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                     素养提升模拟练 二
                              文学艺术


  2017   年全国卷Ⅰ阅读理解       C 篇介绍爵士乐的历史,         旨在让人们认识到爵士

乐的价值。引导考生树立弘扬优秀文化的意识,                    了解文化的时代性和发展性, 

培养考生有健康的审美价值取向,              懂得珍惜美好事物等。


                                                       (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)

  Some of the world’s most famous musicians recently gathered in Paris and New 

Orleans to celebrate the first annual International Jazz Day. UNESCO (United 

Nations Educational,  Scientific and Cultural Organization) recently set April 30 as 

a day to raise awareness of jazz music,  its significance,  and its potential as a 

unifying(联合) voice across cultures. 

    Despite the celebra tions,  though,  in the U. S.  the jazz audience continues 

to shrink and grow older,  and the music has failed to connect with younger 

generations. 

    It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that. As the Kennedy Center’s artistic 

adviser for jazz,  Moran hopes to widen the audience for jazz,  make the music 

more accessible,  and preserve its history and culture. 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    “Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite, ” Moran tells 

National Public Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. “What I’m hoping to accomplish is that 

my generation and younger start to reconsider and understand that jazz is not black 

and white anymore. It’s actually color,  and it’s actually digital. ”

    Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that the entertainment aspect 

of the music has been lost. “The music can’t be presented today the way it was in 

1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move,  because the way the world works is not 


the same, ” says Moran. [来源:Zxxk.Com]

    Last year,  Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’s music for a 

dance party,  “Just to kind of put it back in the mind that Waller is dance music as 

much as it is concert music, ” says Moran. “For me,  it’s the recontextualization. In 

music,  where does the emotion(情感) lie?  Are we,  as humans,  gaining any 

insight(感悟) on how to talk about ourselves and how something as abstract as a 

Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and our thoughts?  

Sometimes we lose sight that the music has a wider context, ” says Moran,  “so I 

want to continue those dialogues. Those are the things I want to foster. ”

【文章大意】UNESCO        把  4 月 30 日定为国际爵士音乐节,         旨在让人们认识到

爵士乐的价值。Moran,        一位爵士乐顾问,       提到虽然现在爵士乐不如以前受欢迎, 

但他想进一步探索,        让它继续发扬光大,        与时俱进。

1. Why did UNESCO set April 30 as International Jazz Day? 


A. To remember the birth of jazz. [来源:学*科*网 Z*X*X*K]

B. To protect cultural diversity. 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

C. To encourage people to study music. 

D. To recognize the value of jazz. 

【解析】选      D。细节理解题。根据第一段的             to raise awareness of jazz music,  its 

significance,  and its potential as a unifying voice across cultures 可知, 

UNESCO   把 4 月 30 日定为国际爵士音乐节的目的是提高人们对爵士乐以及它

的重要性和潜力的认识。

2. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 3 refer to? 

A. Jazz becoming more accessible. 

B. The production of jazz growing faster. 

C. Jazz being less popular with the young. 

D. The jazz audience becoming larger. 

【解析】选      C。词义猜测题。that      指代第二段中提到的爵士乐观众减少,               不能得

到年轻一代的青睐。

3. What can we infer about Moran’s opinion on jazz? 

A. It will disappear gradually. 

B. It remains black and white. 

C. It should keep up with the times. 

D. It changes every 50 years. 

【解析】选      C。推理判断题。根据第四段            Moran 说的“. . . jazz is not black and 

white anymore. It’s actually color,  and it’s actually digital. ”及第五段“The music 

can’t be presented today the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move,  
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

because the way the world works is not the same”可知, 他认为世界在变, 爵士乐

应该与时俱进。

4. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? 

A. Exploring the Future of Jazz

B. The Rise and Fall of Jazz

C. The Story of a Jazz Musician

D. Celebrating the Jazz Day

【解析】选      A。主旨大意题。第一段提到了国际爵士音乐节的目的是让人们认

识到爵士乐的价值。然后,           根据   Moran, 一位爵士乐顾问说的话可知,           他想探索

爵士乐的未来,       让它与时俱进,      继续发扬光大。


1. 通读文章,    用英语写出各部分大意

Section Ⅰ(Para. 1): ①                         .  

Section Ⅱ(Para. 2): ②                         .  

Section Ⅲ(Paras. 3~6): ③                         .  

2. 难句剖析

Are we,  as humans,  gaining any insight on how to talk about ourselves and how 

something as abstract as a Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our 

emotions and our thoughts? 

分析:   句子的主语是      we,  as humans 是插入语。on   是介词,    表示“关于”,     后面

接了两个宾语,       第一个是    how to talk about ourselves,  第二个是 how something 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

as abstract as a Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and 

our thoughts。

翻译:                                                  

答案:

1.①The setting of International Jazz Day

②The reality of Jazz in the U. S

③Moran’s opinion on Jazz 

2.怎样谈论我们自己,         像查理·帕克的唱片那样的抽象的东西如何使我们的感情

和思想进行对话,        对此我们人类有一些感悟吗?  


Ⅰ. 阅读理解[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

  Throughout the history of the arts,  the nature of creativity has remained 

constant to artists. No matter what objects they select,  artists are to bring forth new 

forces and forms that cause change—to find poetry where no one has ever seen or 

experienced it before. 

  Landscape is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient 

times through the 17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and 

impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie,  one of the new American realists,  

continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where Thomas Cole,  a 

romanticist,  had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. 

