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2019年高考英语二轮复习 记叙文(二)

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记叙文(三)

                         Passage 1
    (2018·济宁一模)This   year has been a busy year of travel for 
me, and the end of the year is no exception. I __1__ an early 
morning flight that had me up at 4:30 am to get to the airport. The 
thought of such an early flight made me __2__, but then I started 
to think about the chain of people who would make that early 
journey __3__ for me: my Lyft driver, check­in agent, security staff, 
gate agents, flight crew,  etc.  They all do their jobs at an early 
hour __4__ I can get to my destination safely.
    When the trip __5__, I realized I had a(n) __6__: I could 
be annoyed about having to take an early flight and hold this __7__ 
with me. Or, I could choose to be __8__ for this modern machine of 
safe air travel and the people who made it possible. Just thinking 
about the __9__ choice got my mind working about __10__ I could 
show my gratitude: what if I got a little gift for every __11__ I 
encountered on my journey?
    Then I started to think about what kind of gift would be __12__. 
Because it was a trip, they had to be __13__ enough to fit in my 
luggage. __14__, I decided a Starbucks gift card would be 
portable and a universally appreciated item that would __15__ them 
to get a coffee/tea or snack.
    For the first time in years I actually __16__ getting up at 4:30 
am! I ended up giving gift cards to my Lyft driver, airport security 
agent, two gate agents, and four flight attendants, __17__ of whom 
said thank you and smiled while __18__ their duties. And, __19__ 
arriving tired and upset, after only four hours of sleep and a long 
__20__,  I was energetic and happy to share my story.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述作者因早起
赶航班而感同身受地觉得工作人员很辛苦,所以他向工作人员
赠送了礼物来表达感激。
    1.A.missed        B.caught
    C.booked   D.boarded
    答案与解析:C 根据空格后的“an                 early    morning 
flight”可知,作者预订了早上的航班。故选              C。
    2.A.upset  B.excited
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    C.delighted  D.shocked
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,作者一想到要在早上                      4:
30 起床去机场就心烦。upset       意为“心烦的,不安的”,符合语
境。故选    A。
    3.A.difficult  B.possible
    C.comfortable  D.impressive
    答案与解析:B 根据空格后的“my               Lyft driver, check­in 
agent, security staff, gate agents, flight crew,etc.”和下文中的
“make it possible”可知,是这些人让这么早的航班飞行成为可
能。故选    B。
    4.A.while  B.until
    C.unless  D.so
    答案与解析:D 空格前的“They all do their jobs at an early 
hour”与空格后的“I can get to my destination safely”是因果关
系,应用    so 连接。故选    D。
    5.A.came   B.ended
    C.passed  D.delayed
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,此处表示“当旅程到来的
时候”。故选      A。
    6.A.mistake  B.choice
    C.passport  D.appointment
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“I               could  be   annoyed 
about...Or, I could choose to be...”可知,此处表示作者的选择。
故选  B。
    7.A.activity  B.creativity
    C.negativity  D.priority
    答案与解析:C 根据上文语境及本句中的“annoyed”可
知,作者对于不得不坐早班航班可以感到烦恼,并带着这种消
极的情绪。故选       C。
    8.A.grateful  B.responsible
    C.punctual  D.anxious
    答案与解析:A 根据上文语境及空格后的“for this modern 
machine of safe air travel and the people who made it possible”可
知,此处指感激这个确保航空旅行安全的现代化机器和使得安
全的航空旅行成为可能的人。故选              A。
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    9.A.either  B.neither
    C.former  D.latter
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“I                could  show    my 
gratitude”可知,作者考虑的是上文提到的第二个选择,也就是
后者。latter 意为“(刚提及的两者中)后者”。故选               D。
    10.A.why   B.how
    C.where   D.when
    答案与解析:B 根据本句中的“what              if I  got a  little 
gift”可知,作者在考虑怎样表达自己的感激,所以                   how 符合语
境。故选    B。
    11.A.child  B.person
    C.worker  D.passenger
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,使作者安全到达目的地的
是那些工作人员,作者对他们表示感激,所以此句表达作者要
送礼物给旅途中遇到的每一位工作人员。故选                   C。
    12.A.expensive  B.delicate
    C.fashionable  D.appropriate
    答案与解析:D 根据下一句可知,作者开始考虑送什么样
的礼物合适。故选        D。
