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2018-2019 高考英语短文改错专题练习之句子累赘

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                       高考短文改错专题练习之句子累赘

                                     教学内容


                               句子累赘造成的错误

难点诠释

   句子累赘造成的错误几乎在每年的高考短文改错中都会出现,而且隐蔽性较强,因此容易
导致丢分。累赘词往往出现在考生认为合理的地方,动词、名词、代词、副词、介词是高考短
文改错必考点,应引起足够重视。

   难点一:修饰语累赘错误

   修饰语累赘错误在高考短文改错中复现率百分之百,常见考点有:

   1.比较级前多余使用          more 或  less

  【典例   1】A new building has been put up in our school, which is more higher than the old 
one.

   解析:去掉      more 或 more→much。higher    本身就是比较级,故前面不能再出现                more,但
可以用   much  来加强语气。再如:

   Mary is much older than Judy.

   玛丽比朱迪年纪大得多。

   There are more students in this school than in that school.

   这个学校学生比那个学校多很多。

   It is even colder today than yesterday. 

   今天比昨天冷得多。
                      中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   2.形容词或副词前多个修饰语语义重叠

  【典例   2】The station is five miles far away from here, so you should take a taxi or a bus.

   解析:去掉      far。five miles 是具体概念的“遥远”,与后面          far 笼统概念的“远”,意义矛盾。

   3.受汉语影响添加不必要的单词

  【典例   3】I liked football and it used to be my most favorite sport.

   解析:去掉      most。favorite 本身就是“最喜欢的”意思,加上            most 也是汉式思维所致。再如:


   【典例    4】误:This is your first time visit to the USA, isn’t it?

   正:This is your first visit to the USA, isn’t it?

   解析:first  本身就是序数词,“第一次”,因此后边所用的                   time 是多余的。

   难点二:介词累赘错误

   介词累赘错误在短文改错中并不罕见,而考点相对集中在:

   1.一些特殊名词结构前边要省略介词而没有省略

  【典例   5】In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year.

   解析:去掉      in。this, that, next, last 后接时间名词时,前边要省略介词。再如:

   What did you do last Friday morning?

   上周五上午你干些什么?

   2.一些及物动词受汉语意思影响后边加上本不必要的介词

  【典例   6】He didn’t marry with a nurse until he was thirty.

   解析:去掉      with。marry,  enter, serve 等动词都是及物动词,直接跟宾语,但容易受汉语
意思影响分别加上多余的介词             with, into, for。如:
                      中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   Her dream to enter the famous university came true.

   她进入名大学的愿望实现了。

   We should serve the people heart and soul.

   我们已经全心全意为人们服务。

   2.一些名词短语直接用作连词后接从句,这时前边省略介词

  【典例   7】In fact, at the last time I saw her, she was playing with her friends near the river. 

   解析:去掉      at。该句意为:事实上,上次我看到她时,她正在河边和朋友们一起玩。可以
直接用作连词后接从句的名词短语有:the                 minute,the  instant,the second,the  moment  表
示“一……就”,the      first/last time;each/every  time,next   time 表示“最后一次/第一次/上
次……的时候”。再如:

   I started the moment I got your letter.

   我一收到你的信就出发了。

   Every time I meet her she wears an innocent smile.

   每次我见到她,她都露出天真的微笑。

   难点三:多余使用冠词引起的累赘错误

   多余使用冠词引起的累赘错误在短文改错中十分普遍,考点主要集中在三个方面:

   1.由于忽略不可数名词的用法多余使用冠词

  【典例   8】What a terrible weather we’ve been having these days!

   解析:去掉      a。weather,  news, advice, progress, information 等名词都是不可数名词,前
边不能用不定冠词,也没有复数形式。如:

   You have made progress with your English.

   你的英语已经取得了进步。
                      中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   Our school has been given some new equipment.

   我们学校被提供一些新设施。

   The police haven't got enough information to catch the suspected.

   警方还没有足够的信息抓住那个嫌疑犯。

   2.表示泛指的名词前边往往省略定冠词,除非是特指才用                          the

  【典例   9】I told the boy not to write silly things in the public places.

   解析:去掉第二个         the。public places 属于泛指,意为“公共场所”。再如:

   It is often said that teachers have a very easy life.

