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高考英语专题之定语从句学案

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                                                                                                                                                       在
课题                            定语从句                                                                               Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am that
                                                                                             who                 working                            从句中
                                                                                        词          人     宾语
                                                                                             m                   The boy (whom) she loved died in the 做宾语
        班级:                   姓名:               小组:             
                                                                                                                 war..                              时,常
        1.Knowledge aim: Students can master the grammar of the attributive clause.                              I like those books whose topics are about 可以省
        2.Ability aim: Students can learn usage of noun correctly and properly.              whos  人,            history.                           略,但
 学习                                                                                                      定语
        3.Moral aims: Students will become interested in grammar learning.                   e     物             The boy whose father works abroad is 介词提
 目标
                    The students’ team spirit will be improved.                                                  my deskmate.                       前时后
                    The students’ awareness of using English in their daily life will be raised                  A plane is a machine that can fly. 面关系
                                                                                                   人,    主语,
 学习                                                                                          that                She is the pop star (that) I want to see 代词不
          The understanding of the grammar of the attributive clause.                              物     宾语
 重点                                                                                                              very much.                         能省略,
 学习                                                                                                              The book (which) I gave you was worth 也不可
          Students can use the attributive clause correctly and properly.
 难点                                                                                          whic        主语,     $10.                               以用
                                                                                                   物
                                 导学流程                                                        h           宾语      The picture which was about the accident that
复习      Task 1  Revision 3mins (PPT)                                                                             was terrible.
导 入                                                                                                              He is such a person as is respected by all as 做宾
                                                                                                   人,    主语,
        Task2 Self-learning 定向导学,静心自学(疑点难点用红笔勾出)                                             as                  of us.                             语一般
                                                                                                   物     宾语
        一. 定语从句的基本概念                                                                                             This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. 不省略
  定         定语从句起了形容词的作用,在句中修饰一个名词或代词。被修饰的词                                                              时间      I will never forget the day when we met 可用 on 
                                                                                             when  时间
        叫做先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词,他的作用一是放在先行词与定语                                                                状语      there.                             which
                                                                                        关
  向     从句中间起了连接作用,二是在从句中担当一个成分,并与先行词保持数的                                                    wher        地点                                         可用  in 
                                                                                        系          地点            This is the house where I was born.
        一致。                                                                                  e           状语                                         which
                                                                                        副
  导      1)Do you know the boy in the corner.?                                                                                                      可用
                                                                                        词                原因      I can’t imagine the reason why he turned 
           Do you know the boy who is sitting in the corner.?                                why   原因                                               for 
                                                                                                         状语      down my offer.
  学      2)Things lost never come again.                                                                                                            which
           Things that are lost never come again.
  静     二. 定语从句类型                                                                     四  解题思路:
        1. This is the man who gave me this book.                                      1. 通读全句。首先判断是什么句型。
  心     2. I was the only person in my office who was invited.                         2. 题干句如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈述句式。
        3 .She was a good mother, who loved her children very much.
                                                                                       3. 分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句中,缺什么,就补什么:缺主或宾语,
        4. Lu Xun, whose real name was Zhou Shuren, was a great writer.
  自                                                                                       用关系代词;缺状语,用关系副词
        三  定语从句的关系词
                                                                                        4. 注意标点符号和题干中是否存在并列连词                  and, but 等。
  学                 先行     从句
         关系词                      例句                                  备注
                    词      成分
                                                                      whom,     疑     1. The words I don’t  know:_____________________________________________
              who   人      主语
                                                                      which     问     2. The phrases and sentences I haven’t remembered:______________________________
                                                                      和         记     3. The key points I can’t understand:_______________________________________
                                                                                录


         关
         系                        Do  you know the man who  is talking 
         代                        with your mother?
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                                                                                    4 -- Do you have anything to say for yourselves?-- Yes, there is one point__ we 
      Task3 Group Work  激情互学      精讲助学                                              must insist on.  A. Why B. where      C. how        D. /
激     探究一:关系代词引导的定语从句                                                               5 Can you think of some cases _____ drivers obviously knew the traffic rules but 
       一.定语从句关系词的基本选用               ( who/that/which/whom/x)                        didn’t obey them.A. why B. where      C. as         D. which
          1.The man _____ came to our school is Mr. Wang.                                                                    6    I   can   think of many cases ____ students obviously knew a lot of English words 
情         2.The girl ______ I met is Lucy.                                          and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. Why B. Which C. As D. where
          3. I like the book _____ you bought yesterday.                            小结:表示时间,地点或原因的名次作先行词时,引导词的选择要看它在从句中充当的
          4. We shall never forget the days ______ we spent together.               成分。如果做主语宾语表语,选择________,如果做状语,则用关系副词,时间 
互         5.The boy_________________ the nurse is looking after is my friend.       ______地点______原因__________
          6.The car________________ is red was damaged yesterday.                   探究三  介词+关系代词
          限定性定语从句/非限定性定语从句                                                          1.The thing _____________ Emma feels proud is that she has many good students.
学         1). I have lost the pen ____I like very much.                             2.You’re the very person ________________________    (我正在找的)
            I have lost the pen, ____I like very much.                              3.We have two English teachers, Christain and Emma, _____________we believe.
         2) I have two sisters ____are both teachers.                               Correction:
           I have two sisters , ____ are both teachers.                             4. China has hundreds of islands, the largest of that is Taiwan. 
       二.Whose   的使用                                                                5.There 54 students in our class, most of them are boys.
精        1. This is the house ________ window broke last night.                     小结:介词的选择需要注意:1             与从句动词的搭配         2 与先行词的搭配
         2.This is the house, the window________ broke last night.                       3.介词后的关系词指人必须用_______指物必须用___________
         3.This is the house,____________broke last night.                          探究四 用   that 不用 which 的情况
讲     小结:1.在限制性定语从句中,引导词作宾语可以_________                                                  1). All ____we have to do is to practice English everyday.
