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2018-2019学年高中英语外研版 必修三 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia -Introduction and Reading and Vocabulary

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    Module 4  
Sandstorms in Asia

 Period One Introduction

Reading &Vocabulary
                hurricane
 tornado                       earthquake  


             Natural Disasters


sandstorm                   volcanic eruption
                 lightning

How beautiful it is!
What are they doing?
What happened one day?
                      Central Asia
                         A
   B
North America
                    C
                Central Africa


                                     D
                                  Australia 
美国宇航局地球观测站今日公布了一张卫星照片,展示了3月中旬
发生在亚洲西南部的超级沙尘暴景象。美国宇航局泰若卫星(Terra)
上的中分辨率成像光谱仪(MODIS)于3月19日拍下了这幅自然色照
片,显示了沙尘暴席卷伊朗、阿富汗和巴基斯坦的情景。在阿富汗
南部可以看到一些沙尘源,这些沙尘呈弧形吹向东南-东北方向。
这场沙尘暴中的大多数尘柱都很厚,完全遮蔽了下面的地面和水域。
Inner Mongolia has many sandstorms every year. It 
is far away from the sea , so it is an inland region.


 Xinjiang
      GansuInner Mongolia   
   A       C
       B
 Look at the picture below .Complete the 
 sentences using the correct form of these 
 words.

          blow     bury    frightening    
            last (v.)          sandstorm


There had been a    sandstorm             . It       had        lasted for ten hours and was very                   
. The  frighteningwind                   the sandwas  highblowing around the houses, and some 
cars were almost completely                by the sand.buried
1.  Sandstorms begin in desert areas.  ( \/ )
2. Deserts are created by climate changes. ( \/ )
3. Deserts are  also created because               
   people cut down trees and dig up grass. ( \/ 
4. Sandstorms from Asia have blown across) 
   the Pacific Ocean to American. ( \/ )
5. Sandstorms can’t  be prevented.(×)

6. The inland region has more sandstorms         
   than the one near the sea. ( \/ )
                  Discussion
    Work in groups of 4-6.  Discuss these questions. 
The team leaders from each group report their 
answers to the class.
1. What should you do in a sandstorm to protect yourself?
2. Which do you think is more dangerous , an earthquake or a  
sandstorm?  Say why.
3. Where in China do sandstorms begin?
4. If you are in a desert, what is the first sign of a sandstorm?

5. Have you ever been in a sandstorm? If yes, describe it to 
your partner.
       Reading and vocabulary

    Look up these words in a dictionary. Then match  
the words  with their definition.
          citizen        cycle (v)       dust           expert 
          forecast         process    situation     survive 

1.to ride a bicycle  cycle
2.someone who knows a lot about a particular subject expert
3.things that happen one after another , and have a result  process

4.someone who lives in a particular town or country citizen

5.very small bits of dirt or earth , on the ground or in the air dust
6.to continue to live after a difficult or dangerous situation or 
event survive

7.to say what will probably happen forcast
8.everything that  is happening at a particular time situation
    Pre-reading 
Look at the photo. 
Answer the questions.

Answers:
1. There is a sandstorm blowing.
2. They’ve wearing hoods, masks and glasses to 
   protect themselves.
3. It moves very slowly. Because it is not clear to see 
   everything on the road and people  must take 
   great care.
4.   Stay at home.
            Fast reading:

v Para.1              a. the description of sandstorms 

v Para.2              b. the causes of sandstorms 

v Para.3              c. a major disaster in Asia 

v Para.4              d. the effects of sandstorms  

v Para.5              e. the government’s measures

v Para.6              f. the forecast and suggestions 
Further reading:         
1. Sandstorms are strong winds carrying ____ through the air. 
   A. dirt and mud      B. rain and heat   
   C. sand and dust     D. cloud and snow     
2.What do the experts advise people to do when a sandstorm 
arrives in the city? 
   A. Don’t go out.                         B. Don’t wear masks.  
   C. Don’t go to work as usual.   D. Don’t ride bicycles   
3.The factors that cause land to be desert are ____.             
A. cutting down trees        B. digging up grass
C. climate changes            D. all of the above
4. From the last paragraph, we know ____.
A. the government is taking measures to prevent  sandstorms
B. the distance between the desert and the center of Beijing is  
only 250 kilometers 
C. more than 30 million trees have been planted in Beijing 
D. the government won’t plant trees any more in the next five 
years
Post reading
   After reading the passage, complete these sentences.
1. The winds in a sandstorm can sometimes 
________________________________________________prevent you (from) seeing the sun / strong enough to
________________move sand dunes.
2. When Ren Jianbo was living in Inner Mongolia 
_________________________________he experienced a terrible sandstorm.  
3. Sandstorms in China appear to have increased 
__________________________ as a result of desertification.
4. Cutting down trees an digging up grass can 
_______________________________________cause deserts and sand-storms to increase.
5. Traffic moved very slowly because 
________________________________________________the thick dust makes it difficult to see / the drivers 
________________cannot see clearly.
6. The government is planting trees to the west of Beijing 
to ______________________________prevent the desert coming nearer.
Discussion:
Suppose you are a press reporter, you are 
reporting some people in the street. You may ask 
the following questions:
1. What do you think of a sandstorm?
2. What is a sandstorm? 
3. Do you think how does a strong sandstorm affect 
us? 
4. What are the causes of sandstorms?
5. What should we do if sandstorms occur?
6. How can we do to prevent sandstorms?
Homework:
Design a poster that encourages people to 
protect the environment.
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