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2019新人新版必修4 高考英语词汇考查+题型练Unit2Workingtheland含解析

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                                   Unit 2
                                    李仕才
词汇考查+词汇应用
必修四 Unit 2
 一、词汇复习
(一)单句语法填空
    1、I'm so ________(gratefully) to all those volunteers because they helped 

my terrible day end happily. 
    答案:grateful be grateful to...意为“对……感激/感谢”。
    2.(2015·安徽,31     改编)They gave money to the old people's home either 

________(person) or through their companies. 
    答案:personally personally“私人地,个人地”。句意:他们以个人的名义或通
过他们的公司给养老院捐钱。
    3.(2015·浙江,13     改编)Most of us,if we know even a little about where 
our food comes from,understand  that every bite put into our mouths was 

________(former) alive. 
    答案:formerly formerly“先前地,以前地”。句意:如果我们了解甚至一点点有
关食物是从哪儿来的,那么大多数人都懂得每一口放进我们嘴里的食物之前都是活着的。
    4.(2015·湖北,27     改编)Even though the conference hall is near his 

apartment, he has to hurry a little if he wants to be________(punctuality). 
    答案:punctual punctual“准时的”。句意:尽管会议大厅就在他的公寓附近,但
如果他想要准时到达,他必须得快点。
    5.(2015·湖北,28     改编)I don't think what he said is ________(relevantly) 

to the topic we are discussing. He has missed the point. 
    答案:relevant relevant“相关的,切题的”。句意:我认为他所说的话与我们正
在讨论的问题不相关。他没有抓住要点。

(二)英汉互译
60.statistic n. (常用   pl  statisitcs)__________

61.sunburnt adj. __________
62.struggle vt. & vi. __________
63.decade n. __________
64.super adj. __________
65.△hybrid adj.  n. __________
66.output n. __________
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67.△strain n. __________
68.crop n. __________
69.hunger n.    vt. & vi. __________ 
70.disturbing adj. __________
71.expand vt. & vi. __________
72.circulate vt. & vi. __________
73.Vietnam n. __________
74.thanks to __________
75.battle n.  vt. & vi. __________
76.rid  vt. __________
77.rid… of __________
78.be satisfied with __________
79.freedom n. __________
80.would rather__________
81.therefore adj. __________
82.equip vt. & vi. __________
83.△sorghum n. __________
84.grain n. __________
85.△peanut n. __________
86.export vt. & vi. __________
87..nationality n. __________
88.occupation n. __________
89.△personality n. __________
90.confuse vt. __________
91.regret vt.  n. __________
92.chemical adj. __________
93.△organic adj. __________
94.△fertile adj. __________
95.△fertilizer n. __________
96.production n. __________
97.bacteria n. (bacterium 的复数形式)__________

98.pest n. __________
99.build up__________
100.lead to__________
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101.nutrition n. __________
102.mineral n. __________
103.discovery n. __________
104.focus n. vt. __________
105.focus on __________
106.soil n. __________
107.reduce vt. __________
108.keep … free from/of__________
109.△soybean n. (=soyabean) __________
110.root n. __________
111.skim vt. __________
112.underline vt. __________
113.summary n. __________
114.comment  n.  vi. & vt. __________ 
115.△producer n. __________
116.△industrial adj. __________
二、完形填空
    I was driving to the grocery store on a warm morning in May.I smiled as I 
watched the golden sunshine __1__ off the leaves.It was such a __2__ and 
heavenly time.
    My calm was broken,__3__,as I rounded a curve(拐弯处).A huge U­Haul 

truck was coming my way several feet over the center line.I swerved as far onto 
the side of the road as I could to __4__ it.It was followed by not one but two 
other U­Haul trucks just as __5__.I wondered if all the stuff inside of them 
__6__ the same person.I slowed down my car and waited for my heart rate to 
__7__.It was then that I __8__ a self­storage business along the side of the 
highway,building new units for all the people who couldn't fit their __9__ 

into their houses.I saw a(n)__10__ couple carrying boxes into one of the 
units.It seemed __11__ that a couple just out of their teens could already have 
too much stuff.
    I lost my own __12__ for owning stuff when a house fire in the middle of 
the night destroyed everything my family owned.The only thing I had left was 
the underwear I was wearing.Yet,our whole family had awakened __13__ to 

escape.In the weeks that followed friends and family gave us a lot of stuff to 
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get us back on our feet,but none of it seemed as __14__ any more.What was 
important was seeing Mom's smile,giving Nana a hug and a kiss,and watching 
Dad snooze(打盹) in his chair __15__ a hard day's work.What was important was 
the stuff of __16__,not the stuff of this world.Since then I have tried to 

limit the things I would __17__.I didn't want too much stuff to __18__ my 
life.I wanted to only buy what I needed and to spend my days in learning,
growing,and __19__ my family and others.