    13.A.small  B.heavy
    C.flexible  D.cheap
    答案与解析:A 根据常识可知,能放在行李箱里的东西应
该是体积小的,所以         small 符合语境。故选     A。
    14.A.Fortunately  B.Obviously
    C.Gradually  D.Eventually
    答案与解析:D 根据空格后的“I              decided...”可知,作者
最终做出了决定。故选          D。
    15.A.remind  B.enable
    C.force  D.persuade
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,作者决定给他们星巴克的
礼物卡,这样他们就能够得到一杯咖啡、茶或小吃。enable                     意
为“使能够”,符合语境。故选             B。
    16.A.got used to  B.got tired of
    C.looked forward to  D.suffered from
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,作者不喜欢早起,但是经
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过考虑,做出了感激那些工作人员的选择,并打算送给他们礼
物。所以,这实际上是作者多年来第一次期待在早上                      4:30 起
床。故选    C。
    17.A.one  B.few
    C.all  D.none
    答案与解析:C 根据空格后的“said               thank  you   and 
smiled”可知,收到作者礼物的所有人都表示了感谢。故选                     C。
    18.A.paying  B.performing
    C.ignoring  D.considering
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,此处指那些工作人员是在
履行工作的职责时向作者表达了感谢。perform               意为“履行;执
行”。故选     B。
    19.A.in spite of  B.as a result of
    C.regardless of  D.instead of
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“I               was   energetic and 
happy”可知,作者到达目的地时是精力充沛和快乐的,而不是
疲惫和心烦的。故选         D。
    20.A.flight  B.wait
    C.rest  D.thought
    答案与解析:A 根据上文可知,作者是经历了长途飞行。
flight 意为“飞行”,符合语境。故选           A。

                         Passage 2
    (2018·烟台高考诊断性测试)13­year­old         Madison   was 
studying at home when her mother burst in. She said a boy had 
fallen into a septic tank (化粪池) and made an urgent __1__ for 
Madison's help.
    They ran to a  neighbor's yard, where the __2__adults 
surrounded the septic tank opening __3__ wider than a basketball. 
The boy, aged only 2, had slipped in and was __4__.
    Madison quickly __5__ the situation. She was the only one who 
could __6__ through the small opening. Without __7__, she got 
close to the opening and said, “__8__me in.”
     Some people held her waist and __9__. She wiggled (扭动)
arms and shoulders until she __10__ the opening. Inside, the tank 
was dark and the air smelly. When she stuck her arms into the dirty 
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water, she jammed her left wrist against a hidden stick, __11__ it 
severely.
    __12__ tend to her injury, Madison scanned the surface of the 
dirty water, hoping to __13__ the underwater boy. Suddenly she saw 
his little toes stick out. When spotting the vague __14__ of his foot 
again, Madison shot out her __15__ hand, grasped the foot tightly 
and shouted, “Pull me up!”
    As they nearly reached the surface, the boy's other foot got 
stuck. She wiggled his foot until it was __16__. Eventually they 
were lifted out.
    __17__,  the kid wasn't out of trouble. Having suffered from 
lack of __18__ that long, he wasn't breathing. He was then given 
hard hits on the back until he coughed up water. At the sight of this, 
Madison sighed with __19__.
    Madison received months of treatment for her wrist, which 
made her __20__ actions more impressive.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要叙述一个男
孩掉进化粪池,即将失去生命。Madison             在几个人的帮助下,
进入化粪池里把他拉了上来,最终男孩脱离了困境,
Madison 却因此伤了手腕。她的无私行为令人印象深刻。
    1.A.appointment  B.attempt
    C.choice  D.request
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“a              boy had fallen into a 
septic tank(化粪池)”可知,男孩掉进化粪池,应该是紧急请求
Madison 的帮助。故选     D。
    2.A.anxious  B.curious
    C.annoyed   D.merciful
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,男孩掉进化粪池,焦急的
大人们围着化粪池。故选           A。
    3.A.partly  B.previously
    C.slightly  D.dramatically
    答案与解析:C 根据本句中的“wider                   than     a 
basketball”及下文“She was the only one who could____through 
the small opening.”可推知,化粪池的开口只稍微比篮球宽一点。
故选  C。
    4.A.floating  B.weeping
    C.trembling  D.drowning
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    答案与解析:D 根据上文可知,两岁的男孩滑入到化粪池
里,就要淹死了。故选          D。
    5.A.controlled  B.examined
    C.took part in  D.gave up
    答案与解析:B 根据下一句“She             was the only one who 