   常说教师的日子轻松。

   When he left college, he got a job as reporter in a newspaper office.

   他大学毕业时,在一家报社当上一名记者。

   Tom owns a larger collection of stamps than any other student in our class.

   汤姆拥有的邮票比他们班级其他同学都多。

   3.一些固定搭配中往往省略冠词

  【典例   10】Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.

   解析:去掉      a。catch  sight of 是固定搭配,意为“看得见”,表示“看见”这一动作。类似搭配
还有:make    fun of, take notice of, pay attention to, do good to, take charge of, keep track 
of 等等。如:

   They often made fun of me for this.

   为此他们常和我开玩笑。

   She took no notice of what was happening before her.

   她对眼前发生的事毫不理睬。
                      中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   We should pay attention to state affairs.

   我们应该关心国家大事。

   She takes charge of the fifth year class.

   她是五年级班主任。

   Peter took advantage of his visit to Paris to improve his French.

   彼得利用访问巴黎之机提高法语。

   难点四:分词与句子之间多余使用                and, so, or, but 等并列连词

   【典例    11】误:Being ill, so she had to stay at home.

   正:Being ill, she had to stay at home.

   解析:前边动词-ing       短语在句中作原因状语,相当于状语从句                   As she was ill,因此后边不
能再用连词。

   【典例    12】误:Having been told many times, but he still couldn’t understand it.

   正:Having been told many times, he still couldn’t understand it.

   解析:Having been told many times   在句中作让步状语,相当于状语从句                 Though he had 
been told,因此后边不能再用连词。

   【典例    13】There  being no rain, so most of the crops in this area died from lacking 
water.

   解析:being→was     或者去掉     so。若考虑使用并列句,前句应改为               There  was no rain;若
考虑使用独立主格结构          There being no rain 作原因状语,后边应去掉         so。

   【典例    14】Seeing a big stone on the road, and the driver stooped the car. 

   解析:去掉      and。前边的     Seeing a big stone on the road 作时间状语,相当于        When  he 
saw a big stone on the road,所以后边不能再用连词         and。
                       中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 【好题调研】

 1. I hope that both you two could come and visit us sometime soon.

 2. Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital when they are ill.

 3. I know little about the town, because this is my first time visit here.

 4. This book is cheap enough for him to buy it.

 5. Sorry, there is no such a teacher in our school.

 6. In the last five years that they have climbed churches, high buildings and television towers.

 7. I’ll spend all the whole weekend reading and preparing for it.

 8. Tell me the best way which to express my thanks.

 9. I have neither brothers nor sisters---in any other words, I am an only child.

 10. You need not to go with me unless you are free now.

 答案与解析:

1.  去掉   both。   不少考生以为      both  you  two 是一种强调,而误将其视为正确内容。其实,
  both 与  two 语义重复。

2. 去掉   for。不少考生以为       get for help 为正确短语。其实,get        是及物动词,后边应直接跟宾
  语。

3. 去掉   first。first 本身含有“第一次”,若后边再用         time 便构成语义重叠。

4.  去掉  it。too…to..结构表示“太……而不能”,这里不定式短语                  to buy 的宾语就是句子的逻辑
  主语,因此      it 是多余的。

5. 去掉   a。no 相当于    not a 或 not any。因此  no such 后直接跟名词单数或复数形式。

6. 去掉   that。不少考生以为这里的          that 引导定语从句。其实,句中的            in the last five years 为
  单纯性时间状语,years         不是定语从句中的先行词。
                       中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

7. 去掉   all。不少考生以为      all the whole 是对 weekend  的一种强调,而误将其视为正确内容。
  其实,all   与 whole 在意义上重复。

