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2019 高考英语专题复习之主谓一致方法点拨专项练习

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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             中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                   主谓一致方法点拨专项练习


  1. —Why does the lake smell terrible?

    —Because large quantities of water________.
    A. have polluted               B. is being polluted
    C. has been polluted           D. have been polluted
  2. Dr. Smith,together with his wife and daughters, ________ visit 
Beijing this summer.
    A. is going to   B. are going to C. was going to  D. were 
going to
  3. The teacher together with the students ________ discussing Reading 
Skills that ________ newly published in America.[来源:Z.xx.k.Com]
    A. are; were   B. is; were C. are; was    D. is; was
  4. Either you or one of your students ________ to attend the meeting 
that is due tomorrow.
    A. are        B. is         C. have        D. be
  5. At present, one of the arguments in favor of the new airport 
________ that it will bring a lot of jobs to the area.
    A. is          B. are    C. will be      D. was

  6. —Did you go to the show last night?

    —Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area ________ invited.
    A. were       B. have been  C. has been    D. was
  7. Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but 
when and where ________ yet.
    A. hasn’t been decided      B. haven’t decided
    C. isn’t being decided      D.  aren’t decided[来源:学,科,
网 Z,X,X,K]

  8. We live day by day,but in the great things,the time of days and 
weeks ________ so small that a day is unimportant.
             中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A. is          B. are    C. has been    D. have been
  9. A survey of the opinions of experts ________ that three hours of 
outdoor exercise a week ________ good for one’s health.
    A. show; are    B. shows; is   C. show; is    D. shows; 
are

  10. As a result of the serious flood, two­thirds of the buildings in the 
area _____.
    A. need repairing        B. needs to repair
    C. needs repairing          D. need to repair

  11. —Hi,what did our monitor say just now?

    —Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who are to visit 
Water Cube ________ asked to be at the school gate before 6∶30 in the 
morning.
    A. is         B. were       C. are      D. was
  12. John as well as the other children who ________ no parents 
________ good care of in the center.
    A. have; is being taken        B. have; has taken
    C. has; is taken               D. has; have been taken
  13. The number of people, who have access to their own cars, 
________ sharply in the past decade.[来源:学|科|网]
    A. rose       B. is rising C. have risen     D. has risen
  14. Professor Wang, together with his colleagues, ________ working 
on the project day and night to ________ the deadline.
    A. are; meet   B. is; meet C. are; satisfy   D. is; satisfy
  15. Large quantities of information,as well as some timely help 
________ since the organization was built.
    A. has offered              B. had been offered
    C. have been offered        D. is offered
  16. Buying clothes ________ a hard job because the clothes a person 
likes ________ not very often fit him or her.[来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K]
             中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A. are; do      B. is; does C. are; does    D. is; do
  17. On the contrary, I think it is Truman, ________ you, ________ to 
blame.
    A. more than; are           B. less than; who are
    C. rather than; that is     D. rather than; is
  18. Every student as well as teachers who ________ to visit the 
museum ______ asked to be at the school gate on time.
    A. is; is     B. are; are C. is; are    D. are; is
  19. An exhibition of paintings ________ at the museum next week.
    A. are to be held  B. are holding C. is holding     D. is 
to be held
  20. ______ of the people on the Net ________ China’s economy is 
among the strongest in the world.

    A. Four­fifth; believes     B. Four­fifth; believe[来源:学
#科#网]

    C. Four­fifths; believe     D. Four­fifths; believes
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                         主谓一致方法点拨专项练习

                                  参考答案


  1. D   解析:句意为:—这湖水怎么这么难闻?—因为大量的水已经被污染了。本题考
查时态、语态及主谓一致问题。water             与  pollute 为被动关系,故排除      A 项;B   表“正被污
染”,故排除;large        quantities of 后加名词,谓语动词应与        quantities 保持一致,故排除
C 项,答案为     D 项。

  2. A  解析:当主语后出现         together with/as well as 等介词短语时,谓语动词的数与介词
短语前的主语保持一致,故可排除               B、D  两项;根据时间状语         this summe r 可知应用一般将
来时态。

