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2019人教版 高中英语 一轮复习 语法专题九、并列句和状语从句

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︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语


  九、并列句和状语从句
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

                         语法精讲
一、并列句
考点一 常见并列句的类型及并列连词
       类型                          并列连词
     并列关系         and,both...and...,not only...but also...,
    (递进  关系)      neither...nor...等
        折或
      转           but,yet,whereas,while等
     对比关系
                  or,or else,either...or...,whether...or...,
         关系
     选择           not ...but...等
     因果关系         for,so等
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

Both Peter and Tom are from South Africa.
彼得和汤姆都来自南非。
First,my English is very good and I’m open-minded and warm-
hearted,so I’m getting along well with everyone.
首先,我的英语很好,而且我性格外向、很热心,因此我和每个人都相处得很好。
He tried hard to catch up with his classmates,but he failed.
他尽力赶上同学们,但是失败了。
The children can go with us,or they can stay in.
孩子们可以跟我们去,也可以待在家里。
He must have been caught in the rain,for he is wet all over.
他肯定被雨淋了,因为他浑身都湿了。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点二 并列连词构成的常用句型
1.and构成的句型
(1)祈使句+and+陈述句(祈使句相当于一个条件状语从句,and后面的句子相当
   于一个表示结果的主句)。
   Go on like this and I am sure you will be successful in time.
   继续这样努力,你最终会成功的。
(2)名词(词组)+and+陈述句(名词相当于一个条件状语从句,其中常含有more,
   another等词)。
   Another try,and you’ll make a success.
   再试一次,你就会取得成功。 
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.or (else)构成的句型 
(1)祈使句+or (else)+陈述句。
   Seize the chance,or (else) you’ll regret.
   抓住这次机会,否则你会后悔的。
(2)名词(词组)+or (else)+陈述句。
   More healthy food,or (else) you’ll break down sooner or later.
   多吃健康食品,不然你的身体迟早会垮掉。
   上周一,我正在街上散步,这时突然看到一位老人从自行车上摔了下来。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.when构成的句型
  when引起并列句,意为“正在这时”,表示某件事正在发生或刚要发生或
  刚刚完成时,突然发生另一动作。
(1)sb.be doing sth. when...某人正在做某事,这时……
   Last Monday,I was walking in the street when I suddenly saw an 
   old man fall off his bicycle.
   上周一,我正在街上散步,这时突然看到一位老人从自行车上摔了下来。
(2)sb.be about to do sth. when...某人正要做某事,这时……
   We were about to set off when it suddenly began to rain.
   我们正打算动身,突然下起雨来了。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(3)sb. be on the point of doing sth. when...某人正要做某事,这时……
   She was on the point of going to bed when someone knocked at the 
   door.
   她正要上床睡觉,突然有人敲门。
(4)sb.had just done sth. when...某人刚做完某事,这时……
   I had just finished sweeping the floor when the telephone rang.
   我刚刚扫完地,这时电话铃响了。
                   ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