8. 去掉   which。这里动词不定式直接作定语表示方式,因此前边                      which 是多余的。

9. 去掉   any。in other words 是固定搭配,意为“换句话说;换言之”,起解释说明作用。

10. 去掉   to。need 是情态动词,后接动词原形,因此                to 是多余的    。

 【强化闯关】

 1. We must study hard in order to serve for the people better in the future.

 2. Why not to take a holiday for a few days?

 3. Having been ill for a long time, so she fell behind her classmates.

 4. I didn’t quite catch you. Please repeat the sentence again.

 5. Tom didn’t leave until his sister was seen to enter into the village.

 6. He is a famous scientist whose name is called John Smith.

 7. He made a discovery, which I think it will help us know more about bird flu.

 8. I don’t know if they will come, but if they will come, please show them the way to my house.

 9. I never knew that a ride down a river could be so much exciting.

 10. The secretary told me that the manager was busy and I should come at some other time.

 11. Don’t let the children who are so young to go swimming.

 12. I asked him to tell me that how much he paid a year for his son’s education.

 13. There is somebody whom you want to see him.

 14. Will you join in us if we decide to do the new experiment?

 15. We came to see our grandparents every a few weeks.
                       中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 答案与解析:

1. 去掉   for。serve 是及物动词,表示“为……服务”,for             是多余的。

2. 去掉   to。Why not do sth.?是常见句型,意为“何不……?”,表示建议。

3.   去掉  so。前边动词-ing     形式在句中作原因状语,后边才是句子的主体。若用                       so,则前后是
  并列句才正确。

4. 去掉   again。repeat 相当于   say again。类似地,return=turn back。

5. 去掉   into。enter=come/go into,因此原句语义重复。

6. 去掉   called。原句语义重复。本句可以改写为:He is a famous scientist who is called John 
  Smith.

7. 去掉   it。which I think 是定语从句的主语,I think     是插入语,因此       it 是多余的。

8.  去掉第二个      will。第一个   if 从句是宾语从句,第二个才是条件状语从句,因此应注意区分是
  哪种从句很重要。

9. 去掉   much。不少考生以为        so much  是对  exciting 的必要强调而误将       so much exciting 视为
  正确内容,其实        so 已经是   exciting 的程度修饰语,再加        much 是一种重复,另外         much 只能
  修饰不可数名词或形容词、副词比较级而不能修饰其原级。

10.  去掉  at。有些名词短语,如         some  other time, some day, one day, the other day, that 
  day 等,可直接在句中作状语,前面无需介词。

11. 去掉   to。原句含有一个定语从句和“let sb. do sth.”句型。

12. 去掉   that。宾语从句中已经有引导词            how much,所以    that 是多余的。

13. 去掉   him。定语从句中关系词代替部分不能重复出现,否则构成用法重叠。

14. 去掉   in。join sb. in…意为“加入到……行列中”,而           join in 后接 meeting, party 等名词,用
  法不同。

15. 去掉   a。“every few+复数名词”是固定用法,特别注意              few 前不能用不定冠词         a。
                       中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(十六)

Last week,  I took part in the shows of “Beautiful Villages Around Beijing”. On Sunday 
  morning, my  parents and I go to the suburb to get some information for my poster. On 
  arriving at the destination, we were impressing by the beautiful scenery and people's living 
  conditions. I took much photos. Then we chatted with a farmer, that told us about the 
  changes  these years. They now can get online learn agricultural science and trade their 
  products. And for their spare time they can enjoy various activities, like play table tennis 
  and chess. The next day I put my picture and an article on the school wall newspaper. I feel 
  proudly of the development of our country.

答案


 

(十七)

This summer   I visited Yandangshan. When arriving by bus, I caught the sight of many 
  mountains by looking through the mist, one of what was just like a sleeping baby from an 
  angle. Later it looked like a strong man seeing from another.

What impressed me was the sunrise. Stand on the top of the mountain, I saw the sunshine 
  giving out all directions. The green mountain in our eyes, the clouds in the sky, and the 
  shocking expressions on people's faces formed a beautiful picture. As for me, nature holds 
  me totally with its power.

The sceneries there made a great impression to me. I hope to go there again one day.
                       中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

答案


 

(十八)

With the growing popularity of the Internet, more and more children are addicted to play 
  online games day and night. It does harm not only to their health, especial their eyes, but 
  also to their studies.

Comparing  with online games, many  traditional games, like hide-and-seek, benefits kids 
  mentally and physically. They were ever popular to several generations, which not only 
  learned something valuable but also had fun playing the games. Therefore, the games are 
  dying away now.

