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高考专题之 情态动词练习题

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                    高考专题之           情态动词练习题

    单项选择

  1. I _______________ have met him a long time ago. Both his name and face are very familiar. 

    A. may              B. can         C. would        D. should 

  2. —Shall we go shopping? 

    —Sorry, we __________________ buy anything now because none of the shops are open. 

    A. mustn’t         B. needn’t          C. can’t       D. shouldn’t

  3. I didn’t see her in the meeting room this morning. She _______________ have spoken at 
the meeting. 

    A. mustn’t         B. shouldn’t        C. needn’t      D. couldn’t

  4. He ________________ the test again, in which case, his mother will be very disappointed. 

    A. might fail              B. must have failed

    C. should fail                 D. could have failed


  5. —Why didn’t she come to the meeting yesterday? [来源:学科网 ZXXK]

    —I’m not so sure. She ________________________ ill. 

    A. should be                   B. sho uld have been

    C. must be                     D. might have been

  6. Why did you just sit and watch? You _______________________ me. 

    A. could help                  B. should help

    C. could have helped           D. must have helped

  7. —You ____________________ your teacher for help. He is kind-hearted. 

    —Yes. A whole day ____________________. 

    A. can ask;will waste

    B. must have asked;had wasted

    C. could have asked;was wasted

    D. shouldn’t have asked;would be wasted
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8. —Is there a flight to London this evening?  

  —There _______________________ be. I’ll phone the airport and find it out. 

  A. must      B. might      C. would        D. can

9. —Show me your permit, please. 

  —Oh, it’s not in my pocket. It ____________________________. 

  A. might fall out          B. could fall out

  C. should have fallen out      D. must have fallen out

10. —Look at these tracks. It ___________________ be a wolf. 

  —Don’t be so sure. I think it _____________________ be a fox. 

  A. must; could                 B. may; might

  C. need; must                  D. could; need

11. —I thought you wouldn’t mind. 

  —Well, a s a matter of fact I don’t, but you ______________________ me first. 

  A. should ask                  B. should have asked

  C. must ask                    D. must have asked

12. —I called you yesterday. A woman answered, but I didn’t recognize her voice. 

  —Oh, it _________________________________ my aunt Jean. 

  A. must be                     B. must have been

  C. might be                    D. can have been

13. That car nearly hit me; I ______________________________. 

  A. might be killed             B. might have been killed

  C. may be killed           D. may been killed

14. My cell-phone has disappeared. Who ________________________ have taken it away? 

  A. could        B. should  C. must     D. might

15. You _____________________________ practise the drums while the baby is sleeping. 

  A. needn’t      B. mightn’t C. mustn’t   D. won’t

16. __________________________________ more careful, his ship would not have sunk. 
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    A. If the captain were         B. Had the captain been 

    C. Should the captain be       D. If the captain would have been

  17. It’s too bad that I failed in the math exam. If only I ___________________ hard at it! 

    A. worked                      B. had worked

    C. has worked                  D. would work

  18. It’s suggested that some activities ______________ to celebrate the 30th anniversary of 
the Reform and Opening-up. 

    A. should hold     B. are held         C. be held         D. will be held

  19. —Your sister really worked hard on her science project during the summer. 

    —Yes, otherwise she _________________ the first place in the competition. 

    A. would have won                  B. didn’t win

    C. wouldn’t have won               D. won

  20. —Would you mind if we set out earlier tomorrow morning? 

    —Well, I’d rather you _______________________. 

    A. don’t        B. won’t       C. didn’t       D. wouldn’t

  21. If he ________________ his legs in the last training, he ____________ the coming World 
Cup, which he has been longing to compete in. 

    A. hadn’t hurt;would join in

    B. hadn’t hurt;would have taken part in

    C. didn’t hurt;would go in for

    D. didn’t hurt;would have taken part in

  22. It was urgent that he ______________________ her immediately. 

    A. calls        B. called       C. call        D. would call

  23. What a pity! If I had caught that flight, I ________________ over the Pacific Ocean now. 

    A. would fly                       B. would have flown  

    C. would be flying                 D. were flying

  24. —The task is challenging and demanding. Who do you think can make it? 
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    —__________________ my partner have a try? I think she is the right person to do it. 

