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2018-2019学年高中英语外研版 必修三 Module 3 The violence of nature--Reading and Vocabulary

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          Module 3  
    The Violence of Nature

Period One Reading and Vocabulary
flood
drought
       drought
fire
landslide
earthquake
hurricane
  in Atlantic Area
typhoon
 in Pacific Area
tornado
tornado       in the US
thunderstorm
 Read the materials
Activity 1 What is a tornado?
1. Read this passage aloud and 
answer the following questions.
 1) How can tornadoes destroy houses?
                 
They can destroy houses, but leave 
                
the furniture inside exactly where it was.
2) Where do tornadoes mainly occur?
In the US, with area from Texas in the 
Southeast to South Dakota in the north  
3) Do a thorough reading and fill in the blanks.
A tornado is a _______ _______of air from rotating  column 
a____________ to the ground. On (the) thunderstorm
average, there are _____ tornadoes each 800
year, ________ about 80______ and causing deaths
1500_________. The worst occurred injuries 1925
in_____, ________ three US states and affecting
making 700___________ and 2700________. dead/killed  injured
  Activity 2    What is a hurricane?
1.  Give the definitions of Tornado and Hurricane.
    A tornado is a rotating column of  air             
    from a thunderstorm to the ground.
     A hurricane is a strong tropical storm.
 2. Read and answer the questions.
1) What happens during a hurricane? Why? 
There are huge waves, heavy rains and floods. Because 
there are violent winds of 120 kilometers per hour or more.
2) Where do they usually occur?
In the southern Atlantic  Ocean, the   
Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico.
3) When and where did the 
worst hurricane happen? 
It occurred on the 8th September 
1900 in Galveston, Texas. So we 
call it the 1900 Galveston 
Hurricane.
 Activity 3  
 An Extraordinary Event

1. Understand this sentence
The Gulf Stream had carried it 3000 
kilometers up the eastern US to Prince 
Edward Island.
  Activity 4  Read and fill in the blanks. 
                               
 _____the late 1890s, he ____ ______ to Galveston,By had moved 
 ______ he died in 1899, a year before the where
hurricane ______. The cemetery _______ Coghlan struck where
was buried was_________ by the hurricane and destroyed
Coghlan’s coffin  ____ ____ in the sea. end up
 True or False.
1. All tornadoes have winds of more than 400 kilometres per 
hour.
2. There are more tornadoes occurring in the US than in other 
parts of the world.
3. Tornadoes can’t destroy furniture because they are not 
violent enough.
4. In the US, there are usually about 80 people killed in 
tornadoes every year.
5. The worst tornado in history killed at least 700 people.
6. Every year there are six Atlantic hurricanes.
7. Both the worst tornado and the worst hurricane occurred 
in the US.
8. The worst hurricane of all time killed about one-sixth of 
the population in the US.
9. Charles Coghlan didn't become famous until he moved to 
New York.
10. Coghlan’s coffin was destroyed by the 1900 Galveston 
hurricane.
11. It was only because of the hurricane that Coghlan’s body 
could travel back to Canada.

1. occur: 偶然发生;出现;浮现
   The accident occurred yesterday.
   The banana trees only occur in the south.
   A good idea occurred to me.
   What happened  to him last night?
   When will the sports meeting take place?
2. take off: 脱衣;去掉;拿去;取消; (飞机)
起飞
3. …leave the furniture inside exactly where it 
was.
leave+宾+补(adj./ prep./ n.) 使……处于……
Leave the door open.
Don’t leave the baby by itself.
He was left an orphan.
4. on average: above/ below average
His score is above average.
5.There are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, 
causing about 80 deaths …
They were having a meeting inside and there 
were many people waiting outside.
The number of the people invited to the party is 
20.
6. By the time it ended, more than 700 people had 
been killed…
the time, each time, the first time等名词短语可引
导时间状语从句.
I recognized her the first time I saw her.
He would stay in the hotel each time he came 
here.
7….and they usually affect the east coast
affect: vt. 影响;感动;(疾病)侵袭
His illness affected his marks.
He was affected with high fever.
effect: n. 影响(结果)
strike: vt. 打击;疾病侵袭;打动,感动 
What struck me most was his selflessness.
where 引导地点状语从句

 1) 有志者事竟成。
 Where there is a will, there is a way.
 2)  你最好站在那儿别动。
 You’d better stay where you are.
 3) 阅读完毕后,把书放回原来的地方。
 After reading, put the book where it was.
8. On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US  each 
year, causing about 80 deaths and 1,500 injuries.
The worst tornado of all time occurred in 1925, affecting 
three us states:…
现在分词作定语
大风把良土都刮走了, 只剩下沙子。
The strong winds blow away the good soil, leaving only 
sand. 
他们的车陷入交通阻塞,这样导致了耽搁。
Their car was caught in a traffic jam, thus causing the 
delay.
1.What ____ our journey was! C
A.  exciting experience  
B. excited experience    
C. an exciting experience     
D. an excited experience 
2.My father is a man ___ .C
A. of many experiences 
B. of experiences    
C. of much experience    
D. of few experiences  
3.My father is a man ___ .C
A. of many experiences 
B. of experiences    
C. of much experience    
D. of few experiences  
4.The flu is believed ___ by virusesC
That like to reproduce in the cells 
inside the human nose and throat.  
A.  causing    
B. being caused     
C. to be caused      
D. to have caused 
5.When I said some people 
were stupid I wasn’t ____ you. B
A. referring to  
B. referring to 
C. referring with 
D. referring with 
6.Marx ___ another foreign language B
when he was in his fifties. 
A. picked out           
B. picked up 
C. picked to    
D. picked off 
7. The scene was ___ and B
the boys there were all ____. 
A. terrified, terrible  
B.  terrible, terrified 
C.  terrible, terrifying  
D.  terrified, terrifying 
8.The ___ look on her face  B
suggested that she ___
what we said.
A. surprising, had heard 
B. surprised, had heard 
C. surprising, should hear 
D. surprised, should hear  
Homework 


       Choose any paragraph 

            to recite.
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