    I assumed that only by doing so could I make my __20__.
    1.A.appreciating   B.reflecting
       C.admiring       D.releasing
    2.A.refreshing       B.delightful
       C.peaceful       D.dynamic
    3.A.though          B.too
       C.anyway        D.instead
    4.A.miss            B.reject
       C.ignore         D.desert
    5.A.useful          B.large
       C.new           D.good
    6.A.turned to         B.referred to
       C.reacted to      D.belonged to
    7.A.beat            B.pulse
       C.accelerate      D.follow
    8.A.noticed         B.thought
       C.did           D.established
    9.A.furniture        B.boxes
       C.possessions    D.materials
    10.A.old           B.young
        C.middle­aged  D.small
    11.A.curious        B.apparent
        C.certain       D.obvious
    12.A.hope          B.talent
        C.faith         D.taste
    13.A.in return       B.in turn
        C.in time       D.in vain
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    14.A.affordable      B.significant
        C.beneficial     D.practical
    15.A.before         B.in
        C.after         D.during
    16.A.mind          B.hand
        C.head         D.soul
    17.A.purchase       B.donate
        C.waste        D.need
    18.A.put up         B.crowd up
        C.bring up      D.set up
    19.A.helping        B.abusing
        C.loving        D.affecting
    20.A.name          B.day
        C.world        D.way
    【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。作者通过讲述驾车途中的所见所感,并联想到自己
家中曾经的火灾事件对他自身观念的影响,由此阐述了自己的感受:世上最重要的东西不
是物质占有量,而在于精神世界的丰富,只有这样人才能感到快乐。
    1.B 根据“the golden sunshine __1__ off the leaves”可知,此处意为“树叶
反射出金色的阳光”。reflect“反射”符合语境。appreciate“感激,欣赏”;
admire“钦佩,赞赏”;release“释放,发行”。
    2.C 根据空前一句中的“smiled”和空后的“heavenly”及下文中的“calm”可知,
作者当时的心情是平静愉快的,故               peaceful 符合语境。refreshing“使人精力充沛的”;
delightful“讨人喜欢的,令人愉快的”;peaceful“平静的,宁静的”;dynamic“动力
的,有活力的”。
    3.A 根据空前的“My calm was broken”可知,空处所在句与上文构成转折关系,
故  though“可是,不过”符合语境。too“太,也”;anyway“不管怎样,无论如何”;
instead“相反”。
    4.A 根据空前一句中的“truck was coming my way several feet over the 
center line”可知,作者尽量把车子往路边开来躲开卡车。miss“避开,躲开(不好或讨
厌的事)”;reject“排斥,丢掉”;ignore“忽视,不理睬”;desert“遗弃,丢弃”。
    5.B 根据上文可知,一辆卡车越过了中心线几英尺向作者的方向驶来,结合语境可
知,这辆大卡车后还跟着另外两辆同样大的(large)卡车,故选                       B。
    6.D 根据语境可知,作者不知道三辆卡车上的东西是否属于(belonged to)同一个人。
belong to“属于”;turn to“转向,求助于”;refer to“参考,提到”;react 
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to“对……作出反应”。
    7.D 根据语境可知,作者放慢车速来平静心情调整心率。故                         follow“跟随,追赶”
符合语境。beat“打败,拍打”;pulse“跳动,搏动”;accelerate“加速,增加”。
    8.A 该句中的      It was then that 是强调句型,意思是“就在那时”。作者在平静心
情时注意到路旁的一个自助存储公司。notice“注意到”;establish“建立,创办”。
    9.C 根据语境可知,这些设备是为那些无法把所有物(possessions)存储到自己的房
子里的人而建的。possession“所有物,财产”符合语境。furniture“家具,设备”;
material“材料”。
    10.B 根据空后一句中的“a couple just out of their teens”可知,此处
young“年轻的”符合语境。middle­aged“中年的”。
    11.A 根据该句中的“could already have too much stuff(可能已经拥有太多的东
西)”可知,作者对此感到奇怪,故               curious“稀奇古怪的”符合语境。apparent“显然的,
表面上的”;certain“必然的,有把握的”;obvious“明显的,显然的”。
    12.D 根据语境可知,夜半时分一场大火烧毁了作者家中的一切,因此作者不再有拥
有(很多)东西的兴趣(taste)。taste“爱好,兴趣”符合语境。hope“希望”; 
talent“才能,天资”;faith“信仰,信念”。
    13.C 根据空前的“had awakened”和空后的“escape”可知,作者全家及时(in 
time)醒来逃了出去。in return“作为回报”;in turn“反过来,轮流”;in vain“徒
劳”。
    14.B 根据空后的“What was important was”和空前的“none of it”可知,空处
所填词与    important 意思相同,故      significant“重要的,有意义的”符合语境。
affordable“买得起的”;beneficial“有益的”;practical“实用的”。
    15.C 根据生活常识可知,父亲打盹应该是在一天的艰辛工作之后(after)。
    16.D 根据空前的“What was important was the stuff of”及空后的“not the 
stuff of this world”可知,空处所填词与“this world”形成对比,再结合上文内容可
知,作者认为精神世界的丰富更为重要。soul“(人类整体的)精神状况”符合语境。
mind“头脑,智力”。
    17.A 根据上文中的“not the stuff of this world”可知,作者从此努力限制自
己购买(purchase)东西的数量。下文中的“buy”亦是提示,故选                     A。donate“捐赠”;
waste“浪费”;need“需要”。
    18.B 根据语境可知,此处表示作者不想让太多的物品充斥自己的生活。故                               crowd 
up 符合语境。put up“张贴,搭建”;bring up“抚养,养育,提出”;set up“建立”
。
    19.C 根据空后的“my family and others”可以推断此处意为“爱我的家人和他人”
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 ,故选   C。abuse“滥用”;affect“影响”。
     20.B 根据语境可知,此处表示只有这样做作者才能开心。make sb.'s day                        为固定
 用法,意为“使某人非常高兴”。