    A. Will         B. Might       C. Should       D. Shall

  25. —____________________ you disturb her with these annoying questions just when she 
was busy cooking dinner? 

    —Sorry, I _________________________________ that at that time. 

    A. Should; must not have done

    B. Shall; may have done

    C. Must; should do

    D. Must; should not have done

  26. The soccer team has been doing well this season,so they _________ win the 
championship. 

    A. should       B. might       C. would        D. could

  27. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______________________ it 
without you. 

    A. can manage                      B. could have managed

    C. could manage                    D. can have managed

  28. —Jenny took the 8: 00 bus to Guangzhou this morning. 

    —Really? She _________________ the 9: 00 train. It’s much more comfortable and safer to 
travel by train. 

    A. could have taken            B. should take

    C. must have taken             D. can take

  29. Experts believe that most diseases that commonly affect men ____________________ be 
avoided by preventive measures. 

    A. must             B. may         C. shall            D. can

  30. I would have helped you, but I __________________ really occupied the whole week. 

    A. was             B. am           C. had been         D. were
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  1. A  解析:根据后句所提供的信息可知此处表示对过去可能发生的事情进行推测。may 
have done sth.意为:可能做过某事。can        表示推测,通常用于否定句和疑问句中。

  2. C  解析:根据     because 引导的原因状语从句可知此处表示:不能买东西。can’t                    意为
“不能”,符合句意。mustn’t        意为:禁止,不许;needn’t        意为:不必要;shouldn’t      意为:
不应该。

  3. D  解析:句意:我今天早上在会议室没有看到她。她不可能在会议上讲话。couldn’t 
have done sth. 表示对过去的情况进行推测,意为“过去不可能发生过某事”。

  4. A  解析:根据下文的        will be 可知,“他考试又不及格”是将来可能发生的事,用情态
动词   might 表示可能。B、D      都表示对过去发生的事情的推测,不符合句意;should                    “应该”
也与句意不符。

  5. D  解析:从时间上看,由于是昨天没来开会,所以推测“她生病”也是在昨天,故排除
A 和 C。从语境上看,既然上文说             I’m not so sure,那么说明说话者对自己的推测没有很大
把握,故选     D。

  6. C  解析:根据上文的过去时态可知,此句谈的是过去的事。could have done                      表示“本
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

来能够做某事,但事实上未做”,符合句意。

  7. C  解析:could have done sth. 结构在此表示责备,指过去本来可以做某事但实际上未
做。第二空陈述的是过去的事实,应用                 was wasted。

  8. B  解析:根据下文的        I’ll phone the airport and find it out 可知,说话人对自己的推测
没有很大把握,故选          might。must 语气太强,不合语境;can           表推测,通常不用于肯定陈
述句中。

  9. D   解析:既然“通行证现在不在口袋里”,那么它“掉出去”应发生在过去。must                           have 
done “肯定做过某事”;should have done “应该做某事”,根据句意,应选                D 项。

  10. A  解析:根据    Don’t be so sure 可知前面一空应填     must。第二空填的      could 表示推测,
虽为过去式形式,但表示现在的意义,语气较委婉,可以用于肯定陈述句中。

  11. B  解析:should have done“本来应该做某事,结果未做”,此处含有责备之意。

  12. B  解析:句意:——我昨天给你打电话了,一位女士接的电话,但是我没有听出她
的声音。——噢,她肯定是我姨              Jean。表示对过去情况的肯定推测,应用“情态动词+完成
时”。注意    can 表示推测时通常不用于肯定陈述句。

  13. B  解析:表示过去可能发生而实际上未发生的事,用                     might have done。句意:汽车
差点碰到我,我可能会被撞死的。

  14. A  解析:考查情态动词。句意:我的手机不见了,会是谁把它拿走了呢?                            此处   could 
have done 表示“可能做过某事”,用于否定和疑问句中。should                 have done 表示“本来应该做
某事(但实际上并没有做)”;must             have done 表示“一定做了某事”;might       have done 表示