二、状语从句
考点一 时间状语从句
1.when,while和as的用法

    连词                 含义及用法                                  例句
           “当……时候”,可与延续性动词             或短      When you apply for a job,you must 
           暂性动词连     用;从句动作可以发生在主              present your certificates.
    when
           句动作之前、之后或与主句动作同时发                   当你申请工作时,你必须递          交你的有关
           生                                   证件。
                                               Mary made coffee while her guests 
           “当……时候”,一般只可与延续性动
    while                                      were finishing their meal.客人们就要
           词连  用,从句动作与主句动作同时发             生
                                               吃完饭的时候,玛丽        去煮咖啡了。
                                               As he grew older,he became less 
           “随着……”,常与延续性动词连             用,从
     as                                        active.
           句动作与主句动作同时或几乎同时发               生
                                               随着他逐渐长     大,他变得不那么活泼了。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.as soon as,immediately,directly,instantly,the moment/minute/
  second/instant,no sooner...than...,hardly/rarely/scarcely...
  when...这些从属连词都译为“一……就……”,表示从句的动作一发生,
  主句的动作随即就发生。
  He started as soon as he received the news.
  他一接到消息就动身了。
  The moment I heard the voice,I knew father was coming.
  我一听到那个声音,我就知道父亲来了。
  The man began to work immediately he arrived there.
  那个人一到那儿就开始工作。
  No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain.
  我一到家,天就开始下雨。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.till和until
  (1)肯定句中,主句谓语动词应是延续性动词,意为“某动作一直延续到某
     时间点才停止”。
     He remained there till/until she arrived.
     他在那儿一直待到她到达。
  (2)否定句中,主句谓语动词应是非延续性动词,从句为肯定式,意为“某动
     作直到某时间点才开始。”
     I didn’t notice that I forgot my ticket till/until I got to 
     the station.
     直到到了车站我才意识到我忘带车票了。
  (3)till不可置于句首,until可以。
                ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

  (4)强调和倒装句中,not和until应被视为一个整体,同时被强调并置于句首。
     Not until we know more will we be able to improve the situation.
     我们只有了解更多情况才能改善现状。
     It was not until I had read your letter that I knew the truth.直
     到读了你的信我才知道事情的真相。
4.since
  (1)从句的谓语动词一般是短暂性动词,主句谓语动词则是延续性动词或反复发
     生的动作。since引导的从句时态为一般过去时,主句时态为现在完成时或现
     在完成进行时。
     She has been working for the company since she left school.她自从
     毕业一直在这家公司工作。
                 ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(2)句型“It is/has been+时间段+since...”意为“自从……到现在多久了”。
   ①若since引导的状语从句的谓语动词是非延续性动词的过去式,则从句表示的时
     间是“从动作开始的那一时刻起”。如:
     It has been 3 years since he began to smoke.
     他开始吸烟已经有三年了。
     It has been 3 years since he became a soldier.
     他参军已经有三年了。
   ②若since引导的状语从句的谓语动词是持续性动词或表示状态的动词的过去式时,
     则从句表示的时间是“从持续动作或状态结束时算起”。如:
     It has been three years since he was a soldier.
     他退役(不当兵)已经有三年了。
     It is already three years since he was a teacher.
     他不当教师已经三年了。
                 ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

     ③若since引导的状语从句的谓语动词为持续性动词的现在完成式,则从句表示的
       时间是“从动作发生之时算起”。如:
       I haven’t heard from him since he has lived there.
       这里has lived表示动作的持续性,时间的起点应从:“开始居住”时算起。因
       此此句可理解为“自从他(开始)住在那儿起,我就一直没收到他的来信”。
5.before
  (1)before常用于表示“还未……就……,不到……就……;……才……;趁……;还没
     来得及……就……”等含义。
     We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
     我们航行了四天四夜才看见陆地。
     He rushed out of the room before I could say anything else.
     我还没来得及说别的他就冲出了房间。
     Please write it down before you forget it.
     趁你现在没忘把它记下来。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

  (2)句型“It was/will be+时间段+before...”意为“过了/要过多久
     才……”。“It was not long before.../ It won’t be long  
     before...”意为“不久就……”。
     It will be half a year before I come back.
     要过半年我才能回来。
     It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.没
     过多久他就感觉到这个位置的危险。
6.every time,each time,next time,the first time 等名词可以用来引导
  时间状语从句,表示“每当,每次,下次,第一次”等。
  Every time I saw him,I found him to be taller.
  每次我碰见他,都觉得他长高了。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点二 地点状语从句
1.通常由连词where和wherever引导,从句可位于主句之前,也可位于主句之后。
  You’d better not leave the medicine where kids can get it.
  你最好不要把药放在孩子能够得着的地方。
  Children will play wherever they happen to be.
  小孩子走到哪里玩到哪里。
2.地点状语从句在句首时常兼有抽象条件意味。
  Where there’s a will,there’s a way.
  有志者,事竟成。
  Where(ver) there’s plenty of sun and rain,the fields are green.
  哪里阳光雨水充足,哪里的田野就绿油油的。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

