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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:选修7 1 Unit1

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    Mary Krupa became friends with the grey squirrels during her first 
week at Penn State, after spotting them running around and idly(漫不经心地) 
wondering what they would look like with tiny hats on their heads. Today, 
everyone at the university knows her as the “Squirrel Girl”.
    Mary started bringing them food, and gradually they began to trust her. She managed to put a 
hat on a squirrel and take a picture. Thinking that her colleagues could do with something to lift 
their spirits, she started posting similar photos on Facebook. The response was greatly positive, 
and before long Mary and her squirrels became an Internet sensation.
    Growing up in a neighborhood outside of State College, Mary was always fond of birds and 
animals around her home, but she didn’t interact(交流) with people very much. She was later 
diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome, but the squirrels changed that. “The squirrels help me 
break the ice, because I’ll be sitting here patting a squirrel and other people will come over and 
we’ll just start like feeding the squirrels together and chatting about them, ” she said. “I am a lot 
more outgoing.”
    And in case you’re wondering how Mary is able to get the squirrels to do what she wants 
for her photos, it has a lot to do with food. For example, whenever she wants them to hold or play 
with something, she puts peanut butter on the prop(道具), and they’ll grab it. But getting to that 
part took a while. In the beginning, she would throw peanuts up the trees on campus and invite the 
squirrels to come down and get them, but they hesitated to approach her. She had the patience  to 
earn their trust, though.
    This year, Mary is graduating with a degree in English and wildlife sciences. She wants to be 
a science writer and educate people on how to preserve the environment. As for her furry friends, 
Mary plans to stay in the area and visit them as often as she can.

    【解题导语】 宾夕法尼亚大学的“松鼠女孩”Mary                     曾经被诊断出患有阿斯伯格综合

征,但是松鼠改变了她,使她变得外向起来。在和松鼠之间建立了信任以后,Mary                                 拍了一

些戴帽子的松鼠的照片,在互联网上引起了轰动。

    1.What does the underlined word “sensation” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
    A.Hit.                                     B.Challenge.
    C.Attack.                                  D.Link.
    A 解析:词义猜测题。根据第二段中的“The response was greatly positive, and before 
long Mary and her squirrels became an Internet sensation.”可知,Mary 拍的照片得到了非常
积极的回应,在互联网上引起了轰动。hit“风行一时的事物”与画线词意思相近,所以
A 项正确。
    2.What kind of change do squirrels bring to Mary?
    A.She is sicker than before.
    B.She is more interested in animals.
    C.She is more sociable than before.
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    D.She is less willing to go to college.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的内容可知,Mary                     之前不善于交际,并被诊断患
有阿斯伯格综合征,但是松鼠改变了她,使她变得外向了。
    3.How did Mary manage to take photos of squirrels wearing hats?
    A.By putting them in cages.
    B.By playing music to them.
    C.By attracting them with colorful food.
    D.By building a close relationship with them.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段的描述可知,想给松鼠拍照需要借助食物,但并
不是只要给松鼠食物,松鼠就会让她拍出想要的照片,她必须和松鼠之间建立信任而亲密
的关系。
    4.Which words can best describe Mary?
    A.Confident and strong.
    B.Patient and caring.
    C.Sociable and healthy.
    D.Traditional and hard­working.
    B 解析:推理判断题。根据文中              Mary 与松鼠的相处及第四段中的“She              had    the 
patience to earn their trust, though.”可知,Mary 有耐心且有爱心。
                                        B
    The Scottish composer Evelyn Glennie lost nearly all her hearing as a young girl,yet went 
on to a very successful career in music including winning Grammy awards.When somebody asks 
her,“How do you hear?” She responds,“How do you hear?Is it only with your ears?” 
For Glennie,and for us too,listening is not only hearing,but is understanding.We need to 
listen to what is said and unsaid,and also how it is said.
    It’s important to hear what people say accurately.As Mark Twain said,“The difference 
between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightning and the 
lightning bug(萤火虫).”If you miss something or you’re not sure you’ve heard accurately,ask 
the speakers.At this point you’re not evaluating what they say,but just looking for accuracy 
and understanding.Here are some ways to get clear about what they say and don’t say.Why are 
they saying this now,instead of sooner or later?Why are they emphasizing these points,
instead of something else?
    Listen to how it is said.People send signals about what they mean with their voices and body 
language that sometimes differ from the words they say.While going through the next points,
think about someone whose real meaning you might sometimes miss,and see if any of these 
signals might come up.First,voices.When others speak,notice changes in their volume,
pace,and   tone.Second,body   language.Notice gestures,eye contact,and   facial 
expressions.Do these sync what they are saying,or do they tell a different story?Third,
emotions.What is the person’s true feeling?Now you might not know for sure,but be 
considerate,open to understanding,and ask thoughtful questions.

