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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit5Learning about Language

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Learning about Language 


               课前预习 要点探究 语法聚焦
Ⅰ.重点单词
1.______extra  adj.额外的;外加的
2.___________humorous  adj.幽默的;诙谐的
3.__________broadcast  n.& vi.& vt.广播;播放
4.________familiar  adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
5.______pub  n.酒馆;酒吧


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
Ⅱ.核心短语
1._______________connect...with... 把……和……连接起来
2.__________in addition 另外;也
3.__________depend on 依靠;依赖
4.______________for the first time 第一次
5._______sort out 分类
Ⅲ.经典句式
   Now ________________________whenever we go to the pub ,we play our songs and 
   buy drinks for the regulars.
   现在无论我们何时去酒吧,我们都会为常客们演奏我们自
   己的歌曲并为他们买喝的。

                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
1.in addition另外;也 (教材P36) 

   ①The car looks nice.In addition,it can save energy.
   这辆车外型美观,而且省油。

[归纳拓展]

in addition常放在句首,也可放在句中、句尾,相当于副词。
in addition to除……之外(还),用作介词短语 


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
选用以上短语填空
②She can speak French and German _____________in addition to  English.
③The products are nice.___________,In addition  the price is low.


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
2.Sort out the following messages that are mixed up to make 
   complete sentences containing attributive clauses.(教材

   P37)
   将下面混杂的信息进行分类,来组成包含有定语从句的完
   整句子。

sort out分类;整理;挑选出;解决(纠纷等) 


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
写出下列句中sort out的汉语意思
①My father helped sort out a dispute today.
                                            ______解决
②Please sort out what you want and throw away the rest.
                                          ________挑选出
③The child was sorting out the bricks into different colors.
                                       ____________把……分类


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
[归纳拓展]

sort out...from...把……从……中挑选出来/辨别出来
sort sth(into sth) 把……分类
sort of 有几分;有点(作副词修饰形容词和动词)
all sorts of...各种各样的…… 


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
④We must sort ______out  the good apples _______from  the bad ones.
   咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏的分开。
⑤She sort of pretends that she doesn't really care.
   她摆出一副并不真地在乎的样子。


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
          “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句


1.Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of 
   people at a concert,at which everyone is clapping and 
   appreciating your music?
2.They may start as a group of high­school students,for whom 
   practising their music in someone's house is the first step to 
   fame.


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
3.Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which 
   they are paid in cash.
4.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play 
   music,most of which was based loosely on the Beatles.
5.However,after a year or so in which they became more 
   serious about their work,the Monkees started to play and sing 
   their own songs like a real band.
6.They  produced a new record in 1996,with which they 
   celebrated their former time as a real band.


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
   一、基本用法
   当关系代词在定语从句中充当介词的宾语时,我们可以用
“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句。如果先行词为人时,用“
介词+whom”;如果先行词为物时,用“介词+which”。
who和that不能用于此结构,但介词后置时可以使用,如果作
宾语也可以省略。
   The ladder on which I was standing began to slip.
   我脚下的梯子开始向下滑动。


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
   二、“介词+关系代词”中介词的确定
   1.根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯来确定。
   I remember the day on which I joined the army.
   我仍然记得我参军的那一天。(表示具体的“在哪一天”,
用介词on)
   2.根据定语从句中的谓语动词或形容词确定介词。该动词
或形容词常与某些介词构成固定搭配。
   He is the man for whom I'm waiting for a long time.
   他是我等了很久的那个人。(wait for等待,为固定搭配)


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
   He is a famous singer of whom we are proud.
   他是一位我们引以为豪的著名歌唱家。(be              proud of以……
而自豪,为固定搭配)
   3.根据句子的意思确定介词。
   有些句子,先行词完全一样,定语从句中谓语动词也不是
固定的动词短语。这时,需要根据句子所要表达的意思选用不
同的介词。
   This is the book without which I can't pass the exam.这是一
本没有它我就不能通过考试的书。


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
   三、“介词+关系代词”的特殊用法
   1.“the+名词+of+关系代词”引导定语从句时,有时可
用“whose+名词”或“of+关系代词+the+名词”替换。
   I live in the room,the windows of which (=of which the 
windows=whose windows) face south.
   我住在一个窗户朝南的房间里。
   [名师点津]     在“the+名词+of+关系代词”或“of+关系代
词+the+名词”中一定不能漏掉冠词the;在“whose+名词”结
构中一定不能加上冠词the。


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
   2.“名词/代词等+介词+关系代词”结构:有时“介词+
关系代词”前会出现不定代词(all,both,none,neither,
many,few,the   rest等)、数词(分数、百分数等)及“the+最
高级/比较级”等,用来表示部分、数目等意义。
   The football team has 15 members,the oldest of whom is 25 
years old.
   这个足球队有15名队员,其中最大的25岁。


                                课前预习   要点探究   语法聚焦
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