 三、短文改错。
    It is clear shown that many middle school students have physical and mental 
problems.68% of the students surveying have studying anxiety as well as poor 
eyesight too.And a larger percentage lacks sleep. 52% are short of physical 
exercise.42%  of the students won't obey our parents or teachers.Personally,I 

think we student should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without sound 
body,one can't achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid only 
on studies.As a result,I suggest we are given less homework or more time for 

out­of­classroom activities.Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy life.
    【答案】 
           clear
    It is clearly shown that many middle school students have physical and mental 
                            surveying
problems.68% of the students surveyed  have studying anxiety as well as poor 
                                    lacks
eyesight to﹨o.And a larger percentage lack  sleep. 52% are short of physical 
                                         our
exercise.42%  of the students won't obey their parents or teachers.Personally,I 
         student
think we students should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without ∧a  
sound body,one can't achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid 
     on                                  are                    or
only to studies.As a result,I suggest we be  given less homework and more time 
for out­of­classroom activities.Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy 
life.
 第一处:clear→clearly。考查副词。此处修饰过去分词                  shown,要用副词     clearly“清晰
地”。
 第二处:surveying→surveyed。考查非谓语动词。本句中的谓语动词是                     have,故
students 后应是分词作后置定语,survey          与所修饰的     students 构成被动关系,所以用过去
分词。
 第三处:去掉      too。考查行文逻辑。句中已经有            as well as 表示“也”了,故句尾的           too 是
多余的。
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 第四处:lacks→lack。考查主谓一致。percentage            作主语时,谓语与它所修饰的名词或指
代的名词一致。此处指学生,所以谓语动词用复数。
 第五处:our→their。考查代词。42%的学生不听他们父母和老师的话。主语是                           42%of the 
students,是第三人称,故此处形容词性物主代词用                  their。
 第六处:student→students。考查名词单复数。we             后面的名词是其同位语,所以用
student 的复数形式与      we 一致。
 第七处:Without    后加  a。考查冠词。body      是可数名词,且此处泛指一个好的身体,故加冠
词  a。
 第八处:on→to。考查介词。pay attention to“注意……”是固定搭配,此处用的是该短
语的被动形式。
 第九处:are→be。虚拟语气。suggest          在此处表示“建议”,因此后跟的宾语从句应用虚拟
语气,即从句谓语用“should+do”形式,且                should 可以省略。故此处应把         are 改为  be。
 第十处:or→and。考查连词。我建议我们应该少布置点作业,多些时间进行课外活动。本
句是肯定句,此处不表示选择意义,而指的是并列的两个名词,表示“及”,应用                                   and。
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