特别提示   where引导的状语从句和定语从句的区别:
where引导地点状语从句直接修饰动词,而在定语从句中where作为关系副词要跟
在表示地点的先行词后面。如:
If you are travelling where the customs are really foreign to your 
own,please do as the Romans do.(地点状语从句)
If you are travelling in places where the customs are really foreign 
to your own,please do as the Romans do.(定语从句)
如果你到风俗习惯不同的地方旅游,请入乡随俗。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点三 条件状语从句
     引导条件状语从句的从属连词(词组)有:if              (如果),unless  (除非,如果
不),as/so   long   as(只要),supposing   (that)(倘若,假定),provided 
(that)(假若,倘若),providing    (that)(倘若),on  condition that (条件是
),in case (如果)等。
You will succeed as long as you study hard.
只要你努力学习,你一定会成功。
Supposing it rains,what shall we do?
假如下雨,我们该怎么办呢?
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点四 让步状语从句
1.although与though引导的让步状语从句。
  二者可互换,且都可与yet,still或nevertheless连用,但不与 but连用。
  though引导让步状语从句放在句首时,可使用倒装结构,但although引导的
  状语从句不能倒装。
  He didn’t stop working though/although he was ill.
  虽然病了,但他没有停止工作。
  Young though she is,she knows how to deal with such a thing.她虽
  然年轻,但懂得如何处理这件事。(本句中though不可换为although)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

 特别提示   though还可作副词用于句末,意为“可是,然而,不过”,although
 则不能。
 He said he would come.He didn’t though.
 他说他会来,可是他没有来。
2.as引导让步状语从句时,需要使用倒装结构,表示强调。
  Tired as he was (=Though he was tired),he continued his work.尽
  管他累了,他还是继续工作。
  Much as I respect him (=Though I respect him much),I can’t agree
  with his proposal.
  尽管我很尊重他,我还是不赞成他的提议。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

特别提示   在此类倒装句中,如果名词提前,则要省去冠词。如:
Child as he is,he knows a lot about science.= Although he is a 
child,he knows a lot about science.
尽管他是个孩子,但是他对科学知识懂得很多。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.while引导让步状语从句,一般放在句首。
  While (= Although) I don’t like it,I will try to learn it well. 
  尽管我不喜欢它,我也会努力学好。
4.whatever/no matter what,whoever/no matter who,whichever/no matter 
  which等都可以引导让步状语从句,而且whatever,whoever,whichever等还可
  以引导名词性从句,但“no matter+wh-”不能引导名词性从句,只能引导让
  步状语从句。
  Whatever/No matter what you say,I won’t believe you.(让步状语从句
)
  不管你说什么,我决不相信你的话。
  You can take whatever you like.(名词性从句)
  喜欢什么你就可以拿什么。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点五 方式状语从句
    方式状语从句用来表示主句谓语动作发生的方式,常由as (像……一样),
as if/though(似乎,好像)等引导。
1.as引导方式状语从句,前面常可用just加强语气。
  You must do the exercise as I tell you.
  你必须按照我告诉你的方法做练习。
  I did just as the teacher did.
  我正是按照老师做的那样做了。
2.as if/as though引导方式状语从句时,常用虚拟语气。
  She spoke English so well as if she had been to America.
  她英语说得非常好,就好像她去过美国似的。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点六 原因状语从句 
    原因状语从句可由because,as,since,now that 等引导。
1.because 译作“因为”,表直接原因,语气较强,能回答由why 提出的问句。
  The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair because he wanted 
  to sit next to his wife.
  那位老人让露西换坐到另一把椅子上,因为他想挨着他妻子坐。
2.as(由于),since (既然),now that/in that (既然),表双方都知道的原因,
  语气较弱。as,since 和now that 引导的从句多位于主句之前。
  Now that you have done that,stop blaming yourself.
  既然你已经做了,就不要自责了。
  特别提示   for也可用来表原因,为并列连词,起补充说明的作用。通常后
  置,用逗号与主句隔开。
  He can’t see,for he is blind.
  他看不见,因为眼睛失明了。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点七 结果状语从句 
    引导结果状语从句的连词有:so that,so...that,such...that。其结构是
:
1.so+adj./adv.+that 从句
  so+adj.+a(n)+可数名词单数+that从句
  so+many/much/little/few+名词+that从句 
  We had read so interesting a book.
  我们读了如此有趣的一本书。
  He had so many falls that he was black and blue all over.
  他摔了那么多跤,以至于他身上青一块紫一块的。
  He got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and 
  soul together.
  他每个月赚那么少的钱,以至于他简直入不敷出。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.such+a(n)+adj.+可数名词单数+that从句
  such+adj.+可数名词复数/不可数名词+that从句
  such+a lot of/lots of+名词+that 从句 
  We had read such an interesting book.
  我们读了如此有趣的一本书。
  It was such bad weather that we had to stay at home.
  天气如此糟糕我们只有待在家里了。
  They are such useful books that I wanted to buy them all.
  这些书是如此有用,我想把它们都买下来。
  They were such little children that they cannot clean the house 
  by themselves.
  他们是如此小的孩子,自己是不会打扫房间的。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.主句+so that从句
  It was such a cold day that there was nobody in the street.
  =It was so cold a day that there was nobody in the street.
  =It was a cold day so that there was nobody in the street.
  天气非常冷,街上一个人也没有。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

