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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:选修6 2 Unit2

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中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    (2018·浙江温州检测)(CHINA DAILY Oct. 20th, 2016) It doesn’t seem 
that U.S. singer Bob Dylan has much in common with literary mavens(内
行)  like Ernest Hemingway and T.S. Elliot. But, last week, these three 
figures became forever bonded(黏合) by the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    This year’s prize makes Dylan the first American since Toni Morrison 
in 1993 to win the title. At the same time, the surprising announcement has 
also burned a firestorm of discussion around the globe.
    Influential U.S. writer Jodi Picoult joked that she might now deserve a Grammy(格莱美奖). 
And well-known  British-Indian novelist Hari Kunzru lamented(悲叹) on social media by 
saying:“This feels like the lamest Nobel winner since they gave it to Obama for not being 
Bush.”
    Dylan’s  new status—a musician awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature—to a degree 
challenges tradition. However, this is by no means his first prize in his writing talents. Back in 
2008, the Pulitzer Prize jury(普利策奖评委会) awarded Dylan a special award “for his profound 
impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary 
poetic power”. To this point, it could be argued that what the Nobel Committee is doing is 
simply strengthening Dylan’s unshakable standing in the world of literature.
    The words behind Dylan’s songs address social issues and have been spread from 
generation to generation. Protest songs like Blowing in the Wind(1962) were the anthems(圣歌) of 
anti-war and civil rights movements in the 1960s U.S. Densely poetic and image-rich songs 
such as Mr. Tambourine Man(1965) pushed the folk-rock movement. And even today, many of 
Dylan’s songs are still relevant and streamed regularly by people all over the world.

    【解题导语】 曾获得奥斯卡奖、普利策奖和格莱美奖等多项大奖的美国歌手鲍勃·迪

伦,以其充满诗意的音乐作品又获得了诺贝尔文学奖,这也使他成为名副其实的跨界之王。

    1.Why has Bob Dylan’s winning the Nobel Prize caused a global discussion?
    A.Because he has nothing in common with the Nobel Prize.
    B.Because he is the first American Nobel Prize winner since 1993.
    C.Because he won a special award from the Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008.
    D.Because he is the first singer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    D 解析:推理判断题。根据第四段第一句                  Dylan’s new status—a musician awarded the 
Nobel Prize in Literature—to a degree challenges tradition.可知,美国歌手鲍勃·迪伦获得诺贝
尔文学奖这件事引起全球性的热议,是因为他的歌手身份,故选                           D 项。
    2.What is Hari Kunzru’s attitude to Bob Dylan’s winning the Nobel Prize?
    A.Positive.                                B.Neutral.
    C.Negative.                                D.Favorable.
    C 解析:推理判断题。positive         意为“积极的;赞同的”;neutral          意为“中立的”;
negative 意为“消极的;反对的”;favorable        意为“支持的”。根据第三段最后一句话可
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

知,著名英籍印度裔小说家哈里·孔兹鲁在社交媒体上抱怨说“这是自从把诺贝尔奖颁给奥
巴马而不是布什以来,最没有说服力的诺贝尔奖。”由此可推出他持反对态度,故选                                    C 项。

    3.What may be the best title for this article?
    A.Bob Dylan’s Achievements in Music
    B.A Brief Introduction of Bob Dylan’s Life
    C.Bob Dylan, a Famous U.S. Singer
    D.Bob Dylan, a Singer with Nobel Prize
    D 解析:标题归纳题。本文是围绕美国歌手鲍勃·迪伦获得诺贝尔文学奖这件事展开
的,D   项把主人公鲍勃·迪伦的身份           a singer 和事件  Nobel Prize 结合在一起,完全概括了全
文的中心意思,故选         D 项。
                                        B
    (2018·湖州检测)If you choose only to complain and escape from a misfortune, it will always 
follow you wherever you go. But if you decide to be strong, the hardship will turn out to be 
fortune on which new hopes will arise.
    In an accident,a boy lost both his arms and his father who was the main source of support 
for the family. Since then, he has had to depend on the arms of his younger brother. For the sake 
of taking care of him, his younger brother became his shadow, never leaving him alone for years. 
Except for writing with his toes, he was completely unable to do anything in his life.
    As the two brothers grew up together, they had their share of problems and they would often 
quarrel. Then one day, his younger brother wanted to leave, living his own life, as many normal 
people do. So he was heart-broken and didn’t know what to do.
    A similar misfortune befell a girl, too. One night, her mother who suffered from chronic 
mental illness disappeared. Her father went out to look for her mother, leaving her alone at home. 
She tried to prepare meals for her parents, only to overturn the kerosene light on the stove, 
resulting in a fire which took her hands away.
    Though her elder sister who was studying in another city showed her willingness to take care 
of her, she was determined to be completely independent. At school, she always studied hard. 
Most of all she learned to be self-reliant.
    One day, the boy and the girl were both invited to appear on a television interview program. 
The boy told the TV host about his uncertain future at being left on his own, whereas the girl was 
full of enthusiasm for her life. They both were asked to write something on a piece of paper with 
their toes. The boy wrote: My younger brother’s arms are my arms; while the girl wrote: Broken 
wings, flying heart.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章通过介绍两个不同的故事启迪我们积极

