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外研版 高二上 必修5 Module1 British English and American English 全程课件

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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1. have a lot / much/ sth/ little/ nothing 
    in common with sb/sth
   有很多/一些/几乎没有/没有共同之处
①I found I had a lot in common with 
  these people.
②four women with almost nothing in 
  common 
③The two games have much in 
  common.
④In common with a lot of other 
  countries, we're in an economic 
  recession (衰退).
2. make a/some/much/no difference to 
    对…有/没有 影响/重要

 ①  Morning or afternoon, it makes no 
    difference to me.
 ②  It won't make much difference 
    whether you go today or tomorrow. 
 ③  It does make a difference whether we 
    can speak English fluently.
3. It is obvious (that) 显然,很明显
It is quite obvious that he is lying.
be obvious to sb that对…来说很清楚
It might be obvious to you, but it isn't to me.
It was obvious to everyone that the child had 
been badly treated. 大家都清楚那孩子受过虐待.
obviously adv. 显然,明显地
Obviously, television has both advantages 
and disadvantages.
Obviously, you don't understand me.
5. confuse v. 使迷惑、混淆、分不清

 to confuse black and white 
 to confuse Mr. A with Mr. B 

adj. confusing / confused
be confused about 
If you're confused about anything, phone 
my office.
4. queue n./v. 队伍、排队
a queue of people waiting for the bus
the queue for the toilets
There was a long queue to get into the 
cinema.
jump the queue
queue (up) for/ to do
The school is one of the best, and parents 
are queuing up to send their children 
there.
We queued for an hour but didn't get in.
7. omit v. 省略、删除、遗漏、忘记
    omit to do/doing 
    omission n. omitting / omitted
  Don't omit locking /to lock the door. 
  John omitted preparing his lessons that 
  day.
 8. vary v. 变化 ~ from … to …
    various adj. 各种各样的、不同的
    variety n.种类,品种,多样化 a ~ of各种各样的
    variation n. 变化~in/of/among/between
9.differ from …与…不同、有区别、不一样
   differ with/from sb on/about sth 
  I'm sorry to differ with you on that. 
  Chinese differs greatly from Japanese in 
  pronunciation. 

  differ from…in…= be different from…in…
  differ with = disagree with
6. compare … with / to

 ________ with the size of the whole earth, 
 the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. 
 (2004湖北卷) 
 A. Compare           B. When comparing 
 C. Comparing    D.D.  WhenWhen  comparedcompared 

 Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, 
 _______ with his old one. (2009重庆)
 A. comparing    B. compares
 C. to compare   D.D.  comparedcompared
10.settle v. 定居、解决、决定
settle down 定居 settle in 迁入新居并安顿好
That’s settled. 就这么决定了。
How long did it take you to settle down in 
this country?
11. remark on/upon 评论、评述
      remark that 说…
She remarked (that) we'd better go at once. 
The judge made a few remarks about our 
performance.
12. after all 毕竟、终究
      above all 首先、尤其
      in all 总共
13. have no/a little/much/great difficulty 
/trouble /a hard time (in) doing sth
有一点儿/很多/巨大的 困难
Do you have any difficulty in 
understanding spoken English?
I have difficulty (in) remembering 
names.
have difficulty/trouble with sth
14. lead to 导致,结果是,引起 
      result in/ cause
Eating too much fat can lead to heart 
disease.
It was a medical error which led to the 
death of the patient.

look forward to;  refer to;  pay attention to; 
devote…to…;  stick to;  object to; 
contribute to;  get down to;  the attitude to; 
the key/ answer / solution to…; get/be 
used to; belong to
15. present v. 陈述,赠送,颁发
Present your ideas to the rest of the class.
present sb with sth 
present sth to sb 向…赠送…
He presents his views to his classmates very 
clearly. 
He presented the teacher with a notebook. 
present  adj.在场的; 现在的 n. 礼物
at present =at the present time 目前.现在
All the students present were given a small 
present.
At present, people present here can not 
present a good solution to problem.
16. Jane’s pale face suggested that 
she was ill, and her parents 
suggested that she should have a 
medical examination.

                We have really 
             everything in common 
            with America nowadays, 
               except of course, 
                  language.

             如今,我们和美国在一
             切方面都相同,当然除
             了语言。

Oscar Wilde
 Within a century British 
  and American English 
speakers will not be able 
to understand each other.

                       Henry Sweet

 不出一百年,讲英国英语和讲美国英语
 的人将不能互相理解。
America and England are 
 two countries divided by 
  a common language.

