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2018-2019学年高中英语外研版 必修三 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia -Reading and Vocabulary

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 Module 4  Sandstorms in Asia

Period One Reading and Vocabulary
         Words and expressions

adj. 大量的,大规模的           mass
n. 战役,活动                campaign
n. 沙丘                   dune
n. 公民,市民                citizen
n. 沙尘,灰尘                dust
n. 进程,过程                process
n. 面罩                   mask
vt. 预报 ,预告            forecast 
n. 力量,力气              strength 
vi. 骑自行车              cycle
n. (土地的)沙漠化           desertification
be caught in             苏醒过来

for centuries            几个世纪以来

wake up                  阻止某人干某事
prevent sb. from doing sth. 突然遭遇
cut down                 建议某人干某事
advise sb. to do sth.    砍伐,伐倒
               Lead-in 

             Sandstorm

the weather: 
There is strong, dry wind and the sky is yellow.
the influence: 
* The visibility drops.
* It’s dangerous for us to go out.
* People have to wear hoods, masks and glasses.
* Cars slow down and have to turn on headlight.
* Sometimes the flights delay.
* It spreads illness.
          major sandstorm centers in 
          China

Gansu and Western 
Inner Mongolia

                        Beijing and 
                        Northeast Inner 
                        Mongolia
1.  What’s the cause of sandstorm?
2.  What should you do in a 
     sandstorm to protect yourself?
   The cause of sandstorm:
★  Cutting down too many trees; 
★  Desertification (沙漠化);
★  High temperature and little rain;
★  Serious air and water pollution; 
★  The growing population of the world; 
★  Improper use of land; 
★  Rapid spread of urbanization.              
          Objectives
1.  To learn about sandstorms in Asia
2. To learn some important words and 
    expressions in the passage
3. To summarize and memorize the 
    main idea of the passage
4. To speak out the detailed information 
     of the passage
Words: 
strength    forecast     desertification
Expressions:
be caught in     cut down
for centuries   wake up
prevent sb. from doing sth.
for general ideas
Skimming        Reading Comprehension I

       Choose the correct answers.

       Sandstorms are strong winds carrying
        ___________ through the air. 
       A. dirt and mud                     
       B. rain and heat 
       C. sand and dust                  
       D. cloud and snow     
Skimming            Reading Comprehension II
   Match the main idea of each paragraph.
                     a. the features of sandstorms

 Para 1              b. the influences of sandstorms
 Para 2              c. the forecast and suggestions   
 Para 3                  about sandstorms
 Para 4              d. the measures taken by the  

 Para 5                  government

 Para 6              e. the cause of sandstorms

                     f. the major disaster in Asia- sandstorm
for specific information
Scanning       Reading Comprehension III

                True or False
    1.  Fewer measures have been taken to 
        help solve the sandstorm problem. 
    2. The winds in a sandstorm can 
        sometimes prevent you from seeing 
        the sun.
    3. Northwest China is the sandstorm 
        centre in Central Asia. 
    4. Deserts are caused only by climate changes.
5. The Chinese Central Weather 

    Station can only forecast a  sandstorm

    some months before it arrives.

6. It is frightening to be cycling in a 

    sandstorm.

7. The government is planting trees to 

    the east of Beijing to prevent the 

    desert coming nearer.
Scanning      Reading Comprehension IV

           Choose the correct answers.

     1.  A mass campaign has been started 

         to help solve the problem of ______.

         A. sandstorm              

         B. desert  

         C. water shortage    

         D. high temperature
2. The four main places in the world 
    where there are sandstorms are _____. 
     A. North Asia, South America, Central   
          Africa and Australia 
    B. Central Asia, North America, 
         Central Africa and Australia 
    C. North Europe, Central America, 
         West Africa and Australia 
    D. Central Asia, North America, 
         Central Africa and Australia 
3. The factors that cause land to be desert are 
  ______.                          
     A. cutting down trees       
     B. digging up grass
     C. climate changes                
     D. all of the above
4. Sandstorms begin in _____ areas. 
    A. countryside           B. mountainous  
    C. populated              D. desert 
5. Why has “desertification” come into 
     being in China?
     A. Because sandstorms begin in desert 
          areas, and dry winds carry sand 
          with them.
    B. Because people cut down trees and 
         dig up grass as well as climate 
         changes.
    C. Because there is little rainfall.
    D. Because it is very hot in recent years.
Scanning

   Reading Comprehension V

       Fill in the table.
                        sandstorm

  Definition strong, dry winds that carry sand

Features(特点  so thick that…; strong enough to …
     )       Central Asia, North America, 

   Places    Central Africa and Australia
             desertification; climate changes; cut 
 Reason for  down; dig up
  increase   Government is planting trees. Experts 
             advise people not to go out when it
  Measures
             comes.
   (措施)
           Discussion
What measures should we take to prevent 
sandstorm’s coming?

1. We should plant more trees and grow
    more grass.
2. Control air and water pollution.
3. Build green fences along the desert. 
4. Forecast sandstorm’s real time to
    prevent disaster.
5. Establish sandstorm data bank and
    collect information about sandstorms. 
6. All countries should join hands to
    propose a plan in sandstorm’s
    control and prevention. 
…
Now 2 minutes to test our spelling.

1.  English-Chinese
    mass   campaign  desertification
    process  citizen   forecast   strength
2. Chinese-English
   大量的,大规模的;战役,活动;沙漠化;过
  程,进程;市民,公民;预报,预告;力量,
  力气
Quiz : Retell the passage.
    A sandstorm is a major disaster_______ for many Asian 
countries. Sandstorms are strong, dry winds that carry 
sand____. The four _____main  places in the world where 
sandstorms are found are Central Asia, North 
America, Central Africa and Australia. Northwest 
China is part of thecenter sandstorm ______ in Central Asia. 
Sandstorms sometimes come toprevent Beijing. To _______ its 
coming nearer, the government is planting trees. 
      课时重点回顾

for centuries 几个世纪以来
be caught in 突然遭遇
wake up 苏醒过来
prevent sb. from doing sth.
阻止某人干某事
advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人干某事
cut down 砍伐, 砍倒
               Homework
1.  Read the passage again and review 
    the new words and expressions. 
 2. Retell the text by using the key words
     and phrases below.

  sandstorm, mass, campaign, four main places, 
  forecast, desertification, process, strength, cycle, 
  affect, prevent sb. from doing sth. 
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