“也许做了某事”,用于肯定句中。[来源:Zxxk.Com]

  15. C  解析:mustn’t  表示“禁止,不许”。

  16. B  解析:由主句中谓语可判断,表示的是与过去事实相反的情况,所以虚拟条件句
中的谓语应用过去完成时,Had the captain been = If the captain had been。

  17. B  解析:考查虚拟语气。句意:我数学考试不及格真是太糟糕了,要是我之前努力
学习就好了。if       only 后面的从句要用虚拟语气,从语境可知此处是对过去的情况的一种虚
拟,所以谓语动词要用过去完成时。故选                  B。

  18. C  解析:考查虚拟语气。suggest         作“建议”讲时,后面的宾语从句中的谓语动词应该
用“should+动词原形”,should     可以省略。

  19. C  解析:考查虚拟语气。答句句意:是的,否则她就不会在比赛中获得一等奖了。
此处表示的是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。

  20. C  解析:would    rather 后接从句时,从句若表示现在或将来,从句中的谓语要用一
般过去时;若从句表示过去,其谓语用过去完成时。根据语境可知,此处是表示“我希望你
们(明早)不要早出发”。故选             C。

  21. A  解析:根据句子结构可以知道,该题含                if 引导的条件状语从句。分析句意,该句
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

表示一种假设,从句中的动作表示与过去事实相反,主句的动作是在将来发生,即表示与
将来事实相反,故从句的谓语动词               用 had done,主句用    would(could, might)+动词原形。

  22. C   解析:在    It is/was urgent that. . . 句型中,that 引导的从句中谓语动词应用
“should+动词原形”形式,should     可以省略。类似的形容词还有             necessary,      advisable, 
desirable, vital 等。

  23. C  解析:考查虚拟语气。句意:多遗憾!如果我能赶上那班航班,现在我就正飞越
太平洋了。从句是对过去发生的动作的虚拟,主句是对现在正在发生的动作的虚拟,故谓
语动词用    would be doing。

  24. D  解析:考查情态动词。句意:——这项任务很有挑战性,要求很高。你认为谁能
完成?——我的搭档能试一下吗?我认为她是做这项工作最合适的人选。shall                              在疑问句中
用于第一、三人称,表示说话人征询对方的意见或请求指示。

  25. D  解析:考查情态动词。句意:——你非要在她忙着做晚饭的时候用这么烦人的问
题来打扰她吗?——对不起,我不该在那个时候那么做的。must                              表示“偏偏,非要”,
should not have done sth. “本不应该做某事,但事实上已经做了”。

  26. A  解析:考查情态动词。句意:那支足球队这个赛季一直做得很好,因此他们按理
该获得冠军的。should       在这里意为“按理说,估计应该”,需要有一种逻辑推测。句中的                         has 
been doing well 表明了一直做得很好,故后面应该会赢得冠军。

  27. B  解析:考查虚拟语气。句意:谢谢你上周的努力工作。没有你我想我们不会完成
它的。without   引出虚拟语气,这里是对过去的情况进行虚拟。

  28. A  解析:考查情态动词。由第一句的              took 可知事情发生在过去,故第二句应是对过
去进行推测。再由        more comfortable and safer 知 could have taken 符合,意为“本可以乘九
点钟的火车”。

  29. D  解析:句意:专家们认为常常侵袭人们的大多数疾病有时能通过预防措施得以避
免。根据句意可知,此处表示一种客观可能性,故选                      D。can  用于肯定句时,可表示客观或
理论上的可能性,意思是“有时会”。

  30. A  解析:考查动词时态和虚拟语气。would               have helped you 表示与过去事实相反的
虚拟语气。but     后面是表示事实的句子。答案选              A,表过去的实际情况。句意:我本可以帮
助你的,但我整个星期确实很忙。
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