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2019 高中英语复习之 短文改错专题练习及解析

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                      高中英语短文改错专项练习及解析

                               (时间:60    分钟,满分:100     分)

    短文改错(共      10 小题;每小题      10 分,满分   100 分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有                                   10 处语言错误,

每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改     10 处,多者(从第     11 处起)不计分。


                                            (一)

    How time flies! A week have passed before I noticed it. Looking back on the things that happening last week, 

I found the life here full with happiness and interests. I can still remember the first day of the summer camp. I 

came to my bedroom by myself. When I opened a door, I saw a girl with short hair seating in a chair with a book 

in her hand. She must be a quiet girl who liked reading, I thought myself at the time. After we said hello to each 

other, other girl came in with a big noise. Her name was Rose. She was so outgoing and humor that both Cherry 

and I couldn’t help laughing at her words. Then we had studied and had meals together, and became good friends. 

I can’t forget the day when we spent together no matter where we are in the future.


                                          (二)

Dear Li Hua,

    I am glad to receive your letter. I can understand how sad you are as they have to transfer to other school. But 

everything will be fine when you adapt to your new surrounding. In your letter, you asked me about my first 

school. In my memory, my first school was very large with each classroom beautiful decorated. There was a big 

square lies in the center of the schoolyard. And I could have good view of the square from my classroom windows. 

My favorite teacher was my English teacher which was patient with me. Besides, I had met my best friend Peter in 

the school, to whom I still keep in touch even though we are in different schools now. I hope you will make new 

friends but enjoy your time in the new school.
                                          (三)

    In a couple of week,we will say goodbye to our school.How the time flies!I will never forget the past three 

years that I have enjoyed a wonderfully journey with all of my teachers and classmates.To make the journey 

fruitful,our teachers devoted his time and energy to us.Thanks so much to your help and guidance,my dear 

teachers!I really appreciated it.

    Before long,we'll start a new journey,and there may be a lot of difficulties in do everything in the future.I 

know there are no end to the things that we can accomplish,and tomorrow is the beginning of the hardest part of 

our life.May you happy and successful all the time in your new life!


                                          (四)

    My grandparents live in the countryside.They keep a dog calling Ah Bao.One day my grandparents go to 

work in the fields,taking along my little brother and Ah Bao.My brother and Ah Bao came to a river nearby and 

enjoyed himself. My brother was trying to catch a butterfly while he fell into a river.Ah Bao barked and 

immediate jumped into the water.Hearing about him barking,my grandparents hurried there and saw Ah Bao 

swimming towards the bank carrying my brother .Ah Bao did all he could save my little brother,that moved all the 

people present.Everyone praised Ah Bao for his brave and kindness.


                                          (五)

    Last Friday,1 was standing near a subway exit, tried to call a taxi. But no luck.Then I thought of the taxi-

booking app my friend has recommended and I booked a taxi through my cell-phone. Soon it came, and l stepped 

in, feeling pretty proudly of my high-tech way and satisfied with the convenience brought by the app. So later,1 

was upset to find that the driver was busy looking his cell-phone to get the next order. It was just then when I 

began to worry about my safety. What’s bad, the driver’s  informations might be unreliable. How can we 

passengers' legal rights be protecting if something bad happens? So be careful when you use the taxi-booking app 

the next time.


                                          (六)

Dear Mr.Green,

    I’m very exciting to learn that you will start a magazine together.That sounds great and I definitely agree you 
                       中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
on that.

    Some of the columns you mention in the letter are really my cup of tea.“Cultural Express”give us a better 

understanding of the world.Since people from different part of the world have different values,it’s necessary to 

learn from each another.Besides,it is pretty good for Chinese students to learn English idioms and improving oral 

English.

    “Entertainment”is also cool! The popular singers,actors or celebrities are so attractively that you absolutely 

can’t miss this part.Teenagers are to fond of popular things,too.

     Well,I really can’t wait to read this magazine.

                                                                                    Yours,

                                                                                   Li Ming


                                          (七)

    One of the most important rule of finding happiness in life is to do what you love. I remember when my mom 

takes me to an English class in primary school, I suddenly found that learn English was fun and I really enjoyed it. 

The voice at the bottom of my heart said, “Maybe I can learn English well and become English teacher.”

    It was not easy at first. For almost one and a half year, I didn’t do very well in all my English exams. 

