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2019年高考英语二轮复习 阅读七选五专练(四)

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阅读七选五专练(四)

                          Test 1
    (2018·山东省高三下学期高考预测)           There are two types of 
party attendees (参加者): Those who count the minutes until they 
can go home, and those who stay until the early hours of morning.
    Regardless of which category you fall into, though, you must 
have secretly wondered about the best time to head out the door. 
__1__ Not only do you want to avoid being impolite, but you also 
don't want to overstay your welcome. Thankfully, Thomas Blaikie 
can help you out with this delicate matter.
    According to Blaikie, there is a golden time to leave the 
gathering without appearing rude. __2__ If it's a sit­down dinner 
party, but you have to leave for something urgent, you should 
remain until all courses have been served. It's considered rude to 
leave before dessert. __3__ Aim to say your goodbyes at 11:15 
p.m., Don't be the last person to leave.
    __4__ Chatting with a drink in your hand can easily make you 
lose track of the time. And don't worry about hurting your host if 
you must turn down an offer. After all, your host is tired out.
    This advice depends on how well you know your host, of 
course. __5__ He also might appreciate it if you stayed behind to 
help clean up. In that case, you'll need to know the best cleaning tips 
for a dinner party.
    A.As for the weekends?
    B.On a weeknight, it is best to leave at 10:30 p.m.
    C.Undoubtedly, they have spent much time on the party.
    D.Thank the host for the party when you are ready to leave.
    E.Blaikie recommends politely turning down any after­dinner 
drinks.
    F.A good friend might be hurt if you did happen to turn down 
an offer.
    G.Finding the most natural moment to leave the party can be 
an art form.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇有关礼仪的说明文,主要介绍
的是什么时候离开聚会最合适以及如何拒绝主人的餐后邀请。
    1.答案与解析:G 考查上下文衔接。空前谈到人们参加
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聚会时都思考过什么时候离开最合适。空后谈到既要避免不礼
貌地过早离开,又要考虑不过度逗留。所以本空选                     G“找到离
开聚会最自然的时间可能是一种艺术形式”。
    2.答案与解析:B 考查上下文衔接。空前谈到了礼仪专
家 Blaikie 认为礼貌地离开聚会有一个黄金时间,因此本段应该
谈离开聚会的具体时间。所以,本空谈在工作日的晚上聚会的
话,10:30   是离开的黄金时间。
    3.答案与解析:A 考查上下文衔接。根据本段主题句,
再结合本空后面一句“Aim           to say your goodbyes at 11:15 
p.m.”可知选     A,“Aim    to say  your goodbyes at 11:15 
p.m.”实际上回答了如果在周末晚上聚会的话,什么时候离开
最合适的问题。
    4.答案与解析:E 考查段落主题句。根据空后的内容可
知,本段在谈应该拒绝关于餐后饮品的邀请,因为这样会把控
不了时间,况且主人也很累了。因此               E 选项作为本段主题句是
最恰当的。
    5.答案与解析:F 考查上下文衔接。本段第一句谈到了
这些建议要根据你对主人的了解程度来使用。本空后面的“He 
also might appreciate it if... clean up”暗示了好朋友可能真的希望
你留下来帮助他清理。据此可推知,如果你拒绝餐后的邀请,
你的好朋友可能会伤心,故选             F。
                          Test 2
    (2018·长沙市名校第二阶段测评)
    How to Retain (保存) More of Every Book You Read
    In recent years, I have focused on building good reading habits 
and learned how to read more. For most people, the final goal of 
reading a nonfiction book is to actually improve their life by learning 
a new skill, understanding an important problem, or looking at the 
world in a new way. __1__ With that in mind, I'd like to share three 
reading comprehension skills that I use to make my reading more 
productive.
    1.Make all of your notes searchable.
    Having searchable book notes is important for returning to 
ideas easily. __2__ An idea is only useful if you can find it when 
you need it. There is no need to leave the task of reading 
comprehension merely up to your memory.
    2.__3__
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    When you go to the library, all of the books will be divided into 
different categories. In the real world, of course, knowledge is not 
separated into neatly defined boxes. __4__ For that reason, I try to 
consider how the book I'm reading is connected with all of the ideas 
that are already inside my head. Whenever possible, I try to combine 
the lessons I'm learning with previous ideas.
    3.Summarize the book in one paragraph.