 美国和英国是被同一种语
 言分开的两个国家。


          George Bernard Shaw萧伯纳
              It doesn’t make much of 
              a difference whether a 
              teacher speaks British 
               or American English.

              老师讲英式英语或美国
              英语并没有多大的差别
Dave Sperling 。
founder of Dave’s ESL Café
ESL—English as a Second Language作为第二
语言的英语     EFL—English as a Foreign 
Language 作为外语的英语
         AnswerAnswer  thethe  questions:questions:
1.1.  WhatWhat  isis  thethe  topictopic  ofof  thethe  KeysKeys
 quotations?quotations?     1.1. TheThe  differencedifference  
2.2.  WhichWhich  isis  thethe  mostmost  optimistic?optimistic? betweenbetween  
                              BritishBritish  andand  
3.3.  WhichWhich  isis  thethe  mostmost  AmericanAmerican  
 pessimistic?pessimistic?     EnglishEnglish
4.4.  WhichWhich  (if(if  any)any)  dodo  youyou  thinkthink  areare  2.2. DD
 funny?funny?               3.3. BB
55  WhichWhich  isis  goodgood  newsnews  forfor  4.4. (open)(open)
 studentsstudents  ofof  English?English? 5.5. DD
6.6.  CanCan  youyou  guessguess  whichwhich  6.6. HenryHenry  SweetSweet
 quotationsquotations  areare  fromfrom  BritishBritish  
 people?people?


         Match paragraphs
1. Words, words, words
2. Chips or French fries
3. Have or have got
4. Colour or color

                     A. Spelling and  
                         pronunciation
                     B. Vocabulary
                     C. Grammar
ParagraphParagraph  1~2:1~2:  thethe  differencesdifferences  inin  vocabularyvocabulary

                                 automobiles
         motorway
          petrol
                                   subway
                                      cab
                                  flashlight
         queue up
                                 French fries
Br.    chips 
Am.    French Fries
Ch.    炸土豆条

Br.    crisps 
Am.    chips
Ch.    炸土豆片
ParagraphParagraph  3:3:  thethe  differencesdifferences  inin  grammargrammar


                             Do you have…?
  My friend has just 
  arrived
                           on the team/ weekend

  Write to me soon!
ParagraphParagraph  4:4:  thethe  differencesdifferences  inin  spellingspelling  andand  pronunciationpronunciation


               centre           center
               colour           color 
               programme        program
Monita Rajpal是CNN International “World News”
节目的主持人,在CNN 位于亚特兰大的总部工作。自
2001年起, Rajpal已报道了众多事件,如美国领导的
反恐战争;持续已久的中东冲突;天主教会丑闻;利
比里亚社会动荡;伊拉克管理委员会就职;特蕾莎修
女授福及阿富汗战争中的坎大哈事件。她还主持了 
CNN 技术和环境特色节目“Global Challenges” ,并参
与了另一个 CNN特色节目“Inside the Middle East”
的工作。
ABC American Broadcasting Company 
美国广播公司
NBC National Broadcasting Company 
全国广播公司
VOA Voice of America 美国之音
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
英国广播公司
CNN Cable News Network 美国有线电视
新闻网
Match the British and American words and 
phrases in the box.
        flat         apartment
      autumn            fall
        lift          elevator
    ground floor     first floor
       torch         flashlight
      rubbish         garbage
       petrol           gas
      holiday         vacation
     queue up       stand in line
       lorry           truck
     pavement        sidewalk
Rewrite the sentences using British 
words.
 1.We really like going on vacation in 
   the
 fall.
 We really like going on holiday in the
 autumn.
 2.You don’t need to take the elevator. 
   Our 
 apartment is on the first floor.
 You don’t need to use the lift. Our flat 
   is 
 on the ground floor.
3.Did you see that truck come out of 
the gas station?
Did you see that lorry come out of the 
petrol station?

4.Pass me a flashlight, Eddie. I’ve lost 
my wallet.
Pass me a torch, Eddie. I’ve lost my 
wallet.
dimension n. 大小,体积,范围,面积(常用复
数);cn.宽度,长度,厚度,高度等; 维,度;方面,
程度
 What are the dimensions of the room? 
 这房间的面积是多少?
 of three dimensions 三维的, 立体的
 There is another dimension to this 
 problem which you haven't mentioned. 
 这个问题还有一个方面你没提到。

