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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit5Using Language

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                               Using Language


Ⅰ.重点单词

1.dip vt.浸;蘸
2.confident adj.自信的;确信的
3.brief adj.简短的;简要的;n.摘要;大纲

       briefly adv.简要地;短暂地
4.devotion n.投入;热爱 

       devote v.致力于;奉献
       devoted adj.献身的;忠诚的

5.afterwards adv.然后;后来
6.invitation n.邀请;招待

       invite v.邀请;招待
7.sensitive adj.敏感的;易受伤害的;灵敏的
8.painful adj.痛苦的;疼痛的 
       pain n.痛苦
Ⅱ.核心短语

1.knock into 撞上;偶然碰到
2.feel down 感到沮丧;情绪消沉
3.be confident of/about 对……有信心
4.agree on 就……达成协议
5.stick to 坚持
6.above all 最重要;首先
Ⅲ.经典句式

1.Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed.弗雷迪和他的乐队
   无论走到哪里都会有人跟随。

2.Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if 
   they were close friends.一些不认识他们的人也在不断地讨论他们的私生活,而且就像
   是他们的密友一样在谈论他们。

3.At last feeling very upset and sensitive,Freddy and his band realized that they must leave the 
   country before it became too painful for them.最后由于深感苦恼,神经高度紧张,弗雷
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   迪和他的乐队意识到他们必须在自己感到太痛苦之前离开这个国家。


                                   阅读清障

※Not long after 相当于 soon after 或 shortly after,意为“……后不久”,引导时间状语从句。

①brief/bri f/adj.简短的;简要的      n.摘要;大纲

briefly/'bri flI/adv.简要地;短暂地

②on a brief tour 在进行短暂的巡回演出

③devotion/dI'və n/n.投入;热爱

④confident/'k nfIdənt/adj.自信的;确信的

⑤afterwards/'ɑ ftəwədz/adv.然后;后来

⑥invitation/ InvI'teI n/n.邀请
※过去分词短语       called...作后置定语,修饰     a TV programme。

⑦a TV camera 电视摄像机

※which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰先行词               the telephones。

⑧go wrong 出毛病;出现问题

※without being followed 在句中作伴随状语。not...without   是双重否定结构,表示肯定意义,
以加强语气。

⑨beard/bIəd/n.胡须

⑩regularly adv.有规律地;间隙均匀地;经常

※who  引导限制性定语从句,修饰先行词               people,该定语从句中包含了         as if 引导的方式状
语从句。

⑪sensitive/'sensətIv/adj.敏感的;易受伤害的;灵敏的

⑫painful/'peInfl/adj.痛苦的;疼痛的
※现在分词短语       feeling...作原因状语;that  引导宾语从句,在此宾语从句中又含有
before 引导的时间状语从句。
                                   原文呈现

                             FREDDY THE FROG(Ⅱ)
    Not long after Freddy and the band became famous,they visited Britain on a brief① 

tour②.Fans  showed  their devotion③ by waiting for hours to get tickets for their 
concerts.Freddy was now quite confident④ when he went into a concert hall.He enjoyed 

singing and all the congratulations afterwards⑤! His most exciting invitation⑥ was to 
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perform on a TV programme called“Top of the Pops.” 
    He had to go to London, wear an expensive suit and give a performance to a TV 
camera⑦.It felt very strange.But as soon as the programme was over, the telephones which 
were in the same room started ringing.Everybody was asking when they could see Freddy and 
his band again.They were truly stars.

    Then things went wrong⑧.Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being 
followed.Even when they wore sunglasses or beards⑨ people recognized them.Fans found 
them even when they went into the toilet.They tried to hide in the reading rooms of libraries,
but it was useless.Someone was always there!Their personal life was regularly⑩discussed by 
people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends.At last feeling very upset 
and sensitive⑪,Freddy and his band realized that they must leave the country before it became 
too painful⑫for them.So they left Britain,to which they were never to return,and went back 
to the lake.
                                   课文译文

                                  青蛙弗雷迪(2)
    在弗雷迪和这个乐队成名后不久,他们就在英国进行了一次短暂的巡回演出。歌迷们
表现出了极大的热情,等候几个小时买他们音乐会的票。现在弗雷迪在步入音乐厅时感到

非常自信。他喜欢演唱,也喜欢演出后的所有祝贺!最令他激动的是他受邀在一个叫                                    Top 
of the Pops 的电视节目中表演。他得去伦敦,穿着昂贵的西装,对着电视摄像机演唱。感
觉很不自在。而节目一结束,这个房间里的电话就开始响起来。大家都在问他们什么时候
可以再次看到弗雷迪和他的乐队。他们真的成了明星!
    然后情况就不好了。弗雷迪和他的乐队无论走到哪儿都有人跟随着。甚至当他们戴着
太阳镜或者留着络腮胡子时,人们也能认出他们来。即使他们上厕所,也会被歌迷发现。

他们试图躲在图书馆的阅览室里,但也不管用。总有人在那儿(等着)!经常有一些人讨论
他们的私生活,那些人不认识他们,但谈起来就好像是他们的密友一样。最后由于深感苦
恼,神经高度紧张,弗雷迪和他的乐队意识到他们必须在感到太过痛苦之前离开这个国家。
因此,他们离开了英国,回到了湖边,再也没有回去。


Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.Who do you think is Freddy?
       A.A fan.                         B.A man.
       C.A woman.                       D.A frog.
       答案 D
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2.Freddy's most exciting experience was         .
       A.that fans waited for hours to get tickets for their concerts
       B.to perform on a TV programme
       C.that the telephones in the same room started ringing
       D.that fans followed wherever they went
       答案 B
3.People could find them anywhere EXCEPT when        .
       A.they wore sunglasses or beards
       B.they went into the toilet
       C.they were in the reading rooms of libraries 
       D.they were in their homes
       答案 D
4.Before they left Britain,they felt         .
       A.upset                          B.sensitive
       C.painful                        D.all the above
       答案 D
5.Where did Freddy and his band try to hide in order not to be followed?
       A.The concert hall.
       B.The lake.
       C.Both A and B.
       D.The toilet and libraries.
       答案 D
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F).
1.Long after Freddy and the band became famous,they visited Britain.(F)
2.Freddy was not quite confident when he went into a concert hall.(F)
3.Freddy and his band could go out anywhere as they like after giving the performance to a TV 
   camera.(F)
4.The personal life of Freddy and his band was regularly talked about by anyone.(T)
5.Freddy and his band went back to the lake and never returned again.(T)


1.Not  long after Freddy and the band became famous,they visited Britain on a brief 

  tour.(教材   P38)弗雷迪和他的乐队成名后不久,就到英国作短暂的巡回演出去了。
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      brief adj.简短的;简要的       n.摘要;大纲

                     (1)in brief 简言之;一言以蔽之
             归纳      to be brief 简单地说,   一句话

             拓展      (2)briefly adv.简要地;短暂地
                     briefly speaking 简洁地说

     ①To begin with,I'd like to tell in brief the importance of the work.
     首先,我想简要谈谈这项工作的重要性。

     ②To be brief/Briefly speaking,he was happy with the result.
     简言之,他对这个结果感到高兴。

2.Fans showed their devotion by waiting for hours to get tickets for their concerts.(教材

  P38)歌迷们表现出极大的热情,他们等几个小时来购买音乐会的门票。
    devotion n.投入;热爱;挚爱;献身;虔诚

                    (1)with devotion 悉心地

             归纳     devotion to...对……的贡献/热爱/忠诚
             拓展     (2)devote v.献身;为……付出
                    devote oneself to 致力于/献身于……

①He showed great devotion to his master.
     他对主人表现出极大的忠诚。

②She nursed her sick child with devotion.
     她悉心看护她那生病的孩子。

③He devoted himself to protecting(protect) the wild animals.他献身于保护野生动物。
     [名师点津] devotion    to.../devote oneself to 中的 to 都是介词,后需接名词、代词或动
     名词。

3.Freddy was now quite confident when he went into a concert hall.(教材 P38)现在当弗雷
  迪走进音乐大厅时感到非常自信。

                         confident adj.自信的;确信的

               (1)be confident of (doing) sth 对(做)某事有把握;确信某事
      归纳       be confident about 对……有信心

      拓展       be confident that...确信/肯定/自信……
               (2)confidence n.信心;信任;信赖;把握
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               have/show confidence in 对……有信心

     ①We are confident about our future.
     我们对未来充满信心。

     ②The team is confident of winning.
     这个队有把握取胜。

     ③He lacked confidence(confident)and he didn't trust himself.他缺乏自信,不相信自己。


4.Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed.(教材 P38)弗雷
  迪和他的乐队无论走到哪儿都有人跟踪。

     not...without...是一个双重否定结构,该结构表示肯定含义,意思是“没有……就

     不……”。这种结构可以归纳为“no/not/never             等+without...”。

     ①Man cannot live without food and plants cannot grow without sunshine.
     人没有食物不能生存,植物没有阳光也不能生长。

               常见的双重否定结构还有:

        归纳     no/not 等+表示否定意义的形容词或名词

        拓展     no/not/never/nobody/few 等+具有否定意义的动词或短语

               not+否定意义的副词       hardly/barely/scarcely 等。

     ②No way is impossible to courage.
     勇士面前无险路。

     ③I could not hardly believe my ears.
     我几乎不相信自己的耳朵。

5.What if we...?要是我们……,会怎么样呢?(教材              P39)
     本句是一个省略句,补充完整应该是:What                 will happen if we...?“What if...?”为
     常用句式,What       if 后面跟一个完整的句子,且句子通常用现在时或过去时。该句式
     有如下含义:

     (1)如果……怎么办?要是……会怎么样呢?(尤指令人不愉快的事情发生时)

     ①What if the train is late?
     火车要是晚点怎么办?

     ②What if we failed in the last exam?
     要是我们上次考试不及格会怎么样呢?

     (2)如果……怎么样?(用于表示提出有益的建议)

     ③What if we go and see a film tomorrow night?
     我们明晚去看一场电影如何?
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6.Above all,just have fun!(教材  P40)
     最重要的是,要开心!

                             above all 最重要;首先

                   first of all 首先,第一(强调顺序)
                   at all 根本,全然
            归纳     not at all 一点也不
            拓展     in all 总共,共计
                   after all 终究,毕竟
                   all in all 总之,总的来说

     ①How many people were there in all at the party?
     晚会上一共有多少个人?

     ②He has faults, but, all in all, he is a good helper.
     他虽有缺点,但总的说来,他是一个好帮手。

     ③You shouldn't depend on your parents at all, and after all you have been over eighteen;
     above all you should earn money by yourself.
     你一点都不应该依靠父母了,毕竟你已经过十八岁了。最重要的是你应该自己挣钱。
      
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