勇敢地面对困难。

    4.What attitude should we take towards a misfortune in the author’s opinion?

    A.Trying to find an escape from it.

    B.Facing it bravely with a positive mind.
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    C.Asking for help from your relatives.

    D.Ignoring it and living a normal life.

    B 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段的第二句“But if you decide to be strong, the hardship 
will turn out to be fortune on which new hopes will arise.”可推知,面对困难我们应当积极勇
敢地面对,故      B 项正确。
    5.After the accident, the boy________.
    A.decided to live with his brother
    B.learnt to do things with his toes
    C.made a living all by himself
    D.depended wholly on his brother
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句“Since                  then, he has had to depend on the 
arms of his younger brother.”可知,失去双臂后,他就完全依靠他的弟弟,故              D 项正确。
    6.Which of the following is TRUE of the girl?
    A.She lost her mother in an accident.
    B.Her sister took good care of her.
    C.She was optimistic and full of courage.
    D.She led a poor life with her father.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段第二句中的“the girl was full of enthusiasm for her 
life”,并结合第五段可知,她决定独立生活,在学校努力学习;据此可知,女孩在事故后
乐观而坚强,故       C 项正确。
    7.What did the girl mean by “Broken wings, flying heart.”?
    A.Never give up hopes in face of hardship.
    B.It’s not easy for her to live a normal life.
    C.If a bird loses its wings, it can not fly.
    D.If you lose your hands, your life will be hard.
    A 解析:句意理解题。“Broken          wings, flying heart.”为女孩用脚趾写的话,意为“失
去双翼,心仍飞翔。”;结合最后一段第二句中的“the                      girl was full of enthusiasm for her 
life”和第五段可知,事故之后,她决定独立生活,在学校努力学习,乐观坚强地面对生活;
据此可知,该句是说“面对困难,永远不要放弃希望”,故                         A 项正确。
    Ⅱ 七选五
                    Top Ways to Spend the Holiday Season with Pets
    Taking a nap is a great way to refresh during the holidays, and a nap with your dog or cat (or 
both) is an excellent bonding opportunity.
    Holiday time is here.The decorating, the shopping, the cooking, the cleaning, the 
wrapping...1.________
    In the  season’s craziness, our furry family members tend to get ignored or 
over­stimulated(过度刺激的).2.________But they don’t have to:be sure to pay attention and 
give them a break from the activity when they need it and add them to the fun when they don’t.
    ·Rest time.
    If your pet seems stressed, have a safe place for him away from activity.Cats should have a 
quiet, cozy spot to sleep with food, water, and their little box.3.________Be sure to have a soft 
area for sleep, a toy or two, water, and some food.But you might need a nap, too, to refresh for 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

holiday festivities.So use this time to take one together.
    ·4.________
    Many Christmas tree farms welcome pets on a leash(皮带).Your pet will just love being 
with you outdoors while you share one of the season’s most honored traditions—picking out the 
perfect tree.Just be sure to call the farm first to confirm that pets are welcome...and you have a 
new annual tradition.
    ·Go have a catch.
    Give your pup a good run and wear him out ahead of when company visits.5.________This 
way, he’ll be happy and relaxed when greeting guests.Dog parks are ideal as pups can run, chase 
tennis balls, and socialize with others.Always remember to walk to and from the park with your 
pup on a leash and poop bags in hand.
    A.Keep pets on a leash.
    B.Dogs love playing catch.
    C.Dogs might also need one.
    D.But where do our pets fit in?
    E.Pick out the family Christmas tree.
    F.As a result, pets can experience restlessness and anxiety.
    G.Many pets would love to be included in some of the activities.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文。如何在假期和宠物一起度过一段美好时光?作者

