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2019年高考英语(课标版)二轮复习 模拟组合练 模拟组合练(九)

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                                模拟组合练(九)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                      A
(2018 河北衡水中学十模,C)

    One form of social prejudice against older people is the belief that they cannot understand 
or use modern technologies. Activities like playing computer games, going on the Net and 
downloading MP3s are only for the youngsters. Isn’t it unfair that older people enjoying a 

computer game should be frowned(皱眉)upon by their children and grandchildren?

    Nowadays older people have more control over their lives and they play a full part in 
society. Moreover, better health care has left more people in their sixties and seventies feeling fit 
and active after retirement. Mental activity, as well as physical exercise, can contribute to better 
health. Playing computer games is a very effective way of exercising the brain.
    When personal computers were first introduced, most older people didn’t believe they 
would ever familiarize themselves with them. Now computers have been around for a few 
generations and retired people have gradually become more relaxed about using them for fun. 

Gamers over 65 prefer playing puzzle games and card games. Kate Stevens, aged 72, says, “I 

find it very relaxing. It’s not very demanding, but you still need to concentrate.”

    Another development that has favored “grey gamers” is a change in the type of video games 

available on the market. There’s a greater variety of games to choose from, including more 

intellectual and complex strategy(策略)and simulation(模拟)games. Internet Chess and Train 

Simulator are among the most popular of these. Train Simulator is based on real-world rail 
activities. Players can choose from a variety of challengers, such as keeping to a strict timetable 
and using helper engines during a winter storm.

    Some people argue that “grey gamers” simply don’t have the skills required for computer 

games, and that teenagers are better. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Most computer 
games require the kind of analytical thinking that improves with practice, which means that  the 

“grey gamers” may well be far better than gamers half a century younger t han them. In games 
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where speed is the main consideration, older people would be at a disadvantage because they 

may have slower reaction time. On  the other hand, “grey gamers” have a preference for slower 

paced, mind challenging games. 
1.The second paragraph is intended to    . 
 A.show the best way to exercise the brain
 B.stress the importance of good health

 C.explain why “grey gamers” exist

 D.teach how to play video games
2.What was older people’s attitude towards personal computers at first?
 A.Doubtful.     B.Concerned.  C.Enthusiastic. D.Supportive.

3.The method the author uses to develop Paragraph 4 is   . 
 A.offering analyses

 B.giving examples[来源:Zxxk.Com]
 C.making comparisons
 D.providing details

4.By saying “This couldn’t be further from the truth.” in Paragraph 5, the author mean s   . 
 A.mind challenging games are not suitable for older people
 B.children should improve their skills with practice
 C.playing computer games requires analytical thinking
 D.older p eople can perform well in some computer games
                                      B
(2017 湖南浏阳一中模拟)

    When I first started university, I remembered hearing about bone marrow(骨髓)donation 

during Freshman’s Week. Some student volunteers from a group called Marrow tried to convince 

me to attend an event so I could learn more about it. The word “bone” immediately made me 

think that donating would be a painful procedure, so I refused. Back then, there was no way I 
could have known three years later, I would be one of the many people that desperately needs a 
bone marrow donor to save their lives. 
                    中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    I am currently waiting to be matched with a donor and if I am lucky enough to find a good 
match, it will be this lovely stranger that saves my life. I received my cancer diagnosis in June. 
It is only at that time that I realized how ignorant I had been about the bone marrow donation 
process.

    The process of donating stem cells is actually very simple. In 90% of cases, donors are 
asked to donate their blood stem cells, the other 10% will give their bone marrow. Lots of 
donors say that both these things are virtually pain free, and nothing to be scared about. Being a 
bone marrow donor should be something to be proud of, as every donor has an opportunity to 
save someone’s life!
    At the moment I know that the doctors are busy searching for a match, I simply live every 
day in the hope that there will be a donor right for me. If I have an opportunity for life, I won’t 
waste it.
    When I was a freshman at university, I made the mistake of walking away from becoming a 
stem cell donor. Please don’t make the same mistake as I did. There are so many people out 
there, including me, that need your help. And by undergoing a simple, pain-free procedure, you 
could have the chance to proudly say that you saved someone’s life.
5.Why did the author refuse to learn more about bone marrow donation before?
 A.Because she could get nothing from it.
 B.Because she thought that donating would be painful.
 C.Because she had known nothing about it.
 D.Because she was in poor health.
6.What can we learn from the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1?
  A.The author was concerned about others.
 B.The author was confident about the bone marrow donation.
 C.The author needs the bone marrow donation now.
 D.The author donates her bone marrow to save others.
7.The author needs the bone marrow because she got   . 
  A.cancer       B.a headache
 C.flu           D.high blood pressure
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8.The author tells us her story to    . 
 A.show us the experience of her college life
 B.explain the cause of her cancer
 C.recall her painful past
 D.encourage people to be a bone marrow donor

