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2017 改错题之动词时态语态及形容词副词练习

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                            改错题易考点之动词

一、谓语动词

谓语动词时态与语态基本形式:

               一般现在时:        _____________                             现在进行时_____________ 
                                                   进行时
一般时            一般过去时:_____________                  时                  过去进行时_____________

               一般将来时:_____________ 

                现在完成时:_____________
完成时
时               过去完成时:_____________

谓语动词的语态:

主动语态:_____________

被动语态:_____________

注意:     be; have 不可滥用。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

时态的判断:

(一)从语篇和上下文整体把握时态
如:   When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there…

(二   )从时间状语上去判断时态
1.______________:yesterday, last Sunday morning, last year, two hours ago, just now, the other day, once upon a 
time,in 1945 等。
2. .______________:now, today, always, usually, often, sometimes, at times, every day, on Sundays 等。 
3. .______________:so far, since, in the past 5 years ,by now, in recent years 等。
4.______________:tomorrow   ,in the future , next week, soon , in the 22nd century 等。
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高考中出现过的典型例子:
1)Last Sunday,  police cars hurry to the tallest building in New York. 
2)Today it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past. 
3)I’m very pleased to say that all of us greatly improved our spoken English so far ……
4).Since long ago, many adults and children called their friends together to spend hours …. 
5).During the World Cup in 2002, my dad stays up late just to watch his favorite sport……. 

(三)从平行连词前后看时态差异

如  and ,or ,not only…but also ,but, so 等。这些词前后的时态应该是一致的。

例如:1.He not only came to see me but also tell me the news.
    2. I remembered her words and calm down.
    3.Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.
    4.I was a school student then from a low-income family ,so I have to work to support my family.

注意:     1, 情态动词和助动词后动词的使用
______________________________________________________

        2. 时间和条件状语从句中动词的时态___________________________________________________

        3. 客观事实客观真理名言警句的时态___________________________________________________

        4. 动词原形与其第三人称单数及过去式过去分词的转化方式:
______________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

主谓一致:

四原则:1. ___________________________          2. ___________________________

         3. ___________________________     4. ___________________________
注意:符合就近原则的连词
___________________________________________________________________
      符合就远原则的连词__________________________________________________________________
      谓语动词用单数           __________________________________________________________________
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                        __________________________________________________________________
                        __________________________________________________________________
                        __________________________________________________________________
                        __________________________________________________________________
                        __________________________________________________________________

动词的时态改错专题训练
I. A 级 单项单句改错
1. The teacher told that the sun rose in the east.
2. I will speak to him when I will see him next Sunday.
3. I will get everything ready before my boss come back.
4. Does your mother has lunch at home?
5. He was writing a letter at the moment, I believe.
9. She has gone to Beijing several times.
10. Jane is doing some cleaning this time yesterday.
B 级  单项单句改错
1. If it won't rain, we will go to visit the zoo.
3. When I was at college I spoke three foreign languages, but I had forgotten all except a few words of each.
4. The police found that the house has been broken into and a lot of things stolen.
5. The volleyball match will be put off if it rain.
6. Mary is making a dress when she cut her finger.
7. This is the first time I had been here.
8. You can join the club when you will get a bit older.
9. Mother promised she will buy me a bike.
II. A 级 单项短文改错(八处错误)
    An artist went to a beautiful part of the country for a holiday, and stays with a farmer. Every day he was went 
out with his paints and brushes and paint from morning to evening, and then when it have got dark, he went back to 
the farm and had a good dinner before going back to bed. At the end of his holiday he wanted to pay the farmer but 
the farmer said, "No, I did not want money, but give me one of your pictures. What is money? In a week it would all 
be finish, but your painting will still here."
B 级  单项短文改错        (七处错误)
                             The problem with Television
    Now I couldn’t watch television but a few years agoI used to watching it every night. I was often a little tired 
after a day's work and watching TV demand very little effort. Unfortunately, there was too many people in my family. 
Some wanted to see one programme while others preferred another. I am happy with any programme but the others 
spent a lot of time arguing and there were no way of settling the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at 
home read instead. 

