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新疆巴州且末县中学 人教版 必修四 Unit 4 Body language --Reading

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Body Language
Pre-reading
What do you think is the purpose of language?
To communicate with each other.

How can you communicate with someone if
you cannot speak? Give an example.
       Ways of communicating

Spoken   speaking
language ringing

Written  writing
language typing

Body    gesturing
language                  victory
What do you think “body language”
means?

 Body language is the use of gestures, 
 postures and facial expressions to 
 express emotions.
• What is the feeling of the baby ?


     sad              surprised
confused   angry    sad    happy    tired

ok            stop


silent       well done
victory

                         applause
 I love you.
Good!
Bad!
Me?
I don’t know!
Is body language all the same in 
different cultures? 

         Body language varies from 
         culture to culture, though 
         some are universal. It is 
         determined to some extent
         by social and cultural 
         practices. 
Gesture   Country   Meaning
           most      OK
          countries
           Japan    money
           France    zero
          Germany
                     rude
           Brazil
           the US  great / good job
           Nigeria     rude
thumbs up
          Germany
           Japan       No.1
Happy & angry
        Reading

Communication: 
No problem?
Scanning
  Scan the text and answer the following 
  questions.
    How many international students 
    are there in the story?
            Six 
    Who are they and where they come 
    from?
  Who are they and where do 
      they come from?
  Tony  Garcia   Columbia
 
   Julia Smith     Britain
  Akira Nagata     Japan
 
   George Cook     Canada
  Ahmed Aziz       Jordan
 Darlene Coulon    France
Detailed reading :  Para1

  When:  __________________________yesterday
  Who:  ______________________________another student and I,
  ______________________________________this year’s international students
  Where:  the_______________________________ Capital International Airport
  What to do:  ____________________________We would take them first to
  _______________________________________their dormitories and then to the
  _______________________________________student canteen.
Find out the two cultural mistakes in Para2

          Tony Garcia     He approached Julia, ________touched  
                          _____her  _________andshoulder  _______kissed  her 
         (Columbia )      on the ________.cheek
The first 
mistake                    She ______stepped ________  back  
         Julia  Smith      appearing _________surprised  and put  
                           up her hands, as if ___in defence _______.
          (Britain)

           George Cook         He ________reached  his hand  
                               ________ to the Japanese 
The second                       out
             (Canada)          student.
mistake
                             He ________bowed   so his nose 
           Akira Nagata
                             ________George’stouched  _______moving 
           (Japanese)        ________.hand
 Para3:
1.How do men from Muslim countries greet others ?
  To men: stand close, and shake hands

  To women: nodding
2. Is the author male or female? How do you know?
  Male. Because Ahmed Aziz only shakes
  hands with men.
3. How did Tony and Darlene greet each other? 
 They shook hands and then kissed each 
 other twice on each cheek .
Fill in the table according to Para4:

    People in the     Ways to greet each other
    country/area
                     Do not stand very_________to close  
    English people   others or touch ________strangers 
                     when they meet.
People from Spain, Italy 
                    _________others closely and 
 and South American Approach
                    are more likely to__________.touch them
      countries

      Japanese       Bow
Most people around the 
                     Shake hands
       world
 Para5:
True or false?
  None1.    Body of these language actions in is some either countries is  

  goodgood or  while bad. some in others is bad.
  Not2.   all All members of a culture behave in 
   the same way.
 Studying3.   Learning international English customs well can certainly 
   help avoid difficulties in today’s world 
   of cultural crossroads. 
When you are in foreign countries 
what should you do ? Why?
When in Rome, do as 
the Romans do!
7. Do all cultures use the same body move-
  ments to express the same meanings?
            Body language varies 
            from culture to culture. 

    It means “great” or “good job” in the USA.
     It means rude  in Nigeria.
     It means No.1 in German & Japan.
8.What does the gesture for OK means
 in different countries ?
          It means money in Japan.

          It means zero in France.

          It means rude in Brazil 
          & German. 
same gesture, different interpretations
                show interest [usually]
      eye contact
                be rude or disrespectful
            money [Japan]
        OK  zero [France]
            rudeness [Brazil,Germany]
               great / good job[USA]
      thumbs up rude [Nigeria]
               NO.1 [Germany,Japan]

                crazy [USA]
   “crazy” gesture your phone call[Brazil]
9.How is body language different from
 spoken language ? What do they have
 in common?
  know  direct meaning by words 
   body language can’t express complex 
   thoughts, opinions and views
  express our thoughts and opinions
  communicate with other people
  money in Japan
  zero in France.
 rude in Brazil & German.

 “great” or “good job” in the US
  rude in Nigeria
  No.1 in German & Japan.

               in Bulgaria.
means “yes”    in parts of Greece.
               in Iran
What do people in different countries 
usually do when meeting?
 People may greet others in different ways  
 in different cultures.

China, Britain           Shake hands
Russia, France,          Kiss
Arab Japan,              Bow
Some western             hug 
countries 
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