Ⅱ.语法填空

(2018 黑龙江哈六中二模)

    There was once a guy who suffered from cancer, which couldn’t be cured. He was 18 years 
old and he could die anytime. All his life, he 1 (stick) in his house being taken care of by his 
mother. He never went outside but he was tired 2 staying at home and wanted to go out for 
once. So he asked his mother and she gave him 3 (permit). 
    He walked down his block and 4 (find) a lot of stores. He passed a CD store and looked 
through 5 front door for a second. He stopped and saw a beautiful girl about his age. He 
opened the door and walked in, not looking at anything else but her. 
    He walked 6 (close) until he was finally at the front desk 7  she sat. She looked up 

and smiled, “Can I help you?” He said, “I would like to buy a CD.” He picked one out and gave 

her the money for it. “Would you like me to wrap it for you?” She asked, 8 (smile) again. He 

nodded and she went to the back. She came back with the wrapped CD and gave it to him. After 
that, he often bought CDs there. One day, he went there to buy a CD 9 he did every day, and 
once again she went to the back of the store and came back with it  10 (wrap). He took it and 
left his phone number on the desk and ran out... 
1.    2.    3.    4.    5.    
6.    7.    8.    9.    10.    

Ⅲ.短文改错

(2018 云南保山高三第二次统考)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中
共有  10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
                    中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
         2.只允许修改     10 处,多者(从第     11 处起)不计分。

    My friend Mary is interested in Chinese characters. One day she asked for a Chinese 

character “美” on me notebook, “What does this mean?” I told her it meant “beauty”. She 

continued, “How it structured?”Suddenly, I was sticking. Then I searched on the Internet. The 

character comes in two part—lamb and big. The lamb in the agricultural days of ancient China 

meant not only a good meal but also a gift of beauty from the nature. At that moment I realized I 
have been taking my culture for granted, leave it in the corner. I turned to Hollywood and the 
Super Bowl, what, brilliant as they are, can help me define(定义)who I am.


          阅读理解    A 1.prejudice n.成见,偏见 2.familiarize v.(使)熟悉;了解;
          通晓 3.contribute to   捐献;有助于;投稿
  词汇
          阅读理解    B 1.procedure n.程序,步骤 2.currently adv. 当前
          语法填空 1.be tired of     厌倦…… 2.pick out      挑出;辨认出
          阅读理解    A Playing computer games is a very effective way of 
          exercising the brain.(a way of doing 一种……的方式) 玩电脑游戏是一
          种非常有效的锻炼大脑的方式。
          语法填空 One day, he went there buying a CD as he did every day, 
  句型
          and once again she went to the back of the store and came back with 


          it wrapped.(as 引导方式状语从句)[来源:Zxxk.Com]
          一天,他去那里买了一张          CD,就像他每天做的那样。女孩儿再次到商店后面把
          CD 包装好带回来。
          词汇:
你的收获
          句型:
                             中国现代教育网         www.30edu.com     全国最大教师交流平台


                                              答案全解全析

Ⅰ.阅读理解
                 中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                A

[语篇解读] 本文为说明文。玩电脑游戏是锻炼大脑的一种非常有效的方法。

通过本文可知年纪大的人在一些电脑游戏中表现得会很好。

1.C 段落大意题。根据第二段最后一句               Playing computer games is a very 

effective way of exercising the brain.可知第二段的目的是解释老年游戏玩家存

在的原因。故选       C 项。

2.A 细节理解题。根据第三段第一句               When personal computers were first 

introduced, most older people didn’t believe they would ever familiarize themselves 

with them.可知最初老年人持怀疑的态度。故选              A 项。

3.B 推理判断题。纵观第四段可知作者在第一句提出                     Another development 之

后,通过举例子来进一步阐述、说明。故选                 B 项。

4.D 推理判断题。根据画线句子后的内容                Most computer games require the 

kind of analytical thinking that improves with practice, which means that the “grey 

gamers” may well be far better than gamers half a century younger than them.可知,

大多数电脑游戏都需要分析思维,这意味着老年游戏玩家会比小他们半个世纪

的玩家做得更好。这是对画线句子的解释,年纪大的人在一些电脑游戏中表现


得很好。故选      D 项。[来源:学科网][来源:学科网 ZXXK]

