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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit4Using Language

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                               Using Language


Ⅰ.重点单词

1.inspect vt.检查;视察 
2.unexpected adj.没料到的;意外的

       expect v.期待
3.incident n.事件;事变 
4.dust n.灰尘;尘土;尘埃
       dusty adj.布满灰尘的 
5.fierce adj.凶猛的;猛烈的 
6.ending n.结局;结尾

       end n.& v.结束
Ⅱ.核心短语

1.come into being 形成;产生 
2.a number of 许多;大量的
3.used to 过去常常
4.according to 按照;根据……所说 
5.so that 以致于;结果 
Ⅲ.经典句式

1.They  lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago,long before humans came into being 
   and their future seemed secure at that time.
       千百万年前,它们(恐龙)就在地球上生活,比人类的出现要早得多,当时他们的前
       景似乎很安全。

2.When  scientists inspected the bones,they were surprised to find that these dinosaurs could 
   not only run like the others but also climb trees.
       当科学家们观察这些骨头时,惊奇地发现这些恐龙不仅像其他恐龙一样可以跑,而
       且还可以爬树。

3.They learned this from the way the bones were joined together.
       他们是根据恐龙骨骼的连接方式来得出这种判断的。

4.It is a pity that in the story nobody helped the dodo.
       很遗憾在故事中没有人帮助渡渡鸟。
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                                   阅读清障

①extinction/Ik'stIŋk n/n.灭绝;消亡
extinct adj.不再存在的;已灭绝的

②dinosaur/'daInəs /n.恐龙

③come into being 形成;产生,相当于       come into existence,无被动语态。

④a number of 许多(后接可数名词的复数形式)
a great/large number of tourists 大量的游客

⑤inspect/In'spekt/vt.检查;视察(指上级对下级的检查或视察)

⑥be surprised to do sth 做某事很吃惊

※that 引导的宾语从句,作        find 的宾语;其中含有       not only...but also...结构。

※the bones...together 为省略了关系词   that 的定语从句,修饰先行词         the way。

⑦die out 灭亡;逐渐消失(为不及物动词短语,不能用于被动语态)

⑧unexpected/  nIk'spektId/adj.没料到的;意外的

⑨incident/'InsIdənt/n.事件;事变
incident 指某事件附带产生的小事件或事变;accident            指意外事故。

⑩dust/d st/n.灰尘;尘土;尘埃
dusty adj.布满灰尘的
⑪live on 继续活着;继续存在
⑫for sure 肯定;无疑(=for certain),在句中作状语。
※此处为    why 和  how 共同引导的宾语从句,作          knows 的宾语。
⑬according to 按照;根据……所说(介词短语,后常跟名词或动名词作宾语)

⑭some adv.大约,用于数词前,相当于              about。

※in the last 500 years 为介词短语,在句中作时间状语。
                                   原文呈现

                             ANIMAL EXTINCTION①
    Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth.The most famous of 

these animals are dinosaurs②.They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before 

humans came into being③and their future seemed secure at that time.There were many different 

kinds of dinosaur and a number of④ them used to live in China.The eggs of twenty­five species 
have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province.Not long ago a rare new species of 
bird­like dinosaur was discovered in Chaoyang County, Liaoning Province.When scientists 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

inspected⑤ the bones, they were surprised to find⑥that these dinosaurs could not only run like 
the others but also climb trees.They learned this from the way the bones were joined together.

    Dinosaurs died out⑦suddenly about 65 million years ago.Some scientists think it came 

after an unexpected⑧incident⑨when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much 

dust⑩into the air.Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs to live on⑪any 
more.Nobody  knows for sure⑫why and how dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in such a 
short time.
    We know many other wild plants, animals, insects and birds have died out more recently. 
According to⑬a UN report, some⑭844 animals and plants have disappeared in the last 500 
years.The dodo is one of them.It lived on the Island of Mauritius and was a very friendly 
animal.Please listen to a story of the dodo and how it disappeared from the earth.
                                   课文译文
                                     动物灭绝
    在地球漫长的历史中,许多动物都消失了。这些动物中最著名的就是恐龙。数千万年
前,恐龙在地球上生活,比人类的出现要早得多,那时,它们的未来似乎是安全的。恐龙

有许多不同的种类,其中有很多曾生活在中国。25                    个种类的恐龙蛋是在河南省南阳西峡县
发现的。不久前,在辽宁省朝阳县发现了一种罕见的、形状像鸟的新的恐龙物种。当科学
家们观察它们的骨头时,他们惊奇地发现它们不仅能像其他恐龙一样可以跑,而且还可以
爬树。他们是从恐龙骨头的连接方式上得知这一点的。