    __5__ It forces me to review my notes and consider what is 
really important about the book. In many cases, I find that I can 
usually get just as much useful information from reading my 
one­paragraph summary and reviewing my notes as I would if I read 
the entire book again.
    A.Combine thoughts as you read.
    B.All knowledge is interconnected.
    C.Describe the book to your friends.
    D.Read widely if you want to practice the skills.
    E.It increases the chances that you will apply what you read 
in real life.
    F.Once I finish a book, I challenge myself to summarize the 
text in just three sentences.
    G.It's important to read books, but it is just as important to 
remember what you read and use it.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,分别从记笔记、边阅
读边思考以及归纳三方面说明如何提高阅读效率。
    1.答案与解析:G 根据空前的内容可知阅读能改善人们
的生活,再根据后面一句中的“to               make  my  reading more 
productive”(使得阅读更有效率)可知,G         项“阅读很重要,而
记住所阅读的东西并利用它同样重要”符合语境。另外,后面
With that in mind 中的 that 指代 G 项内容。
    2.答案与解析:E 根据语境可知,有可查阅的读书笔记
对于轻松地回想起书中的思想很重要,这增加了你将读到的东
西运用到现实生活中的可能性。E              项中的   It 指代 Having 
searchable book notes。
    3.答案与解析:A 根据此段的最后一句“Whenever 
possible, I try to combine the lessons I'm learning with previous 
ideas”可知,作者建议读书的过程中要学会整合思想,故                     A 项
与此处匹配。
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    4.答案与解析:B 根据空前一句“In              the real world, of 
course, knowledge is not separated into neatly defined boxes”可知,
现实生活中,知识当然不是独立地安放在各种整齐、清晰界定
的箱子里,所有的知识都是交融的,故                B 项与此处匹配。空后
的“connected with”也是暗示。
    5.答案与解析:F 根据本段标题句              Summarize the book 
in  one  paragraph 中的关键词    Summarize 可知,F   项中的“I 
challenge myself to summarize the text in just three sentences”与
标题信息相吻合。
                          Test 3
    (2018·烟台高考诊断性测试)                Culture shock is the 
emotional and mental reaction to being in a completely new cultural 
environment. __1__ It generally consists of several stages of feelings.
    The “honeymoon stage” is usually the first stage that people 
go through when surrounded by different cultural values and 
lifestyles. During this stage, people have positive images of their 
new cultural surroundings. They tend to view these in an idealistic 
way and ignore problems. __2__ This stage is usually quite short 
and quickly replaced by the second stage called “the frustration 
stage”.
    During the “frustration stage”, newcomers begin to act 
negatively. __3__ Visitors tend to exaggerate (夸大) problems in the 
new culture. They may feel isolated (孤立的) during this stage. 
Depending on one's situation, this stage can last days, months, or 
even years.
    With the frustration stage ending, the adjustment stage begins. 
This marks the time when newcomers try their best to accept the 
differences of the new culture and the challenges of everyday life.
    __4__ Some newcomers enter the “mastery stage” and are 
completely accustomed to the values and beliefs of the new culture. 
They are able to handle the new culture like a native while keeping 
some of their own original cultural values. Some choose the 
“rejection stage” and decide against fitting in with the new culture. 
__5__ Other newcomers completely adopt the identify of the new 
culture and give up the values and beliefs of their home culture.
    A.Meeting new people is seen as fascinating.
    B.The new cultural surroundings are no longer novel.
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    C.They regain their sense of balance and become confident.
    D.This process opens the door to three possible outcomes.
    E.For many people this is often a very difficult experience.
    F.A  person experiencing culture shock may display many 
symptoms.