                                B

[语篇解读] 三年前,作者上大一的时候,拒绝参加捐赠骨髓的活动,因为她认为

那是一个痛苦的过程,三年后作者被诊断为癌症,需要骨髓捐赠时才意识到自己

对捐赠骨髓是多么无知。她鼓励人们捐赠骨髓,从而挽救他人生命。
                 中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

5.B 细节理解题。根据文章第一段中              The word “bone” immediately made me 

think that donating would be a painful procedure, so I refused.可知作者认为捐赠

骨髓是痛苦的过程,因此拒绝了解。

6.C 句意理解题。根据文章第二段中              I am currently waiting to be matched with 

a donor and if I am lucky enough to find a good match, it will be this lovely 

stranger that saves my life.可知如今作者也需要别人捐赠骨髓。

7.A 细节理解题。根据文章第二段中               I received my cancer diagnosis in June.可

知作者被诊断为癌症,所以需要骨髓捐赠。

8.D 写作意图题。根据文章最后一段中                Please don’t make the same mistake as 

I did. There are so many people out there, including me, that need your help. And 

by undergoing a simple, pain-free procedure, you could have the chance to proudly 

say that you saved someone’s life.可知作者写这篇文章的目的是鼓励人们捐赠骨

髓。

Ⅱ.语法填空

[语篇解读] 一个身患癌症的           18 岁的年轻人从来不出门,但他已经厌倦了待在

家里,想出去走走。在         CD 店他遇到了卖      CD 的女孩,从此以后他每天去那里买

CD,并偷偷留下了他的电话号码。

1.was stuck 根据前文提到的时间状语          once(曾经,从前)可知,句子用一般过去

时态,句子主语      he 和 stick 之间是被动关系,意为“被困住;被卡住”,所以句子用

一般过去时的被动语态。

2.of 句意:他从来没有出去过,但他已经厌倦了待在家里,想出去一次。be tired 

of 对……感到厌烦,为固定搭配。
                 中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

3.permission 此处作  give 的宾语,故填名词。permission     允许;同意。

4.found and 连接并列谓语,根据       walked down 以及语境可知设空处用过去时

态。

5.the 此处表示特指商店的前门,故用定冠词               the。

6.closer 上文提到他进去后只是看着女孩儿,只有走得更近才能来到女孩儿坐

着的前台,故填比较级形式。

7.where front desk 是先行词,后面的定语从句中         sat 是不及物动词,定语从句中


缺少地点状语,故填关系副词           where。[来源:Zxxk.Com]

8.smiling 此处是现在分词作伴随状语,表明句子主语与                 smile 之间是主动关系。


9.as 一天,他去那里买了一张         CD,就像他每天做的那样。此处            as 意为“正如,

就像……一样”,引导方式状语从句。

10.wrapped 此处是   with 的复合结构:with+宾语+过去分词。宾语和             wrap 之间

为被动关系,故用过去分词形式作宾语补足语。

Ⅲ.短文改错

1.第二句:for→about 考查介词。有一天,她问我的笔记中的一个汉字“美”是什

么意思。about    介词,意为“关于”,而     for 意为“为了;因为”,故把      for 改为 about。

2.第二句:me→my 考查代词。分析句子可知,作定语修饰名词                      notebook,要用

形容词性物主代词        my。

3.第四句:How   后加   is 考查被动语态。分析句子可知,此处要用被动语态,故

在 How  后添加   is。
                 中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

4.第五句:sticking→stuck 句意:突然我被难住了。stuck adj.被难住;答不上来。

故把  sticking 改为 stuck。

5.第七句:part→parts 考查名词的数。表示“两部分”应用复数形式,故把                    part 改

为 parts。

6.第八句:删掉    nature 前的 the 考查固定用法。nature      一词作“自然界,大自然”

讲时,其前不加任何冠词。

7.第九句:have→had 考查动词的时态。分析句子可知,realized               后的从句中谓

语动词表示的动作发生在           realized 之前,是过去的过去,故要用过去完成进行时。


8.第九句:leave→leaving 考查非谓语动词。句意:在那一刻,我意识到我把我的

文化视为理所当然,把它遗忘在角落里。分析句子可知,本句中的                         leave 的逻辑

主语是   I,即我把它遗忘在角落里,两者是主动关系,故将                 leave 改为 leaving。

9.第十句:what→which 考查定语从句。Hollywood and the Super Bowl       是先行

词,在非限制性定语从句中作主语,故使用关系代词                   which。

10.第十句:can→can’t/cannot 考查语境。分析句子可知,此处指尽管它们光彩夺

目,却不能帮助我定义我是谁,由此可知此处要用否定。故将                       can 改为 

can’t/cannot。
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