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辽宁省北票市高级中学高中英语必修五人教版:Unit 1 Using language 课件

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UsingUsing Language language

     • Reading & Writing 
                    born: in Poland in 1473
Nicolaus Copernicus
                    died : May 24, 1543

 He was one of the first 
 scientists to use 
 mathematical 
 observations to collect 
 information. He believed 
 the sun is the center of 
 the universe and the 
 earth and other planets 
 went around it.
Nine Planets In the Solar System
  Before                Showing 
  Copernicus’           Copernicus’ 
  theory                theory 

A diagram 
                       A diagram showing 
showing the solar 
                       the solar system 
system with the 
                       with the sun at its 
earth at its centre 
                       centre 
Read the text 
carefully, then 
answer these 
questions
(1)Why could he not tell about his 
  theory? (Para 1)
 Because the powerful Chistian Church 
 would have punished him for even 
 suggesting such an idea
(2) What was his theory about? (Para 1)
All his mathematical calculations led 
to the same conclusion: that the earth 
was not the centre of the solar system. 
Only if you put the sun there did the 
movements of the other planets in the 
sky make sense.
 (3) What had the astronomers noticed 
 in the sky? (Para 2)   
 They had noticed that some planets in the 
 sky seemed to stop, move backward and 
 then go forward in a loop. Others 
 appeared brighter at times and less bright 
 at others.
(4) When did Copernicus complete his 
theory?   (Para 3)
Between 1510 and 1514 he worked on it, 
  gradually improving his theory until he felt 
  it was complete.
 (5) How did he explain changes in the 
 movement of the planets and in the 
 brightness of the stars? When did he 
 publish his idea? (Para 4)
 He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the 
  solar system with the planets going 
  round it and only the moon still going 
  round the earth. He also suggested that 
  the earth was spinning as it went round 
  it  and this explain changes in the 
  movement of the planets and in the 
  brightness of the stars. 
He.  published it as he lay dying in 1543
 (6) Why do people think that there is 
 a direct link between his ideas and the 
 work of Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein 
 and Stephen Hawking?
Because his theory is now the base on 
 which all our ideas of the universe are 
 built. His theory replaced the Christian 
 idea of gravity which said things fell to 
 earth because God created the earth 
 as the centre of the universe, He 
 showed this was obviously wrong.


◆ As a scientist, one should be brave. But 
Copernicus was afraid of being attacked by the 
Christian Church. So he had hidden his theory for so 
many years. What do you think of this?
  Agree:
1.He was cautious. if he had published his ideas, he 
 would have been killed just as Bruno who was 
 burned to death because his theory was against 
 the Christian Church.
2.Every time when a new idea appears, there are 
 always rejections. It’s normal. Scientists should 
 have patience to spread their truth.
3.It made no sense for him to publish his theory in a
 hurry.He was just cautious not coward. He should 
 protect himself first.
   Disagree:
1.Copernicus was very coward. He should 
speak 
  out his discovery and let the world know 
the 
  truth earlier.
2.Science can never advance unless people 
  have the courage of their beliefs.
3.As a scientist, you must have the courage 
to 
  publish your findings. No matter how 
people 
    语言点
      短语
• 1. Do not be discouraged if the whole passage don’t make 
  sense to you at first. 如果一开始你读不懂这整个段落,也
  不要泄气。
• 2 We’ve been trying to make sense of our 
  dreams.___________________
  【头脑风暴】
 make sense of… 理解/明白……
 common sense 常识
 in a/one sense 在某种意义上;在一定程度上
 there is no sense (point) in doing sth. 做某事无意义
 make out 辨识;理解
 make up 编造;和解;弥补;化妆打扮;构成
• 1.Only if you put the sun there did the 
  movements of the other planets in the sky make 
  sense.
• 只有当你把太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其他行
  星的运动才能讲得通。
     (1)only if 只有,只要,引导的状语从句在句
  首时,主句要用倒装语序,即主句中的助动词、
  情态动词或系动词be置于主语前。
      (2)if only 但愿,要是……就好了,引导的状
  语从句使用虚拟语气,表达对现在、将来的愿望
  或与过去事实相反的愿望。
句型1.    Only if you put the sun there
 ______________ the movements of the other
 planets in the sky ______________. 只有当你
 把太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其他行星的
 运动才能讲得通。      (倒装结构)
2. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the
 solar system with the planets ___________…
 他把太阳固定在太阳系的中心位置上,而行
 星则围绕着太阳转……       (with的复合结构)
1. did; make sense
2. going around it
  • ①She'll have a chance to get well only if
  she has a strong will to live.
  • 唯有她有活下去的坚强意志她才会有机
  会好起来。
  • ②________________ she were my sister!
  • 如果她是我姐姐该多好啊!
• 答案:②If only
• 2 He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar 
  system with the planets going around it… 他
  把太阳固定在太阳系的中心位置上,而行星则围
  绕着太阳转……
• 【微解析】
  •句中with的复合结构在句中作状语。with的复合
  结构为:with+宾语+宾补,其具体形式有以下
  几种:
  •(1)with+宾语+现在分词,宾语与动词为逻辑上
  的主谓关系,现在分词表示该动作正在进行;
•(2)with+宾语+过去分词,宾语与动词为
逻辑上的动宾关系,过去分词表示被动或
完成;
•(3)with+宾语+to do,动词不定式表示将
要做的动作;
•(4)with+宾语+介词短语,该结构既可作
状语,还可作后置定语。
• 【仿写】

• 1. With the couple ________ in a nearby town, the
 house seems pretty empty most of time.

• 这对夫妻在附近镇上上班,他们的房子大部分时
 间看上去空荡荡的。

• 2. With some details ________, I can’t give you a
 definite answer now. 还有一些细节要讨论,我现在
 还不能给你一个明确的答复。
• 【单句改错】

• 3. With a government health warning attaching
 to cigarette packets, smokers have to think
 twice when they are to light a cigarette.

• Key:1. working 2. to discuss 3. attaching
 改为attached
          Self-check
Read through the passage, and tell 
whether the following statements are true 
or false.

 1. At Copernicus’ time, Christian Church 
  was in charge of many western 
  countries.   T
2. Copernicus noticed that observed 
  from the earth, some planets appears 
  in front of or behind the earth. F
3. Copernicus didn’t show his new theory 
  to his friends until he completed it. T
4. His friends were not interested in his 
  ideas. F
5. Since he was not afraid of being 
  attacked by the Church, Copernicus 
  published his book as soon as he 
  finished working on it. F
 6. Newton, Einstein, and Hawking are 
  all scientists who made contribution 
  to the study of the universe. T
Yesterday a school boy is (was) daydreaming in 
class. Not knowing that (what) he was doing,he 
put a pen cap into his mouth. A few minutes late 
(later),he was terrified to find that he had 
swallowed it!The teacher was shocking (shocked)
when the boy stood up and said,“I’ve just 
swallowed a pen cap.” He was quickly sent (加to)
the nearest hospital. There a doctor examined him 
and said the best treatment was to take some 
medicines (medicine) so that the pen cap could 
pass natural (naturally). Three hours later, the boy 
successfully made it. “She (He) is really lucky,”
said the doctor. “It’s not rare that small children put 
things into their mouths for a\ fun. It’s very danger 
(dangerous).”
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