给我们提出了几条建议。
    1.D 解析:根据空格前面“The           decorating, the shopping, the cooking, the cleaning, the 
wrapping...”可知,我们通常在假期会把时间花在装饰、购物、烹饪、打扫等事情上,D                              项
表示“但我们把宠物置于何地?”与上文衔接紧凑,符合语境。故选                             D 项。
    2.F 解析:根据上句“In          the season’s craziness, our furry family members tend to get 
ignored or over-stimulated(过度刺激的).”可知,此处应选          F 项,指“这样的话,宠物可
能休息不好或焦虑”,与上句构成因果关系,符合语境。故选                          F 项。
    3.C 解析:根据上句“Cats should have a quiet, cozy spot to sleep with food, water, and 
their little box.”及下句“Be sure to have a soft area for sleep, a toy or two, water, and some 
food.”可知,此处指宠物和人都需要有舒适的地方来休息。故                       C 项“狗也需要一个这样的
地方”能够承接上文,符合语境。故选                 C 项。
    4.E 解析:文章倒数第二段主要介绍了作者建议我们带着宠物去挑选圣诞树。故
E 项“挑选家庭圣诞树”符合题意,适合作本段标题。故选                        E 项。
    5.B 解析:根据本段标题中的关键词“catch”和空格处后的“This way, he’ll be happy 
and relaxed when greeting guests.”可知,B 项“狗喜欢玩接球”符合语境。故选             B 项。
    Ⅲ  语法填空
    World Read Aloud Day  is celebrated each year on the first Wednesday of March.It 
1.____________(start) by the LitWorld.org in 2010 and has now reached 65 countries. The aim is 
to encourage people worldwide who cannot read to enjoy the benefits of a book.Its  website  
asks  everyone     2.____________ (celebrate) the day by taking a book, finding an audience, 
and reading out aloud.It is about taking action to show the world that the right to read and write   
3.____________  (belong) to all people.
    The website asks 4.____________ (visit) to join in the movement to reduce   5.________ 
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number of illiterate(不识字的) people in the world.It is   6.____________(absolute) necessary 
to help those who cannot read.The website says, “It’s time to start by reading aloud to   
7.____________  might like it.Share a book with a child who might need it, share a story with 
someone who would treasure it, and listen patiently   8.____________someone else’s story as 
they share with you.”The United Nations says,“Literacy involves a variety of learning in 
enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge,     9.____________   
to participate fully in society.”In that way, World Read Aloud Day does help make a  
10.____________ (different).

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了                    World Read Aloud Day(世界朗读日)。
    1.was  started 解析:考查动词的时态和语态。World              Read Aloud Day 在 2010 年由
LitWorld.org 发起。根据语境可知,此处需要用             start 的被动形式,又因时间状语是“in 
2010”,故用一般过去时。
    2.to celebrate 解析:考查动词不定式。ask           sb.to do sth.“要求某人做某事”,网站
要求每个人通过拿本书、找到一位听众、大声阅读的方式来庆祝这个节日。
    3.belongs 解析:考查主谓一致。这正是采取行动向世界表明阅读和写作的权利属
于所有的人。根据句子成分可知,从句的主语为                     the right,故填 belongs。
    4.visitors 解析:考查名词复数。根据语境可知,网站让游客来参加活动,游客不止
一个,且空前没有冠词修饰,故填               visitors。
    5.the 解析:考查冠词。the number of...是固定搭配,表示“……的数量”。
    6.absolutely 解析:考查副词。帮助那些不能阅读的人是完全有必要的。
    7.whoever 解析:考查宾语从句。是开始为任何可能喜欢的人大声朗读的时候了。
whoever 引导宾语从句且在从句中作主语。
    8.to      解析:考查介词。当他们与你分享时,你要耐心地倾听某人的故事。listen 
to 是固定搭配。
    9.and  解析:考查连词。根据语境和句子成分可知,前后表示并列关系。
    10.difference 解析:考查名词。make a difference“有作用”,根据空前的冠词可知,
此处应用所给词的名词形式。
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