    大约  6  500 万年前,恐龙突然灭绝了。一些科学家认为恐龙灭绝是发生在一次意外事
件之后,当时太空中的一块巨石撞击地球,在空气中扬起了太多的灰尘。另一些科学家则

认为,地球变得太热了,恐龙无法再(在地球上)继续活下去了。没有人确切地知道恐龙是
为什么又是如何在那么短的时间内从地球上消失的。
    我们知道最近有许多其他的野生植物、动物、昆虫和鸟类已经灭绝了。根据联合国的

一份报告,在过去的         500 年里,大约有      844 种动植物已经消失了,渡渡鸟就是其中的一种。
渡渡鸟生活在毛里求斯岛上,是一种非常友好的动物。请听一个关于渡渡鸟的故事,看看
它是如何从地球上消失的。


Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.According to the passage,what can we know about the dinosaurs?
       A.Dinosaurs were once the kindest animals on the earth.
       B.They lived on the earth together with humans.
       C.They died out for some unknown reasons.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

       D.It was the temperature that caused them to die out.
       答案 C
2.The bird­like dinosaurs were discovered in         .
       A.Xixia County,Nanyang,Henan Province
       B.Chaoyang County,Liaoning Province
       C.Xixia County,Nanyang,Liaoning Province
       D.Chaoyang County,Henan Province
       答案 B
3.How did scientists know that the bird­like dinosaurs could run as well as climb trees?
       A.By studying their eggs.
       B.By studying their teeth.
       C.By studying their bones.
       D.By guessing only.
       答案 C
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F).
1.Most animals have died out during the long history of the earth.(F)
2.Dinosaurs are the most famous of the animals that have disappeared.(T)
3.There used to be many different kinds of dinosaurs on the earth.(T)
4.A rare species of bird­like dinosaur could both run and climb trees.(T)
5.Now people know the reason why dinosaurs suddenly disappeared.(F)


1.They  lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago,long before humans came into 

  being and their future seemed secure at that time.(教材 P30)
     千百万年前,恐龙就在地球上生活,比人类的出现要早得多,而且当时他们的前景
     似乎很安全。

(1)long before 在……之前很久,该短语后可以接句子、名词、代词,也可以单独使用,在
  句中作状语。

     ①I knew Betty long before you got married to her.
     早在你和贝蒂结婚之前,我就认识她了。

(2)long before 容易与 before long 混淆,后者意为“不久,很快”,相当于                after a short 
  period of time,在句中作状语,常与一般将来时或一般过去时连用。

     ②Before long she returned to the city where she lived long before.
     很快她回到了很久之前她生活过的那个城市。

                           come into being 形成;产生
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     ③No one knows when the world came into being.
     没有人知道世界是何时形成的。

               come into existence 形成;产生;开始存在
     归纳        come into effect 开始生效;开始实施
     拓展        come into use 开始被使用
               come into power 上台执政

     ④That method has only recently come into use.
       那种方法只是最近才开始使用的。

     ⑤The Labour Party came into power in 1945.
       工党于   1945 年上台执政。

     ⑥When did the universe come into existence?
       宇宙是什么时候开始存在的?

2.According to a UN report,some 844 animals and plants have disappeared in the last 

  500 years.(教材   P30)根据联合国的一份报告,在过去            500 年里,大约有      844 种动植物消
  失。

                        according to 按照,根据……所说 

             (1)according to 其后可接名词、代词或      what 从句
    归纳
             (2)according      to 用来引出来自他人或他处的消息,不能与                 me 或 my 
    拓展
             opinion 连用;表示自己的观点用         in my opinion,意为“依我看”

①According to expert opinions,they gave up the experiment immediately.
     根据专家们的意见,他们马上放弃了这项试验。

②According to these figures,our company is doing well.
     从这些数字来看,我们的公司经营得不错。

3.We   decided to form a band so that we could earn some extra money by playing and 

  singing in a pub.(教材 P36)
     我们决定组成一个乐队,这样我们就可以在酒吧里演唱额外多赚一些钱。

     ①He didn't plan his time well,so that he didn't finish his work on time.
          他没有把时间计划好,结果没有按时完成这项工作。

     (1)so that 引导目的状语从句,意为“为了;目的是……”,相当于                      in order that,从

          句中常使用     can/could/may/might/will/would/should 等情态动词,从句之前不
          用逗号。

     ②I spend more time learning English every day so that(=in order that)I can make greater 
          progress this year.
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为了今年取得更大进步,我每天用了更多的时间学英语。

(2)so that 引导结果状语从句,意为“因此;所以”,从句中一般不用情态动词,从
     句前常有逗号。

③She had not planned her time well,so that she did not finish her homework on time.
她没把时间计划好,所以没按时完成家庭作业。 
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