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18-19 人教版 必修一 Unit 4 Section Ⅴ Writing——如何写新闻报道

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中国现代教育网
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                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   Section Ⅴ Writing——如何写新闻报道

                            [写作技法指导]

     [文体指导]
                              如何写新闻报道
     一、英文新闻报道通常包括以下四个部分

     1.标题:标题是新闻的题目,是编辑对最有新闻价值内容的浓缩、概括。
 为了撷取新闻要点、诠释新闻意义、吸引读者阅读,好的标题应该简洁明了。

     2.导语:导语是消息开头的第一段或第一句话,它扼要地揭示出消息的核
 心内容。

     3.主体:主体是消息的主要部分,它用充足的事实表现主题,是对导语内
 容的进一步展开和阐释。主体要根据不同内容运用适当句型对新闻细节进行描
 述。

     4.结束语:一般是最后一句话或者一段话,通常对全文内容做概括性的总
 结。有时,作者根据报道在结束语中提出令人深思的问题。
     【常用表达】 

     1.导语部分

     ①According to a recent survey,about 78.9% of the college students wanted to 
 further their study after graduation.根据最近的一项调查,大约     78.9%的大学生想
毕业后继续深造。

     ②The weather was fine,and a large number of people went to climb the West 
 Hill.
     天气很好,很多人去爬西山。

     ③Great changes have taken place in China.
     中国发生了巨大的变化。

     ④Thanks to Project Hope,great changes have taken place in this western 
country school.多亏了希望工程,西部的这所乡村学校发生了巨大的变化。
     2.主体部分

     ①To solve the problem,some measures should be taken.为了解决这个问题,
 (我们)应该采取一些措施。
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     ②As  we all know,the Internet is playing an important part in our everyday 
 life.众所周知,互联网在我们的日常生活中起着重要的作用。

     ③The number of the injured in the accident has reached more than 12.这场事故
中受伤的人已经超过          12 个。
     3.结束语部分

     ①We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
     我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。

     ②With  the rapid development of society,our country will surely have a 
 brighter future.
     随着社会的快速发展,我们的国家一定会有更光明的未来。

     ③I suggest that the government should do something more to solve the serious 
problems.
     我建议政府应该做更多的工作来解决这些严重的问题。

     ④We have every reason to believe that the development will be a great success.
     我们完全有理由相信这次发展会很成功。

                            [满分佳作构建]

     [写作任务]
     5 月 25 日,你校学生会组织了为西藏地震灾区捐款的活动。同学们踊跃参
 加,共筹得善款       35 000 元。假如你是校英语报的记者李华,请按以下要点用英
语写一则新闻报道。

     1.时间、地点、任务、活动;
     2.同学们的反应。
     注意:1.词数     100 左右;
     2.报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不计入总词数);
     3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
                    Students Donate Money to Disaster Area
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                                                            
                                                                            
                                                          By Li Hua,
                                                      School Newspaper

    [审题谋篇]
           体裁             新闻报道           时态       一般过去时
           主题            为震区捐款           人称       一、三人称
                     首段:活动简介
           结构        中段:活动背景及活动过程
                     尾段:心得感受

    [遣词造句]
    Ⅰ.对接单元词汇
    1.earthquake n.               地震

    2.destroy v.                  破坏;消灭;毁坏
    3.disaster n.                 灾难
    4.a great number of           许多;大量的

    Ⅱ.巧用单元句型、语法
    (一)完成句子
    1.学生会在     5 月 25 日举办了一场为灾区捐款的活动。
    On May 25,an  activity to donate money to the disaster area was held by the 

Students' Union.(不定式作定语)
    2.一些西藏地区靠近尼泊尔的房子在事故中受到破坏。(定语从句)
    Some houses in Tibet,which is close to Nepal,were destroyed in the accident. 
                                                 【导学号:11132050】

    3.许多学生加入到捐款活动中。
    A great number of students took part in the donation activity.(number)
    4.我们非常高兴捐献了我们的零花钱。
    We were very glad to give our pocket money away.(不定式作原因状语)
    (二)句式升级
    5.What we know is that a big earthquake hit Nepal.(改成定语从句)
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     →As we (all)know,a big earthquake hit Nepal.
     6.Many students took part in the donation activity.The activity was held in our 
 library.(改为过去分词作定语)

     →Many Students took part in the donation activity held in our library.
     7.We collected 35,000 yuan(改为被动语态)

     →35,000 yuan was collected.

      [妙笔成篇]
                                                                              
                                                                              
                                                                              
                                                                              
                                                                              
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
     【参考范文】 
                    Students Donate Money to Disaster Area
     On May 25,an activity to donate money to the disaster area in Tibet was held 

by the Students' Union in our school.
     As we know,a  big earthquake hit Nepal on April 25.And some houses in 
 Tibet,which is close to Nepal,were destroyed in the accident.Therefore,to show 
 our concern to the victims.A great number of students in our school took part in the 
donation activity held in our library.It started from eight o'clock and lasted two 
hours.In the end,35,000 yuan was collected and given to the Red Cross in our city.
     We were very glad to give our pocket money away.
                                                           By Li Hua,
                                                       School Newspaper
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