    G.They   usually permanently withdraw from the culture 
through isolation or returning home.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了文化
冲击在不同阶段的表现。
    1.答案与解析:E 根据前一句“Culture              shock is  the 
emotional and mental reaction to being in a completely new cultural 
environment.”可知,文化冲击是在一个全新的文化环境中产生
的情感和心理反应。由此可推断,此处指对许多人来说,这往
往是一段非常艰难的经历。故答案选               E。
    2.答案与解析:A 根据前两句“During             this stage, people 
have positive images of their new cultural surroundings. They tend 
to view these in an idealistic way and ignore problems.”可知,在
这个阶段,人们对他们新的文化环境有积极的印象。他们倾向
于以一种理想化的方式看待这个环境,并忽视问题。由此可推
断,结识新朋友是很吸引人的。故答案选                 A。
    3.答案与解析:B 根据前一句“During              the ‘frustration 
stage’,  newcomers begin to act negatively.”可知,在“挫折
阶段”,新来者开始表现消极。由此可推断,此处指新的文化
环境不再是新奇的。故答案选             B。
    4.答案与解析:D 上文提到文化冲击的三个情感阶段,
即蜜月阶段、挫折阶段和适应阶段;根据空格后的内容可推断,
这一过程为三种可能的结果打开了大门。故答案选                     D。
    5.答案与解析:G 根据前一句“Some                        choose 
the‘rejection stage’and decide against fitting in with the new 
culture.”可知,一些人选择了拒绝阶段,决定不适应新的文化。
由此可推断,他们通常是通过与世隔绝或回归家乡来永久地退
出新的文化。故答案选          G。
                          Test 4
    (2018·太原一模)
    How to Be Productive in a Challenging Environment
    A lot of organizations deal with challenges like maintaining 
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productivity and quality of work. __1__ In this article, we'll share 
with you a few essential tips on staying focused at work.
    Prepare a to­do list.
    Half the battle is won once you prioritize (优先处理) your tasks. 
Make a list of what need to be done. Plan your day through these 
lists and set realistic deadlines to accomplish each one of them. 
__2__
    Schedule your work.
    Don't overstretch yourself with your work. __3__ To avoid 
burnout, take a walk to renew your brain, allowing it to concentrate 
better. Though breaks are essential for a healthy workday, you must 
learn to take them with a pinch of salt. Frequent breaks can be 
addictive and can affect your work.
    __4__
    Nowadays, being online on various social media platforms is a 
trend. Several notifications (通知) pop up every now and then, 
commanding your attention. If you are constantly attending to such 
notifications, how are you supposed to do meaningful work? While 
working on an important project, set your phone to silent mode or 
switch it off. If you really want to stay updated with your social 
media accounts, you can set specialized time slots to check your 
phone.
    Cut outside noise.
    Until you do away with noise, you won't be able to focus. 
Limiting auditory distractions is crucial in increasing your attention 
span. You can use noise­canceling headphones for that. __5__ In 
case that doesn't solve the problem, choose remote work for a day or 
two to regain your lost focus.
    Keep on practicing these positive habits and you'll surely see a 
noticeable improvement in your productivity level at work.
    A.Avoid distractions.
    B.Take regular exercise.
    C.Rather, split your work into parts.
    D.Changing your working environment may have unexpected 
benefits.
    E.When you start prioritizing tasks, you won't just be focused 
but efficient, too.
    F.If you still can't concentrate, move to a quieter place, such 
as a conference room.
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    G.Managers  are pressed to motivate their team members 
while boosting their productivity.
    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了在工作中保持专注的一些
建议。
    1.答案与解析:G 根据本空前的句子“A                     lot    of 
organizations deal with challenges like maintaining productivity and 
quality of work”可知,许多组织要应对既要保持生产效率又要
保证工作质量的挑战。本题中的“productivity             and  quality of 
work”为关键词,故选        G 项。
    2.答案与解析:E 根据本段中的“Half              the battle is won 
once you prioritize (优先处理) your tasks”可知,一旦你优先处
理你的任务你就胜利了一半了。本题中的“prioritize               (优先处理)
”为关键词,故选        E 项。
    3.答案与解析:C 根据本段小标题              Schedule      your 
work 及本空前的句子“Don't        overstretch yourself with your 
work”可知,要学会安排你的工作,不要过长时间工作,因此
C 项(而要把你的工作分成几部分)与本段主旨相照应,故选
C 项。
    4.答案与解析:A 根据上下文可知,本空为本段小标题,
根据本段中的“While       working on an important project, set your 
phone to silent mode or switch it off”可知,在做重要工作的时候
要把手机调成静音或者关掉。因此本段主要讲的是在工作的时
候要专心,不要分心,故选            A 项。
    5.答案与解析:F 根据本段小标题              Cut outside noise 及本
空前的句子“You can use noise­canceling headphones for that”和
空后的句子“In case that doesn't solve the problem, choose remote 
work...”可知,前面讲了你可以使用消音耳机来消除外界的噪
音,后面又讲了如果那也解决不了问题的话可以采用的方法。
故本空应与上下文一致,介绍远离噪音的方法,F                    项(如果你仍
然不能集中精力的话,搬到更安静的地方,比如会议室)符合题
意。
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