  3. D   解析:句意为:老师和同学们在讨论美国刚出版的《阅读技巧》一书。不难看出
主句的主语是      the teacher,together with the students 是附加部分,而 Reading Skills 是一个
书名也应该用第三人称单数形式。

  4. B   解析:句意为:要么是你或者你的一名学生                  应该出席明天的会议。该题考查的是
主谓一致,按照就近一致原则,one              of your students 的中心词为  one,谓语动词该用单数,
在本句中    is to do 表示应该(should)。

  5. A   解析:句意为:目前,人们赞成建一座新机场的理由之一是它将给这个地区带来
很多的就业机会。本题考查动词时态,At present=Now                是解题的关键。

  6. D  解析:主语是      every boy and girl,表示单数概念,故谓语动词用单数,且询问昨晚
的情况,有明确的过去时间,所以应选择                  was。

  7.A  解析:本题考查主谓一致。when and where           引导的从句或跟不定式连用时谓语动词
用单数,再根据本题意思应用被动语态。

  8. A  解析:此题考查主谓一致的基本用法。主语是                    time,后面  of days and weeks 是它
的定语,所以谓语用单数。

  9. B  解析:本题考查主谓一致。第一空的主语是                  a survey,故用单数    shows;第二空是
不可数名词     exercise 作主语,故用    is。

  10. A  解析:此题考查主谓一致及“need”的特殊用法。two­thirds of the buildings             作主
语,谓语动词应与        the buildings 保持一致,故应用复数谓语动词。need             此处意为“需要”
,用法应是     need to be done/need doing。

  11. A  解析:考查主谓一致。every...and        every...结构作主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单
数形式,由此可以排除          B、C  两项;根据前面的        are to visit Water Cube 的时态可知,A   项
正确。

  12. A  解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态,句意为:约翰同其他那些没有父母的孩子一起
在这个中心受到很好的照顾。who             引导的定语从句修饰         other children,所以谓语动词应是
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

复数;名词     1+as well as/besides/with/together with ect.+名词 2 时,谓语动词要根据就远原
则由名词    1 决定,所以第二空谓语动词为单数,约翰正在受到照顾,因此用现在进行时的
被动形式。

  13. D  解析:考查主谓一致和时态。本句的主语是                   the number,所以谓语动词用单数;
in the past decade 表示时间从过去持   续到现在,即“十年来”,因此用现在完成时。

  14. B  解析:考查主谓一致和词语搭配。当主语后跟有                    together with,as well as 等引导
的词组时,谓语动词应和主语保持一致,此处主语是                      Professor Wang,故谓语动词应用单
数形式;meet the deadline 表示“在截止日期前完成”。

  15. C  解析:由    as well as 连接的复合主语并不影响谓语动词的数,“large quantites of+
名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。分析题目可知动作虽然发生在过去,但对现在还
有影响,故应用现在完成时。

  16. D  解析:本题考查主谓一致。主句主语是动名词短语,谓语动词用单数形式                               is;从
句的主语是复数名词         clothes,因此用   do。

  17. C   解析:句意是:相反,我认为是             Truman 而不是你该受到责备。题干包含一个强
调句式,强调的是宾语从句的主语,所以谓语动词要与                       Truman 一致。此句表示选择关系,
所以要用    rather than。

  18. D  解析:本题考查主谓一致。who,which,that             作定语从句的主语时,其谓语的数
取决于先行词,所以第一空用复数               are;主语后有    as well as 时,谓语应同其前面的主语保
持一致,所以第二空用单数。

  19.  D       解析:本题考查主谓一致和时态。hold              的宾语是    an   exhibition,而不是
paintings,所以应该是被动语态。本句的主语是               an exhibition,of paintings 是介词短语作后
置定语,所以谓语动词是单数,再结合时间状语                    next week 可知是表示将来要发生的动作。
be to do sth.通常表示按照计划或安排将要发生某事,此处是被动形式。

  20. C     解析:本题考查分数表达和主谓一致。4/5→four­fifths。题干主语是(网络上)
4/5 的人,是复数,故谓语动词用动词原形。
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