could____through the small opening.”可推知,Madison 迅速地
审视了一下形势。故选          B。
    6.A.look  B.jump
    C.fill  D.fit
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,Madison             是唯一一个适合
通过这个小开口的人。故选            D。
    7.A.time  B.permission
    C.hesitation  D.judgement
    答案与解析:C 根据本句中的“she got close to the opening 
and said, ‘____ me in.’”可推知,Madison    没有犹豫。故选
C。
    8.A.Throw   B.Lower
    C.Force  D.Push
    答案与解析:B 根据下文及语境可知,她叫周围的人把她
放到化粪池中。故选         B。
    9.A.legs  B.arms
    C.head   D.hands
    答案与解析:A 根据下一句中的“She               wiggled(扭动)arms 
and shoulders”可推知,人们应该是抓住她的腰和腿。故选                 A。
    10.A.adjusted to  B.got through
    C.tore down  D.held on to
    答案与解析:B 根据下一句“Inside,the tank was dark and 
the air smelly.”可知,Madison  通过了开口进到化粪池里。故
选 B。
    11.A.touching  B.trapping
    C.injuring  D.striking
    答案与解析:C 根据本句中的“she             jammed her left wrist 
against a hidden stick”可知,Madison 的左手腕被一根隐藏的棍
子卡住了。由此可推知,她的左手腕受伤严重。故选                      C。
    12.A.In an effort to  B.Rather than
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    C.Likely to  D.Ready to
    答案与解析:B 根据本句中的“Madison                scanned  the 
surface of the dirty water, hoping to ____ the underwater boy”可推
知,Madison  扫视了一下脏水的表面,希望能注意到水下的男
孩,而不是注意她的伤。故选             B。
    13.A.feel  B.smell
    C.follow  D.attract
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,Madison             扫视了一下脏水
的表面,希望能注意到水下的男孩。故选                 A。
    14.A.skin  B.gesture
    C.picture  D.outline
    答案与解析:D 根据上文可知,化粪池里很暗,因此
Madison 发现的应该是小男孩的脚的模糊的轮廓。故选                  D。
    15.A.left  B.single
    C.good   D.clumsy
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,Madison             左手腕受伤了,
因此她伸出的是没受伤的手。故选              C。
    16.A.frozen  B.free
    C.flexible  D.bare
    答案与解析:B 根据上一句中的“the              boy's other foot got 
stuck”可知,Madison   扭动小男孩的脚直到他的脚不受约束。
故选  B。
    17.A.However   B.Instead
    C.Therefore  D.Personally
    答案与解析:A 根据上文可知,Madison             和小男孩被拉上
来了;根据下文可知,男孩缺氧了很久,因此此处表示转折,
表示然而,这个孩子没有摆脱困境。故选                 A。
    18.A.protection  B.oxygen
    C.gravity  D.energy
    答案与解析:B 根据本句中的“he wasn't breathing”可知,
小男孩缺氧了很久。故选           B。
    19.A.fright  B.cold
    C.relief  D.respect
    答案与解析:C 根据上一句“He             was then given hard hits 
on the back until he coughed up water.”可知,小男孩活了过来。
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因此,看到这个情况,Madison         宽慰地松了口气。故选          C。
    20.A.unselfish  B.thoughtless
    C.unconscious  D.random
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,Madison             接受了几个月的
手腕治疗,这使得她的无私行为更加令人印象深刻。故选                        A。
                         Passage 3
    (2018·日照高三模拟)I     went with some colleagues from my 
office for a dinner in a very popular local restaurant.  It was __1__ 
business time and the restaurant was packed. We __2__ found a 
table in a corner for three of us.
    As soon as we sat down, we heard a crash when a cleaning boy 
__3__ the floor with all the plates he was carrying.  There was 
__4__ and no one was saying or doing anything.
    In a flash I remembered my __5__ many years ago. Once, I 
__6__ in the airport because I had rushed there on my own on an 
empty stomach. I was picked up and taken care of by two __7__. 
Now this was my chance to __8__ it forward.
    I ran to the young man's side immediately, turned him on his 
back and screamed for someone to __9__ a hot drink.  Soon people 
started asking if I was a doctor.I said I was not, __10__ I was skillful 
at blacking out(晕厥).
    The kid soon opened his eyes, __11__ what had happened. I 
__12__ him by saying it was OK and I had had a __13__ experience. 
He had not eaten anything. I held the __14__ drink to his mouth till 
he finished it and sat with him till he felt OK. By then the __15__ 
had arrived.  I asked her to give the kid something to eat. I offered 
to pay.
    The manager was kind enough to refuse the __16__ and agreed 
to make sure the kid ate before he went home. By the time all this 
was __17__ it was getting late for my colleagues. We hadn't __18__ 
anything yet, so they decided to go home.