Disappointing and frustrated, I doubted that whether I could follow my dream. But I told me not to accept this 

reality. Gradual, my grades started to improve and I had much confidence than before.


                                          (八)

    Last weekend I visited my best friend in London , which was supposed to be excited . Melina , whom I have 

not seen for three years , offered to take me on a sighting tour by car . 

    Unfortunate , she ended up doing everything but that ! First , she showed me around the building where she 

had gotten her first job . Then she drove me to the café where she had met first boyfriend . Before I could say 

everything , she smiled at me and said she wanted to take me to another place where was special to her . I was 

very disappointed when we got on the place where she had bought her car ! Besides , she kept talk about herself 

all day long ! I was fed up with it , but I couldn’t make her to stop . When she finally decides to call it a day , she 

turned around and found me asleep !


                                          (九)
    A discussion about hiking had been held in our class. Some students think that hiking during vacations can 

make people feel healthier, fresher or more harmonious with the nature. They find themselves deep attracted by 

the beauty of nature. They can also be relaxing by walking in deep mountains. But nowadays some hikers even 

begin to explore the places people have ever been to, and accidents have happened now and then because poor 

knowledge of hiking. Some hikers even lost their life. The other students in our class think not safe to organize 

such dangerous activities. They make suggestions which laws should be passed and hikers should be trained 

before they attend the activities.


                                          (十)

    Keeping a diary in English is the effective way to improve our English writing ability.

    First, it takes little time to finish a diary than other writings.By keeping English diaries, we can easy form the 

habit of thinking about in English.

    Second, we can practice use English idioms and useful structures in our diary-writing.If we have difficulty 

finding suitable words or phrases to express our opinion, we can turn in English dictionaries or teacher for 

help.This is also a kind of learning.If we can keep on doing this, we would gradually learn how express ourselves 

in English freely.

    In a word, it was of great benefit to keep diaries in English.
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  短文改错专题         参考答案及解析
                                          (一)
1.have 改为 has,主语是    a week 故用 has.
2.happening 改为 happened,时间状语是     last week,用一般过去时。
3.with 改为 of,或者   full 改为 filled.固定短语:be full of 或者 be filled with 充满。
4.door 前的 a 改为  the,当我打开门时,此处         door 表示特指,用定冠词。
5.seating→seated/sitting 考察后置定语.相当于定语从句       who  was seated 或者 who sat。故省略关系词变成
seated/sitting。
6.thought 后加 to,think to oneself 自言自语。
7.第二个   other 改为 another,此处指另外一个女孩,用          another.
8.humor 改为 humorous.outgoing and humorous 并列,做表语,用形容词。
9.去掉  we 后的  had 句意:然后我们一起学习一起吃饭。根据上下文,这里是一般过去时,故去掉                                we 后
的 had。
10.when→that/which 或去掉  when 本题考查定语从句。句意:如论我们将来在哪,我都忘不了我们一起
度过的日子。定语从句          we spent together 需要关系代词  that/which 做宾语,或者省略,修饰先行词            the 
day,故  when→that/which 或去掉   when。