考点八 目的状语从句 
    引导目的状语从句的连词有:so that,in order that,for fear that,in 
case,lest 等。
1.so that 与 in order that(表肯定)
  in order that引导的从句可置于主句之前或之后,而so that 引导的从句通
  常置于主句之后。在从句中常与can,may,could,might等情态动词连用。
  John spoke through a microphone so that he could be heard in 
  every room.
  为了让每个房间的人都能听到他的声音,约翰用麦克风讲话。
  In order that we might see the sunrise,we started for the peak 
  early.
  为了能看到日出,我们早早地出发去山顶。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.for fear that,in case 与 lest(表否定)
  这三个连词引导的目的状语从句中的谓语常用“(should+) 动词原形”。
  He wrote the name down for fear that/in case/lest he (should) 
  forget it.他把名字写下来以免忘了。
考点九 比较状语从句
    引导比较状语从句的连词有:than,as...as...,not so/as...as...
John is taller than his father.
约翰比他父亲高。
John is as tall as his father.
约翰和他父亲一样高。
John is not so/as tall as his father.
约翰不如他父亲高。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

特别提示   注意两种特殊的表示比较的结构:
①the+比较级...,the+比较级...结构。
  The more you exercise,the healthier you will be.
  你锻炼得越多就会越健康。
②A be to B what C be to D 结构。
  Engines are to machines what hearts are to animals.
  发动机之于机器正如心脏之于动物。
                 ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

真题链接

1.Like many things in life,it’s an ongoing process,    the best part of 
  the process is that there’s enough room for improvement.(2017年11月浙江) 
2.It is far better than any other method     you improve your vocabulary 
  while reading an interesting piece of literature.(2017年11月浙江) 

 答案及剖析:
 1.and 根据句意和句子结构,此处所填单词是连词,连接两个完整的句子,而且句子
   之间是并列关系,因此用and。
 2.because 此处的句意为“这比其他任何的方法都有效,因为你在阅读非常有趣的
   文学作品的同时也提高了你的词汇量”。根据句意和句子结构,此处所填单词引
   导一个原因状语从句,因此用because。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.     fat and salt are removed from food,the food tastes as if 
  it is missing something.(2017全国Ⅰ) 
4.—Peter,please send us postcards      we’ll know where you 
    have visited. 
  —No problem.(2017北京)