1.谈论永久的状况,或谈论经常发生或随
时都在发生的事(而不只是眼前的是),
通常用一般现在时。
I go to London about three times a 
week.
Water freezes at 0°Celsius.
My parents live near Dover.
2.通常用现在进行时谈论眼前正在进行的暂
时的动作和事情,而不用于持续长时间的或
永久的情况。
“What are you doing?” “I’m reading.”
Why is that girl standing on the table?
3. 谈论一系列动作或事情,一边说,一边
做,通常用一般现在时。
Watch carefully. First I take a bowl and 
break two eggs into it. Next …
4. 如果重复的动作和事情发生在说话时刻
前后的话,就可以用现在进行时来表示。
Why is he hitting the dog?
但是我们通常不用现在进行时来谈论那些
与说话的时刻没有密切联系的重复动作和
事情。
I go to the mountains about twice a 
year.
5. 要说明目前的一个动作或情况已经进行
了多长时间,要用完成时。
I’ve known her since 1960.
I’ve been learning English for three 
years.
refer to…as… 把…称为…
People refer to Yuan Longping as “the 
father of hybrid rice”.  
China is referred to as “the factory of the 
world”.

refer to
I had forgotten the date of the battle so I 
referred to a history book.(查阅,参考)
When I said some people are stupid, I wasn’t 
referring to you.(针对,指的是…)
Don’t refer to the matter again.(提到,谈到)
attempt n. v. 尝试、企图、试图
 make            an      attempt                to do
                                 at (doing) sth
 attempt to do

The boys attempted to leave for camping 
but were stopped by their parents.
They failed in all their attempts to climb 
the mountain.
criticize/criticise v. criticism n. 批评
criticize sb/sth for (doing) sth
Doctors have criticized the government for 
failing to invest enough in the health service.
He was criticized for not finishing the work in 
time.
blame v. 责备、指责
blame sb for sth = blame sth on sb
sb is to blame for sth
She blamed him for the failure of their 
marriage.
Which driver was to blame for the accident?
       简化字汉字由来已久, 汉字从甲骨文、
金文变为篆书,再变为隶书、楷书。
  楷书在魏晋时开始出现,而简体字已见
于南北朝的碑刻,到隋唐时代简化字逐渐增
多,在民间相当普遍,被称为“俗体字”。
  宋代以后,随着印刷术的发明,简体字
由碑刻和手写转到雕版印刷的书籍上,从而
扩大了简体字的流行范围,数量大大增多。
根据《宋元以来俗字谱》,宋元明清12种民
间刻本中所用的简体字多达6240个,合为繁
体字共1604个,平均每个繁体字有3—9个不
同的简化字。
目前,簡體字主要在中國大陸、馬來西
亞、新加坡,以及東南亞的一些華人社
區中使用。過去簡體字與繁體字並存於
聯合國各式文件中,然而中華人民共和
國於1971年恢復聯合國合法席位後,目
前聯合國中無成員國家使用繁體中文字
體。聯合國的漢字體系標準與大陸的簡
體漢字保持一致。對外發布的漢字正式
文本以簡體漢字為準。 2008年後,聯
合國將不再同時發行兩種漢字文本,只
保留簡體文本。
         The Writing System
There are about 50,000 characters in 
written Chinese, however most people 
only know about 20,000 of these. Most 
of these characters have elements of 
meaning and information about 
pronunciation. The most widely used 
system of writing is Putonghua, which 
became the medium of instruction in all 
schools in 1956, and almost all 
publications made are using it.
           Varieties of Chinese
There are eight main varieties of Chinese. 
These are regional, and are often called 
dialects, although they are very different 
from each other in pronunciation. There is 
also another classification. There is also 
another classification, however, which gives 
two varieties: Wenyan, an ancient literary 
language, and Baihua, a kind of colloquial 
language. Putonghua, closely similar to the 
language spoken in Beijing, has been 
developed since the late of 1950s. Its 
development has had the aim of simplifying 
Chinese.
       The Language Today
Pinyin is a 58-symbol writing system 
which has been used since 1958. It has 
the aims of helping everyone to use 
Putonghua, and to learn the Chinese 
characters. In the 1970s a new map of 
China was printed which standardised 
the place names of every town, city 
and village.

Read the passage and answer:
What reasons did Webster have for 
writing an American dictionary?
He wanted to simplify the spelling of 
English and make it look different 
from British English.
What are the two problems with 
English?
The spelling of words does not always 
represent the sound.
Some words just seem to have too 
many letters.
Can you see any similarities between 
Webster’s work and attempts to 
simplify Chinese?
The work of simplifying Chinese has 
made it convenient for people to read, 
understand and use the Chinese 
language. So has Webster’s work for 
American people.
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