Unlike Cole who insists  on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in 

nature,  Leslie paints what he actually sees. In his paintings,  there is no particular 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

change in emotion,  and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the 

background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments of color photography 

to help both the eye and the memory when he improves his painting back in his 

workroom. 

  Besides,   al l art begs the age-old question: What is real?  Each generation of 

artists has shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The 

impressionists saw reality in brief emotional effects,  the realists in everyday 

subjects and in forest scenes,  and the Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic 

drawings of the animals in the ancient forests. To sum up,  understanding reality is a 

necessary struggle for artists of all periods. 

  Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant. 

Past or present,  Eastern or Western,  the arts are a basic part of our immediate 

experience. Many and different are the faces of art,  and together they express the 

basic need and hope of human beings. 

【文章大意】本文通过对于不同时期艺术家的比较,                      分析了艺术的一个共同问

题: “什么是真实”,     结论是虽然不同时期和地域的艺术表现形式不同,                     但都反映

了当时人们的生存状态。

1. The underlined word“poetry”most probably means ________.  

A. an object for artistic creation B. an unusual quality

C. a collection of poems      D. a natural scene

【解析】选      B。词义猜测题。从第一段“to find poetry where no one has ever seen 

or experienced it before”可知艺术家力图创造一种从来没人看到或者经历过的意
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

境。既然是没有人看到过或者经历过,                那么应该是一种不平常的东西。可知

B 选项正确。

2. Leslie’s paintings are extraordinary because ________.  

A. they draw attention to common things in life


B. they look like works by 19th-century painters[来源:Z*xx*k.Com]

C. they are close in style to works in ancient times

D. they depend heavily on color photography

【解析】选      A。细节理解题。根据第二段“In his paintings,         there is no particular 

change in emotion,  and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the 

background. ”可以推断出    Leslie 的画表现的都是平时常见的事物。可知答案选

A。

3. What is the author’s opinion of artistic reality? 

A. It does not have a long-lasting standard. 

B. It will not be found in future works of art. 

C. It is expressed in a fixed artistic form. 

D. It is lacking in mode rn works of art. 

【解析】选      A。推理判断题。根据第三段“Each generation of artists has shown 

their understanding of reality in one form or another. ”可以推断出每一代艺术家对

于现实的理解和表现都是不同的,              也就是没有一个永恒的标准。

4. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage? 

A. History of the arts. 

B. Use of modern technology in the arts. 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

C. Basic questions of the arts. 

D. New developments in the arts. 

【解析】选      C。主旨大意题。通读全文可知,             本文通过对于不同时期艺术家的

比较,   分析了艺术的一个共同问题: “什么是真实”,               结论是虽然不同时期和地域

艺术的表现形式不同,         但都反映了当时人们的生存状态。

Ⅱ. 阅读填句

  根据短文内容,         从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中

有两项为多余选项。

  How do actors and actresses memorize hundreds of lines?  Memorizing lines 

takes practice and constant repetition. However,  there are a few ways to make the 

memorization process run smoothly and quickly. 

   1  

  For most performers,  there is no quicker way of memorizing lines. To learn 

lines,  an actor must recite the play loud over and over again. Most rehearsals(彩排) 

encourage this by running through the lines or having a“read through”. By the time 

opening night arrives,  most actors have spoken their lines hundreds of times. 

  Listen to your cast members(参演人员). 

Sometimes inexperienced actors spend rehearsals looking at fellow performers,  

waiting patiently to say their next line.  2  This will help the actor learn his lines 

better because the context of the dialogue is absorbed.  

   3  
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  Because there is often not enough rehearsal time,  many performers find ways 

to listen to the play’s dialogue during everyday activities. They use a tape recorder or 

an MP3 player to listen to the lines from each relevant scene(剧情). Some actors 

prefer to record the lines of all the characters,  including their own.  4  Others 

like recording the lines of fellow cast members,  and they leave a blank space so that 

they can insert their dialogue while listening to the recording.  

  Think positively and don’t panic. 

  Most actors will experience stage fright before the opening night. Actors forget 

lines now and then. When it happens,  however,  most of the time the audience 

never notice. If you forget a line in the middle of your performance,  don’t freeze. 

Stay in character. Keep the scene going to the best of your ability. If unfortunately 


you forget a line once,  you will probably never forget that line ever again.  5  [来源:Zxxk.Com]

A. Record your lines. 

B. Practice makes perfect. 

C. Read lines loud and repeat them. 

D. Read lines loud and remember them in a short time. 

E. Sometimes embarrassment is the toughest method of memorization. 

F. Then,  they not only listen carefully,  but they also speak all of the lines. 

G. Instead,  they should be listening carefully,  responding in character at all times. 

1. 【解析】选     C。此题是本段的标题。根据本段中所讲的“To lear                n lines,  an 

actor must recite the play loud over and over again”,  并结合各个选项的意思, 可

知此处讲的是要不断地重复台词。
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

2. 【解析】选     G。分析本空后面的句子“This will help the actor learn. . . ”, 可推

断空格中的句子所讲述的就是方法。结合各个选项的意思,                        可知   G 选项符合题

意。

3. 【解析】选     A。此题是本段的标题。根据本段中的关键句“They use a tape 

recorder or an MP3 player to listen to the lines from each relevant scene”, 可知本段

讲述的是要录音,        并结合各个选项的意思,           应选   A。

4. 【解析】选     F。根据本段所讲的内容,          可知此处讲的是要听和讲。

5. 【解析】选     E。根据上句     you will probably never forget that line ever again 可

知,  有时候尴尬是一种记忆的方法。故选               E。
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