 答案及剖析:
 3.When 此处的句意是“当脂肪和盐分从食物中去除后,食物尝起来就好像
   缺失了什么东西。” 根据句意和句子结构,此处所填单词引导一个表示
   时间的状语从句,因此用when。
 4.so 本题的句意:——彼得,请给我们寄明信片,这样我们就能知道你都去
   哪里参观了。——没问题。根据题干可知,设空处前后分句为因果关系,
   应用so“如此,这样”。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

5.        birds use their feathers for flight,some of their 
  feathers are for other purposes.(2017北京) 

答案及剖析:
5.Although/While 本句的句意:尽管鸟类使用它们的羽毛来飞行,可它们的
  一些羽毛有其他作用。 根据句意可知设空处引导 让步状语从句,所以用
  although/while。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
                          跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.The transition from high school to college wasn’t as difficult 
       my mind made me think it would be. 
2.It doesn’t matter whether you have known them for a long time 
       you have just met. 
答案及剖析:
1.as/so 本句句意:从高中生活到大学生活的转化并没有我自己想象的那么
  难。此处,用as + adj.+ as 结构来引导一个比较关系的并列句子。
2.or 句意:这个人是你很早就认识的还是刚刚认识其实并不重要。此处所
  缺单词和前面的whether呼应,组成“whether...or...”结构,表示选择。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.He crossed into the square      sat down on a bench,partly 
  to enjoy the last of the afternoon sun.(2018衢州期中联考) 
4.Everybody knows the danger of smoking,   many can’t stop it.
5.Let’s keep to the point,   we will never reach any decision.  

  答案及剖析:
  3.and 此处所缺单词作连词,连接两个并列动词,因此用and。
  4.but 根据句意和句子结构,此处所填单词连接两个并列分句,表示转折
    关系。
  5.or/otherwise 本句的句意是“我们还是回到终点吧,否则,我们做不成
    任何决定。”根据句意和句子结构,此处,两个句子之间是条件关系,意为
    “否则”。
                ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

6.The young man wanted to help the dog,     as he approached,the
  dog started to bark. 
7.During the first three years children learn the basic skills they 
  will use in all their later learning 

  答案及剖析:
  6.but/yet 考查连词的用法。句意:那个年轻人想帮助那条狗,但是当他接
    近时,那条狗开始叫。设空处前后为转折关系,故用but 或yet 连接。
  7.and 考查连词的用法。句意:前三年,孩子们学会了以后在家里和在学校
    学习中所需要用的基本技能。根据本句中的both 可知设空处应填and,构
    成“both ... and ... ”结构。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

8.It must be five o’clock now,     the birds are singing. 
9.Count,but never stop      you find the tenth.
                                        (2017山东泰安模拟考试) 

答案及剖析:
8.for 考查连词的用法。分析句子结构可知,此处需要填一个连词。句意:
  现在肯定5点钟了,因为鸟在唱歌了。后半句对前面的情况予以说明,故用
  并列连词for。
9.until/before 考查连词用法。句意:继续数,直到你找到第十个再停下
  来。not(never)...until...直到……才……,以及before在……之前,都
  符合语境。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

10.Don’t turn off the computer before closing all programs,
        you could have problems. 
11.     there was no conclusive evidence,most people thought 
   he was guilty.(2017浙江杭州质检) 

答案及剖析:
10.or 考查连词的用法。根据句子结构及句意可知,此处构成“祈使句+
   or+陈述句”句型,所以填并列连词or。
11.While/Although/Though 考查连词的用法。句意:虽然没有确凿证据,
   但大多数人认为他有罪。根据句意可知此处应用While,Although 或
   Though 引导让步状语从句。
                ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

12.Two weeks before Christmas,two little girls were walking down the 
   street      they saw old Harry. 
13.A whole month had passed      she fully recovered. 

