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外研版 必修二 Module2 No drugs

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  INTRODUCTION     
Vocabulary and speaking
GeneralGeneral  descriptiondescription  
ofof  commoncommon  drugsdrugs  
◆◆CocaineCocaine  [[可卡因可卡因]]  
          TypeType  ofof  Drug:Drug:  StimulantStimulant
          Fact:Fact:  derivedderived  fromfrom  thethe  leavesleaves  ofof  thethe  
  cocacoca  bushbush  thatthat  growsgrows  inin  thethe  
  mountainousmountainous  regionregion  ofof  BoliviaBolivia  andand  Peru.Peru.  
  ItIt  isis  soldsold  onon  thethe  streetsstreets  asas  aa  finefine  whitewhite  
  powderpowder  ..  
          Effect:Effect:  BodyBody  actuallyactually  forgetsforgets  toto  sleepsleep  
  atat  beginning,beginning,  laterlater  personperson  experiencesexperiences  
  extremeextreme  fatigue,fatigue,  exhaustionexhaustion  andand  
  depression,depression,  bacterialbacterial  infectionsinfections  ofof  brainbrain  
  andand  heart.heart.  
◆Heroin [海洛因]
    Type of Drug: Narcotic
    Fact: derived from the opium poppy 
that is grown illegal in some areas in 
Southern Asia, the Middle East, 
Mexico, and Colombia. Today, no 
medical uses of Heroin at all. 
    Effect: flu-like symptoms - Nausea, 
vomiting, euphoria, cramps, diarrhea, 
runny nose, teary eyes, sweating, 
weakness
◆Marijuana[大麻]
    Type of Drug: Hallucinogen
    Fact: Comes from parts of the hemp 
plant which contains 400 known 
chemical. Marijuana continues to be 
proven to contain higher levels of 
cancer-causing chemicals than 
Tobacco!
▲Effect: 
    ①white blood cells: reduction of 
strength of immune system.
    ② lungs : cause asthma, infections 
etc.
    ③brain: decrease ability to 
concentrate, short term memory, bad 
vision, irregular sleep patterns, mood 
swings. lack of interests in past or 
future.
◆Tobacco (nicotine)[烟草][尼古丁] 
   Type of Drug: Stimulant
   Fact: Tobacco contains mainly of  2 
substances: 
    ①Nicotine: addictive stimulant 
    ②Tar: yellowish brown fluid which 
causes cancer,
    ▲ Effect: 
① physical: cancer, heart disease, stroke, 
stomach ulcer, 
② psychological: anxiety, sleep 
disturbances, nervousness, headaches
Marijuana[大麻]

2 Find words in the box which 
  mean:

 bronchitis      cancer      
 cigarette        death         die     
 heart disease               
 injured           tobacco
1. the end of life                          
  ___________death

2. stop living                                 
  ___________die

3. two things some people smoke                                                       
  __________________cigarette / tobacco                                                          
4. three illnesses   
__________________________bronchitis/ cancer/ heart disease 

5. hurt                        
_______________________ injured
READING AND 
 VOCABULARY
2

 Read the opening paragraphs of 
 two different articles and decide 
 what the topic of each article is. 
 Choose the topic from this list.
1  A drug Addict and His Story

  Dangerous Activities of Teenagers

2  The Dangers of Using Cocaine
READING AND 
 VOCABULARY
3  Choose the correct meaning 
   of these words.

1. If a drug is addictive, does it mean 
  that
2.    (a) you can easily stop taking it 
3.    (b) you cannot stoop taking it?
2. Does powerful mean

    (a) very strong      (b) very weak?

3. If something increases , does it 

4.    (a) get bigger    (b) get smaller?

5. 4. Is a drug dealer someone who 

6.    (a) sells drugs    (b) uses drugs?
5  Read the article again and 
   decide if these sentences are 
   true or false.
1. Cocaine can be smoked and also 
  injected. 

2. People who inject cocaine are in 
  more danger if they share needles.
3. Cocaine makes your heart go 
more slowly.

4. Smoking crack cocaine can 
change people’s behavior.
6 Complete these questions 
  and answers about Adam 
  Rouse.
1. _________How old  was Adam Rouse when he 
  started using drugs?              ________15

2. 2. Which drugdid ____________ he use  first?   
  _________.Cannabis
3. Who    ______________did he buy  it from?

   _____________________.A man in the street
4.What was the second drug that the 
man _____________?offered him          
___________________Crack cocaine
5. How did Adam pay for the drugs?
_______________________________.He stole something to pay for the drugs
6. What did the police do? 
    They took Adam 
  ____________________.to the police station
7. Did Adam take the doctor’s 
advice?____.Yes
8. Where _______________does Adam  work 
now?
_______________________________In a centre for drug addicts, helping 
______________________others to stop taking drugs.
        FUNCTION           
 Talking about results

Complete these sentences with 
so , as a result or as a result of.
                                        
1. Adam knew that taking drugs 
 was bad, _______so  he stopped.

2. He stopped taking drugs  
 _______________as a result of  meeting  the 
 doctor.
3.Adam met a doctor who explained  
the   problem. _____________,as a result  he 
stopped taking cocaine.

 4. Crack cocaine is very addictive, 
_____so  users cannot easily stop using 
it.
5. He was extremely ill 
______________as a result of  taking crack 
cocaine .

6. He became addicted to crack 
cocaine, _________so  he became very 
ill. 
3  Check the meaning of 
   these words and answer 
   the questions.
activity      break the law     
burglary    connection         
crime         criminal   estimate    
illegal       ratio      shopping 
centre                  treatment
1. Which word refers to somewhere 
  that you can buy things?

              shopping centre

2. 2.Which means that something is 
  against the law? illegal
3.Which word describes someone 
  who breaks the law? criminal

4. Which one is the crime of 
  stealing from a shop? shoplifting
5. Which one is the crime of 
  stealing from a house? burglary
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