二、非谓语动词
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基本形式:       to do _______________________(主动)        _______________________(被动)
            -ing  _______________________(主动)        _______________________(被动)
            -ed   _______________________  
否定形式: ______________________   
句中作用:
    目的状语      ______________________
    放在句首做状语强调动作的先后性______________________
    与  only 连用放在句尾做状语表示出乎意料的结果____________________
    主语;宾语;表语           ______________________  
    定语和状语:        动作与逻辑主语之间的关系是主动进行用______________________
     动作与逻辑主语之间的关系是被动完成用______________________
注意:
   介词跟______________________
   只跟-ing  做宾语的动词或短语______________________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________________________________________
   只跟   to                                                                 do 做宾语的动词或短语
_____________________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________________________________________
非谓语的专题训练
I. 单项单句改错
1. I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future!   
2.In other words, they help to keep people strong and feel good. 
3.Please excuse us for not able to say goodbye to you.
4.Jack would fly away and bring it back for us throw again. 
5.Some students may also to save up for their college or future use.
6.If you try to, you can be No. 1.
7.I found a small house standing in a field with a light shone from the sitting room.
8. He would also catch the food throwing to him from the other side of the room. 
9.I knocked at the door and was delighting. 
10.I found the game excited. 
II.单项短文改错(五处错误)
    I have just got some good news to tell to you. I won a national prize for painting last week. My father was so 
pleasing that he suggested I went to England for a holiday. I’d like to staying there for half a month, visiting places of 
interest and practice my English as well. We’ve been writing to each other for nearly a year now. I have              
often dreamed of talk face to face with you. I imagine you’ll be on vacation yourself by that time. Perhaps we could 
go out to do some sightseeing together.                                                                                                                        
B 级  单项短文改错(六处错误)
    My old classroom was interested because three sides of the classroom were made of glass. I enjoyed sit close to 
the windows and looking at the view. On the left-hand side of the class, I could easily see the football field. In the 
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mornings, it was full of students exercis. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid. Close to the 
school there were a beautiful park with many trees around it. Farther in the distance, I could enjoy the view of snowy 
mountains. On the right side of the class was the road. I was always interested to see the drivers in a hurry in the 
morning. The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming. Though I was only a child 
when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it.
综合(七处错误)
Hi, Janice,
   It's been a month since I come to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have 
been experienced
   As I tell you last time, I made three new friends here. We hang out together during lunch and after school. 
We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. It's been three Saturdays now and it really cost me much. 
And I started to see this as a time—wasting activity! In fact ,I don’t like to go anymore, but I’m afraid I’ll lose their 
friendship. What do you think I should do? If you are me ,would you talk to them?
三.形容词、副词
归纳: 
1. 系动词后常跟__________做表语
2. 修饰名词常用__________做定语
3. 修饰动词;形容词;副词或整个句子用__________
4. 形容词和副词的比较等级的常用句型:
  ⑴  表示相等:____________________________________________________________
  ⑵  表示不如:____________________________________________________________
  ⑶  表示超过:____________________________________________________________
  ⑷  表示“最”   :____________________________________________________________
  ⑸  表示“越……越……”: ___________________________________________________
  ⑹  表示“越来越”     :________________________________________________________
  ⑺  表示“与其……不如…… ” : _______________________________________________

改错练习
    1. I would describe myself as shy and quietly.
    2. There have been reports in America about people trying to steal person information for bad 
purposes.
    3. Finding information on the Net is easily.
    4. So what I learned from the job was much more important as what I earned. My 
pronunciation was terribly .
    5. They came back lately and had some tea.
    6. I learned that I had to be more patient and little aggressive.
用适当形式填空
    1. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from work, the streets are 
very busy. Traffic is most ____________ (danger) then.
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    2. For a few seconds the little girl said nothing, but then she ran to her mother and said 
____________( angry), “ Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t 
let me?”
    3. If tourism create too much traffic, the inhabitants will become _________ ( annoy) and 
unhappy.
    4. Most newspapers ______________ (regular) print letters from readers with problems.
    5. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled______(warm),and thanked his student very much for 
the sweet water.(warmly)
    6. We drank together and talked _______(merry) till far into the night...
    7. Mr. Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn’t ask for a ______(good) boss.
    8. ...one of the ______(bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, 
Ms Chen.
    9. Seated in a comfortable chair, listening to the peaceful music, you’ll be brought into a 
 _______(relax) state of mind.
 语篇填空
    When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of 
wooden boxes 1 ______contained clothing. No one could account for the fact that one of the 
boxes was 2 __________ (extreme) heavy. It suddenly 3 ________(occur) to one of the workers to 
open up the box. He was 4 ___________(astonish)at what he found. A man was lying in the box on 
top of a pile of 5 _________(wool) goods. He was 6 _____surprised at being discovered that he did 
not even try to run away. After he was arrested, the man admitted 7 ________ (hide)in the box 
before the plane left London. He had had a long and 8 ____________ (comfort) trip, for he had 
been confined(关在)to the 9 ________(wood)box for over eighteen hours. The man was ordered to 
pay £3, 500 for the cost of the trip, which was 10 ____ expensive than the normal price, which 
only cost £2, 000.
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