  答案及剖析:
  12.when 考查连词的用法。句意:圣诞节前的两周,两个小女孩正在街上走
     着突然看到了年迈的Harry。根据句意可知此处应用sb.be doing sth.
     when ... “某人正在做某事,这时……”。
  13.before 考查连词的用法。根据句意“整整一个月过去她才完全恢复。”
     可知,此处需要填连词,引导时间状语从句,表示“……然后才……”,所以
     填before。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

14.As we can see,developing a good habit is so important      I 
   would like to introduce one kind of good learning habit-keep a 
   learning diary every day. 
15.     hard I tried,I could not memorize the text. 

答案及剖析:
14.that 考查连词的用法。句意:正如我们看到的那样,养成一个好的习惯
   如此重要,以至于我想开始一种好的学习习惯,即每天都要记学习笔记。
   根据语境可知此处应用so ... that 引导结果状语从句。
15.However 考查连词的用法。句意:不管我如何努力,就是记不住课文。故
   此处应用However引导让步状语从句。
                   ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

Ⅱ.语篇语法填空
   My  grandfather is  a retired worker.On summer evenings,we often sat together 
outside the house 1.     enjoyed     the cool air.It was the time that he told me 
lots of his experiences before liberation. 
    2.     my      grandfather was fourteen years old,he worked in a coal mine.One 
day,when he and his two workmates were working in the tunnel,an 3.     (fortune) 
thing suddenly happened.A part of the tunnel fell down,and they were shut in it.They 
had no food  4.         (eat).When  they were hungry,they only drank some water 
there.It was very cold in it.In order to keep warm,they hugged one another.In the 
darkness,they didn’t know whether it was day 5.     night,they     only felt they 
had stayed there for a  very long time.They were too hungry to speak  or move,and 
thought they 6.     (die).At last,the tunnel 7.     (dig) through.They were 
saved.They had been there for fourteen days! My grandfather said they weren’t let 
out at once.If 8.    ,they would have died.They were kept at the entrance to the 
tunnel 9.         it   was very dim,and they  were fed 10.          some  thin 
porridge.After a day or two,they had recovered a bit,and they were helped out. 
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

答案及剖析:
1.and 根据句意和句子结构,此处所填单词连接两个并列的谓语,表示并列
  关系,因此用and。
2.When 此处的句意是:当我爷爷14岁的时候,他在一家煤矿工作。此处所填
  单词引导一个时间状语从句,意为“当……的时候”,所以用when。
3.unfortunate 考查形容词的用法。由下文语境可知,“爷爷”和他的工友
  们被困在了隧道里,故此处答案为unfortunate,意为“不幸的,倒霉的”。
4.to eat 考查非谓语动词的用法。分析本句句意可知,被困隧道的他们没
  有东西吃;不定式在此作定语,修饰前面的food。
5.or 考查连词的用法。此处的语境大致为,由于被困在伸手不见五指的隧
  道里,他们都不知道外面是白天还是黑夜,故此空答案为or,表示选择关系。
                ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

6.would die 考查动词时态的用法。由本句语境可知,因为长时间被困在隧道里,没
  有东西吃喝,他们觉得自己终将会死去;再分析句子结构,此处有一个宾语从句,作
  thought的宾语,故应用过去将来时。
7.was dug 考查动词的语态。根据句意可知,隧道最终被人从外面打通了,tunnel与
  dig构成被动关系,再根据语境可知,为过去时态,故应用被动语态的过去时。
8.so 考查副词的用法。so 用作副词时,(指刚说过的事物)这样,如此……;再根据此
  处语境可知,被救之后,他们并没有马上出隧道,如果那样的话,他们有可能会死,故
  此空答案为so,指代上文提到的事。
9.where 考查定语从句连词的用法。分析句子结构可知,tunnel后有一个定语从句来
  修饰,且从句的主谓成分齐全,缺少地点状语,故连词应为关系副词where,引导一个
  定语从句修饰先行词tunnel,并且在从句中作地点状语。
10.on 考查介词的用法 feed sb.on sth.为固定词组,意为“给(人或动物)食物”,
   故答案为on。
︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
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