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2019届高三一轮复习 短文改错2

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                         中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

           2019      届高三一轮复习英语学科教师教案
                                  学科教师教案
   辅导科目:英语        学员姓名:    年 级:         学管老师:
   学科教师:         课时数:        第_ __次课

      课    题                                 高考新题型之短文改错(二)

      课    型                    □  预习课      □  同步课      □  复习课      □  习题课     □  拓展课  

   授课日期及时段

    教 学 目 的                                     掌握短文改错的出题特点

      重 难 点                               学生熟悉短文改错的特点及解题思路

                                     教      学     内       容

     5.形容词/副词
(1)主要考察能力:误用形容词修饰形容词,误用副词修饰名词,误用形容词修饰动词,误用形容词或副词的原
    级、比较级和最高级以及误用带-ly            的副词与不带-ly     的副词等,特别注意根据上下文该用比较级而未用的“暗
    中比较”。
(2)出题形式:
 形容词与副词混用。即该用形容词的地方原文用了副词,该用副词的地方原文用了形容词。
  ①副词代替正确形容词出现在文章当中
  ie, During the football season, Helen is much busier than usually.
  讲解:很明显“与平时相比较更忙”,因此需要把                     usually 改为 usual。 
②形容词代替正确副词出现在文章当中
    ie, As the time clock showed one minute and forty-two seconds left in the game, she began cheering excited, “Come 
on-get going!”
讲解:显然应把       excited 改为 excitedly,修饰动词   cheer。
练习:1. They came back lately and had some tea.    lately→late
   2.... you always gave me specially attention ...     specially→special
   3. ... they fly down immediate and catch them without delay.    immediate→immediately
   4. Yes,it is clearly that your life in your country is quite different from ...  clearly→clear 
   5. I know you are particular interested in Human Rights.    particular→particularly
   6. Last year, my English teacher proved to be the more popular in our school.  more→most
   7. After an hour or so we began to feel very frightening.   frightening 改为 frightened 
   8. Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the taller building in New York.   taller 改为 tallest 
   9. As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past.        去掉 
     more 
6.介词
                         中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
(1)主要考察能力:这类错误多指漏掉介词、多用介词或介词与其他词语搭配的错误等,(特别是与动词的)固
       定搭配。
(2)出题形式:
  ①介词省略
  ie, I’m surt you will get rid the sorrow and unhappiness caused by the disaster.
  讲解:get rid of   是固定搭配,意思为“摆脱,除去” 
②介词多余
  ie,My wife is also happy because of I have given up smoking.
  讲解:这里显然示对           because of 与 because 用法的辨别区分。前者不能接句子,而后者充当连词可以接句子。
         所以应该把      of 去掉。 
③介词用错(一般为固定搭配)
  ie, I pick out her false hair and said, “Don’t be sad, Miss.”
    讲解:pick out 应该为   pick up。pick out 挑选的意思;pick up   捡起的意思。
练习:1. The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised ...  去掉 for
   2. He was looking for a glass the cupboard.   the 前面加 in
   3. After autumn arrives,the city looks as an old man with leaves ...   as→like
   4. ... he can no longer expect others to pay his food, his clothes ...   pay 后面加 for
   5. On the front door stood a five-year-old boy from across the street.  On→At
   6. Could you share your experience for us?    for→with
   7. My mother was a career woman and had her own problems to take care.  care 后加 of
    8. Bill insisted in staying near the car.     in 改为 on 
   9. When they came down the police were angry to them.    to 改为 with 
   10. Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. 去掉 for
  7.连词
(1)主要考察能力:前后两句话之间的衔接关系,要判断连词用的是否正确,是否符合句子意思;连接的是词还
是句子,是否符合逻辑关系。此外如果是平行结构就要注意前后时态、语态、词性一致问题平行结构常借助与并
列连词   and, or, but, not only…but also…, …not…but…, either…or…, neither …nor…, as well as 等,though 不与 but 连用,
because 不与 so 连用等。
(2)常考三种关系:
  but  转折     and 并列     because/so 因果
  ①ie, One day, my wife and I went shopping at a store. We drove the car but we had a lot of things to buy.     but 改
     为  because/as/for。
    ②ie,Chatting on line, students can more freely express their feelings and opinions, but improve their English if they 
     are talking with native speakers.
     前后句之间是并列关系,因该把              but 改为  and.
练习: 1. It started to rise higher again. So it was still too close to the water.  So→But 
   2. I became very active but made new friends.  but→and 
   3. My hometown is a pretty city, so people there are kind and polite.  so→and 
   4. While they find fish come to the surface, they fly down immediately.   While→When
   5. Both your aunt or I look forward to seeing you again.    or→and
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