                                          (二)
1. they→you  考查代词。句意:我能理解你多么难过因为你不得不转到另外一所学校。此处根据前后句
意可知,是指你,不是他们,故用               you。
2.  other→another      考查代词。other    后接可数名词的话,要用复数,此处意为转到另外一所学校,
another 表示“另外一个”,接单数,符合句子结构。
3.  surrounding→surroundings    考查名词。此处应用名词,因为前面有                 new 这个形容词来修饰,而
surrounding 是形容词,surroundings 是名词,意为“周围的事物”。
4. beautiful→beautifully  考查副词。此处为副词,修饰动词          decorated,表示“装饰地很漂亮”。
5. lies→lying  考查非谓语动词。此处是一个          there be 句型,已经有了谓语,故再出现动词只能用非谓语,
广场位于校园的中央,为主动关系,故用                 lying。
6. good 前面加  a  考查冠词。此处为固定表达:have a good view of,意为“清楚的看到……”。
7. which→who  考查连词。此处为定语从句,先行词是                 my teacher,是人,故用关系代词        who,在从句中
作主语。
8. 删除  had  考查时态。此处是指之前在学校遇见了好朋友,用过去式,而不用过去完成时。
9. to→with  考查介词。此处为固定用法:keep in touch with sb“和某人保持联系”,故用                with。
10. but→and  考查连词。句意:我希望你交到新朋友并在新学校过得快乐。此处根据句意可知,前后句
之间是承接关系而非转折,故用              and。
                                          (三)
1.week 改成 weeks.名词错误.句中有      several 修饰,要用复数.
2.the 去掉.冠词错误.句中     time 表示抽象的时间,不是特指,不用冠词.
3.that 改成 when.连词错误.句中     I have enjoyed a wonderfully journey with all of my teachers and classmates 是
修饰  years 的一个定语从句,从句结构完整,且先行词是时间,要用                       when 来引导.
4.wonderfully 改成 wonderful.形容词错误.句中是修饰名词         journey,要用形容词来修饰.
5.his 改成 their.代词错误.句意指代的是复数名词           teachers,要用  their 来指代.
6.to 改成 for.介词错误.thanks for 为某事表达感谢.
7.appreciated 改成 appreciate.时态错误.句意表达的是客观事实,要用一般现在时态.
8.do 改成 doing.动词错误.句中     do 位于介词    in 后,作介词的宾语,要用动名词.
9.are 改成 is.动词错误.句中    no end 是抽象名词,谓语动词要用单数.
10.May you 后加 be.句型搭配错误.may sb+动词原形,表示祝福某人怎样.
短文改错题考查的是语境理解能力和用法基础知识.常考的知识点有:名词(单复数错误),动词(时态,
语态,搭配,转换),代词(指代错误),形容词和副词(转换,比较等级),连词(and,but,or)等.
偶尔也会考查逻辑错误,如本来用               her,却用了   his 等等.解题是要注意:以句子为单位,以动词为中心.看
句子要看完整,避免句子前后矛盾的错误;找错误要以动词为主,动词或与动词有关的错误占了改错的
题的重要一部分.
                                          (四)
1. calling→ called
根据  dog 是 call 的动作承受者,应用过去分词作定语。故                calling→ called。
2.go→ went
根据上下文语境,应用过去时。故               go→ went。
3. himself→ themselves 
根据该句的主语       my brother and A Bao 判断反身代词应用     themselves。故 himself→ themselves。
4. while→ when
根据从句的谓语动词         fell 判断应用  when,因为    while 在……期间,引导的是时间状语从句的谓语动词只
能是延续性的动词,fell        为非延续性的动词。故          while→ when。
5.immediate→ immediately
根据动词    jump 应用副词修饰。故        immediate→ immediately。
6. the → a
根据  river 在前文已经提到,应用定冠词,故             have → be。
7. hearing 后的 about 去掉
根据  hear sb doing 听到某人正在做某事。故        hearing 后的 about 去掉。
8. could 后加 to
根据  could 后的动词   do 与主句的谓语动词一样,省。to save           不定式作目的状语。故          could 后加 to。
9.that → which
根据  which 代替主句一句话的内容,引导非限制性定语从句。故                      that → which。
10.brave → bravery
根据  his 后应加名词形式,与        and 后的  kindness 并列。故  brave → bravery。
                                          (五)
1.tried-trying 考察主动形式。文意是上周五,我在地铁口,想叫一辆出租车。
2.has-had 考察时态。我的朋友推荐的          app 是过去的过去,所以要用          had。
3.proudly-proud  考察形容词。文意是我为自己的高智商感到骄傲。
4.so-but/yet 考察连词。文意是不久之后,我有点沮丧。
5.looking 后加 at 考察介词。Look at  是固定搭配。
6.when-that 考察引导词。It was that 是固定搭配。
7.bad-worse 考察形容词比较级。文意是更糟糕的是。  
8.informations-information  考察名词。information 是不可数名词。
9.protecting-protected 考察被动语态。文意是乘客的合法权益如何得到保护。
10.去掉  the 考察冠词。next time  表示下次,不需用        the。
                                          (六)
1.exciting 改为 excited 考察形容词。我很高兴听说你要开办一个杂志。excited                修饰人,而      exciting 则用来
修饰物。
2.on 改为 with 考察介词。Agree with   是固定搭配,表示“同意”。这个主意听起来不错,并且我完全赞同。
3.mention 改为 mentioned 考察动词。文意是你在信中提到的......,显然是过去式,所以动词要用过去时态
mentioned。
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4.give 改为 gives 考察动词。文意是“Cultural      Express”能够让我们更好的了解世界文化。此句讲述了一个
事实,用一般现在时态即可。
75.part 改为 parts 考察名词。不同的人来自不同的地方有着不同的价值观。世界不同的地方,所以                                part 要
用复数形式。 
6.another 改为 other  考察代词。Each other  是固定搭配,表示“互相”的意思。相互之间学习时必须的。
7.improving 改为 improve 考察名词。对于中国学生来说学习英语习语和练习英语口语来说是相当不错的。
And 前后是并列的两个句子,动词形式应保持一致。
8.or 改为 and 考察连词。流行歌手、演员及名人是很吸引人的。流行歌手、演员及名人是并列关系,所以
要用  and。
9.attractively 改为 attractive 考察形容词。         attractive 用来修饰名词流行歌手、演员及名人的,而
attractively 是用来修饰动词的。
10.去掉  to 考察考察不定式。Be found of      是固定搭配,表示“喜爱”,青少年也很喜欢流行的                    d 东西。