    I slowly walked home, not hungry any more, feeling __19__ for 
the opportunity to pay forward the __20__ I had received many 
years ago.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。作者和同事们外出就
餐,恰遇一个男孩昏厥,作者想起自己几年前类似的经历,感
激陌生人的帮助,于是也帮了那个男孩。虽然耽误了自己的就
餐,但作者仍满心欢喜。
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    1.A.peak  B.local
    C.spare  D.regular
    答案与解析:A 根据本句中的“and              the  restaurant was 
packed”可知,餐馆内很拥挤,因此是高峰期。故选                  A。
    2.A.actually  B.finally
    C.eagerly  D.gradually
    答案与解析:B 由餐馆内很拥挤可知,作者他们最终在一
个角落里找到了座位。故选            B。
    3.A.kicked  B.touched
    C.hit  D.swept
    答案与解析:C 根据本句中的“we              heard a crash”以及下
文的“I   was skillful at blacking out(晕厥)”可知,男孩昏倒了,
他自己和所端的盘子都撞击在地板上。故选                  C。
    4.A.silence  B.danger
    C.doubt  D.tension
    答案与解析:A 根据本句中的“no one was saying or doing 
anything”可知,当时大家都没有任何举动,所以是一片沉默。
故选  A。
    5.A.adventure  B.flight
    C.experience  D.lesson
    答案与解析:C 根据下文的“it            was OK  and I had had a 
____  experience”可知,作者记起了自己多年前的经历。故选
C。
    6.A.showed up  B.walked around
    C.settled down  D.passed out
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“because             I had rushed there 
on my own on an empty stomach”可知,作者当时空着肚子,匆
匆赶往机场,因此晕倒了。pass           out 意为“昏迷,失去知觉”,
符合语境,故选       D。
    7.A.friends  B.strangers
    C.colleagues  D.relatives
    答案与解析:B 根据上文的“on             my  own”可知,当时应
该是两个陌生人帮了作者。故选             B。
    8.A.pay  B.return
    C.take  D.put
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    答案与解析:A 根据文章最后一句中的“to­pay 
forward”并结合语境可知,当年作者曾被陌生人帮助,所以此
处指现在终于有机会将这份爱传递下去了。pay                     forward 意为
“将……传递下去”,符合语境。故选                A。
    9.A.order  B.buy
    C.serve  D.bring
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,作者高声喊着让人拿杯热
饮来。故选     D。
    10.A.and  B.so
    C.because  D.but
    答案与解析:D 此处指作者说他不是医生,但却擅长处理
昏厥的状况。两分句之间是转折关系,应用连词                    but。故选   D。
    11.A.knowing  B.wondering
    C.ignoring  D.arguing
    答案与解析:B 根据常识可知,人在晕厥过后,醒来时通
常不清楚发生了什么,因此男孩很快醒来,想弄清发生了什么。
wonder 意为“想知道”,符合语境。故选              B。
    12.A.reminded  B.comforted
    C.answered  D.encouraged
    答案与解析:B 根据本句中的“by saying it was OK”可知,
作者在安慰男孩。故选          B。
    13.A.memorable  B.personal
    C.similar  D.common
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,作者有过相似的经历。故
选 C。
    14.A.cool  B.refreshing
    C.sweet  D.warm
    答案与解析:D 根据上文的“a             hot drink”可知,作者将
那杯温暖的热饮递到男孩的嘴边。故选                D。
    15.A.customer  B.manager
    C.waitress  D.doctor
    答案与解析:B 根据下文的“The              manager  was   kind 
enough to refuse the ____”可知,此时经理来了。故选       B。
    16.A.payment  B.reward
    C.suggestion  D.support
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    答案与解析:A 根据上文“I            offered to pay.”和本句中的
“The  manager was kind enough”可知,经理回绝了作者的付款
请求。故选     A。
    17.A.up  B.away
    C.over  D.behind
    答案与解析:C 根据本句中的“it             was getting late for my 
colleagues”可知,等这一切都结束已经很晚了。故选                C。
    18.A.prepared  B.demanded
    C.received  D.ordered
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,作者和同事还没来得及点
餐,所以他们决定回家。故选             D。
    19.A.ready  B.anxious
    C.grateful  D.comfortable
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,作者很感激有这样传递爱
的机会。故选      C。
    20.A.kindness  B.honor
    C.inspiration  D.service
    答案与解析:A 根据上文及语境可知,作者很感激能有机
会将当年所接受的善良行为传递下去。故选                  A。
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