做……是浪费时间的

It is/was no good/use/fun doing   做……是没用的

It is/was useless/useful doing 做……是无用的、有用的

It is/was worth/worthwhile doing  做……是值得的

Task: Can you make your own sentences?
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    1)                                                                                                                                                   

    2)                                                                                                                                                                                                         

3.There be 结构中作主语: 

A. There is +no doing

Eg:There is no knowing the future ==we can’t know the future.

 B.There is no point/sense (in) doing

 Eg:There is no point arguing with such a person. 

4.用于某些禁令中。

Eg:                                                                                                                                       

5. V-ing /to do 做主语的区别

动名词表示的动作通常是一个泛指的动作,                   不定式则通常表示具体的动作。

_____________   (swim)is good for our health.

______________  (swim)in  this river is not allowed.
Step3.Consolidation.
Task1. Complete the sentences.

1). 玩火危险。
_______________ is dangerous. 

2). 和他不能开玩笑。
There is ___________ with him. (There is +no doing)

3). 这份工作值得一做。
The job ___________________ .(be worth doing)

4). 见到你是一件非常高兴的事。
__________ has been a great pleasure.
Task2. Translation
1).出国旅行是很激动人心的。
                           
2). 在这儿等是没用的,              我们走吧。
                                
3).帮助别人就是帮助你自己
             中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                
Task3.Complete     the   short   passage.
        Since Tom went to high school, _______(watch) TV has 
     become a routine for him. His mother always said “it’s waste of 
     time_________(spend) time in front of TV.” However, Tom always 
     answers “I can keep a balance between studying and watching 
     TV.” As you know, talking ________(be) easier than doing. Later, 
     Tom doesn’t do well in the final exam and he is so sad. Tom’s  
     mother knows that there is no point_________(scold) him now. so 
     she comforts him and said “  it is no use _________(cry) over 
     spilt milk. There is no _________(tell) what you can do, just try 
     your best. 
Homework: Please write sth about our friends!

Remember to use Verb-ing as much as possible.

……is his/her job every day. 

He/She enjoys … 

He/She is interested in … 

He/She dreams of … 

He/She hates … 

…makes him/her happy/sad.

He/She cares about … 
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