         2.在非限制性定语从句中,不能出现引导词            _________                                      2). There is nothing ____can prevent me from learning English well.
         3. Whose+名词 = the 名词 of which/whom = of which/whom the 名词                      3). He is the only person ____I want to talk to.
助     探究二 关系副词引导定语从句                                                                    4). I found the boy and his dog ____were coming toward me.
          一  与关系代词的区别                                                                   5) Which is the clock ____tells the time right?
          1.I’ll never forget the days________________ we worked together.              6). Who is the man ____is talking to John
学         2.I’ll never forget the days ___________ we spent together.                        7). This is the first place ____they visited in China.
          3.I went to the place  ___________ I worked ten years ago.                    8). It is the best film ____I’ve ever seen.
          4.I went to the place _____________ I visited ten years ago.                  小结:1___________________________2__________________________
          5.This is the reason _____________________ he was late.                         3___________________________4__________________________
          6.This is the reason _____________________ he gave.                             5___________________________
         二 抽象地点名词                                                                   探究五 way 和   time 后接定语从句的情况
       工作     职业     活动    比赛竞赛         赛跑      点,地步       场面场景                      1 The way _______ he explained to us was quite simple.
       形势情况处境        职位位置          情况        场合机会                                     The way _____ he explained the sentences to us was not difficult to understand.
      1 Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ________ sight 2 It’s high/ about time that __________________________(我们学好英语)
      matters more than hearing. A. when    B. whose   C. which   D. where             It’s the first time that ______________________(他们来到中国) 
      2 The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ___ he can walk 小结: 记住固定句型 _________________________________________________
      correctly and safely.     A. when B. where C. which D. whose                  探究六    as 与 which
      3 We’re just trying to reach a point ___ both sides will sit down together and talk. 常见搭配一  as is well known    as anybody can see    as we had expected
                 A. where  B. that       C. when       D. which
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as often happens     as has been said before    as is mentioned above         2. The wrong you’ve done him is terrible, for ___ I think you should make an 
as is reported(announced)      as it is        as is often the case           apology to him.  A. this B. which  C. what   D. that
常见搭配     二    the same ...as     such...as     as...as                        3. A fast food restaurant is the place _____, just as the name suggests, eating is  
1 This is the same book  _____ I lost.这就是我丢的书。                                performed quickly.   A. which    B. where   C. there D. what
2 This is the same book  _____ I lost.这本书和我丢的那本书一样。                           4. --- Is that the small town you often refer to?
3 He is not the same man ____ he used to be.                                    ---Right, just the one ____ you know I used to work for years.
4 Tom has made rapid progress, ____ makes me very happy.                      A. that   B. which   C. where  D. what
5 Jack has won the first prize, ______  often happens.                         小结:在理解句意的基础上,化繁为简,找好先行词,确定关系词。
6 She has been absent again, ____ is expected.                                Task4 Consolidation: 检测评学   (10mins)链接高考
7 He came here very late, ____ was unexpected.                                填空
8 _____ was usual at the weekend, the club was almost empty.                  1. Many countries are now setting up national parks       animals and plants can 
9. 众所周知,我们应该尽力保护环境。_________________________                                  be protected.
10.                           正如上面提到的,我希望你能到中国来。                         检    2..The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those ____ lives 
___________________________                                                   were affected.
小结  which/as 1.位置_________________________2.含义_________________________ 测     3.. Mo  Yan   was  awarded the  Nobel  Prize for Literature in 2012,           
探究七(补充)                                                                       _____made one of the Chinese people’s long-held dreams come true.
一  分隔式定语从句                                                              评     4. Happiness and success often come to those ________ are good at recognizing 
1.The film brought the hours back to me when I was taken good care of in that their own strengths.
faraway village.                                                        学     5. The president of the World Bank says he  has a passion for China,           
2.---- What does the notice say?                                              _____he remembers starting as early as his childhood.
---- All the storytellers should meet at the same hall who won the first 3 prizes. 改错
3.She always keeps the journey in her mind, where she met him for the first time. 6.He wrote a letter in that he explains what had happened in the accident.
4.There comes a time in every boy’s life when he must take on responsibilities. 7 . John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of who are family members
5.People who seldom do sports or whose diet is high in fat will put on weight 8 Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment which they live.
quickly.                                                                      9.Finally he reached a lonely island where was cut off from the outside world. 
二  定语从句中的谓语动词与先行词保持一致                                                         10.It is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived.
1. The Great Wall is one of the world-famous buildings that ____(draw) lots of 用定语从句改写短文
   visitors.                                                                  Our class is a big family ; It consists of 12 girls and 50 boys. Most of them are 
2. The Great Wall is the only one of the buildings on the earth that _____(be) mainly from the countryside. Zhao Qiang is a kind-hearted boy. He is always ready 
   seen from the moon.
                                                                              to help others. He is such a good boy that we all like him.
3. Tom is not the only one of the boys who ____(have) passed the exam.
4. Tom is one of the boys who ____ (have) passed the exam.                    __________________________________________________________________
5. Great changes have taken place in China, as ____ (be) known to all.
6. He has passed the college entrance examination, which ____ (make) his 总
                                                                         结    Task 5 评价反思    总结归纳((闪记并快速梳理)2mins)
   parents quite happy.                                                        What have I learnt in this lesson?
7. I, who ___ your teacher, will try my best to help you.                反
三  插入语提升试题难度                                                             思
1. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play ____, of course, 
made the others happy. A. who  B. which   C. this   D. what
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