    【解题导语】 本文讲述了聆听的内涵。我们要听懂说话人想要表达的言外之意,并

且要注意说话方式。

    5.What’s the writer’s purpose of mentioning Evelyn Glennie?
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A.To give an example of wise words.
    B.To introduce a world­famous musician.
    C.To help explain the meaning of listening.
    D.To encourage us to fight against disability.
    C 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段中的“For                  Glennie,and for us too,listening is not 
only hearing,but is understanding.”可知,对于 Glennie 和“我们”来说,聆听不仅是用耳
朵听而且是理解,这里说明了聆听的内涵。所以选项                      C 正确。
    6.What can we learn from what Mark Twain said?
    A.It is important to have a good knowledge of English words.
    B.People should know words can be used in many different ways.
    C.English is a very complicated language with a large vocabulary.
    D.The slight difference between words may result in misunderstanding.
    D 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中的“It’s                  important to hear what people say 
accurately.”和“At this point you’re...looking for accuracy and understanding.”可知,准确听
懂说话者的意思很重要。因此,选项                D      “词语的细微差异可能导致误解。”与                 Mark 
Twain 所说的话意思相吻合。
    7.Which is the best title of this passage?
    A.Speak While You Listen                   B.Listen Beyond Words
    C.Read Between Lines                       D.Think as You Talk
    B 解析:标题归纳题。本文主要说明通过观察说话人的说话方式来听懂说话人想表
达的言外之意。所以选          B。
    Ⅱ 完形填空
    Brian Tagalog was born without arms. But that didn’t __1__ him from leading a normal life. 
The __2__ young man believes he is the only certified tattoo(文身) artist without arms in the 
world.
    A __3__ of Honolulu, Tagalog moved with his family to Tucson. He had always shown an 
interest in drawing, and set his mind on becoming a __4__ tattoo artist. Not many people gave him 
a chance, but he __5__ improved his foot drawing skills and operated the tattoo gun with his 
__6__.
    Brian’s mother admits that __7__ him was not easy, but she always made it a(n) __8__ to 
let him explore his options. “The day I gave birth to him, well, I was shocked, but we never hid 
him. I didn’t __9__ him in any way.” And perhaps that’s what gave him the __10__ to achieve 
his dreams, __11__ the very obvious absence of two limbs. “I was born without arms,” he 
said. “But that has not __12__ me down to pursue my dream.”
    At first, finding a shop that would __13__ him proved a very difficult thing. He __14__ many 
tattoo shops and got no calls back. He didn’t give up; __15__, Brian finally runs his own shop. 
Brian uses a(n) __16__ technique to tattoo—he draws the design on clients’ skin with one foot, 
__17__ using the other to stretch the skin. And eventually his tattoos always turn out to get his 
clients’ __18__.
    Brian hopes his success will __19__ others to follow their dreams bravely. Words and photos 
just don’t do Brian Tagalog justice. You need to see him __20__ to witness how he works only 
with his feet.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了生来没有胳膊的                           Brian Tagalog 通过自
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