                                          (七)
1.one of 后面接名词复数。故       rule 改成 rules。
2.根据意义可知,这里应用一般过去时。故                 takes 改成 took。
3.found 后面是宾语从句,宾语从句用动名词作主语。故                   learn 改成 learning。
4.泛指“一位老师”用不定冠词,English          是元音音素开头的单词,用            an,或者将    become 改成  turn,因为
turn 后面接名词不需要冠词。故          become 后面加   an 或 become 改成  turn。
5.one and a half 后面接名词复数。故     year 改成  years。
6.这里作状语说明主语的状态,主语是               I 用过去分词的形容词。故          Disappointing 改成 Disappointed。
7.doubted 后面接  whether 引导的宾语从句,that     是多余的。故去掉        that。
8.我告诉自己不要接受现实。故            me 改成  myself。
9.修饰整个句子用副词。故          Gradual 改成 Gradually。
10.confidence 是不可数名词,根据后面的“than before”可知,这里应用比较级,故                  much 改成  more。
                                          (八)
1.excited 改为 exciting,主语是一件事,用      doing 的形式。
2.have 改为 had,表示过去的过去,用过去完成时。
3. Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately 考查副词。在英语中通常使用副词做状语修饰形容词、副词或动词。所
以本句使用副词       Unfortunately 修饰整个句子。
4.first 前加 her.句意:她开车带我去看了遇见她第一个男朋友的咖啡馆。第一个男朋友前需要加一个修饰
限定的代词。
5.everything 改为 anything。Anything 表示一些事情。本句表示在我说话之前,她就要带我去另外一个地
方。
6.where 改为 which.从句中缺少主语,用        which。
7.on 改为 to.固定短语,get to   到达。
8.talk 改为 talking,keep doing sth 一直做某事
9.去掉  make 之后的   to.固定用法    make sb. do sth.让某人做某事
10.decide 改为 decided,一般过去时。
                                          (九)
1.had—has    一个关于徒步旅行的讨论在我们班已经被讨论。此处考查现在完成时态的被动语态。故把
had—has。
2.or—and 此处表示并列的递进关系,故把             or—and。
3.the 去掉    nature 此处表示“大自然”,前面不用冠词。故把               the 去掉。
4.deep—deeply“深深地被吸引”,副词修饰过去分词,故把                deep—deeply。
5.relaxing—relaxed 句意是:他们感到放松。故把          relaxing—relaxed。
6.ever—never 句意是:探索我从来没有去过的地方。故把                 ever—never。
7.because 后加 of 句意是:因为贫穷的知识。because of         后跟名词,故在       because 后加 of。
8.life—lives 此处 life 表示“生命”,可数名词,“失去他们的生命”。故把               life—lives。
9.think 后加 it   此处是:作形式宾语,后面的动词不定式作真正的宾语,故在                        think 后加 it。
10.which—that 此处是同位语从句,表示         suggestions 的具体内容,故把      which—that。
                                          (十)
1.the 改为 an,这里指的是用英语写日记是提高英语的有效方法,所以这里表示泛指,用不定冠词                                   an.
2.little 改为 less,由 than 可知,该句为比较级,所以用          less.
3.easy 改为 easily,修饰动词    form 用副词形式。
4.去掉  about.表示用英语思考的习惯,think about       是考虑的意思。
5.use 改为 using.practice doing sth.固定搭配,练习做某事。
6.in 改为 to. Turn to 固定短语,向某人求助。
7.teacher 改为 teachers.此处表示复数。
8.would 改为 will.一般将来时。
9.how 后面加   to,固定句式,how to do sth   如何做某事
10.was 改为 is,一般现在时.
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