Personally, I think teachers and parents should take measure to limit their children's Internet 
  time. Let children to know the harm of online games and the benefits of traditional games. 
  Help  children judge the healthy and unhealthy games. What's more, we should often 
  organize events for children in which traditional games played.
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   高考真题训练

   根据短文内容,从所给选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项多余

                       Getting Along Well With Parents

      Getting along well with parents is a big problem for most teenagers. Teenagers are gradually getting more 
   mature---or at least they think they are. So they can’t wait to get themselves free from their so—called bondage. Their 
   parents are in their 40s and they are annoyed by their aging. _____36___. But people prefer harmony. How can we 
   achieve it? Here are some tips:

      First and foremost, _____37______. We can’t be sure if we are created by God, yet people worship him, but we 
   are absolutely sure that our parents created us. Isn’t a good enough reason why we should respect them?

      What’s more, _______38________. We can’t just take their payment for granted or become apathetic to their 
   kindness. We are always impressed by strangers’ occasional kindness. How can we be insensitive to our parents who 
   worry about us all the time?

      In addition, don’t forget to communicate with your parents. _______39_______. For example, they may read our 
   private diaries or follow us everywhere even to the bathroom. This will definitely cause strife in the family. 

      Last but not the least, _______40_______. It may be difficult at first, but once you do it, your parents’ actions 
   will suddenly be clear.

      If parents and teenagers work a little more we can all get something back. 

     A. we need to switch places with our parents. 
     B. As we get older, we begin to realize that our parents are not as perfect as we thought.
     C. That’s why people say families at this time are a confrontation between adolescence 
        and the climacteric. 
     D. we must respect our parents from the bottom of our heart. 
     E. Gradual disappointment with patents is , in some degree, inevitable.
F. If we refuse to communicate with them, parents will fell so frustrated that they will do  anything they can to know us.
                         中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  G. it’s important to be grateful to our parents. 
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分                55 分)

第一节    完形填空(共      20 小题;每小题      2 分,满分    40 分)

   阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C                      和  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    As a child, I started learning to play the piano, my favorite musical   41  ,but I was forced to give up when I 
started my middle school   42   I could concentrate more on my studies.

   It’s one of my biggest   43   to stop practicing the piano when I recall sadly today. During the following 
years, I kept telling my piano teacher that I would  44  . However, I didn’t keep my promise because I was   45   
with my study.   46   I lost touch with my teacher. Some years later, my teacher died. I was very sad because I lost 
such a good teacher. She was a very warm and gentle person. It hurts me to think she may have been   47   that I 
never returned. I haven’t taken lessons since then but to be honest, I   48   to. Sitting at the piano, I couldn’t help 
recalling many   49  -- times of my practising at home and playing before my teacher and one time my teacher   
50   me after I played entire pieces of music wrong in front of her colleagues. I was so   51   that I could hardly 
say anything. But her  52   helped ease my shame. These memories,   53  , good or bad, never caused my   54   
for playing the piano again.

   This thought then led me to think that  55  is like music, and that we all try to play different   56  in the 
instrument of our life. Sometimes the pitch(音高) is   57  when we play it well, but sometimes we are out of tone. 
However, we all continue to create our own   58  style of music. No matter what style our music is, it is   59   
that we sing the songs of joy, quietness and love. Though I may never make it back to piano lessons, it doesn’t  60   
that I’ve stopped making music.

 41. A. instrument      B. performance     C. room           D. stage
 42. A. because         B. so that         C. now that       D. for
 43. A. successes       B. regrets         C. decisions      D. hobbies
 44. A. play            B. graduate        C. leave          D. return
 45. A. occupied        B. angry           C. satisfied      D. patient
 46. A. Actually        B. Constantly      C. Suddenly       D. Gradually
 47. A. astonished      B. glad            C. disappointed   D. amazed
 48. A. liked           B. needed          C. wanted         D. decided
 49. A. dreams          B. expressions     C. words          D. memories
 50. A. instructed      B. hurt            C. punished       D. respected
 51. A. frightened      B. moved           C. embarrassed    D. excited
 52. A. happiness       B. satisfaction    C. comfort        D. sigh
 53. A. instead         B. meanwhile       C. therefore      D. however
 54. A. hope            B. courage         C. feeling        D. effort
 55. A. life            B. learning        C. attitude       D. enjoyment
 56. A. cards           B. sports          C. roles          D. games
 57. A. hard            B. wonderful       C. surprising     D. complex
 58. A. unique          B. boring          C. common         D. similar
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 59  A. necessary       B. strange         C. possiblegkstkCom D. important
 60  A. matter          B. mean            C. report         D. appear