己的不懈努力最终成为一名成功的文身艺术家的故事。

    1.A.promote                                B.preserve

    C.protect                                  D.prevent
    D 解析:但是那没有阻止他过正常的生活。prevent sb. from doing sth.“阻止某人做某
事”。
    2.A.wise                                   B.ambitious
    C.promising                                D.handsome
    B 解析:这个有抱负的年轻人相信他是这个世界上唯一一个有资格证的无臂文身艺
术家。wise“睿智的”;ambitious“有雄心的,有抱负的”;promising“有前途的”;
handsome“英俊的”。
    3.A.visitor                                B.foreigner
    C.stranger                                 D.native
    D 解析:根据后文的“moved          with his family to Tucson”可知,此处指  Tagalog 是一个
火奴鲁鲁的当地人。visitor“参观者”;foreigner“外国人”;stranger“陌生人”;
native“当地人,本地人”。
    4.A.professional                           B.normal
    C.temporary                                D.conservative
    A 解析:他总是表现出在绘画方面的兴趣,并且下决心成为一名专业的文身艺术家。
professional“专业的,职业的”;normal“正常的”;temporary“暂时的”;
conservative“保守的”。
    5.A.steadily                               B.occasionally
    C.effectively                              D.frequently
    A 解析:并不是很多人给他机会,但是他不断地磨炼自己的脚部绘画技巧并且用自
己的脚趾操作文身枪。steadily“持续地,不断地”;occasionally“偶尔,偶然”;
effectively“高效地”;frequently“经常地,频繁地”。
    6.A.fingers                                B.toes
    C.mouth                                    D.jaw
    B 解析:参见上题解析。
    7.A.comforting                             B.educating
    C.raising                                  D.accompanying
    C 解析:Brian    的母亲承认抚养他长大不是一件容易的事儿。comfort“安慰”;
educate“教育”;raise“养育,抚养”;accompany“陪伴”。
    8.A.failure                                B.point
    C.adventure                                D.destination
    B 解析:但她总是特别注意让他探究自己的选择。make                      it a point to“对……特别注
意,努力做到”,是固定短语,符合语境。failure“失败”;adventure“冒险”;
destination“目的地”。
    9.A.defend                                 B.blame
    C.abandon                                  D.shelter
    D 解析:根据上文的“but         we never hid him”可知,此处应是指       Brian 的母亲不以任何
形式庇护他。defend“保卫”;blame“责备”;abandon“遗弃”;shelter“庇护,遮蔽”
。
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    10.A.confidence                            B.determination
    C.freedom                                  D.enthusiasm
    A 解析:根据上下文语境,此处应是表示尽管他没有胳膊,但是                           Brian 的家人所采取
的更为积极的让       Brian 成长的方式或许正是给予他实现梦想的自信心的东西。
confidence“自信心”;determination“决心”;freedom“自由”;enthusiasm“热情”。
    11.A.apart from                            B.in
    C.regardless of                            D.despite
    D 解析:参见上题解析。apart              from“除了”;regardless      of“不管,不顾”;
despite“尽管”。
    12.A.turned                                B.calmed
    C.slowed                                   D.tracked
    C 解析:他说:“我生来没有胳膊,但是那并没有让我放慢追求自己梦想的速度。”
turn sb. down“拒绝某人”;calm sb. down“使某人镇静下来”;slow sb. down“使某人慢
下来”;track sb. down“追查到某人,追踪到某人”。
    13.A.hire                                  B.support
    C.serve                                    D.fund
    A 解析:根据下文中的“...got no calls back”“He didn’t give up; ______,   Brian finally 
runs his own shop.”可知,此处应是指起初,找到一个愿意雇用他的店铺被证实是一件非常
困难的事情。hire“雇用”;support“支持”;serve“为……服务”;fund“资助”。
    14.A.adapted to                            B.appealed to
    C.attached to                              D.applied to
    D 解析:根据上下文的内容可知,此处表示他应聘了好多家店,但是没有得到回信。
apply to“向……申请”符合语境。adapt to“适应”;appeal to“对……有吸引力”;attach 
to“与……有联系,与……有关联”。
    15.A.otherwise                             B.instead
    C.still                                    D.however
    B 解析:他没有放弃,反而(instead)最后开了自己的店。
    16.A.unique                                B.funny
    C.powerful                                 D.attractive
    A 解析:根据下文的内容可知,此处指                 Brian 使用了一种独特的文身技巧。
unique“独特的”;funny“有趣的”;powerful“强有力的”;attractive“吸引人的”。
    17.A.before                                B.if
    C.while                                    D.unless
    C 解析:当他用另一只脚将皮肤抻平时,他用一只脚在顾客的皮肤上绘制图案。
while“当……时”符合语境。before“在……之前”;if“如果”;unless“除非”。
    18.A.instruction                           B.admiration
    C.doubt                                    D.complaint
    B 解析:而且最后他的文身总是会得到顾客的赞赏。instruction“指导”;
admiration“赞赏”;doubt“怀疑”;complaint“投诉”。
    19.A.inspire                               B.urge
    C.request                                  D.advise
    A 解析:Brian    希望他的成功能激励他人勇敢地追求梦想。inspire sb. to do sth.“激励
某人去做某事”。urge“敦促”;request“要求”;advise“建议”。
    20.A.in response                           B.in advance
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    C.in action                                D.in turn
    C 解析:根据语境可知,此处表示你需要见证在工作状态中的                          Brian。in  action“在
活动中,在运转”,在此引申为“处于工作状态中”。in                             response“作为回应”;in 
advance“提前”;in turn“反过来”。
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