第二节:语法填空(共         10 小题;每题     1.5 分,共  15 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1                  个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

   In the English Reading Week, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us, 

  1  goes like this; "Your future depends on many things,   2   mostly on you. " I can't agree   3   (much) with 
this view. It's true that our future    4    (determine) by many things, such as opportunities and help from others, 
but our own attitude, determination,   5   hard work play a more important role. In   6   words, we are the 
master of our own future.
                                                                                                                  高三英语试题共       8 页第 8 页
   Take Abraham Lincoln for example. He was born in a poor family, and only received a  7  (limit) education in 
his childhood. Yet through his painstaking efforts, he changed not only his own fate but also the history of America.   
8   to this day. Lincoln   9  

(regard) as one of the most inspiring figures in the world.   10  , I firmly believe that our future is in our own 
hands.

第四部分:写作(共两节, 满分           35 分)

第一节:短文改错        (共 10 分;每小题   1 分,满分   10 分) 

   假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有                                       10 处错误,
每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

   增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),              并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

   修改:    在错的词下划一横线,         并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

   注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

          2、只允许修改     10 处, 多者(从第    11 处起)  不计分。

   In the end of the last class, a boy stood up and asked the teacher, “Sir, what is the real meaning of life?” We 
couldn’t help bursting out laughter for this seemed to be so a silly question at that moment. But the teacher made us to 
calm down in a formal voice. He said, “All right, I will tell you something about that.” Then he took out a small 
mirror from one of his pockets and held them towards the window. The sun was shining brightly outside and there 
was a tiny but light spot on the back wall. He then moved the piece of mirror to make it reflect the sunshine to the boy 
and to every curious face in the whole classroom. We all suddenly felt very warmth and energetic and the whole 
classroom were lit up. The teacher said, “Most of us are great enough like the sun to give off brightness and warmth 
to the world. But we can be a ordinary mirror. That is to say, we can reflect the sunshine to the very corner where the 
sun never shines. And that is exactly that the real meaning of life is.”

第二节:书面表达(满分          25 分)

   一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“十年后的我”。请根据下列要求和你的想象完成短文。

   1.家庭;   2.工作;   3.业余生活  
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注意:

   1、字数    100 左右;

   2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

   3、开头语已为你写好,但不计入总词数。

   I  often imagine what my  life will be like in the future. ________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________


                                        英语试题答案

听力   1-5 BCBCB    6-10 ABACC    11-15 ACBCA    16-20 CBACB

阅读   21-24 ACDC  25-28 CDBA  29-31 ABC  32-35 BABD

七选五: 36-40  CDGFA

完形   41-45ABBDA    46-50DCCDA     51-55CCDBA    56-60CBADB

语法填空

1.which       2.but     3.more       4.is determined     5.and 

6.other       7.limited       8.Even      9.is regarded     10.Therefore

改错:

  In (改为  At) the end of the last class, a boy stood up and asked the teacher, “Sir, what is the real meaning of life?” 
                         中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

We couldn’t help bursting out laughter( laughter 改为 laughing /out 改为 into) for this seemed to be so(改为
such) a silly question at that moment. But the teacher made us to(删除 to) calm down in a formal voice. He said, 
“All right, I will tell you something about that.” Then he took out a small mirror from one of his pockets and held 
them(改为 it) towards the window. The sun was shining brightly outside and there was a tiny but light spot on the 
back wall. He then moved the piece of mirror to make it reflect the sunshine to the boy and to every curious face in 
the whole classroom. We all suddenly felt very warmth(改为 warm) and energetic and the whole classroom were(改
为 was) lit up. The teacher said, “Most of us are (添加 not) great enough like the sun to give off brightness and 
warmth to the world. But we can be a (改为 an) ordinary mirror. That is to say, we can reflect the sunshine to the 
very corner where the sun never shines. And that is exactly that (改为 what) the real meaning of life is.”

书面表达:One possible version : 

   I often imagine what my  life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very

different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family, probably with a lovely 
child .I hope I  will work in a computer company as a program

 designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues; I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my fr
ee time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various   
ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful.
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